NOTES: ISLAMIAT(PART-C) PUNJAB TEXT BOOK BOARD LHR PK PART-C

 

NOTES: ISLAMIAT(PART-C) PUNJAB TEXT BOOK BOARD LHR PK PART-C                                                                                            ISLAMIAT-9TH       PART-C

LESSON: 1 The Holy Quran (Introduction, Preservation and Excellence) P:134

Answer the following questions.

1.Give a brief introduction of the Holy Quran.

ANS:

THE HOLY QURAN

Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is the Last Prophet of Allah.

Almighty Allah revealed to him the Holy Quran. Being the last book of Allah, the Holy Quran is a

permanent source of guidance for all mankind. The Book also testifies all the previous Divine Scriptures

and Books:

Almighty Allah had also sent His Prophets for the guidance of the previous generations,

and revealed His Books to some of them. However the teachings of those prophets and the books

revealed to them have not been preserved with their original text. In the Holy Quran Allah says:

 

“And to Thee We revealed the Book with the truth, confirming the Scripture that came

before it, and this (the Holy Quran) is a watcher over it. ” (ALMA’DAH-48)

The Holy Quran provides guidance in regard to all the aspects of human life. It describes

the reality of life, the good and evil, the lawful and unlawful, the righteousness and unrighteousness,

moral teachings and all other aspects of life. The Holy Quran also provides detailed information

about the life in the Hereafter and discusses its importance very effectively.
The Holy Quran imparts basic teachings about man’s individual and collective life, his

rights and duties in society and his economic matters. It also educates man comprehensively in

the fields of politics and international affairs and morality.

In short the Holy Quran is a treasure of information and guidance covering all the

aspects of human life. It elaborately explains all thethings which a common man must know

and there is no other source for him to get the required knowledge.

 

  1. How has the Holy Quran been preserved?

ANS:

PRESERVATION:

The Holy Quran has been revealed by Almighty Allah and. He Himself took the responsibility

to safeguard it. In the Holy Quran He says:

“Without doubt we have sent down the Message and without doubt we will guard

it”.(ALHAJAR-9)

The Holy Quran was revealed little by little. The companions of the Holy Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) learnt it by heart. Whenever some Quranic verses were revealed,

the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) sent for the scribe and dictated the revelation to him.

The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) also gave him the instructions

as to where the new verses were to be included, i. e. in which Surah and before or after

which verses they were to be included. The passage of the revelation was placed at a fixed

place in Masjid-e- Nabvi.

It was during the pious life of the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) that most of his wives,

the members of his family, and the male and female companions (رضی اللہ عنہم) of the Holy Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم ) had learnt the

complete text of the Holy Quran by heart. A number of venerable companions (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم)

of the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم )
had also prepared the copies of the Holy Quran,

After the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) passed away, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique

(رضی اللہ عنہ) preserved allthe parts of the Holy Quran together in the order prescribed by the

Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم).

Hazrat Usmam, during the period of his Caliphate, prepared several copies of

the Holy Quran, arranged accordingly and sent one copy to each of the provincial capital cities.

  1. Write a note on the distinct characteristics of the Holy Quran?

ANS:

  1. Quran is Al Hakeem

The first characteristic of the Qur’an that we will share is: Al Hakeem.Allah ta’ala says:

“ By the Qur’an, full of wisdom!” (YASEEN : 2)

  1. Quran is Qayyiman

“All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave the Book

(the Quran), and has not placed therein any crookedness. It is straight to give warning

of a severe punishment from Him, and to give glad tidings to the believers, who work

righteous deeds, that they shall have a fair reward.” (ALKAHAF:1-2)

  1. Quran is Full of Dhikr

In beginnings of surah Saad Allah says:

“Saad. And by the Qur’an, full of dhikr!( SAAD:1)

  1. Quran is Mubeen

“Al Kitaabil Mubeen” appears many times in the Qur’an. The Qur’an is a

bayyinah, a clear proof. Everything that is stated in this Qur’an is based on bayyinah:

  1. Quran is Mubaarak

Allah says:

“(This is) a Mubaarak Book which We have sent down to you, that they may

reflect upon its signs, and that men of understanding may remember.” (Saad: 38:29)
Mubaarak is that which is full of barakah.

