ARTICLERESEARCH CHART INFO GRAPHIC OF Prepositions(حروف جر) (USAGE &EXAMPLES)

ARTICLE/RESEARCH: CHART / INFO GRAPHIC OF Prepositions(حروف جر) (USAGE &EXAMPLES)

 

Prepositions – Time

English Usage Example
·        on §   days of the week §  on Monday
·        in §   months / seasons

§   time of day

§   year

§   after a certain period of time (when?)

§  in August / in winter

§  in the morning

§  in 2006

§  in an hour

·        at §   for night

§   for weekend

§   a certain point of time (when?)

§  at night

§  at the weekend

§  at half past nine

·        since §   from a certain point of time (past till now) §  since 1980
·        for §   over a certain period of time (past till now) §  for 2 years
·        ago §   a certain time in the past §  2 years ago
·        before §   earlier than a certain point of time §  before 2004
·        to §   telling the time §  ten to six (5:50)
·        past §   telling the time §  ten past six (6:10)
·        to / till / until §   marking the beginning and end of a period of time §  from Monday to/till Friday
·        till / until §   in the sense of how long something is going to last §  He is on holiday until Friday.
·        by §   in the sense of at the latest

§   up to a certain time

§  I will be back by 6 o’clock.

§  By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.

 

Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)

English Usage Example
·        in §   room, building, street, town, country

§   book, paper etc.

§   car, taxi

§   picture, world

§  in the kitchen, in London

§  in the book

§  in the car, in a taxi

§  in the picture, in the world

·        at §   meaning next to, by an object

§   for table

§   for events

§   place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)

§  at the door, at the station

§  at the table

§  at a concert, at the party

§  at the cinema, at school, at work

·        on §   attached

§   for a place with a river

§   being on a surface

§   for a certain side (left, right)

§   for a floor in a house

§   for public transport

§   for television, radio

§  the picture on the wall

§  London lies on the Thames.

§  on the table

§  on the left

§  on the first floor

§  on the bus, on a plane

§  on TV, on the radio

·        by, next to, beside §   left or right of somebody or something §  Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.
·        under §   on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else §  the bag is under the table
·        below §   lower than something else but above ground §  the fish are below the surface
·        over §   covered by something else

§   meaning more than

§   getting to the other side (also across)

§   overcoming an obstacle

§  put a jacket over your shirt

§  over 16 years of age

§  walk over the bridge

§  climb over the wall

·        above §   higher than something else, but not directly over it §  a path above the lake
·        across §   getting to the other side (also over)

§   getting to the other side

§  walk across the bridge

§  swim across the lake

·        through §   something with limits on top, bottom and the sides §  drive through the tunnel
·        to §   movement to person or building

§   movement to a place or country

§   for bed

§  go to the cinema

§  go to London / Ireland

§  go to bed

·        into §   enter a room / a building §  go into the kitchen / the house
·        towards §   movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it) §  go 5 steps towards the house
·        onto §   movement to the top of something §  jump onto the table
·        from §   in the sense of where from §  a flower from the garden

 

Other important Prepositions

English Usage Example
·        from §   who gave it §  a present from Jane
·        of §   who/what does it belong to

§   what does it show

§  a page of the book

§  the picture of a palace

·        by §   who made it §  a book by Mark Twain
·        on §   walking or riding on horseback

§   entering a public transport vehicle

§  on foot, on horseback

§  get on the bus

·        in §   entering a car  / Taxi §  get in the car
·        off §   leaving a public transport vehicle §  get off the train
·       out of §   leaving a car  / Taxi §  get out of the taxi
·        by §   rise or fall of something

§   travelling (other than walking or horse riding)

§  prices have risen by 10 percent

§  by car, by bus

·        at §   for age §  she learned Russian at 45
·       about §   for topics, meaning what about §  we were talking about you

 

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