NOTES :SUB: S. in Islam(NEW REVISED&COLOURED EDITION) CLASS:7TH ABDUL AZIZ (ISLAMIC BOOK SERVICE) (IBS)

                                                                                                                                                                             

NOTES :SUB: S. in Islam(NEW REVISED&COLOURED EDITION)        CLASS:7TH ABDUL AZIZ (ISLAMIC BOOK SERVICE)      (IBS)

 

L:01 ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY IS THE CREATOR   P:11

ACTIVITY:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

How do the marvels of space and marvels of our own body point to the existence of Allah?

ANS:

THE MARVELS OF SPACE & BODY POINT TO THE EXISTENCE of ALLAH

The universe is one of the most outstanding witnesses to Allah’s existence.

What we have covered so far shows us that the attributes of the universe discovered by science point to the existence of Allah.

Science leads us to the conclusion that the universe has a Creator and this Creator is perfect in might, wisdom and knowledge.

It is religion that shows us the way in knowing Allah. It is therefore possible to say that science is a method we use to better see and investigate the realities addressed by religion.

Q No.2

Why can’t we say that the universe is the result of mere chance?

ANS:

We can not say that the universe is a result of mere chance because everything has a maker.

For example, a computer was made by some one; a car was made by some one, same way this universe with all its sight and wonders and treasures was created by the All-Wise, All-Knowing, and the Most Powerful, Allah.

Q No.3

How do we know that Allah has every Perfection? Describe some of His perfections?

ANS:

In the Qur’an, there are a few surahs that begin wittasbeeh, a declaration of Allah’s Perfection, known as Al Musabbihaat.

These surahs begin in different forms yet they all point to the same thing: there is no Rabb higher or greater than Allah azza wa jal.

1.               To say He has no flaw in His Perfection, that He is Far above any imperfection.

2.               He is far above and beyond any similarity to His Creation.

3.             He is free from and above all kinds of association (shirk) and any un-divine attributes.

When one does tasbeeh, they negate any flaw and affirm all perfection in Allah azza wa jal.

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (62:1)

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah. His is the dominion, and to Him belong all the praises and thanks, and He is Able to do all things.” (64:1)

Q No.4

What lesson do the incidents of Ibrahim (علیہ السلام )and the with donkey have for us?

ANS:

The incidents of Ibrahim(علیہ السلام )and the with donkey have a lesson for us that we come to know that;

ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY is powerful over anything. The keys of life and death are in Allah’s hand.

Q No.5

How should we look upon the things of this world?

ANS:

We should look upon the things of this world temporary. One day the world and all things upon it will be destroyed. All these things are mortal.

Quran says;

کل من علیھا فان

All those things upon it (Earth) destroy.

Q No.6

Since we should trust in fate-good and evil, do we really need to strive for our success?

ANS:

No doubt, we should trust in fate-good and evil and we really need to strive for our success.

ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY says;

لیس الانسان الا ماسعٰی

Human being get only for what he tries.

Q No.7

Can we trust in our own power?

ANS:

No, we cannot trust in our own power.

 

B- FILL IN THE BLANKS:

1-     The ————————–of life and ——————————  are in Allah’s Han.

2-     Our Sustainer. You have not created any of these without —————————–.

3-     The——————————– is one of the most outstanding witnesses to————————————

4-     Therefore deliver us from————————————-

5-     Man’s hopes and fears, therefore, must be—————————–

6-     The——————————— have been lifted and the pages————————

7-     Be mindful—————————————- , and you will find—————————————.

Answers: (1- keys+ death)(2- meaning and purpose.)

(3- universe+ Allah’s existence)(4- the torment of Fire.)(5- directed to Him Alone.)(6- pens+ have dried)(7- of Allah+ Him in front of you)

 

L: 02 FAITH IN THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT   P:16,17

ACTIVITY:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

Is death unavoidable? Can we know its exact time?

ANS:

Yes, the death is unavoidable. We cannot know its exact time.

Q No.2

What is the true Muslim concept of life?

ANS:

The true Muslim concept of life is that One day this world we live in will also meet an end. Then everyone 0 us will stand before Allah to be judged.

Q No.3

What will happen to the soul after death?

ANS:

After death, the soul is separated from the body and it visits in heavens.

Q No.4

What is the purpose of this present life?

ANS:

The purpose of this present life is to prepare ourselves for the Day of Judgement.

Q No.5

What signs will precede the Day of Judgement?

ANS:

SIGNS THAT WILL PRECEDE HIM

1-     Dajjal

2-     Return of Prophet Isa (Jesus)

3-     Ya’juj Ma’juj (Gog and Magog)

4-     Landslides

5-     The Smoke

6-     Rising of the sun from the west

7-     The Beast

8-     The Fire

Q No.6

Is the thought of the Last Day help us to face death?

ANS:

Yes, the thought of the Last Day helps us to face death.

Q No.7

How does our Faith in the Last Day help us to face death?

