NOTES/SOLVED EXERCISES: PAKISTAN STUDIES CLASS 9TH SUBJECTIVE &OBJECTIVE ACCORDING TO ALL BOARDS

NOTES/SOLVED EXERCISES: PAKISTAN STUDIES CLASS 9TH SUBJECTIVE &OBJECTIVE ACCORDING TO ALL BOARDS

CONTENTS

1-IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN (1-18)

2-MAKING OF PAKISTAN (19-51)

3-LAND AND EINVIRONMENT (52-91)

4-HISTORY OF PAKISTAN (PART-I) (92-134)

 

1-IDEOLOGICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN(1-18)

EXERCISE

PART 1

1 FOUR POSSIBLE OPTIONS ARE GIVE FOR EACH STATEMENT. MARK (/) ON THE CORRECT OPTION.

ANSWERS: (1-D)(2-B)(3-B)(4-A)(5-A)(6-D)(7-C)(8-C)(9-B)(10-C)(11-C)(12-B)

2 MATCH COLUMN A WITH THE COLUMN B.

ANSWERS: (1-4)(2-5)(3-2)(4-1)(5-3)

3 FILL IN THE  BLANKS.

ANSWERS: (1-ISLAM)(2-BASED)(3-IDEOLOGY)(4-CREATING)(5-WELFARE)(6-STATE)(7-MINORITIES)(8-1867)(9-STATE)(10-TWO NATIONS)

PART 2

4 WRITE THE SHORT ANSWERS.

SQ 1-  WHAT IS MEANT BY “TOUHEED”?

Answer: TOUHEED

Touheed means that Allah is the creator and sovereign of this universe. He has no rival and nothing is beyond his knowledge. He controls everything.

Man is nothing more than a deputy of Allah.

SQ 2-Write the translation of Translation of Ayah – ان اللہ علی کل شئی قدیر

ANSWER: “It means Allah hath power over all things.”

SQ3: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THE FAITH IN PROPHETHOOD?

FAITH IN PROPHETHOOD

A Faith in Prophet hood means to believe that Allah sent messengers-for the guidance of mankind. It is compulsory for a Muslim to have a staunch

belief in Prophet hood without having any kind of doubt.

SQ:4 WHAT IS MEANT BY THE IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN?

Answer: IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN

The ideology of Pakistan was the consciousness of the Muslims in

the historical perspective of the South Asian sub-continent that they

were a separate nation on the basis of the Islamic ideology.

SQ5:WHILE INAUGURATING THE STATE ‘BANK, WHAT DID 1 QUAID-E-

AZAM(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) SAY?

Answer: ADDRESS OF QUAID-E-AZAM(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)

“The economic system of West was creating unsolvable problems

and had failed to do justice with the people. They had to present van

economic system which should be based on the true concepts of

Islam and social justice.

SQ6:WHAT DID ALLAMA MUHAMMAD IQBAL (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) SAY ABOUT THE

FOUNDATION OF MUSLIM MILLAT?

ANSWER: FOUNDATION OF MUSLIM MILLAT

Don’t presume that your nation is like the nations of the West, the people

who believe in the Prophet have distinctive formation of the nation. The

western community depends upon territorial and racial basis whereas your

(Islamic) community is strengthened by the force of the religion.

SQ7: WHAT HIS THE SAYING OF HOLY PROPHET ABOUT BROTHERHOOD?

ANSWER: HADITH ABOUT BROTHERHOOD

Each Muslim is a brother to every other Muslim. He should not commit breach of trust. He ought to refrain from maliciousness, malignance and

enviousness. Therefore, the Muslims; should live united. They should help

each other.

SQ8:WHAT DID QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) SAY ABOUT NATIONALISM?

NATIONALISM

Quaid-e-Azam (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) said:

“They should think above the, differences of Punjabi, Sindhi,‘

Balochi and Pathan. They were Pakistani first and last. Now it was

their duty to live like a Pakistani.

SQ9:WHAT IS MEANT BY TWO-NATION> THEORY IN THE HISTORICAL

PERSPECTIVE OF THE SUB-CONTINENT?

TWO-NATION

The ideology of Pakistan was the consciousness of the Muslims in

The historical perspective of the South Asian sub-continent that they

were a separate nation on the basis of the Islamic ideology. up

SQ10:WHAT DID QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) SAY ABOUT THE SECURITY OF

MINORITIES?