  1. Quran is Kareem

Allah says:

“That this is indeed a Qur’an, Kareem.” (AL:77)

This Qur’an that is very beneficial, full of blessings, katheerun naf’, full of benefits.

Every letter brings you reward, every reading brings you a new lesson.

 

 

LESSON:2 Love for Allah and his Prophe P:140

Answer the following questions.

1.How do you come to the conclusion that there is only one Creator of the universe?

ANS:

       When man thinks about his self and the natural phenomena, he feels no difficulty in

reaching the conclusion that there must be some super being who wields power over

everything, brings up helpless creatures and possesses wisdom. That being is the one who

rules everything, gives energy
to all living things and enables them to develop. That being in All- Powerful, the Creator,

the Lord and the Supreme Sage. He makes the vast universe work with His wisdom.

Man cannot help thinking that if a chair, a table or an earthen bowl cannot come into

being without a maker, how the earth, the sky, the moon, the sun and man and uncountable

abilities in his
body came into existence.

This thinking leads us to the conclusion that all these things and capabilities have

been created by some Super Creator who is All-Powerful, All-Merciful and All-Wise and

Who is the source of
limitless powers in the universe. His power and wisdom is a proof of His existence.

2.What should man do in acknowledgement of the fact thathe has been created by Allah?

ANS:

The acknowledgement of His existence gives man the true perception of the human

life in relation to the vast universe.

The manifestation of the creation of Almighty Allah is visible everywhere in the world.

The greatness of man is to acknowledge the Creator, love Him devotedly and carry

out His commands.

In the Holy Quran Allah says:

“0 mankind! Worship you lord, who has created you.”

Worship requires that you must follow the orders of the Being Who has , see things

according to His wish.

He has blessed you with the ears, you should, therefore, listen what He wants you to listen to.

He has blessed you with the ability to think, you should, therefore, think over the existence

and power of the Creator and follow His commands.

  1. What do you understand by love for Allah?

ANS:

LOVE FOR ALLAH

Right thinking requires you to love Allah. If you receive an ordinary favour from

some person, you feel to be under his obligation. In some cases you feel obliged to your

benefactor for the whole of your life. Now think for a moment about the Being Who gives

you life. Why should you not foster love for Him? That is why Allah says:

“Those who believe are overflowing in their love for Allah.”(ALBAQARA:165)

 

The accomplishment of faith is not possible without love because any act performed

without love is always devoid of Divine guidance. It is said that. a lover is obedient to whom

he loves. It is required by faith that we should love Allah. Love for Allah requires that we

should accept His commands and follow them whole-heartedly. It is His mercy that Almighty

Allah sent
His Prophets in all ages for the guidance of mankind. To these pious persons Allah gave

His commands in form of Books and Scriptures.

The Holy Prophet ofIslam Hazrat Muhammad (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is the Last Prophet

of this series of guidance, and the Holy Quran revealed to him is the last book of guidance for

all times to come.

It is the last message to mankind for his success which can only be achieved by practising

its teachings. By acting upon its golden teachings, we can achieve success in this world as well as

in the Hereafter.

  1. Why is it important to follow the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم?

ANS:

 

  1. Explain the finality of the Prophethood in the context of the holy Quran?

ANS:

OBEDIENCE

You can claim to have love for Allah, but how will you prove it. This question may

arise in the mind of almost every person. It is a greater graciousness of Allah that He Himself

has answered this question. Allah says;

“Say (0 Muhammad, to mankind); if you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you

and forgive you for your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.” (AAL IMRAN:31)

Love for Allah is to follow the examples set by the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم).

Obedience demands surrendering oneself completely. Your outward action must reflect your inner

feeling and inclination, otherwise the action will be nothing but hypocrisy. In such a case Allah warns

the Muslims in these words:

“But no, by the Lord they can have no (real) faith until they make thee judge in all

disputes between them, and find within themselves no resistance against this decisions,

but accept them with the fullest conviction.”(ALNISA:65)

The requirements of faith are fulfilled by complete obedience and surrendering to Allah’s will.

 

LESSON:3 Obligation to Acquire Knowledge and its Excellence P:145

Answer the following questions.