ANS:

Faith in the life after death is one of the basic principles of Islam. Faith in the Last Day urges man towards good and noble deeds and keeps him from doing sinful things. Our hope for Paradise and fear of Hell makes us eager to do good deeds for love of Allah.

In this way, we can be in a position to face death.

 

B- FILL IN THE BLANKS:

1-     In truth we have come —————————————and are returning to—————————————————-

2-     A soul is—————————————————————

3-     Some faces that Day will be————————————-

4-     Paradise is the abiding place of———————————.

5-     Take from your—————————for your illness and from your ————————————————for your ———————————-

6-     Faith in the life after death is one of the basic———————————

7-     The tree of —————————————will be the food of the sinful.

Answers: (1-from Allah+Him)(2-immortal)(3-bright)(4-righteous)(5-health+life+death)(6-principles of Islam)(7-zaqqum)

 

C-DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

Q No.1

Is it difficult to believe in the resurrection of the body? Why?

ANS:

See Ans:12

Q No.2

What should we do when tempted by Satan?

ANS:

That all depends on the sin. We should try to use good judgment when giving into temptations, but since we are human beings so, sometimes, our mind doesn’t work.

Remember you reap what you sow

We should realize that those moments shape who we are and often others in a negative way.

It is our conscience which can help us when we are tempted by Satan.

Q No.3

How can we attain the ever-lasting happiness of paradise?

ANS:

Our final destination is the life of the Hereafter. Where we end up, Jannah (Paradise) depends on what we worked towards in this life.

Allah has also described Paradise in many places in the Qur’an.

Always in the Qur’an when Allah mentions those who will attain Paradise, He mentions the believers, not the Muslims. He (جل جلالہ) says,

“Indeed the Muttaqoon will be amongst the Gardens and water-springs.”
[15:45]

The Prophet Muhammad (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ و سلم ) would often describe Paradise to his companions.

The Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ و سلم ) said

” By Allah, in whose Hands is my life, these are for men who believe in Allah and also believe in the Messengerﷺ.”
[Bukhari and Muslim]

It is important, therefore, that Muslims know the characters of those who will be the inheritors of Paradise.

Q No.4

What will the righteous enjoy in paradise?

ANS:

a-      Paradise is the abiding place of the righteous.

b-      It is a dwelling for those who believe and do good.

c-      It is a dwelling for those who fear Allah and fulfil their promise to Him.

d-      It is the abode for those who bow to Allah in prayer, who command others to do good and forbid them from committing misdeeds.

Q No.5

Why ‘does man often do things that are so unworthy of him?

ANS:

There are two causes to do things that are so unworthy of him;

1-      Temptation of Satan

2-      Nafs-e-Ammarah

Q No.6

What are some of the sufferings of the hell?

ANS:

The Qur’an describes the torments of Hell in a terrifying manner.

1-      It is a Fire whose fuel is Men and stones.’

2-      ‘Those who deny their Lord, . for them will be cut out a garment of Fire, over their heads will be poured out boiling water, causing all that is within their bodies, as well as theskin, to melt away,’

3-      For them will be grips of iron.

4-      ‘The tree of Zaqqum will be the food of the sinful. Like molten brass, it will burn in their insides.’

Q No.7

Who will be punished in hell?

ANS:

1-    Hell is the abiding place of the wrong-doers.

2-    It is a dwelling for those who do not believe in ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY and do bad things.

3-    It is a dwelling for those who do not fear Allah and do not fulfil their promise to Him.

4-    It is the abode for those who do not bow to Allah in prayer, who do not command others to do good and do not forbid them from committing misdeeds.

Q No.8

How can we avoid hell? What should we do to avoid sins?

ANS:

The following are the divine guidance that can help us to avoid hell.

1-      Lack of knowledge

Lack of knowledge about religious matters and the vast chasms that it creates in our understanding is one of the reasons why many of us engage in sins.

2-      Social pressures

We should remind ourselves that such friends won’t last us for the full journey of our life.

3-      Sense of pride and arrogance

Pride and arrogance can lead us to suppress the goodness.

We ought to, look within ourselves and see whether the pride in our hearts.

4-      Not taking minor sins seriously

When minor sins are taken lightly, then there is the risk that they will be counted as major sins.

5-      Abandoning the practice of enjoining good and forbidding evil

One of the reasons why we see sin proliferate is that many of us have forgotten the principles of inviting people to good and stopping them from doing bad.

6-      Not knowing the ill effects of sins

           Another reason why many people sin, or care little about their sins is their failure to see the impact that sins can have on their lives in this world and in the hereafter.

Q No.9

How should a young Muslim prepare for his future?

ANS:

A young Muslim should prepare for his future according to the teaching of Hadrat Muhammad (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ و سلم)

Q No.10

Why is it important never to be lazy?

ANS:

LAZINESS

One of the most challenging obstacles for a beginning meditator is Laziness.

Laziness can be an obstacle even before we reach our seat, because it can keep us from ever getting there.