ANSWER: SECURITY OF MINORITIES

He announced that minorities would be given a complete sense of security

and that they would enjoy equal rights. This is the fundamental teaching of

Islam.

SQ11:WHAT DID ALLAMA MUHAMMAD IQBAL (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)MENTION IN HIS

FAMOUS ALLAHABAD ADDRESS?

ANSWER: ADDRESS OF ALLAHABAD.

Allama Iqbal (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) said in his famous address of Allahabad:

“I would like to ‘ see the Punjab, NWFP, Sindh’ and Balochistan

amalgamated into a single state, self government Within or without the

British Empire. Consolidated formation of north-West Indian Muslim state

appears to me the final destiny of Muslims  at least of north-West India.”

SQ12: WHAT IS MEANT BY IDEOLOGY?

ANSWER: MEANING OF IDEOLOGY

Ideology mean’s such a plan or programme as is based upon philosophy

and application to solve political, social and cultural issues, and problems.

SQ13:WHEN DID CHAUDHALY REHMAT ALI PROPOSE THE ‘ WORD

“PAKISTAN?

ANSWER: NAME OF PAKISTAN

Chaudhary Rehmat Ali proposed the word “Pakistan” in 1933

WRITE THE ANSWERS IN DETAIL:

  1. Evaluate the Islamic values that are the basis of the Ideology of Pakistan.

ANSWER:

  1. Elaborate the Ideology, of Pakistan in the light of the pronouncements of Quaid-e-Azam

ANSWER:

  1. Describe. the the ideology of Pakistan in the light of the pronouncements of

Allama Muhammad Iqbal

ANSWER:

8, Explain Two-Nation Theory.

ANSWER:

  1. Write note on the following;

(a) The economic Condition of the Muslims in India before Partition.

(b) Origin of Ideology and its significance.

ANSWER:

 

Ch: 2-MAKING OF PAKISTAN (19-51)

EXERCISE

PART 1

1 FOUR POSSIBLE OPTIONS ARE GIVE FOR EACH STATEMENT. MARK (/) ON THE CORRECT OPTION.

ANSWERS: (1-A)(2-D)(3-C)(4-B)(5-D)(6-A)(7-D)(8-B)(9-A)(10-B)(11-C)(12-C)

2 MATCH COLUMN A WITH THE COLUMN B.

ANSWERS: (1-5)(2-4)(3-1)(4-2)(5-3)

3 FILL IN THE  BLANKS.

ANSWERS: (1-GANDHI)(2-428)(3-3)(4-LORD MOUNTBITTEN)(5-AK FAZAL-UL-HAQUE)(6-1944)(7-CABINET)(8-RIGHT ACTION DAY)(9-RADCLIFF)(10-18TH JULY 1947)

PART 2

4 WRITE THE SHORT ANSWERS.

SQ1: WHICH RESOLUTION WAS PRESENTED BY THE CHIEF MINISTER BENGAL, MR.

HUSSAIN SHAHEED SUHRAWARDY IN THE CONVENTION OF ASSEMBLY MEMBERS IN 1946?

ANSWER: PRESENTATION OF RESOLUTION

The Resolution declared that the zones comprising Bengal and Assam in

the North-East and the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa), Sindh and Balochistan in the ’North West of India; namely

Pakistan zones, where the Muslims are in a dominant majority, be

constituted into a sovereign independent State and that an unequivocal

undertaking be given to implement the establishment of Pakistan without

delay.

SQ2: NARRATE THREE PROPOSALS OF CRIPPS MISSION.

ANSWER: PROPOSALS OF CRIPPS MISSION

-The sub-continent will be given the status of a dominion after the

-All government departments will be handed over to the Indian

-Ministers including Defense, Foreign Affairs and

Communications.

– Special steps will be taken to provide safeguards to the minorities.

SQ3:WHILE PRESIDING OVER THE ALL INDIA MUSLIM LEAGUE SESSION AT

LAHORE IN 1940, QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)IDENTIfiED THE DIRECTION FOR

THE STRUGGLE OF THE MUSLIMS. WRITE ANY TWO POINTS OF THIS ADDRESS.

ANSWER: TWO POINTS OF ADDRESS

– The Muslims are a separate nation because their customs, traditions, civilization, culture and -above all religion is different

from Hindus.

