NOTES NEW OXFORD MODREN ENGLISH BY NICHOLAS & CLAIRE HORSBURGH CLASS / GRADE / BOOK 2

NOTES NEW OXFORD MODREN ENGLISH BY NICHOLAS & CLAIRE HORSBURGH CLASS / GRADE / BOOK 2

 Content

Intrroduction

Detailed Contents

Foizos Biscuits

The Rainbow—Christina Rossetti

The Trap

Conversation—Rose Fgieman

The Mice ond the Elephonts

I Wonder- Jeannie Kirby

Nasir in Trouble

The Mulla’s Son

Trees Are Lovely——Colin Ash

Careful Hans

I’d Like to Be

Rumpelstiltskin

The Musicians of Bremen

The Cow – Robert Louis Stevenson

Mongoes and Guavas

Brother and Sister

Adil and the Gold Chain

Chocko Gets a Little Help

Odd animal – ash Vanagar

Peter Rabbit–Beatrix Potter

Someone- Walter de la Mare

Monkey See, Monkey Do

The Wish

Poster

UNIT:1 FAIZA’S BISCUITS 1-7 THE RAINBOW 8-11     PAGE:

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        What did Faiza see one day?
ANSWER:       a. There are a number of possible answers to this. Accept all plausible ones. She sees people getting out of a car, people in a restaurant, or a birthday party.
QUESTION No.b         Who went into the restaurant? Why?
ANSWER:         b. A little girl and her family.
QUESTION No. c          What did the people eat at the party?
ANSWER:        c. Ice-cream and biscuits (and cake!).
QUESTION No.d          Who gave Faiza some cake and biscuits?
ANSWER:          d. The little girl.
QUESTION No.e           What did Faiza do the next morning?
ANSWER:          e. The next morning Faiza sells the biscuits outside a school.

B: WORKING WITH WORDS

1. WHAT ARE THE WORDS? THEY ALL BEGIN WITH BO–.

a. bottle

b. bones

c. boy

d. bold

2. Read the following sentences carefully; then use the underlined words in sentences of your own. Discuss the meaning of the underlined phrasal verbs. When they are understood, pupils will make up their own sentences.

3. Use these words and talk about the pictures in the story. Encourage the pupils to use the vocabulary in simple statements and questions about the pictures.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Review all the punctuation marks mentioned. Illustrate with examples on the blackboard. Write some sentences without punctuation. Ask the pupils to suggest where punctuation marks should be added, and rewrite the sentences. Start with simple sentences requiring the addition of a full stop, capital letters (for proper nouns), and perhaps a question mark. Do not introduce quoted speech at this point.

1. PUT IN CAPITAL LETTERS AND FULL STOPS.

a. Mr Khan worked in an office.

b. The office was in Lahore.

c. One day, Mr Khan went to Faisalabad.

d. He stayed at the Royal Hotel on Nazim-Ud-Din Road.

e. On Monday, he caught a plane back to Lahore.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Listen to your teacher’s statements. Ask questions when you hear the statements

UNIT:1 THE RAINBOW 8-11     PAGE:08-11

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Where do boats sail’?
ANSWER:       a. Boats sail on the rivers.
QUESTION No.b         Where do ships sail?
ANSWER:         b. Ships sail on the seas.
QUESTION No. c          What sails across the sky?
ANSWER:        c. Clouds sail across the sky.
QUESTION No.d          What are the two prettiest things in the poem?
ANSWER:          d. In the poem, the two prettiest things are the bridges on the rivers and ‘the bow that bridges heaven’ (a rainbow).
QUESTION No.e           What is another name for the ‘bow that bridges heaven’?
ANSWER:          e. The Rainbow.
QUESTION No.f ls there a difference between a boat and a ship? Find out
ANSWER: f. Talk about where they can find this out.

2. WHAT ARE THEY? FIND THESE WORDS IN THE POEM.

a. prettier

b. Earth

c. bridge

d. ships/boats

 e. cloud

B WORKING WITH WORDS

 Join a word in A with a word in B to make a new word.

Some compound words:

rail/way, night/mare, news/paper, out/law, sky/lark, good/bye, goose/berry, grave/yard, birth/day, blind/fold, bath/tub, friend/ship, foot/ball, goal/post, sun/shine, etc.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Naming words are called nouns.

Underline all the nouns in the following.

Tiny Tim was playing in the kitchen. He stood on a chair next to the sink. Water was coming out of the tap. He put his thumb under the hole in the tap. The water went all over the floor. It went all over his head, too!

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

 1. Find all the rhyming words in the poem. List the words in your notebook.

Rhyming words in the poem are seas/these, please/trees/these.

WORKBOOK: PAGES 2–3 A PUNCTUATION

1. READ THESE SENTENCES.

2. WRITE THE SENTENCES AGAIN. PUT IN FULL STOPS, CAPITAL LETTERS, AND QUESTION MARKS.

a. Lahore is a beautiful place.

b. The Shahi Qila is in Lahore.

c. How old are you?

d. Do you know where Jack and Peter are?

e. Rehan was born in Karachi.

f. When did Faraz break his leg?

g. The book is not in this room.