There are three TYPES OF LAZINESS:

1.     Laziness of not wanting to do anything

2.     Laziness of discouragement (or feeling ourselves unworthy)

3.     Laziness of being busy with worldly things.

We should avoid laziness because of following faults of laziness.

1.     Pending work

2.     Forgetting the instruction

3.     Agitation and dullness

4.     Non-application

5.     Over-application

Q No.11

What should we do if Allah permits suffering to come our way?

ANS:

              If ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY permits suffering to come our way;

1-      We should be patient and pray to succeed in sufferings.

2-      We should think that these sufferings are because of my evil deeds.

3-      We should not mention to other people.

4-      We should think that these sufferings must be have fruits for me.

5-      We should always humble to our Merciful ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY

6-      By the sufferings, our prayers must be purified.

Q No.12

What would you counsel someone who says: “It is difficult to believe in the resurrection of men after death. Hell and paradise are imaginary.”

ANS:

   THE DAY OF RESURRECTION

(i) ALL THE DIVINE RELIGIONS -view of the future of man and this world. The Holy Qur’an says:

To your Lord will all things eventually return. (Surah an-Najm)

(ii) THE MATERIALISTIC VIEWS ,the Holy Qur’an says:

         They say, ‘The only life is this worldly life and here we shall live and die. It is only time which annihilates us’. They have no knowledge about this. It is only their speculations. (Surah al-Jathiyah)

1-      COMING OF THE DEAD TO LIFE IS NOT IMPOSSIBLE

According to Holy Qur’an and common sense , it can happen as it is not impossible.

This thing comes to our imagination and we come across day and night examples of the dead coming to life again.

In short, day in and day out we come across the incidence of coming into life of the dead things, which makes the issue of resurrection though seemingly a difficult one, easy and simple to comprehend.

2-      EXAMPLES IN PROOF OF RESURRECTION

1-      Hadrat Adam(علیہ السلام )

2-Prophet Uzayr (علیہ السلام )

 

L:03 SURAT-UL-ADIAT P:18

سُوۡرَةُ العَادیَات
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
وَٱلۡعَـٰدِيَـٰتِ ضَبۡحً۬ا (١) فَٱلۡمُورِيَـٰتِ قَدۡحً۬ا (٢) فَٱلۡمُغِيرَٲتِ صُبۡحً۬ا (٣) فَأَثَرۡنَ بِهِۦ نَقۡعً۬ا (٤) فَوَسَطۡنَ بِهِۦ جَمۡعًا (٥) إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لِرَبِّهِۦ لَكَنُودٌ۬ (٦) وَإِنَّهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ ذَٲلِكَ لَشَہِيدٌ۬ (٧) وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لِحُبِّ ٱلۡخَيۡرِ لَشَدِيدٌ (٨) ۞ أَفَلَا يَعۡلَمُ إِذَا بُعۡثِرَ مَا فِى ٱلۡقُبُورِ (٩) وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِى ٱلصُّدُورِ (١٠) إِنَّ رَبَّہُم بِہِمۡ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ لَّخَبِيرُۢ (١١)

 

 

L:04   P:

ACTIVITY:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:05   P:

ACTIVITY:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:06   P:

ACTIVITY:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
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Q No.5

 

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Q No.6

 

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Q No.7

 

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Q No.8

 

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Q No.9

 

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L:07 OBEDIENCE TO PARENTS   P:31

ACTIVITY:

  1. CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

Where were the three men going?

ANS:

The three men were going out for walking.

Q No.2

How did they get shut in a cave?

ANS:

The heavy storm forced them to take shelter in
a mountain cave.

Q No.3

How did they plan to get away from the cave?

ANS:

They planned to pray mentioning their good deeds to get away from the cave.

Q No.4

What was the effect of their Du’as?

ANS:

Gradually, the rock rolled away with the effect of their Du’as.

Q No.5

What does the Holy Qur’an command us about parents?

ANS:

The Holy Qur’an commands us about parents as;

۞ وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعۡبُدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِيَّاهُ وَبِٱلۡوَٲلِدَيۡنِ إِحۡسَـٰنًا‌ۚ إِمَّا يَبۡلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ ٱلۡڪِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَآ أَوۡ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَآ أُفٍّ۬ وَلَا تَنۡہَرۡهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوۡلاً۬ ڪَرِيمً۬ا (٢٣) وَٱخۡفِضۡ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ ٱلذُّلِّ مِنَ ٱلرَّحۡمَةِ وَقُل رَّبِّ ٱرۡحَمۡهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرً۬ا (٢٤)

(And your Lord has decreed: Do not worship any but Him, and be good to parents. If one or both of them grow old in your company, say not to them ‘Ugh’, neither chide them, but say gentle words to them, and lower to them the wing of humbleness out of kindness and say, “My Lord have mercy upon them as they nourished me when I was small.)      (17: 23-24)

Q No.6

Why do parents correct their children’?

ANS:

Sometimes parents correct their mistakes by giving punish their children. They do so for the good of their children.

Q No.7

“Paradise is at the feet of the mothers,” Explain.