1.Quote the teachings of the Holy Quran in regard to the obligation to acquire knowledge.

ANS:

IMPORTANCE OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE

It is important for a Muslim to acquire knowledge because he cannot lead a successful

life without showing proficiency in the different branches of knowledge.Islam is not only a

code of prayers, but also a complete code of life.

That is why, it enjoins on the Muslims to get themselves educated in all the fields

of knowledge such as philosophy, history, geography, science nutrition ete. It is also the

requirement ofIslam that they should earn their livelihood through lawful means. Economics

should, therefore, also be given due importance.

In the Holy Quran Allah says:

“Among His devotees, those trulyfear Allah who have knowledge.”

Islam also emphasizes to disseminate knowledge to others. The Holy Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said: “If you listen to even a single verse (recited) by me, convey it to others.”(ALHADITH)

2.What is the importance of acquiring knowledge in the light of the sayings

of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم?  

ANS:

IMPORTANCE OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN THE LIGHT OF AHADITHS

  1. Seek knowledge; seeking knowledge is a virtue.
  2. The desire for knowledge is devotion to Allah.
  3. To be busy in seeking knowledge is to glorify Allah, and to discuss the matters of
  4. learning is to make a struggle in His way.
  5. To impart knowledge to others is to make sacrifice in the way of God.
  6. Knowledge is a companion in loneliness, a guide in poverty and
  7. prosperity, a sympathizing friend and the best companion at all times.
  8. Knowledge leads man to Paradise.
  9. Allah exalts nations through knowledge.
  10. People follow the persons who are knowledgeable.
  11. Every object of this world prays for the salvation of a learned man.
  12. Learning is life for the hearts and vision for the blind.
  13. Knowledge is an energy and strength of the body
  14. It is through learning that man is exalted more than angels.
  15. The reward for deliberation while learning is equal to that for fasting.
  16. Only a knowledgeable person can perform his prayers with true devotion to Allah.
  17. It is through knowledge that man can do justice with the rights of Allah and human beings.
  18. Knowledge leads man to perform an action.
  19. Blessed are the persons who acquire knowledge, and unfortunate are those who have no access to knowledge.

 

3.Quote at least five traditions to describe the importance and excellence of knowledge.

ANS:

Same Q:2

 

LESSON: 4 Zakat (Obligation, Importance and Distribution) P:149

Answer the following questions.

  1. What is Zakaat? Who are under obligation to pay Zakaat?

ANS:

ZAKAAT

Literally” Zakat means maxmg something pure by removing harmful substances.

It also means to get nourished or grow.

In religious terminology, it means to purify the wealth by giving away its certain percentage as charity to the poor.

The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) described Zakaat as wealth taken from the rich and given to the poor. Zakat is also called the poor rate or poor tax.

Technically, it is an annual tax for the welfare of the poor and less fortunate people in the Muslim society.

WHO ARE UNDER OBLIGATION TO PAY ZAKAAT

Zakaat is a compulsory religious tax imposed on any person who is sane, free, adult and a Muslim provided that his property or income is to the extent ofNisab.

Nisab is someone’s minimum feed property or income on which Zakaat is due and which has been in his possession for the period of one complete year.

Zakaat is payable not only on cash but also on jewellery, gold, silver, animals, agricultural land, crops and all kinds of commercial goods.

The Nisab or fixed amount of property upon which Zakat is due varies according to the kind of property in possession.

 

  1. Write a brief note on the importance of Zakaat.

 

ANS:

IMPORTANCE OF ZAKAAT

  • The word ‘Zakaat’ occurs thirty-two times in the Holy Quran.
  • Zakaat is one of the four practical articles of Islam.
  • Prayers, fasting and Hajj benefit no one but the person who performs them, but Zakaat which is also an act of worship benefits mankind.
  • It brings prosperity to the giver in this world, and he will also get a good reward in the Hereafter.
  • Once some persons came to the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) and made a request to tell them about the
    teachings ofIslam. The Holy Prophet(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) mentioned the two commands of Allah-prayers and Zakaat. Thus he made it clear that after prayers, the most important act of worship is to pay Zakaat.
  • After the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) passed away, some people refused to pay Zakaat. Thereupon Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique () declared Jihad against them.
  • The Holy Quran has warned in harsh words, the persons who do not pay Zakaat.