–  The demand of the Muslims for a separate country Is not unhistorical.” Ireland got freedom from England; Spain and

A Portugal became separate states; Czechoslovakia got at separate

identification as a result of the partition.

SQ.4. WHAT WAS THE REPLY OF QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)IN JINNAH GANDHI

TALKS 1944?

ANSWER: REPLY OF QUAID-E.-AZAM(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)

Quaid-e-Azam(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) adjudged that the style adopted by Gandhi is

nothing but cheating and hypocrisy mad cunningness. He emphasized that the British must settle the issue of PAKISTAN before the freedom of India because Congress and Hindus could not relied upon.

SQ5. MANY IMPORTANT PERSONALITIES PRESENTED THE OPINION -TO PARTITION

INDIA. WRITE THE NAMES OF ANY FIVE SUCH PERSONALITIES.

ANSWER: NAMES OF FIVE PERSONALITIES

Many significant personalities like Syed Jamal-ud-Din Afghani, Abdul

” Haleem Sharar, Abdul Jabber Khairi, Abdus e-Sattar Khairi (Khairi Brothers), Moulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, Quaid-e-Azam (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Allama Iqbal(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) and Chaudhary Rehmat Ali proposed for partition in the Sub-continent.

SQ6: HOW DID THE PROVINCIAL GROUPS FORM IN THE CABINET MISSION PLAN?

ANS: FORMATION OF PROVINCIAL GROUPS

The provinces of India were to form three groups:

Group A:  Hindu majority provinces of Madras, Bombay (Mumbai U.P; C.P, Bihar and Orissa.

Group B: Muslim majority Provinces like Punjab, North We

Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Balochistan

. Sindh.

Group C :Bengal and Assam

SQ7: WRITE ANY THREE POINTS OF THE WAVELL PLAN.

ANSWER: THREE POINTS OF THEE WAVELL PLAN

Following points were included in the Wavell Plan:

1-The constitution of the future will be with of all

political parties.

2-The Viceroys I Executive Council will be reconstituted;

Representatives of all the political forces will be selected for it. Six

Hindus and -five Muslim representatives -will be included in the

Executive Council.

  1. After reconstituting the Executive Council in the centre, Executive Councils will be reconstituted in all the provinces.

SQ8:DESCRIBE THE MANIFESTOES OF THE MUSLIM LEAGUE AND THE CONGRESS

IN THE GENERAL ELECTIONS 1945-46.

ANSWER: MANIFESTOES OF THE MUSLIM LEAGUE

Muslim League gave the following points as its manifesto:

Liberation of India from British Rule .

Partition of India

Muslim League as the representative of All the Indian Muslims; –

SQ9: WRITE THE TEXT OF THE PAKISTAN RESOLUTION.

TEXT OF THE PAKISTAN RESOLUTION.

The Resolution declared as “No constitutional plan would be workable or

acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are

“demarcated into regions‘ which should be so constituted with such

territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That ‘the areas in which the

Muslims are numerically in majority as in the\North-Western and Eastern

zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which

the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.

SQ10: WRITE THE NAMES OF five MINISTERS OF MUSLIM LEAGUE INCLUDED IN

THE INTERIM GOVERNMENT.

ANSWER: FIVE MINISTERS OF MUSLIM LEAGUE

The five ministers from Muslim League were as under:

1 Liaquat All Khan

2 Abdur Rab Nishtar

  1. Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar
  2. Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan

5,  Jogendra Nath Mandal

SQ.11 WRITE THE NAMES OF THE MEMBERS” OF CABINET MISSION PLAN 1946

ANSWER:

MEMBERS OF CABINET MISSION

The Commission consisted of three Ministers:

SIR STAFFFORD CRIPPS

MR AV ALEXANDER

LOARD PETHIC LAWRENCE

Q.12.NARRATE THE STAND-POINT OF QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) ON ROWLATT ACT 1919.

ANSWER:

QUAID-E-AZAM (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)POINT OF VIEW

He wrote to the Viceroy Lord Chelmsford, “In my opinion, the

government that passes or sanctions such of All party Conference under the 3rd June, 1947 Plan.

Holding of All party Conference

Quaid-ye-Azam (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) Liaquat. Ali Khan, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar,

Pandit Nehru, Sardar Patel, Acharia Kriplalani a law in times of peace forfeits its claim to be called a civilized Government.