ANS:

It is reported in Hadith, “Paradise lies at the feet of the mothers”.
It means that paradise awaits those who obey and respect their mothers.

Q No.8

What are our duties towards our parents?

ANS:

       My duties towards parents

1- We should obey our parents.

2-      We should do whatever they like.

3-      We should help them in doing the household chores.

4-      We should owe to our parents for lives on this earth.

5-      We should do many things for them.

6-      We should never disobey and neglect them.

7-      We should do not do any important task without consulting with them.

8-      We should offer them whatever ease and comfort we can.

9-      If they fall ill, we should take case of them.

10-  We should do not behave with them in such way that they may be hurt.

11-  We should treat with love, respect and affection as they expect.

Q No.9

Mention various ways in which one could help one’s parents.

ANS:

1.      Allah wants us to have great respect and love for our parents.

2.      Obey your parents. Never say ‘no’ to them for something they ask you to do.

3.      You may help them doing household jobs, running errands, and keeping the house clean.

4.      You may help them by comforting them and by looking after them in their sickness.

5.      Always try to remember the things they have asked you to do.

6.      Do not make them have to tell you the same thing again and again, such as ‘do your home-work, offer your Salah, stay away from bad girls or boys etc.

7.      The surest way to succeed in this life and the Here after is to obey the parents.

8.      Pray for them whether they are dead or alive.

Q No.10

What could one do if one’s parents are dead?

ANS:
The foremost rights of the children towards their deceased parents, is that:

1-           to make all arrangements for the janazah, such as ghusl, kaffan, Janazah Namaaz and burial.

2-           One should continue making dua and istighfaar for them.

3-           To always send the sawaab of sadqa and khairaat to their souls.

4-           to fulfill all other debts.

5-           to carry out permissible wasiyat (bequest) made by them.

6-           To fulfill the oath If he took an oath saying that his son will not go to a certain place or meet with a certain person,

7-           Go for ziyaarat of their graves every Friday.
9. Love their relatives for your entire lifetime.
10. Be kind towards their friends and always respect them.

 

Q No.11

Disobedience to parents is a major sin. Explain with reference to the Hadith quoted in this chapter.

ANS:

DISOBEDIENCE TO PARENTS:

It is the right of the parents that their children obey and treat them well. Because, while Allah is the real cause of man’s coming into world, his parents are the outward and immediate cause.

The Qur’an stresses a kindly treatment to parents, especially when they grow old. As they grow old, their strength fails. They badly need support and kindly treatment.

It comes in a Hadith that disobedience to parents is one of the major sins.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “Shall I not inform you about the three major sins?”

Those who were present replied, “Yes, 0 Messengerﷺ of Allah.

” He said,

“Associating anything with Allah, disobedience to parents.” And sitting forward from the reclining position, he continued, “and telling lies and bearing false witness.”

 

B- CORECT THESE STATEMENTS AND EXPLAIN WHY THEY ARE INCORRECT.

No.1

Parents punish their children because they have no mercy.

ANS:

Sometimes parents punish their children to correct their mistakes. To punish the children does not mean that they had no mercy for their kids.

No.2

Parents make no sacrifices for their children. After all, it is their duty to look after their young-ones.

ANS:

They make all sorts of sacrifices and it is the duty of their children to cherish them. From start to end parents bear all sorts of sacrifices for their children.

No.3

The stone that had settled against the mouth of the cave, moved away on its own. It had nothing to do with the Du’as of the three men,

ANS:

The stone that had settled against the mouth of the cave, moved away on its own. It had with the Du’as of the three men. Whenever someone calls ALLAH ALL-MIGHTY He response his call. Dua never be lost.

 

L: 08   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

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Q No.2

 

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Q No.3
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Q No.4
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Q No.5

 

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Q No.6

 

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Q No.8

 

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Q No.9

 

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Name:                                                                                     . 2nd Semester2014

Studies in Islam-7th(INTERNATIONAL EDITION)

 

L:09 THE TRUTHFULNESS- AN ISLAMIC MORAL P:36-37

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What care should a Muslim take while talking? Can a Muslim be a liar?

ANS:

We should see that everything we speak is true.

No, a Muslim can not be a liar.

Q No.2

Is it good to boast and tell lies about ourselves?

ANS:

No, it is not good to boast and tell lies about ourselves.

Q No.3

Does telling the truth mean that we should tell everything we know?

ANS:

No, telling the truth does not mean that we should tell everything we know.

Q No.4

What are the rewards of being truthful?

ANS:

The rewards of being truthful is Jannah.

Q No.5

What did Allah’s Messengerﷺ say about lying?

ANS:

Allah’s Messengerﷺ said about lying:…………………

“Beware of lying. For lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to Hell. If a man lies and persists in it, be will be recorded with Allah as a liar.”

Q No.6

What is result of lying?

ANS:

Allah’s Messengerﷺ said about lying:…………………

“Beware of lying. For lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to Hell. If a man lies and persists in it, be will be recorded with Allah as a liar.”

Q No.7

‘What are some of the ways in which people deceive others?