B CLASSROOM CROSSWORD

1. What are these nouns? They are in your classroom.

a T A B L E

b S H E L F

 c C H A I R

d T E A C H E R

e I N K f R U B B E R

g B O O K

h M A P

i C R A Y O N

j D E S K

UNIT:  2. THE TRAP 11 CONVERSATION 16   PAGE:14-16

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why was the road unhappy?
ANSWER:       a. People hurt the road by walking and riding on it.
QUESTION No.b         How did people hurt the tree?
ANSWER:         b. People hurt the tree by eating its fruit and cutting its branches.
QUESTION No. c          Who let the tiger out of the trap?
ANSWER:        c. The boy let the tiger out of the trap.
QUESTION No.d          Who put the tiger buck in the trup?
ANSWER:          d. The clever jackal put the tiger back in the trap.
QUESTION No.e           Do you think that the buttock was very Strong?
ANSWER:          e. Pupils will give their own answers.

2. Read the passage again. Then say if these sentences are true (T) or false (F). Pupils should explain their answers.

a. False (pulling a plough)

b. True (The tiger could not escape.)

c. False (The tree did not help the boy.)

d. False (The boy returned as promised.)

e. True (The jackal thought of a plan to help the boy.)

2. CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORDS FROM THE BOX AND FILL IN THE BLANKS. NOT ALL THE WORDS ARE INCLUDED IN THE TEXT. YOU MAY NEED TO PRACTISE THE USE OF ‘DECIDED’.

a. decided b. agree c. awful d. through

3. PUT THE FOLLOWING IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER.

 a. bag, dog, knife, part, short

b. drink, drop, know, shirt, tall

c. bring, dogs, play, that, this

4. MATCH THE FOLLOWING.

a thing made of wood with four wheels

a cart

a thing made of metal and wood

a knife a thing made of cotton

a shirt

a thing made of glass

a mirror

 a thing made of paper

a book

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Add not to the following sentences. You will have to change or add some other words too.

a. The boy was not sad.

b. The boy did not tell the story

 c. People do not eat my leaves.

d. The tree did not laugh.

e. The tiger did not catch hold of the boy.

UNIT:  2. CONVERSATION 16   PAGE:17-19

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Who is talking to the mouse?
ANSWER:       a. A cat is talking to the mouse.
QUESTION No.b         What does the cot want to do.
ANSWER:         b. The cat wants to get into the mouse’s house.
QUESTION No. c          What does the mouse tell the cat?
ANSWER:        c. The mouse tells the cat that she has to be thin to come in.
QUESTION No.d          When is the mouse busy.
ANSWER:          d. The mouse is busy all day.
QUESTION No.e           Do you think the mouse is really busy?
ANSWER:          e. No. The mouse is not really busy. It does not want the cat to enter the house, so it makes one excuse after another.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

2. Find rhyming words for the following. Rhyming words from the poem are given in brackets.

a. door, (floor), more, shore, boar, tore

b. in, (thin), sin, bin, tin

c. say, (day), ray, bay

d. said, dead, bed, head, red

e. where, hair, stair, bear, lair, fare

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Can you guess the nouns from the following clues?

a. a matchbox (a box of matches)

b. an envelope

c. a switch

d. a blanket (quilt/fire/heater)

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Workbook: pages 7–8

A MADE OF AND FULL OF WORDS!

1. READ THE SENTENCES AND WORDS IN THE BOXES. MAKE SURE ALL THE WORDS ARE UNDERSTOOD.

 2. WRITE TWO SENTENCES ABOUT EACH PICTURE. USE THE WORDS IN THE BOXES.

a. The box is made of wood.

b. The bowl is made of clay. It is full of marbles. It is full of sweets.

c. The pot is made of brass.

d. The wallet is made of leather. It is full of rice. It is full of money.

e. The basket is made of bamboo. It is full of fruit.

B DID YOU OR DID YOU NOT?

This exercise may require some oral work to begin with. The pupils have to answer in two sentences, for e.g.: Yes, I did. I saw a film last night.

1. WRITE TWO SENTENCES FOR EACH QUESTION. ALTERNATIVES ARE GIVEN BELOW.

a. Yes, I did. I woke up this morning. (I did wake up …)

b. No, I didn’t. I did not go to London yesterday.

c. Yes, I did. I did come to school yesterday. (I came to school yesterday.) OR I did not come …, (as the case might be!).

d. Yes, she did. My mother did cook rice last night. (My mother cooked rice last night.) e. Yes, it did. The sun did rise this morning. (The sun rose this morning.)

f. Yes, I did. I did see a film last month. (I saw a film last month.) I did not see a film last month.

UNIT: 3. THE MICE AND THE ELEPHANTS 19 I WONDER PAGE:20-25

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why did everyone leave the palace?
ANSWER:       a. Everyone left the palace because the king grew old and died.
QUESTION No.b         Who lived in the cracks of the floors?
ANSWER:         b. Mice lived in the cracks of the floors.
QUESTION No. c          Who agreed to use another path?
ANSWER:        c. The elephants agreed to use another path.
QUESTION No.d          What did the elephants remember?
ANSWER:          d. The elephants remembered the old saying: ‘Make friends, always make friends, however strong or weak.’

2. SAY WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ARE TRUE (T) OR FALSE (F).

a. F b. F c. T d. T e. F

3. PUT THESE SENTENCES IN THE CORRECT ORDER. C, E, G, H, A, B, F, D.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

 1. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN YOUR OWN WORDS.