SQ13: HOW DID INDIA OCCUPY KASHMIR?

ANSWER: OCCUPYING OF KASHMIR

At the time of partition 85% of Kashmir’s  total population was

Muslim. The Hindu Dogra ruler, which signed secretly planned with

the Government of India and declared Kashmir as a part of India; It

‘entered its Army and occupied it. Pakistan is of the view that the right

of self-determination of every state must be honoured and the future of

the state must be honoured and the future of the state must be decided

in accordance with the wishes of the people.

SQ14: DESCRIBE THE HOLDING OF ALL PARTIES CONFERENCE UNDER THE 3D JUNE 1947 PLAN.

ANSWER: When Mountbatten came back from London, he organized an All Parties

conference. Quaid-e-Azam(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ), Liaquat Ali Khan, Sardar Abdur Rab

Nishtar, Pandit Nehru, Sardar Patel, Acharya Kriplani and Baldev Singh

participated in it. Viceroy of India” explained the various aspects of the

partition plan. Afterwards he held separate meetings with leaders of each

party. On 3rd June 1947 the second session of the conference was held.

The plan had the approval of all leaders.

SQ15:HOW DID THE QUAID-E-AZAM ,(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) GET THE TITLE OF “AMBASSADOR ‘OF

PEACE”?

ANSWER: TITLE OF “AMBASSADOR OF PEACE”

Under Lucknow Pact, Quaid-e-Azam (رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)united both the nations

(The Hindus and the Muslims) in 1916.‘He got the right of separate

electorates for the Muslims acknowledged and got the ‘title of

Ambassador of Peace.

WRITE THE ANSWERS IN DETAIL.

  1. Narrate the main points of the 3rd June, 1947 Plan.

ANSWER:

  1. Describe the background“ of the Pakistan Resolution, its basic points and the

reaction of Hindus at the approval of this Resolution.

ANSWER:

  1. Why were the Elections of 1945-46 held? How did the results of these

elections benefit the Muslims?

ANSWER:

  1. P Describe the role of Quaid-e-Azam in the creation of Pakistan?

ANSWER:

9.Narrate the British Colonial System in India.

ANSWER:

  1. Write the salient features of the Cabinet Mission Plan 1946.

ANSWER:

Ch: 3-LAND AND EINVIRONMENT (52-91)

EXERCISE

PART 1

1 FOUR POSSIBLE OPTIONS ARE GIVE FOR EACH STATEMENT. MARK (/) ON THE CORRECT OPTION.

ANSWERS: (1-C)(2-C)(3-C)(4-B)(5-B)(6-B)(7-A)(8-B)(9-D)(10-D)(11-C)(12-B)

2 MATCH COLUMN A WITH THE COLUMN B.

ANSWERS: (1-4)(2-5)(3-2)(4-1)(5-3)

3 FILL IN THE  BLANKS.

ANSWERS: (1-INDIAN  OCEAN)(2-BORDER)(3-FOUR)(4-SKARDU)(5-MITHAN KOT)(6-10 INCH)(7-FIVE)(8-URBAN)(9-KARAKORAM)(10-BALOCHISTAN)

PART 2

4 WRITE THE SHORT ANSWERS.

SQ1 . WRITE FIVE REASONS FOR DECREASING OF FORESTS.

ANSWER: DECREASING OF FORESTS

Some important reasons are given below:

1 Excessive cutting of trees. 

 2 Increase in timber wood needs due to increase in population

 3  Increase in salinity and water logging

4  Diseases of trees.

5 decrease in rain fall

SQ2: DESCRIBE THE LOCATION OF PAKISTAN?

ANSWER: LOCATION OF PAKISTAN

Pakistan is located between 23 1/2 to 37 degree North Latitude and 61 to

77 degree East longitude. To the north of Pakistan is China. Afghanistan

-and Iran are in the West of it. In the East is India and in the south spreads

the Arabian Sea.

SQ3: STATE FIVE CAUSES OF SOIL POLLUTION.

ANSWER: Major causes of this pollution are as under:

  1. Releasing used water of houses and factories in the sewerage system.
  2. Spraying pesticides on crops and using chemical fertilizers.
  3. Natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods etc.
  4. Salinity and water logging.
  5. Heaps of domestic and industrial wastage and their proper disposal.