ANS:

“Half the truth is often a great lie.”–Benjamin Franklin

Deception can take so many different forms that it is impossible to describe all the ways that people can mislead each other.

It is much easier to describe the basic verbal strategies that people use when lying, rather than list all the possible forms that deception can take.

Q No.8

What are the various types of lies?

ANS:

TYPES OF LIES

  1. White lies: A white lie is often called the least serious of all lies.
  2. Broken promises: Broken promises are a failure to keep one’s spoken commitment or promise.
  3. Fabrication: Fabrication is telling others something you don’t know for sure is true.
  4. Bold-faced lie: A bold-faced lie is telling something that everyone knows is a lie.
  5. Eaggeration: Exaggeration is enhancing a truth by adding lies to it.
  6. Deception:  A deceiver tries to create an impression that causes others to be misled, by not telling all the facts, or creating a false impression.
  7. Plagiarism: Plagiarism is both stealing and lying. It consists of copying someone else’s work and calling it your own.
  8. Compulsive lying:  A compulsive liar tells their mistruths even when telling the truth would be easier and better.
Q No.9

What are the various forms of truthfulness?

ANS:

TYPES OF TRUTHFULNESS:

Truthfulness may be classified into three types:

1) Truthfulness of speech 2) Truthfulness of action 3) Truthfulness of intention.

1) TRUTHFULNESS OF SPEECH:

Allah’s Messengerﷺ is recorded -to have said, “A hypocrite has three traits: when he talks, he lies; when he mak s a promise, he breaks it; when he is entrusted with something, he deceives.’

2) TRUTHFULNESS OF ACTION

Dishonesty is the most wicked type of falsehood.

Allah says,

“Give full measure and be not of those who measure short. Weigh with
the true balance and do not deprive people of their due, and do not
go about causing mischief.” (26 : 182)

3) TRUTHFULNESS OF INTENTION

It is the right intention that sanctifies our work, our joys and our
sorrows! Actions are but by intention. Thoughts, actions, and intentions may be hidden from men, but not from Allah. Those who work hard and
spend their energies hypocritically will be sorely disappointed on
the Day of Judgement.

Q No.10

Can a jocose lie be ever permitted: What has Allah’s Messengerﷺ said about people who tell lies merely to amuse others? What is the end of such people who take pleasure from this habit?

ANS:

JOCOSE LIE

Someone may tell a lie to amuse others. This is a jocose lie.

Allah’s Messenger ﷺ has said,

“Woe to him who tells lies just to make people laugh۔ A man speaks a word merely to amuse others and he is thrown into the farthest place on its account.

Q No.11

What is the duty of one who finds lost articles or goods?

ANS:

The lost articles that you find cannot be kept unless every reasonable effort has been made to find its rightful owner. It is best to deposit them with authority.

B: STATEMENTS TO CORRECT:

Mark F after the false statements.

Explain why you chose to mark F. Mark T after the true ones.

  1. Allah does not like the liars. T
  2. When a man tells a lie, he drops out a very good smell in the air. F
  3. Truth leads to paradise, falsehood to hell. T
  4. A Muslim tells a lie when it takes courage to speak the truth. F
  5. There is nothing wrong in talking about others who do wrong.T

C: DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

 

Q No.1

What is calumny?

ANS:

CALUMNY

Calumny is a type of injurious lie that Islam forbids. A calumny is a
lie that harms a person’s good name. It defames the honour and deeds of people. Mean jokes and ‘April fooling are yet other types of lies. April fooling has no place in Islam; it is forbidden.
Sometimes truth is twisted by telling only a part of it. This often happens in newscasts and commercial advertisements. Islam urges us to listen to it with wide-awake ears and look into it with seeing eyes.

But falsehhod is not always bad. There are times when lying does
more good than harm. The Prophet ﷺsays,

“He is not a liar who makes peace between two persons, saying what is wise or adding something good.

Q No.2

Is falsehood always bad?

ANS:

No, falsehood is always not bad.

Q No.3

Dishonesty is the most wicked type of falsehood. Explain this quoting a Hadith in your answer.

ANS:

DISHONESTY IS THE MOST WICKED TYPE OF FALSEHOOD.

Dishonesty is to act without honesty. It is used to describe a lack of probity, cheating, lying or being deliberately deceptive or a lack in integrity, knavishness, perfidiosity, corruption or treacherousness.

Dishonesty is the fundamental component of a majority of offences.

Once Allah’s Messenger ﷺcame upon a stack of grain. His curiosity was aroused. He inserted his hand into it, and his fingers touched something wet. “What is this, 0 Merchant? said he. The merchant replied, “It has been affected by the rain.”
“Then why did you not put it on top of the stack so that people could see it? He, who deceives us, is not of us.”

Q No.4

The Muslims of earlier times were very honest and truthful. Discuss.

ANS:

The Muslims of earlier times were very truthful and honest. They never concealed the defects of what they sold.