UNIT: 3. I WONDER 24    PAGE:26-28

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        What do the birds do?
ANSWER:       a. The birds build nests.
QUESTION No.b         What do the trees do?
ANSWER:         b. The trees take a rest.
QUESTION No. c          What does the lightning do?
ANSWER:        c. The lightning flashes about.
QUESTION No.d          What happens to the stars sometimes?
ANSWER:          d. Sometimes the stars blow out.
QUESTION No.e           Why do you think Dad won’t answer the questions?
ANSWER:          e. Because Dad does not know the answers.
QUESTION No.f Do you know the answers to any of the questions?
ANSWER:

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. FIND THESE STRANGE WORDS IN THE POEM. SPELL THEM CORRECTLY!

 a. wonder b. blow c. suppose d. knows e. taught f. rainbow g. clouds h. quite

 C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Revise what the pupils know about verbs. Give a few simple examples, on the blackboard, of how verbs are used in sentences.

1. FIND THE VERBS IN THE FOLLOWING.

a. teaches b. pointed c. tells d. sing

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 4. NASIR IN TROUBLE 28    PAGE:29-33

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        what kind of a man was Uncle Sami?
ANSWER:       a. Uncle Sami was a jolly man and told exciting stories. He was likeable.
QUESTION No.b     where was Nasir going when he met the little boy?   
ANSWER:         b. Nasir was going to the Shalimar Bagh.
QUESTION No. c          why was the little boy crying?
ANSWER:        c. The little boy was crying because he had hurt his leg.
QUESTION No.d          what did dog do when the boy fell over?
ANSWER:          d. The dog ran off down the road and started to eat sausages off a meat stall.
QUESTION No.e           why did the crowed chase Nasir?
ANSWER:          e. The crowd chased Nasir because they thought his dog had stolen the sausages.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN YOUR OWN WORDS.

Pupils will write their own sentences. Some examples:

 a. Nasir liked (staying with) Uncle Sami.

b. Nasir caught hold of the dog’s lead.

c. Nasir’s uncle was a jolly man.

d. Nasir was frightened and started to run.

2. REARRANGE THE WORDS IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

a. Three mice lived in a broken box.

b. The box was under my shelf.

c. Sometimes the mice made a big noise.

d. I told them to go away.

e. They said that it was a nice box.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Give further examples and lists of adjectives. Describe things around you, using adjectives. Get the pupils to do the same. Then read the text.

1. Add adjectives to the following nouns. Write them in your notebook. Pupils should think of their own adjectives. Read out their results and compare them. Talk about the various suggestions made by the pupils.

Some possibilities:

a. a quiet/two-storey/little/cool/city house

b. a magnificent/rich/marble/faraway/royal palace

c. a new/shiny/red/fast/modern/old car

d. a large/massive/wild/tame/hunting/racing dog

e. a plastic/light/metal/powerful/useless/electric torch

f. a long/leather-bound/dull/heavy/fascinating book

2. ADD COMMAS TO THE FOLLOWING.

a. The old, grey tree was dying.

b. They live in a large, modern house.

c. He drove a fast, red sports car.

d. The room was dirty, dark and empty

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT:  5. THE MULLA’S SON , TREES ARE LOVELY 41    PAGE:34-40

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        ln which city was Akbar’s court?
ANSWER:       a. Akbar’s court was in Delhi.
QUESTION No.b         What sort of people were at Akbar’s court?
ANSWER:         b. Akbar had many famous people at his court. There were artists, musicians, dancers, poets, scientists, writers, and a funny man called Mulla Do Piyaza.
QUESTION No. c          What was Mulla Do Piyaza’s work at Akharis court?
ANSWER:        c. Mulla Do Piyaza was a jester at Akbar’s court. (He made Akbar laugh.)
QUESTION No.d          How was Rafiq punished?
ANSWER:          d. Rafiq was called a bad boy and chased out of the kitchen by his mother. He was left hiding under a bed.
QUESTION No.e           What did the Mulla’s wife ask her husband ta do‘!
ANSWER:          e. The Mulla’s wife asked her husband to go to Rafiq, speak to him sweetly, and ask him to come for his dinner

2. Put the following sentences in order. a, e, d, h, b, f, c, g.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. Use the words and phrases in sentences of your own.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Copy the sentences below. Put in the missing apostrophes.

a. This Emperor’s court was full of musicians.

b. There were poets and writers at Akbar’s court.

c. The boy’s mother did not go to her son’s room.

d. The boy’s father was Akbar’s friend.