SQ4: IN WHICH MOUNTAIN RANGE “TOCHI PASS AND GOMAL PASS ARE SITUATED?

ANSWER: TOCHI PASS AND GOMAL PASS

Tochi Pass and Gomal Pass are situated in Waziristan hills.

SQ5: WRITE THE TYPES OF POLLUTION.

ANSWER: TYPES OF POLLUTION

Here are some major types of Pollution.

  1. Air Pollution
  2. Water Pollution
  3. Soil Pollution
  4. Noise Pollution

SQ6: WRITE THE NAMES OF FIVE GLACIERS LOCATED IN PAKISTAN.

ANSWER: NAMES OF FIVE GLACIERS

1.- Siachen Glaciers  2.  Baltoro Glaciers

3- Biafo Glaciers  4. Hispar  Glaciers

  1. Rimo Glaciers

SQ7: WHAT ARE THE HAZARDS TO OUR ENVIRONMENT NOW A DAYS?

ANSWER: HAZARDS TO OUR ENVIRONMENT

Today, our environment is facing the following major hazards:

  1. Salinity and water logging.
  2. Deforestation
  3. Desertification.
  4. Increase in environmental pollution

SQ8:DESCRIBE JIVE STEPS TAKEN BY THE ‘GOVERNMENT TO DECREASE THE

INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION.

ANSWER: STEPS OF GOVERNMENT

INSTALLATION OF TUBE-WELLS

By installation of tube-wells, the water table goes down. The water

obtained by tube-wells brings decrease in water logging.

CEMENTED CANALS

The banks of canals and water channels are strengthened so that water

may not seep into the ground.

PROPER IRRIGATION SYSTEM

Introducing proper system of irrigating fields

ESTABLISHMENT OF LABORATORIES .

Establishment of laboratories for water and soil testing .

TRAINING OF FARMERS

Training and counseling of farmers

SQ9: WHICH IS THE FAMOUS PEAK IN THE GREATER HIMALAYAN RANGE?

ANSWER: FAMOUS PEAK GREATER HIMALAYAN RANGE

The highest  peak of this range is Nanga Parbat, which is 8126 meters high

above sea level.

SQ10: WRITE THE NAMES OF FIVE NATURAL REGIONS OF

ANSWER: NAMES OF FIVE NATURAL REGIONS  

Pakistan can be divided into the following five natural regions.

1-Plain Region 2- Desert Region

3-Coastal Region 4-Tropical and Sub tropical Region

5-Dry and semi dry mountain region

SQ11: WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF AFGHANISTAN AND THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL ASIA FOR PAKISTAN?

ANSWER: IMPORTANCE OF NEIGHBOURS

In the North-west of Pakistan, there are Afghanistan Central Asian

Republics of Kazakhstan Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan. and

Kyrgyzstan. All these republics are landlocked. These are located away

from the ocean. They own no coast. Therefore, they have to pass through

Pakistan‘ in order to access’ the ocean. Central Asian Republics are rich in

oil and gas’ reserves. They are known for the products of oil and gas in the world. Pakistan has religious, cultural and economic relations with these

Islamic States.

SQ12: WHAT STEPS ARE BEING TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT TO IMPROVE FORESTS?

ANSWER: STEPS OF GOVERNMENT –

Tree plantation

Tree plantation campaign is launched twice a year.

TO CREATE THE TREND OF GROWING TREES .

The Government imports various kinds of seeds. Nurseries are grown with

the help of these seeds and plants are provided to the people to create the

trend of growing trees,

ADVERTISEMENT CAMPAIGN is launched through electronic and print media to

create awareness among people how important is it to increase the area of

forests.

STRICT LEGISLATION can also be helpful in preventing the theft of trees.

SQ13: WHERE IS TOBA KAKAR MOUNTAIN RANGE SITUATED?

ANSWER: TOBA KAKAR

Toba Kakar Mountain Range is situated along the Afghan border to the

south of Waziristan Hills. It extends from north-east towards south-West

till it ends in the north of Quetta.

WRITE DETAILED ANSWERS.

  1. Evaluate the significance of the location of Pakistan.

ANSWER:

  1. Give an account, of theimountain ranges in Pakistan.

ANSWER:

7.’ Write notes on the following:

(a)l Plateau _ (b)i Plain

ANSWER:

  1. In how many climatic regions is Pakistan divided? Write the detail of each

‘ region.