Allah says:

“0 you who believe! Indeed there are many among the rabbis (Jewish) and priests (Christian) who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood, and dissuade them from the way of Allah. And there are those who hoard up gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah. Announce unto them a very painful punishment. On the Day (ofJudgment) this (gold and silver)will be heated in the fire of hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads,
their flanks and their backs ( and it will be said unto them) This is (the treasure) which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you hoarded (for yourselves.) (Tawbah: 34:35)

  • Zakaat provides man with the best opportunity to work for the welfare of people.
  • Zakaat supports the poor and deprived persons of a society. It is
    helpful to replace the feelings of hatred and vengeance with the sentiments
    of sympathy, reverence and mutual love.
  • Zakaat purifies the heart from the love for wealth and fills it with the desire to fulfil the wish of God. The Zakaat payer begins to love the poor.

CONCLUSION:

           The payment ofZakaat causes wealth to come into circulation. Thus the financial condition of the members of society gets improved.

  1. State the heads of expenditure for the distribution of Zakaat in the light of the teachings of the Holy Quran.

ANS:

In the Holy Quran there are the following eight heads of expenditure for Zakaat:

  1. thepoor
  2. theneedy
  3. collectors ofZakaat (the employees ofZakaatDepartment)
  4. those whose hearts are to be reconciled (who have recently accepted Islam.)
  • captives
  • debtors
  • for the cause of Allah
  • the travellers

 

4.What warning has Allah given to the people who do not pay Zakaat?

ANS:

 

LESSON: 5 Bodily Purification P:153

Answer the following questions.

  1. What is purification? Write a brief note on purification in the light of Quran and Hadith.

ANS:

PURIFICATION

                 Purification means the act of making something pure by removing dirty or
harmful substances.

Islam being a complete code of life, guides us in all the aspects of life.

The basic sources of Islamic guidance are the Holy Quran and the traditions of the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم).

“And keep thy garments free from stain. And remove all pollution.” (ALMUDASSIR:4,5)

The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) said:

“Purification is the part of the faith.”

 

  1. What is the partial ablution (Wazu)? Write down the four obligatory steps in the performance of Wazu.

ANS:

WUZU (Partial Ablution)

Wuzu is obligatory before offering prayers.

Wuzu means the washing of certain parts of the body before saying prayer.

FOUR OBLIGATORY STEPS

There are four obligations regarding Wuzu (Fraizi-Wazu):

  1. To wash the face from the top of the forehead to the chin and from one ear to the other.
  2. To wash the hands and arms up to the elbows.
  3. To rub (masah) with the wet hand a fourth part of the head.
  4. To wash the feet to the ankles.
  5. How is the Wazu under Sunnah regulations (Masnun Wazu) is performed?

ANS:

PERFORMANCE OF WUZU

The performance of Wuzu according to the Sunnah regulations (Masnun Wuzu) involves the following steps:

  1. To wash hands up to the wrists three times. The space between the fingers of one hand must be rubbed with the fingers of the other.
  2. To take water into the mouth with the right hand and rinse the mouth three times.
  3. To take water into the nostrils with the right hand, sniff it up and blow it out compressing the nostrils with the thumb and forefinger of the left hand three times.
  4. To wash the face from the forehead to the chin and from one ear to the other by throwing water with both hands three times.
  5. To wash right hand and arm up to the elbow causing the water to run along the arm from the palm of the hand to the elbow, and then to wash the left hand and arm in the same marmer.
  6. To rub the whole head by drawing the wet hands over the upper part of the head once.
  7. To comb the beard with wet fingers of the right hand holding the hand with the palm of the left hand and passing the fingers through the beard from throat upward.
  8. To put the wet tips of the forefingers into the ears and twist around, passing the thumbs at the same time round the backs of the ears from the bottom upward.
  9. To wipe the neck with the back of the wet fingers of both hands making the ends of the fingers meet behind the neck and drawing them forward.
  10. To wash the right foot and than the left foot as high as the ankles and to pass the fmgers of the left hand between the toes.