UNIT:  5. TREES ARE LOVELY     PAGE:41-44

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        what colours are trees? can you think of more?
ANSWER:       a. In the poem, trees are brown and green. Trees can have yellow and red leaves; some trees have a silvery bark. Pupils may mention other colours of trees they have seen.
QUESTION No.b         what are some parts of trees? can you think more?
ANSWER:         b. The parts of the trees mentioned in the poem are trunks, stems, leaves, flowers, and branches. Pupils may know other parts such as the roots, bark, nuts, seeds, and so on.
QUESTION No. c          How are trees useful to children?
ANSWER: c. There are lots of uses mentioned in the poem but the children use the trees to hide from their teachers.
QUESTION No.d           in what other ways are trees useful? talk about this in class
ANSWER:          d. The trees are useful in the following ways: they keep us dry in showers; they give us shade from the sun; they are home to many creatures, including birds; they help our world. Talk about how they help our world. We use wood, fruits etc. but we also need trees to provide oxygen and clean air

B WORKING WITH WORDS

 1. These are all parts of a tree, but the letters are jumbled. What are the parts?

a. nuts b. leaf c. bark d. branch e. stem

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Make the following statements true by adding not or no. You will have to change or add some other words too.

a. Cats do not have two tails. (No cats have two tails.)

b. Goats do not like eating meat.

c. When there are no stars in the sky, it is daytime. (When the sky is full of stars, it is not daytime.)

d. A boat with holes in it does not float.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 6. CAREFUL HANS 44 , I’D LIKE TO BE 49     PAGE:45-50

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Where did grandmother live?
ANSWER:       a. The grandmother lived in a small cottage near a great forest (in Germany).
QUESTION No.b         Where did Hans put the needle? Why was thus foolish?
ANSWER:         b. Hans put the needle in the hay. It was foolish because it would be difficult to find.
QUESTION No. c          Where did Hans put the spoon? Why was this a bad Idea?
ANSWER:        c. Hans put the spoon inside his sleeve. It was a bad idea because the spoon would fall out.
QUESTION No.d          Where did Hans put the puppy? Why was this wrong?
ANSWER:          d. Hans put the puppy into his pocket. The puppy would not have enough room to move or even breathe!
QUESTION No.e           What happened to the meat?
ANSWER:          e. The meat was eaten by the puppy. /The puppy ate the meat.
QUESTION No.f What happened to the butter?
ANSWER: f. The butter melted in the sun. /The sun melted the butter.

2. MATCH THE FOLLOWING.

 foolish: not very clever

spoon: used when we eat something

grandmother: the mother of your father or mother

sleeve: part of a garment

hay: dried grass

needle: has one eye

WORKING WITH WORDS

1. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences, using prepositions. Revise the prepositions in sentences of your own.

a. after

b. out on

c. inside

d. near

 e. behind

2. COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES IN YOUR OWN WORDS. PUPILS WILL WRITE THEIR OWN SENTENCES.

Examples:

a. In the afternoon, after tea, Hans went home.

b. Hans dragged the meat along the road.

c. Hans stuffed the puppy into his pocket.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

 Nouns: Revise what the pupils already know about nouns.

1. CAN YOU MAKE FOUR NEW NOUNS FROM THESE WORDS? Join two words. Give some examples of words similar to those used in the lesson. cupboard, watchstrap, bookshelf, doorbell Look for other compound words. Pupils have already done an exercise like this. (See The Rainbow, Exercise B.)

2. USE EACH NEW WORD FROM ABOVE IN A SENTENCE OF YOUR OWN. Pupils will write their own sentences. They should use the words they have made (cupboard, bookshelf, etc.).

3. ADD A, AN, OR THE TO THE FOLLOWING. REVISION OF THE USE OF THE DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES. GIVE FURTHER EXAMPLES. NOTE THAT WE USE ‘THE’ WHEN REFERRING TO ONE PARTICULAR THING, OR WHEN ONLY ONE EXISTS:

the Earth, the moon, the universe, the sky, the ocean, the sea, the land, etc. an apple, the sun, a bag, an axe, a donkey, the world, a man, an onion, a yellow box, an easy chair, a boiled egg, etc.

4. PUT THE WORDS IN THE CORRECT ORDER TO MAKE MEANINGFUL SENTENCES.

a. He put his hand in his pocket. b. You are a foolish boy!

c. You should have tied it to a string.

5. GIVE SUITABLE QUESTIONS FOR THESE ANSWERS. ALTERNATIVE QUESTIONS ARE POSSIBLE.

a. May I take this?

b. What is that yellow stuff on your head?

c. Why did you put it in your pocket? (Who told you to put it in your pocket?)

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 6.  I’D LIKE TO BE 49     PAGE:51-53

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        What do monkeys do all the day?
ANSWER:     a. Monkeys play, skip, dance, and eat all day long. 
QUESTION No.b         How do monkeys move from one branch to another?
ANSWER:         b. Monkeys leap (or swing) from one branch to another.
QUESTION No. c          What do tigers do during the day?
ANSWER:          c. Tigers lie in the sunlight and sleep during the day.
QUESTION No.d What do tigers do when it is dark?
ANSWER:          d. Tigers hunt when it is dark.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

Use the following phrases in sentences of your own.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

 Add a, an, or the to the following. Be careful! Some of the blanks should be left empty while some can have more than one answer.