ANSWER:

  1. Elaborate “How does climate affect the human life”?

ANSWER:

10.‘ ‘A W’hat is meant by the drainage system? Write in detail.

ANSWER:

  1. A Describe the importance of plain region of Pakistan.

ANSWER:

  1. Describe the significance of forests.

ANSWER:

13; Write about the wildlife found in Pakistan and threats to it?

ANSWER:

14.‘ What are the environmental hazards to our country? Write note on types of

pollution.

ANSWER:

  1. Explain in how many temperature regions Pakistan is divided?

ANSWER:

16; Indicate the hurdles in protecting water, soil, vegetation and wildlife.

ANSWER:

 

 

 

CH: 4-HISTORY OF PAKISTAN (PART-I) (92-134)

EXERCISE

PART 1

1 FOUR POSSIBLE OPTIONS ARE GIVE FOR EACH STATEMENT. MARK (/) ON THE CORRECT OPTION.

ANSWERS: (1-B)(2-B)(3-A)(4-C)(5-D)(6-D)(7-D)(8-A)(9-B)(10-C)(11-D)(12-B)

2 MATCH COLUMN A WITH THE COLUMN B.

ANSWERS: (1-4)(2-1)(3-5)(4-2)(5-3)

3 FILL IN THE  BLANKS.

ANSWERS: (1- SPEAKER)(2- STATE OF JUMMO KASHMIR)(3-1947)(4-1949)(5-23RD MARCH 1957)(6-1961)(7-BASIC DOMESTIC)(8-INDUS WATER)(9-1950)(10-1923)

PART 2

4 WRITE THE SHORT ANSWERS.

SQ1: HOW WAS THE FIRST CONSTITUTION ASSEMBLY FORMED?

ANSWER: FORMATION OF FIRST CONSTITUTION ASSEMBLY ; 

‘When the days of freedom was approaching near Muslim League session was

held” and it selected the Assembly on the advice of Quaid-e-Azam(رحمۃ اللہ علیہ)

SQ2: DESCRIBE BRIEFLY FIVE POINTS OF THE REFORMS INTRODUCED BY AYUB

KHAN

ANSWER: FIVE POINTS OF THE LAND REFORMS

1, ‘ N person was to own more than 550 acres of irrigated or 1000 acres of none irrigated land.

2,The transferred Aland would not exceed the of 250 acres of

  irrigated and 500 acres of non-irrigated land.

3,The landlords would be compensated of their snatched lands within 25 years in installments.

4,Jagirs endowed, dedicated to, educational, religious or charitable institutions were exempted.

5, increase the rate of Ijarah (share of the landlord) was also

banned.

SQ3: WRITE FIVE ISLAMIC PROVISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF 1956.

ANSWER: FIVE ISLAMIC PROVISIONS

Name of the country was adopted as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

President of the country shall be Muslim.

Sovereignty belongs to Allah Almighty.

The Muslims will lead their lives a according to the teachings Islam,

No Law would be passed or promulgated against the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah.

Usury, sale of alcohol and narcotics and prostitution shall be banned.

SQ4: WHAT WERE THE TARGETS OF 2ND FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN ?

ANSWER: TARGETS OF 2ND FIVE YEAR PLAN

To attain an increase in national income by 24 percent.

To achieve an increase of about 10 percent in per capita income.

To provide the opportunities of employment to 2.5 million people.

To get an increase of 14 percent in agricultural output.

To increase industrial production upto 1.4 per cent in large scale as well as medium scale industries.

To increase the industrial production of Cottage and small scale

industries upto 25% ,

To increase exports at the rate of 3 per cent annual increase.

SQ5:WHAT WAS THE ROLE OF PAKISTAN NAVY IN THE WART OF 1965?

ANSWER: ROLE OF NAVY

Our Navy destroyed famous Indian Naval ‘Base at Dwarka, on the coast of

Kathiawar and did a heroic achievement. Indian” ship was sunk by Pakistan

Navy in this fight while other ships re-treated-

SQ6: WRITE ANY FIVE POINTS OF MUSLIM FAMILY LAWS ORDINANCE.

ANSWER: FIVE POINTS OF MUSLIM FAMILY LAWS ORDINANCE

All Muslim marriages were to be compulsorily registered in Union Councils;

  1. The minimum Page marriage was fixed; 18 years for boy and 16 years for girl.
  2. In case of divorce etc a period of 90 days was fixed as Iddat

‘Period.