 

  1. What is a complete ablution (Ghusl), and on what occasions is it performed?

ANS:

GHUSL (Complete Ablution)

Ghusl means or to take bath. If the body is not clean it is necessary to wash the whole body.

There is an injunction (order) in the Holy Book Al-Quran:
”If you are polluted then purify yourself.”

In Ghusl it is absolutely necessary that every part of the body is washed.

OCCASIONS

  1. It is the tradition of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم to have a Ghusl before the Friday prayers.
  2. On great festivals, e.g. Edi-ul- Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha.
  3. Ghusl is also performed before wearing pilgrim robe (Ahram) for the performance of Hajj or Umrah.

 

5.Write down the three obligatory steps,of Ghusl.

ANS:

       OBLIGATORY STEPS OF GHUSL

There are there obligatory steps of Ghusl.

  1. To gargle or rinse the mouth.
  2. To inhale water into the nostrils.
  3. To pour water on the whole body and wash it.

 

6.What is the Masnun Ghusl? Write down the Sunnah steps of Ghusl.

ANS:

MASNUN GHUSL

There are five Sunnah steps ofGhusl.

  1. To wash both hands up to wrists:
  2. To purify oneself and wash the parts of the body where impurity is found.
  3. To make intention to remove the impurity.
  4. To perform ablution (Wazu) before washing the whole body.
  5. To wash the whole body by pouring water on it and rubbing it. To pour water three times on the whole body.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:

It is absolutely necessary for men and women to perform Ghusl in such a way that no part or hair of the body remains dry. Water should not be wasted and it should be used in moderate amount. It is preferable to perform Ghusl in bathroom.

However, if there is no bathroom available, man is allowed to take bath after covering the lower part of the body with a sheet of cloth. It is however, necessary for a woman to take bath in privacy or behind a curtain.
Talking, singing or humming is not allowed while taking a bath.

 

7.What are the benefits of Ghusl?

ANS:

       BENEFITS OF GHUSL:

               The regulations of Shariah benefit people in many ways.

  • By performing partial ablution (Wuzu) one gets mental satisfaction and bodily refreshment.
  • Complete ablution (Ghusl) removes all impurities of the body and protects a person from many diseases.
  • The performance of Wuzu and Ghusl also causes spiritual purification.
  • The purification of mind and body makes one feel pleasure and satisfaction in the perforrmance As a result the capacity to work is increased.

8.Quote a Quranic verse and a saying of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) about purification.

ANS:

Allah says in the Holy Quran;

“And keep thy garments free from stain. And remove all pollution.” (ALMUDASSIR:4,5)

The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said:

“Purification is the part of the faith.”

 

9.FILL IN THE BLANKS.

  1. i) —————————————————————-is the part of faith.
  2. ii) Purification includes————————————and————————————-

iii) If the body is not clean,——————————————————–is obligatory.

  1. iv) Ghusl should be performed on ————————————-and on—————–
  2. iv) Besides outward cleanliness the performance of Wazu and Ghusl also causes————————————————————–
ANSWERS: (i- Purification) (ii- partial ablution + complete ablution.) (iii- Friday prayers + Edi-ul- Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha ) (iv- inward )

 

LESSON: 6 Forbearance and Gratitude P:156

Answer the following questions.

1.Why does Islam teach the believers to keep patience in the adverse circumstances?

ANS:

    

2.What is gratitude and what is its importance according to the Quran and Sunnah?

ANS:

3.How can we express our gratitude to Almighty Allah.

ANS:

4.What is the importance of patience in the collective life of the Muslims?

ANS:

5.What good news does Allah give to those who keep patience?

ANS:

  1. Fill in the blanks.

1.In all types of circumstances, a true believer shows a positive conduct and that is the conduct of —————————————and——————————————————-

  1. A forbearing man does not lose—————————————–and————————–even in the worst circumstances.
  2. It is——————————————————–Who most of all deserves acknowledgmentand thankfulness.
  3. Those who feel gratitude for the favours of God are blessed
    with————————————————–
  4. If a Muslim undergoes suffering, he should take it as a given by God
  5. We must remember that God helps those who———————————————–
  6. Indolent nations have no right to secure a —————————————–place among the nations of the world.
  7. In the Holy Quran Allah says, “Allah stands by the side of those who keep.
  8. Allah ordered Hazrat Ayyub to keep—————————————————

10.Allah says that patience in the tradition of the————————————————— Messengers of Allah.