When Ibn Sirin sold a sheep, he told the buyer, “I want to bring one thing to your notice. This sheep has a defect. It kicks the fodder. “

Q No.5

What is the value of intention in our life?

ANS:

VALUE OF INTENTION IN THE LIFE

Every man shall have but that which he intended. Thoughts, actions, and intentions may be hidden from men, but not from Allah. Those who work hard and spend their energies hypocritically will be sorely disappointed on the Day of Judgement.

They will realize that all their ‘supposedly good deeds’ have been
rendered worthless.

A)     WARRIOR

It comes in a Hadith that the first of three to fuel the Fire of Hell will be a warrior who fights so that people may say, ‘He is courageous and brave.’

B)     SCHOLAR

       Then a scholar who studies, reads and teaches the Qur’an, but so that people may call him ‘a scholar and a reciter of the Qur’an.’

C)     RICH MAN

   Then a rich man who gives alms and gifts so that people may say, ‘He is generous and open-handed.’ All these men will be dragged along on their faces and cast into the Fire of Hell; because their actions were not really intended for Allah’s sake, but were merely to make a show and win a name.

Q No.6

The first of the three to fuel the fire’ of hell will be the martyr, the soldier and the rich. Why?

Ans:

same as Q5 with changing heading

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:10   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:11   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

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Q No.7

 

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Q No.8

 

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Q No.9

 

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L:12 SALAH-A PILLAR OF ISLAM(I) P:46-47

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What is the value of Salah in the life of a Muslim?

ANS:

The Salah is a pillar of Islam. It is the heart of religion and faith.

Q No.2

Mention the merits of Salah as mentioned in various Hadith, quoted in this lesson.

ANS:

MERITS OF SALAH  

1-      The coolness of my eyes lies in Salah

2-      The key to Paradise is Salah.

3-      What distinguishes us from the hypocrites is our attendance at the Isha and the Fajr prayers, both of which they miss.”

4-      “Whenever a Muslim performs a Sajdah for Allah’s sake, Allah raises him one degree and declares him free from one offence.”

Q No.3

What happens when a Muslim offers Salah perfectly? On whom is the Salah obligatory?

ANS:

When a Muslim offers Salah perfectly all his sins washed away.

WHOM IS THE SALAH OBLIGATORY

Salah is obligatory on;

a-      every Muslim,

b-      both male and female,

c-       the rich and the poor,

d-      the rulers and the ruled,

e-      the sick and the healthy,

f-       the travelling and those in battle

g-      no sane adult is exempted from offering SalaI

Q No.4

Can an adult Muslim be ever exempted from offering Salah?

ANS:

No, an adult Muslim cannot be ever exempted from offering Salah.

Q No.5

How does the Qur’an praise those who offer Salah perfectly and remain constant in their prayers?

ANS:

The Qur’an praises those who offer Salah perfectly and remain constant in their prayers in these words;

“ Indeed man has been created impatient; irritable when misfortune
touches him, and niggardly when good touches him: except those devoted to prayer; those who remain constant in their prayer.”

Q No.6

Which of all man’s actions will be first accounted on the Day of Ressurection?

ANS:

Salah is one of all man’s actions ,will be first accounted on the Day of Ressurection.

Q No.7

What is a Muslim commanded to do if he is not able to use water because of illness?

ANS:

A Muslim commanded to do TAYAMMUM if he is not able to use water because of illness.

Q No.8

What is the Tayammum? How is it performed?

ANS:

THE TAYAMMUM: THE SYMBOLIC ABLUTION                                     

The Tayammum literally means ‘to will or to intend’.

In Shari’ah, the term stands for turning to pure sand or earth with the intention of achieving purit

HOW IS TAYAMMUM PERFORMED

1-      The Muslim first arouses the Niyyah to perform his Tayamurn in order to offer his Salah.

2-      He then touches the clean earth, or anything supposed to contain dust, blows off the excess dust from the hands,

3-      He passes them lightly over face, and hands up till the elbows.

4-      The Tayammum may be performed instead of both Wodhu and/Ghusl.

Q No.9

In what conditions is the Tayammum said to be nullified?

ANS:

         CONDITIONS TO BE NULLIFIED

a-      The Tayammum is annulled by the same cases that annul Wodhu.

b-      It is also annullead by the discovery of water and by one’s ability to use it for performing Wodhu.

Q No.10

What do you understand by Salatul Musafir?

ANS:

Same Q11

Q No.11

Describe the traveller’s Salah in detail.

ANS:

                    THE TRAVELLER’S SALAH: SALATUL MUSAFIR

The Shari’ah permits a traveller to shorten his Salawat while on a journey. It is a gift of Allah. We should, therefore, accept it with a deep sense of gratitude. The Messenger of Allah usually shortened the prayers from four to two Rak’ahs in Zuhr, Asr and Isha, while on journey. He performed the other two; the Fajr and Maghrib in full.

–The Sunnah Rak’ahs may all be dropped with the exception. of those offered at Fajr.

–The Witr have also to be offered in full”What is the length of the journey that makes it permissible for one to offer a shortened prayer?