(The) An old ___ gardener came to the garden every day in the morning, as the sun was rising. He took up an old watering-can, filled it at the tank, and watered a few ___ beds. Then he cut the grass, and picked a vegetable or ___ two. Later, the gardener sat under an orange tree and ate his ___ breakfast.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT:  7. RUMPELSTILTSKIN 52    PAGE:54-60

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Who did the king meet?
ANSWER:       a. The king met a miller.
QUESTION No.b         What did the miller tell?
ANSWER:         b. The miller lied when he said that his daughter could spin straw into gold.
QUESTION No. c          Why did the miller’s daughter cry?
ANSWER:        c. The miller’s daughter cried because she would be in trouble when the king found out that she could not spin straw into gold.
QUESTION No.d          What did the miller’s daughter give to the little man?
ANSWER:          d. The girl gave the little man her necklace and her ring.
QUESTION No.e           How did the little man help the miller’s daughter?
ANSWER:          e. The little man helped the girl by spinning the straw into gold.
QUESTION:f Why do you think the king showed the girl into d bigger room each day?
ANSWER f. The king showed the girl into a bigger room each day because he was greedy.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD FROM THE BRACKETS.

a. showed

b. spin

c. greed

d. sang

2. USE THESE WORDS IN SENTENCES OF YOUR OWN. WRITE THEM IN YOUR NOTEBOOK

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. USE THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERBS IN THE BOX IN THE BLANKS BELOW.

a. rode

b. told

c. liked

d. spun

e. showed

f. singing

2. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

a. two b. two each, eight in total c. four d. seven e.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 8. THE MUSICIANS OF BREMEN 56 THE COW 60     PAGE:61-69

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why was the donkey leaving home?
ANSWER:     a. The donkey’s owners said that the donkey was useless, so the donkey decided to leave home. 
QUESTION No.b         Why couldn’t the dog work?
ANSWER:         b. The dog couldn’t work because it was too old.
QUESTION No. c          Why was the cock crowing?
ANSWER:        c. The cock was sitting on a gate and crowing. Perhaps it was happy because it was alive.
QUESTION No.d          Where were the four friends going? Did they get there?
ANSWER:          d. The four friends were going to Bremen, but they never got there.
QUESTION No.e           What did the cock see’?
ANSWER:          e. The cock saw a light in the house.
QUESTION No.f Why did the four friends go into the house?
ANSWER f . The four friends went into the house to get some food.

2. SAY WHETHER THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES ARE TRUE (T) OR FALSE (F).

a. False b. True c. False d. False

3. FILL IN THE BLANKS.

a. tripped over b. spat at/scratched c. perched

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. FIND WORDS FOR THE FOLLOWING AND THEN COMPLETE THE CROSSWORD. EACH BEGINS WITH ‘C’.

a. cock (it could also be an alarm clock) b. chalk c. chair d. cart e. castle

2. ADD CAPITAL LETTERS AND FULL STOPS TO THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE.

         Once there was a boy. His name was Abid. He lived in Karachi. He had two brothers. Their names were Imran and Irfan. They all went to a big school in Central Street. On Sundays they went to the park near M.A. Jinnah Road.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. FILL IN THE BLANKS IN THE FOLLOWING.

a. was going b. wanted c. am d. laid e. was lying f. like

UNIT: 8. THE COW 60     PAGE:70-73

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why does the poet love the cow’?
ANSWER:       a. The poet loves the cow because she is friendly, and gives him cream.
QUESTION No.b         Where does the cow wander’?
ANSWER:         b. The cow wanders here and there (in the open air, among the meadow grass).
QUESTION No. c          What is the ‘open air’ like?
ANSWER:        c. The open air is pleasant.
QUESTION No.d ls the weather always good?
ANSWER: d. No; the weather is sometimes windy and wet.
QUESTION No.e          What does the cow do in the field?
ANSWER:          e. The cow walks among the grass and eats the flowers.
QUESTION No.f          Why do you think the cow cannot stray?
ANSWER:          f. We are not told directly. The cow cannot stray because she is in a meadow that is probably fenced. She is after all a milking cow and will therefore be looked after by a farmer.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. THERE IS SOMETHING WRONG HERE! CAN YOU WRITE THE PAIRS CORRECTLY?

a. Write a letter. b. Collect stamps. c. Receive a present. d. Pass a test. e. Play a joke. f. Show your feelings.

2. SEE IF YOU CAN FIND THE ODD-ONE-OUT IN THE FOLLOWING. CIRCLE IT!

a. dog: because it is the only word beginning with d; cricket: the only insect or perhaps because it is a game. b. bow: it does not fly through the air; kite, because it is a bird… or is it? c. marble: inedible

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Read these words. Match each noun with a suitable adjective. Use them in sentences of your own. a poor man, a comfortable chair, a shady tree, a fierce tiger But we can also have a poor tiger with a thorn in its paw, a fierce man who is shouting and waving a stick, a comfortable tree in which a family of birds has made a nest. Be flexible.

2. Look at the following. Give further examples on the blackboard. Deal with the apostrophe showing that a letter is missing. Now see if you can say what the following stand for.

a. that is b. who is c. is not d. are not e. where is f. we are

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 9. MANGOES AND GUAVAS      PAGE:74-79

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why did the snake come to Parvez’? 
ANSWER:       a. The snake came to Parvez to hear the music and to dance.
QUESTION No.b         How did the snake help Parvez?
ANSWER:         b. The snake gave Parvez a gold coin, and then a twig.
QUESTION No. c          Which fruit did Parvez prefer?
ANSWER:        c. Parvez liked both mangoes and guavas.
QUESTION No.d          What happened when Parvez planted the twig?
ANSWER:          d. When Parvez planted the twig, it grew into a fine tree.
QUESTION No.e           What did Parvez do with the fruit’?
ANSWER:          e. Parvez sold the fruit in the town.
QUESTION No.f why did the captain groan?
ANSWER : f. The captain groaned because he had lost his ship.
QUESTION No.g What kind of a person was Parvez?
ANSWER:  g. Parvez was a very kind person; he gave back the Captain’s ship.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

 Match A and B below. Everyday he played his flute. I am going away for the winter. I am going to buy a house. I am going to the harbour today. I am going to sell mangoes.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Change the meaning of the following by adding not. You will have to change the verbs too.

a. Parvez did not like guavas.

b. The captain did not look through his telescope.

c. The beautiful snake did not give him a coin.

d. The captain was not very surprised.

e. Parvez did not play the flute.

f. ‘I shall not give you my ship.’