ANSWERS: ( 1- forbearance + gratitude. ) (2 – patience + self-control ) (3 – Allah ) (4 – prosperity) (5 – test) (6 – themselves) (7 – respectful) (8 – patience ) (9 – patience ) (10 – courageous)

 

 

LESSON:7 The Importance of Family Life P:162

Answer the following questions.

  1. What is the family life and what is its importance?

ANS:

FAMILY:

               Fmily means a group of people who are related to each other, especially
prents and their children.

IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY:

Islam has greatly emphasized the importance of a strong family system in human society.

  • A person, from birth to death, lives his life with family. The members of a family are attached to each other due to different relationships.
  • The human civilization also started with the family system which is essential for its very survival.
  • The family is an essential part of society. A society has also its influence on the families.
  • If a soiety is moving on the path of prosperity and Islamic ways of life, the families will also prosper and lead a virtuous life.

 

  1. What is the base of the family life and what IS its chief objective?

 

ANS:

  1. How is the family system related to society?

ANS:

  1. What are the rights and duties of Zaujain (husband and wife)?

ANS:

           RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF ZAUJAIN (husband and wife)

  • Rights of wife / duties of husband

According to the Islamic teachings:

  • it is the duty of the husband to provide food and shelter to the family.
  • He should make arrangements for housing, clothing and feeding his wife and children.
  • He should bear expenses of the necessities of life according to his economic status.
  • He should allow her wife to keep the amount, given to her as Mehr, in her possession or invest it in some business.
  • He should treat his wife kindly.
  • He should fear God and do justice and favour to his wife. He should also acknowledge her right to inheritance according to the Islamic Shariah and should not do injustice to her.
  • Rights of husband/duties of wife
  • It is the foremost duty of a wife to love her husband and give him comfort.

In the Holy QuranAilah says:

“So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret.”

  • A wife should also be faithful to her husband. It is her duty to guard all the things entrusted to her by her husband.
  • She should not disclose his secrets and should not leak out the household affairs.
  • She should also guard her husband’s honour and nobility.

               The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) also said:

“The best among the women is “The best among the women is the one who is obedient and a source of delight for her husband when he is present and guardian of his wealth and of her own self when he is the one who is obedient and a source of delight for her husband when he is present and guardian of his wealth and of her own self when he is absent.”

  1. What are the rights and duties of children and parents?

 

ANS:

RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF CHILDREN AND PARENTS:

A-Rights of Children/Duties of Parents

Islam enjoins on parents to fulfil the rights of their children. In the
Holy Quran Allah Almighty says:

“0 believers! Save yourselves and your families from the fire (of hell).”

The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said, “One who is not affectionate to Allah’s creatures and to his own children, Allah will not be affectionate to him.”

  • It is the duty of the parents to make arrangements for upbringing, educating and training their children in the best possible manner.
  • They should also make arrangements for their marriage.
  • They should maintain equity and justice among their children.
  • Even after the death of their parents, the righteous offspring cause addition to their virtues.

B-Rights of Parents/ Duties of Children

The Holy Quran says:

“We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents.”

  • It is the duty of children to obey every order of their parents except that which requires them to show disobedience to God.
  • Children should treat their parents kindly and respectfully and should give importance to their opinion.
  • Especially when parents attain old age, the children should respect their feelings and treat them with love and kindness.
  • They should find time everyday to attend their old parents.
  • When the parents pass away the children should pray for their salvation.

     6.What importance does Islam give to relatives?

ANS:

RELATIVES

Islam requires us to do good and to be kind to our relatives.
According to the Holy Quran, after parents our other blood relations deserve most to be helped and treated kindly by us.

“Worship none but Allah, and show kindness to parents and relatives.

THE IMPORTANCE OF DOING GOOD TO RELATIVES

The Holy Prophet (سلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم).

  • ”A person who does not respect the rights of his relatives will not enter Paradise.”
  • “One who breaks off his relations with his relatives shall not enter Paradise.”
  • “Giving of alms to relatives carries rwo rewards: one is the reWard of alms and the other is the reward of helping relatives.”
  1. FILL IN THE BLANKS.