–The Prophet called the travelling of one day and one night a journey.

Q No.12

What should a traveller do if he offers his Salah behind a resident Imam? What is meant by resident Imam?

ANS:

If a traveller offers his Salah behind a resident Imam , he should say his complete prayers as described in Shariah.

             A resident Imam is the person who is appointed in the local mosque where there is the traverller saying prayers.

Q No.13

What should one do if one is not able to offer Salah normally because of illness?

ANS:

If one is not able to offer Salah normally because of illness;

1-      if a person is utterly unable to stand up due to weakness or it he feels giddy, he may offer his Salah sitting.

2-      If he cannot perform his Rokou and Sujud, he may offer them symbolically.

 

D: FIND THE RIGHT ENDINGS:

1.      The Salah is

2.      The Tayammum literally means

3.      No sane adult is

4.      The key to

5.      And perfrom the prayers

6.      Indeed, the five daily prayers
remove sins

1.    exempted from offering Salah.

2.     to remember Me.

3.     just as water removes dirt.

4.     paradise is Salah.

5.     a pillar of Islam.

6. to will or to intend.

Ans: (1-5)(2-6)(3-1)(4-4)(5-2)(6-3)

 

 

L:13 SALAH-A PILLAR OF ISLAM(II) P:54

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

Why did Allah’s Messengerﷺ return the mantle which wasgifted to him by Abu Jahm?

ANS:

Allah’s Messengerﷺ returned the mantle which was gifted to him by Abu Jahm because it distracted me from Salah.

Q No.2

What befell Abu Talha al-Ansari while he had been offering Salah in his garden?

ANS:

It is related that Abu Talha al-Ansari رضی اللہ عنہ once had been praying in the garden, where there were many trees. He was attracted by the sight of a pretty bird, the movements of which he watched for a long time. While doing so he forgot how many Rak’ahs he had completed. He went to the Prophetﷺand told him about the temptation to which he had yielded. He then said, ‘0 Messenger of Allah(ﷺ), I offer my garden as a charity for the sake of Allah.’

Q No.3

What lessons do the incidents of Umar and Abu Talha رضی اللہ عنہ teach us?

ANS:

The two incidents of Umar and Abu Talh   رضی اللہ عنہما teach us   that salah is very important.

Q No.4

Can we recite the Holy Qur’an in Rukou and Sujud?

ANS:

No, We cannot recite the Holy Qur’an in Rukou and Sujud.

Q No.5

Why should we call on Allah fervently in Sujud?

ANS:

We should call on Allah fervently in Sujud because we are very near to our God in Sujjud.

Q No.6

Is it correct to lift up the toes while in Sujud?

ANS:

   No, it is not correct to lift up the toes while in Sujud.

Q No.7

Why had the Prophet asked the man in the mosque to repeat his Salah?

ANS:

The Prophet asked the man in the mosque to repeat his Salah because he was saying prayers in hurry and had not carried out the acts of Salah correctly.

Q No.8

The worst stealing is to steal from Salah. Discuss.

ANS:

It is narrated by Abu Qatadahرضی اللہ عنہthat the Prophet ﷺ said, “The worst kind of thief is one who steals from his prayer.” The companions said, “O Prophet of Allah how can someone steal from their prayers?” He ﷺ said, “He does not fulfill the ruku of the prayer nor its sujood.” [Ahmad]

A man entered the Masjid and the Messenger of Allah ﷺwas sitting. The man prayed (2 raka’) and then came to the Prophet ﷺand said salam. The Prophet ﷺreplied the salam and then said, “Go back and pray for you have not prayed.” So the man went back, prayed (2 raka’) like he did the first time and then came back and repeated the salam. The Prophet ﷺreplied the salam and then said, “Go back and pray for you have not prayed.” So the man went back, prayed (2 raka’) like he did the first time and then came back and repeated the salam. The Prophet –ﷺreplied the salam and then said, “Go back and pray for you have not prayed.” He said it three times until – on the third time the man said, “By He who sent you with the truth O Messenger of Allah, I do not know any better than this. Teach me.

Q No.9

What happens if one does not perform Rukou and Sujud well?

ANS:

If one does not perform Rukou and Sujud well his salah does give him any profit.

Q No.10

What is the Sujud at-Tilawah? How many Ayaat are there in the Holy Qur’an which require us to perform a Sajdah?

ANS:

SUJUD AT- TILAWAH

There are fourteen (according to some scholars fifteen) Ayaat in the Holy Our’an which require us to perform a Sajdah, when we read them or hear them recited.

In these Ayaat it is mentioned that Allah’s servants extol His limitless glory, and prostrate themselves before their Lord.

Q No.11

How is this Sajdah performed?

ANS:

SAJDAH IS PERFORMED AS FOLLOWS:

1.     Arouse the Niyyah.

2.     Face the Qiblah: standing or sitting.

3.     Say Takbir: تکبیر

4.Perform a Sajdah as in Salah.

5.     Recite,سبحان ربی الاعلیٰ while in Sajdah.

6.Rise saying Takbir.