 2. UNDERLINE THE PRONOUNS IN THE PASSAGE GIVEN BELOW.

Quickly review what a pronoun is.

One day Parvez went to town. He wanted to sell mangoes. They were very good mangoes. He gave the mangoes to an old woman. She threw one mango away because it was bad. Then she gave the money to Parvez and he went home. He was very happy. D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 9. BROTHER AND SISTER 69     PAGE:80-83

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Where did the children go?
ANSWER:       a. The children went to the bazaar.
QUESTION No.b         What were the children doing there?
ANSWER:         b. They were there to find and buy a little toy.
QUESTION No. c          At first, did the children find what they wanted?
ANSWER:        c. No, at first they disagreed about what they wanted.
QUESTION No.d          Did the children argue? What did each of them do?
ANSWER:          d. Yes, they argued. They spoke to each other harshly and she glared at him. Look for the words used to describe how they spoke to each other and discuss them.
QUESTION No.e D0 you think they bought something good?
ANSWER:          e. a book lasts for a long time and can be enjoyed over and over again

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. Guess the following words.

They all end in –age. a. cage b. page c. rage d. wage e. sage

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE VERBS

1. Answer the following questions. You will have to help with

a. below, and then let the pupils do the other easier ones. There are alternative answers possible. a. The mast of a ship is used for holding up the sails.

b. A castle is used for living in.

c. A fishing boat is used for fishing (for catching fish with).

d. A hammer is used for hammering nails into wood (for hammering nails with).

e. A knife is used for cutting with.

 PRONOUNS

1. LOOK CAREFULLY AT THE UNDERLINED PRONOUNS IN THE PASSAGE BELOW.

 He refers to the brother; his money – his means belonging to him (the brother), and so on.

2. NOW USE THE PRONOUNS IN SENTENCES OF YOUR OWN

E.g.:

Mr Ahmed likes his car.

He likes it a lot.

My teacher is funny.

She tells lots of jokes.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 10. ADIL AND THE GOLD CHAIN 76     PAGE:84-90

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why did Adil stay at home?
ANSWER:     a. Adil stayed at home because he was cleaning his bicycle. 
QUESTION No.b         Why did Adil go after his mother?
ANSWER:         b. Adil’s mother forgot to take her bag. Adil went after his mother to give her her bag.
QUESTION No. c        Who stole the gold chain’?
ANSWER:        c. Two men stole the gold chain.
QUESTION No.d          What did the men hide the chain?
ANSWER:          d. The men hid the chain under a clock.
QUESTION No.e           Who went to the house with Adil?
ANSWER:          e. An inspector and a constable went to the house with Adil.
QUESTION No.f How were the men caught’?
ANSWER: f. The constable and the inspector caught the two men when they tried to escape.

2. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

 Examples:

 a. His mother was going to the market to buy some vegetables.

b. The two men grabbed the gold chain.

c. ‘I’ll catch up with Mum in a minute or two.’

 B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. Read the following and then answer the questions. Some oral practice with ‘Whose?’ may precede this exercise. Remember not to confuse this with ‘who’s = who is’.

a. Sana took Seema’s lunch box.

b. Seema took Sadia’s pencil.

c. Manzar ate Seema’s sandwich.

d. Mohsin ate Saleema’s cake.

e. Sadia took Rehan’s pen.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

The Apostrophe Change the underlined words. Example: the bike of Adil = Adil’s bike

a. Adil’s mum

b. the bike’s wheel

c. his mother’s gold chain

d. the robber’s house

UNIT: 11. CHOCKO GETS A LITTLE HELP 81 ODD ANIMAL 85     PAGE:91-96

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Why was the boy given his name?
ANSWER:     a. The boy was given his name because he liked chocolate. 
QUESTION No.b         What did Chocko’s dad give him every week?
ANSWER:         b. Every week, Chocko’s dad gave him pocket money.
QUESTION No. c          Did Chocko’s mother worry about him? How do we know?
ANSWER:        c. Yes, she does. We can tell that she is worried because she talks to him about how much chocolate he is eating every day.
QUESTION No.d          Did Chocko want to stop eating so much chocolate?
ANSWER:          d. Yes, but he did not know how to stop.
QUESTION No.e           What did Chocko see in his room one night?
ANSWER:          e. A little man in a purple turban.
QUESTION No.f What did he find on his bedside table?
ANSWER: f. Ten beads.
QUESTION No.g What did Chocko tell his dad?
ANSWER: g. Chocko told his dad to put his pocket money in the bank.

2. PUT THESE SENTENCES IN THEIR CORRECT ORDER.

 f., b., e., d., a., c.

3. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.

 a. Chocko was trying to stop eating chocolate.

b. Every day Chocko’s mum spoke to him.

c. ‘When you have no beads left, then I will come and get you.’