1.A family consists of ————————————-and their———————————

  • According to Islam,———————————-and————————————are the two important pillars of a family.
  • “It is Allah Who created you from one—————————————————————-
  • The Holy Quran has described the marital relation as——————————————-

5.The chief objective of the family life is to ensure the continuance and reproduction of—————————————————–

  • The family life serves as the —————————————————–of a society.
  • It is the duty of the husband to provide ————————————————-to the family.

8.”Amongst you the best one is he who is the best for his—————————————–

  • Children should treat their parents—————————————–and——————————-and should give importanceto their———————————————-
  • The status of mother is———————————————-than father.
  1. ————————————————lies beneath the feet of mother.
  2. “Worship none but Allah, and show kindness to———————————————-and———————————————————–
ANSWERS: (1- Parents + children ) (2- husband + wife) (3- soul ) (4-‘Ehsan’ ) (5- human race) (6- foundation ) (7- food and shelter ) (8- family ) (9- kindly + respectfully + opinion. ) (10- higher ) (11- Heaven ) (12- parents+ relatives )

 

LESSON: 8 Hijrat and Jihad    P:170

Answer the following questions.

1-What is Hijrat? What does Allah command about Hijrat in Surah Nisa?

ANS:

HIJRAT

Hijrat means the act of migrating from one place to another especially in order to live or find work.

In Islamic terminology Hijrat means the migration of the Muslims from one place to another for the religious cause.

If in a certain country the Muslims are oppressed, and they are subjected to torture for adopting the Islamic way of life, they must leave that place and migrate to somewhere else.

Allah command about Hijrat

“When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against themselves, they (the angels) will ask:

In what (plight) were you?

They will. reply:

We were weak and oppressed in the earth.

(The angels) will say:”Was not the earth of God spacious enough for you to migrate therein?

Such men will find their abode in hell, an evil refuge”.

Except those men, women and children who are really weak and appressed or who have no means in their power nor (do they have any guide) to direct their way.

For such people it is likely that Allah will forgive them.

And Allah is Merciful arid Forgiving.

And who migrates in the cause of Allah; will find in the earth many a refuge and abundance in the earth.

And one who forsakes his home for Allah and His Messenger, and death overtakes him, his reward is incumbent (due) on Allah.

And Allah is ever Forgiving, Most Merciful”(ALNISA:97-100)

2-What good news’ does Allah give to those who leave their homes in the cause of Allah?

ANS:

The holy Quran says:

“Then verily thy Lord-for those who left their homes after they had been persecuted, and then fought and remained steadfast-verily thy Lord afte rwards is ever Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Allah has promised salvation, paradise and the best reward to those who migrate for the causeof Islam.

Allah has also assured them that they will be forgiven and their virtuous deeds will not go waste.” (ALNAHAL:110)

3-What reward has Allah promised in Surah AIImran to those who suffered harm for the religious cause?

ANS:

     The holy Quran says:

“Then their Lord accepted them (their prayer and He said): I never. let go waste the work of any worker, male or female.

You are members of one another.

Those who have left their homes or have been driven out of their homes and suffered harm for My cause and fought and were slain, verily I will remove their evil deeds from them and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing beneath.
(This is) a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards.”(ALIMRAN:195)

It can rightly be said that as long as Jihad was not declared obligatory, Hijrat was the best virtuous deed with the condition that it must be in the way of God and the migrant must stand firm to the principles ofIslam and the migration must aim at preaching and spreading the true religion.

4-What is Jihad and what is its best type?

ANS:

JIHAD

Jihad in an Arabic word derived from ‘J uhd’ or ‘J ahd’ which means
endeavour, effort or struggle.

In Islamic terminology it means to exercise all types of physical and mental energy in the way of God.

THE BEST TYPE OF JIHAD:

JIHAD BIN-NAFS

Jihad bin-Nafs is Jihad by person which means that a Muslim should be willing and prepared to bear all kinds of physical troubles in the service of the religion of Almighty Allah. One must be prepared to under- go hardship or to be sentenced to death. He must not fear arrows, spears, swords, guns or connons. He must be prepared to receive injuries and cuts which may take even his life. When we use the word Jihad it usually means Jihad bin-Nafs. In the holy Quran the word ‘Qital’ is used for this type of Jihad.