  1. Orphaned grand-children may receive share from the property of

their grand parents.

  1. The increasing population of Pakistan shall be controlled through Family Planning.

SQ7: DESCRIBE TWO CAUSES OF THE YEAR 1965,

ANSWER: TWO CAUSES OF THE WAR .

  1. The Kashmir conflict is the real cause of War 1965.
  2. General Elections were to be held in India. Congress wanted to win these elections. It decided to attack Pakistan in order to get votes from the voters.

SQ8: WHAT ARE THE POINTS FOR THE FUTURE POLICIES DESCRIBED IN THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK ORDER?

ANSWER: LEGAL FRAMEWORK ORDER

  1. Promotion of Islamic way of living
  2. To practice the moral teachings of Islam
  3. To take steps to promote Islamic principles in the country.

4.To make arrangements to provide the education of Quran and

Islamiyat to the Muslims .

SQ9: WHAT IS MEANT BY UNION COUNCIL AND UNION COMMITTEE?

ANSWER: UNION COUNCIL

The lowest tier of Basic Democracies was composed of union councils. It

was called Union Council for rural areas and Union Committee for urban

areas.

1000 to 1500 voters elected one member directly. He or she was called

B.D Member.

They were responsible for sanitation, arrangements of street lights and

Passengers Houses (Musafirkhana); keeping death and birth records etc.

SQ10: HOW WAS THE CONSTITUTION OF 1956 ABROGATED?

ANSWER: ABROGATION OF THE CONSTITUTION OF 1956

The Constitution of 1956 was passed after long and untiring efforts of nine

years but did not last for long proved to be short lived due to specific

circumstances of Pakistani which included mutual difference and quarrels

of the politicians, unfair -interruption of Anny and bureaucracy in

democratic institutions, lack of able Leadership and high handedness of

Governor General in the affairs of the government.

SQ11: WHAT IS MEANT BY SINGLE CITIZENSHIP?

ANSWER: SINGLE CITIZENSHIP

The citizens of A Pakistan shall have only a single citizenship. All the

citizens shall-be called Pakistanis.

SQ12: WHICH AREAS OF MUSLIM MAJORITY, INDIA GOT AS A RESULT OF UNJUST DIVISION BY RADCLIFFE?

ANSWER: MUSLIM MAJORITY.

Three of the Tehsils of Gurdaspur District i.e. Gurdaspur, Pathankot and

Batala, Zira, the Tehsil of Ferozepur and some other areas comprised of an

overwhelming majority of population of the Muslims were handed over to

India.

SQ13: HOW WAS THE MALAKAND DIVISION FORMED?

ANSWER: MALAKAND DIVISION

In N.W.F.P (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Dir, Swat and Chitral maintained their

identity as independent states even after the establishment of Pakistan. The

people of these areas were not enjoying such facilities as the people in

West Pakistan were enjoying. So, General Yahya Khan abolished the

separate status of these states in 1969. These three states were merged to

form Malakand Division.

SQ14: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT?

ANSWER: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS

The growth of an economy from backward to advanced economy is

known as Economic Development.

SQ15: MENTION FIVE TARGETS OF 3RD FIVE YEAR DEVELOPMENT PLAN.

FIVE TARGETS OF 3RD FIVE YEAR PLAN

  1. To increase per capita income at the rate of 20%
  2. To provide employments to 5.5 Million people-
  3. To increase the industrial growth at the rate of 13% annually.

To prefer to the establishment of basic industries.

-To bring stability in the balance of payment by increasing the

foreign exchange.

 

WRITE DETAILED ANSWERS:

5-Describe early problems of Pakistan. a

ANSWER:

6-Elaborate important points of Objectives Resolution.

ANSWER:

7-Write salient features of the Constitution of 1962.

ANSWER:

8-Describe the causes of the separation of East Pakistan

ANSWER:

9-Explain salient features of Legal Framework Order;

ANSWER:

10-Narrate events of the Indo- Pak War 1965;

ANSWER:

11-Explain the role of Quaid-e-Azam as first Governor General Pakistan.

ANSWER:

  1. Describe different steps of Basic Democracies System.

ANSWER:

  1. Elaborate the role of Liaquat Ali Khan as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.

ANSWER:

 

 

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