WORKING WITH WORDS

1. FIND THE OPPOSITES OF THESE WORDS IN THE STORY.

a. useless b. easy c. appear d. forget e. lose f. night

2. FIND SOME TREASURE! UNSCRAMBLE THE LETTERS TO FORM WORDS.

Example:

logd gold a. silver b. bronze c. copper d. brass

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES, USING PRONOUNS INSTEAD OF THE WORDS UNDERLINED.

a. He took his pocko to the corner store.

b. They ate bars of chocolate every day.

c. Chocko went to see the dentist. She /He gave him some toothpaste.

d. Chocko’s mother and father invited the neighbours into their house for tea. They were happy to visit them.

e. He saw the little man in the dark in his bedroom.

f. He started to save his pocko. He gave it to his dad.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 11. ODD ANIMAL 85     PAGE:97-99

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Was the creature an elephant? 
ANSWER:       a. No, the creature is not an elephant. How do we know?
QUESTION No.b         What kind of trunk did it have?
ANSWER:         b. Its trunk is bright blue.
QUESTION No. c          Which animals do you know that have a trunk?
ANSWER: (Pupils might only name the elephant. There are a few other animals that have a trunk. Maybe they would like to find out at home.)        c. The extinct mammoth, the tapir, the elephant shrew…
QUESTION No.d          What kind of legs did the creature have?
ANSWER:          d. It has four purple legs.
QUESTION No.e           Was it a bird?
ANSWER:          e. Pupils will say yes or no. Ask them to give a reason. E.g.: It could be a bird because it has feathers. It has feathers but it does not have a beak so it is not a bird.
QUESTION No.f What was odd about the nails?
ANSWER: f. They were covered in hair.
QUESTION No.g Do you think the animal is real?
ANSWER: g. No. It is not likely to be real!

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. PUT THESE WORDS IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER.

a. bang, class, drink, gun, stars, truck, wall b. black, climb, drop, grass, great, start, thick • Give the pupils more exercises like this.

2. ALL THESE WORDS BEGIN WITH DA-. WHAT ARE THEY?

a. dark b. damp c. day d. dance

 3. FIND RHYMING WORDS IN THE POEM FOR THE FOLLOWING. NOTE THAT THE WORDS MAY BE ANYWHERE IN THE POEM.

 a. me b. creature c. bright d. head/red e. pear f. five g. four h. four i. please

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Add prepositions in the blanks below.

a. The cow jumped over the moon. (Hey, diddle, diddle; the cat and the fiddle)

b. Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall. (Humpty Dumpty)

c. One for my master. (Baa, baa, black sheep)

d. The mouse ran up the clock. (Hickory, dickory dock)

2. FROM WHICH NURSERY RHYMES ARE THE LINES WRITTEN ABOVE TAKEN? SEE EXERCISE C.1.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

1. Add ir, ur, er, or ear to the following to make proper words. earth, fir (fur), birth (berth), serve early, her, heard (herd), dirt firm, were, turn, burn earn (urn), curve, pearl, barber curds, chirp, search, skirt

2. SORT THE WORDS, THEN COPY THEM INTO YOUR NOTEBOOK.

ear: earth, early, heard, earn, pearl, search ir: fir, birth, dirt, firm, chirp, skirt ur: fur, turn, burn, urn, curve, curds er: better, serve, her, herd, were, barber

3. NOW READ THE LISTS ALOUD.

UNIT: 12. PETER RABBIT 89 SOMEONE 93     PAGE:100-106

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        a. What were the names of Mrs Rabbits children?
ANSWER:       a. Flopsy, Mopsy, Cottontail, and Peter were the names of Mrs Rabbit’s children.
QUESTION No.b         b. Where did the rabbits live?
ANSWER:         b. In a sandbank, underneath the root of a very big fir tree.
QUESTION No. c          c. What did Mrs Rabbit tell the children to do?
ANSWER:        c. Mrs Rabbit told the children that she was going to the market and that they could go into the fields or down the lane but that they were not to go into Mr McGregor’s garden.
QUESTION No.d Where did Peter go?
ANSWER:          d. Peter went straight away into Mr McGregor’s garden.
QUESTION No.e           What did Peter get stuck in?
ANSWER:          e. Peter got stuck in a gooseberry net.
QUESTION No.f What was wrong with Peter’s hiding place?
ANSWER: f. Peter’s hiding place, the watering can, was full of water.
QUESTION No.g Name four plants that Mr McGegor had in his garden.
ANSWER: g. Pupils could pick out any four of the following plants that Mr McGregor had in his garden: lettuce, French beans, radishes, potatoes, cabbages, gooseberries, maybe parsley and cucumbers.
QUESTION No.h How did Peter escape from the garden?
ANSWER: h. Peter escaped from the garden by jumping out of the window of the tool shed.

2. PUT THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN ORDER.

The correct sequence of events, according to the story, is:

 f, i, g, h, a, d, b, c, e.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

Change the first letter of each word to make a second word. Draw pictures too!

1. mouse becomes house

2. sack becomes back

3. book becomes cook

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

1. Put inverted commas in the following.

a. He said, ‘Tomorrow is Sunday.’

b. She said, ‘No, it is Monday.’

c. ‘Today is Saturday,’ he said.

d. ‘No, today is Sunday,’ she replied. Write more sentences like these (without punctuation) on the blackboard. Ask the pupils to copy them with punctuation marks.