Allah commands the Muslims to make preparations for Jihad, and forbids Muslims to use the word ‘dead’ for the martyres. The holy Quran says that the martyres receive sustenance from their Lord and they hold festivities. Allah has promised a great reward to them.

 

5-What is Jihad-i-Akbar? Describe in detail.

ANS:

SAME Q:4

ANS:

1l-JIHAD BIL-MAL

Jihad bil-Mal or Jihad by wealth means that one has to spend one’s wealth or property for the preaching of religion and for the success of Truth. Almighty Allah gives man wealth and property so that he may spend it in the way of Allah.

The holy Quran says:

“Those who believe and migrated and did Jihad in the way of Allah, by wealth and by person, they are exalted to high rank by Allah.”( AL               :         )

The first is love for one’s self and the other is love for wealth. The nation which sets aside these hindrances and spends its wealth and manpower without any hesitation gains success.

2-JIHAD BY KNOWLEDGE

         The holy Quran says:

“Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in a better way.”(ALNAHAL:125)

 

7-Explain the rules and regulations of Jihad. What are the conditions and principles of Jihad?

ANS:

RULES AND REGULATIONS

  • Jihad is an organized effort and it is performed under strict rules and regulations.
  • An armed struggle started by a person or group is not Jihad.
  • For Jihad it is necessary that institutes of learned religious scholars make an impartial study of circumstances and pass a verdict supporting Jihad, and then an Islamic state issues official orders to that effect.
  • It is also necessary that the proposed Jihad aims at helping the oppressed Muslims, removing obstacles from the way of preaching Islam, doing away with the mischiefs of the enemies oflslam and fulfilling the wish of God.

CONDITIONS OF JIHAD

It is necessary to war against the enemies of Islam under the following conditions.

  • The enemy invades an Islamic territory.
  • The enemies oflslam are torturing the Muslims.
  • The disbelievers prohibit the Muslims to adopt the teachings of Islam.
  • Jihad becomes necessary even if an Islamic state imposes religious restrictious on the non-Muslim subjects.
  • The enemies are the guilty of the breach of an agreement and they have become traitors.
  • The enemies have destroyed the peace and order, and they have spread chaos in the country.
  • The enemies are the guilty of the breach of an agreement and they have become traitors.

PRINCIPLES OF JIHAD

  1. Peace is the first weapon of the Muslims. But in case the enemy exceeds his limits, it becomes necessary for the Muslims to reply them in the same coin.
  2. It is necessary that Jihad is declared by the head of an Islamic state.
  3. It is first and foremost duty of every Muslim to obey the head of the
    Islamic state under all circumstances during jihad.
  4. It is strictly forbidden for the Muslims, taking part in Jihad, to break
    the’ agreement, deceive the people and practise dishonesty in the
    distribution of booty.

During Jihad the Muslims are not allowed to cut the nose, ears or
other parts of the body of the enemy. The Muslims are also forbidden to murder women, old people, children, the blind and the rippled.

 

B.FILL IN THE BLANKS

I- In Islamic terminology Hijrat means migration of Muslims from one place to another ———————————————————–cause.

  1. As long as Jihad was not declared obligatory,———————————————–was the best virtuous deed.

III. In religious terminology Jihad means to exercise all types of —————————————————–and——————————————————–energyinthewayofGod.

  1. Jihad has been declared a great ———————————————–in Islamic teachings.
  2. According to some theologians the best kind of Jihad is——————————————-
  3. According to the holy Ouran, the two types of Jihad are (i) ——————————————and(ii)—————————————————–

vii. Those who hoard up wealth and do not spend it in the way of God, they have been warned of the————————————————————-        .

viii. The unrest and evil in the world are due to the lack of—————————————–

  1. To say truth before a tyra nt is———————————————————————–
  2. It is necessary that Jihad is declared by an———————————————————–

 

ANSWERS: (i- ) (ii- ) (iii- )   (iv- ) (v- ) (vi- ) (vii- ) (viii- ) (ix- ) (x- )

 

 

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