 D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 12. SOMEONE 93     PAGE:107-109

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        What sound did the poet first hear’?
ANSWER:     a. The poet first heard a knock at the door.   
QUESTION No.b         What did the poet do when he heard this sound?
ANSWER:         b. When the poet heard this sound, he listened, then opened the door and looked left and right.
QUESTION No. c          What noises from outside did he hear?
ANSWER:        c. The poet heard the beetle tapping in the wall, the screech owl’s call, and the cricket whistling.
QUESTION No.d          What was the night like?
ANSWER:          d. The night was dark and still.
QUESTION No.e           Which noise came from the forest?
ANSWER:          e. The noises that came from the forest were the screech owl’s call, the cricket whistling, and the dewdrops falling.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. All the following end in -ice. What are they?

a. rice b. mice c. price d. slice

 Try words ending in -ace or -ive.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE

Fill in the blanks with the prepositions in the box below. One day a cat was walking through a village. It saw a mouse inside one of the cottages. It ran into the house, but the mouse ran out. The cat chased it in front of the pump. Then the mouse ran off next to the tank. Then the mouse ran into the shed behind the house. The cat sat beside the shed, but the mouse did not come out.

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 13. MONKEY SEE, MONKEY DO 96     PAGE:110-118

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        What did Shamir do when he woke up’?
ANSWER:       a. Shamir tapped the button on his alarm clock, rolled over and thought about going back to sleep.
QUESTION No.b         Did Shamir go downstairs slowly? How did he go downstairs?
ANSWER:         b. No Shamir did not go downstairs slowly. He raced downstairs.
QUESTION No. c          How was Shamir dressed?
ANSWER:        c. Shamir was wearing striped pyjamas.
QUESTION No.d          Why did Shamir’s father say: ‘People might mistake you for one of them!?
ANSWER:          d. Shamir’s father was making a joke about the stripes on Shamir’s pyjamas being like the stripes on a zebra.
QUESTION No.e           What did the family do first inside the zoo’?
ANSWER:          e. They went to see the monkeys.
QUESTION No.f What did Shamir tell his father about the monkeys?
ANSWER: f. Shamir told his father that the big monkey looks like him.
QUESTION No.g What did Mrs Khan find odd about the monkeys?
ANSWER: g. Mrs Khan found it odd that the monkeys copy them.

B WORKING WITH WORDS

1. Learn to spell these words from the story. Use them in sentences of your own. Pupils will make their own sentences.

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE Revise the uses of the apostrophe.

1. Change the underlined words. Use an apostrophe.

a. The monkey’s face

b. Mr Khan’s words

c. the children’s giggles

d. Shamir’s pyjamas

 e. the men’s cries

2. Now answer these questions about the story.

a. Shamir’s alarm clock sounded.

b. Shamir’s pyjamas were striped.

c. Mr Khan’s/Dad’s words made Azmia giggle some more.

d. Shamir’s funny face made the monkeys make funny faces too.

e. Mr Khan’s/Dad’s actions made the people stop and copy them.

3. Say what the following stand for, then use them in sentences of your own.

a. I have

b. cannot

c. do not

d. could not

e. there is

f. she is

g. they are

h. shall not

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

UNIT: 14. THE WISH 100     PAGE:119-126

EXERCISES

A:ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.

QUESTION No. a        Who lived in a bigger house, Maha or Mimi?
ANSWER:       a. Mimi lived in a bigger house.
QUESTION No.b         Where did Mimi go in the holidays?
ANSWER:         b. Mimi went to lots of exciting places in the holidays. She went to France, England, and Japan.
QUESTION No. c          Why do you think the kitten drank so much milk?
ANSWER:        c. The kitten drank so much milk because it was thirsty (and probably starving).
QUESTION No.d          What strange thing happened that night?
ANSWER:          d. Maha was woken by a noise (made by the black cat).
QUESTION No.e           Why did the black cat grant Maha a wish every year?
ANSWER:          e. The black cat granted Maha a wish every year for being kind and for looking after the kitten.
QUESTION No.f Why was the black cat pleased with Maha’s first wish?
ANSWER: f. The black cat was pleased because Maha wished that the black cat would find a good home.
QUESTION No.g In what ways did Maha change?
ANSWER: g. Maha stopped looking after the kitten, and she stopped playing with Mimi.
QUESTION No.h Why was the black cat sad when it visited Maha again?
ANSWER: h. The black cat was sad when it visited Maha because Maha did not ask how the black cat was.
QUESTION No.i What was Maha’s third wish?
ANSWER: i. Maha’s third wish was to be able to speak a language that no one else could speak.
QUESTION No.j Why did nobody understand Maha for a long time?
ANSWER: j. Nobody understood Maha for a long time because nobody else spoke the language she spoke

WORKING WITH WORDS

1. EACH WORD ENDS WITH -AIN. WHAT ARE THE WORDS?

a. train b. rain c. obtain d. again

C LEARNING ABOUT LANGUAGE  

Pupils will make their own sentences.

Examples:

1. He bought a super, swift horse.

2. Bears and other mighty beasts buried the food.

3. ‘Stop there!’ shouted the daring prince

D LISTENING AND SPEAKING

==============THE END============

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