Sajdah at-Tilawah consists of only one Sajdah. It requires neither

Tashahhud nor Salam.

Q No.12

What condition control the act of Sujud at-Tilawah؟

ANS:

CONDITIONS OF SAJDAH AT- TILAWAH

1.     Purity of one’s body, clothing, and place of Sujud from Najasah.

2.     Concealment of one’s body.

3.To be in a state of Wodhu.

Q No.13

How does Satan react when man sinks into a Sajdah at a relevant place in his recitation of the Our’an?

ANS:

Allah ‘s Messengerﷺ is reported to have said,

“When man sinks into a Sajdah at a ‘relevant place in his recitation of the Qur’an, the satan flees wailing as he says, ‘Alas! This man was commanded to prostrate himselfand he has obeyed, hence Paradise is his. I was also bidden to do so”, but I disobeyed and hence Hell is my lot.”

 

C: WRITE A SHORT NOTE ON EACH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:

Q No.1

Sunan in as-Salah,

ANS:

1-  Raising both hands to the ears when saying: اللہ اکبر

2-  Placing the right hand over the left hand below the navel or on chest.

3-  Recite Thana:

4-  Recite Ta’awwudh and Tasmiyah

5-  Saying Amin on completing Suratul-Fatihah,

6-  Saying اللہ اکبر aloud by the Imam and سمع اللہ لمن حمدہ after Rokou.The followers, should say ربنا لک الحمد in an undertone.

7-  To prostrate in such a way that both the palm of hand’, the forehead, the tip of the nose, the knees and the toes of both feet touch the ground; there must be enough space between the arms and the chest and the belly.

8-  Placing palms on thighs when sitting between Sajdahs and to sit correctly.

9-  Sitting down for the Tashahhud in a way so as to keep the nght toot upright on toes turned Qiblahward, and the left foot in a reclining position under the buttocks.

10-Lifting the’ fore-finger of the right hand at the words اشھد ان لا الہ الا اللہ, when reciting the Tashahhud.

11-To recite as-Salah alan Nabi after the Tashahhud.

Q No.2

Things that annul Salah,

ANS:

           THINGS THAT ANNUL SALAH:

1.        The causes which annul the Wodhu annul the Salah, because
Wodhu is one of the conditions for the validity of Salah.

2.        Knowingly uncover the parts of the body, required to be concealed in Salah.

3.        Not facing the Qiblah.

4.        Eat or drink during Salah.

5.        Breaking into laughter –

6.        Talking during Salah.

7.        Saying the final peace greeting (Taslim) ahead of the Imam.

8.        Miss out any of the Pillars of Salah.

9.        Missing out any of the essentials of Salah and failing to perform Su j ud-as-Sahw.

10. Repeat movements not related to the acts of Salah,

Q No.3

The essentials in as-Salah

ANS:

THE ESSENTIALS IN AS-SALAH:

The following things ‘are essential in your Salah.

1. To recite Suratul Fatihah in every Rak’ah of every Salah.

2.         To recite a small Surah or some other verses from the Qur’an
in the first two Rak’ahs of any Fard Salah after the recitation of
the Suratul Fatihah.

3.To recite a small Surah or some other verses from the Qur’an in each Rak’ah of Salah except the third and fourth Rak’ah of Fard Salah

4.      To maintain order in the recitation of the Qur’an. For example

to recite Suratul-Fil first then Surah Quraysh.

5.      To stand up after Rokou.

6.      To sit up between the two Sajdahs.

4.To recite the Tashahhud in both sittings in three or four Rak’ah Salah.

5.To perform each part of Salah calmly without making haste

6.To recite al-Qunut in the third Rak’ah of the Witr Salah

 

L:14 ISTHIGHFAR:SEEKING FORGIVENESS P:57

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What is the result of sinning?

ANS:

The result of sinning is Hell.

Q No.2

What should we do when we sin unfortunately? What is true repentence?

ANS:

We should repent to Allah All-Mighty when we sin unfortunately.

TRUE REPENTENCE

When you have committed a sin you should. feel sincere regret within yourself. Then you should turn to Allah in repentence and after that never commit that sin again. This is true repentence.

Q No.3

In what measure will Allah forgive us? Discuss this in the light of
Hadith quoted in this chapter.

ANS:

         IN WHAT MEASURE ALLAH WILL FORGIVE US?

It comes in a Hadith,

“Allah the Almighty has said: O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.”

THE HOLY OUR’AN SAYS:

And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks
Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Forgiving, Most Merciful
(4:110)

ALLAH’S MESSENGER IS REPORTED TO HAVE SAID,
           “By Allah. I seek forgiveness and turn to Him in repentence more
than seventy times a day. Everyday we fail in many ways, so everytime we have to seek His forgiveness. Another Hadith has it, “When-a servant admits his sin and repents, Allah forgives him.”

 

B: DISCUSS QUESTIONS:

Q No.1

What is sin? How many kinds of sins are there?

ANS:

Sinning cools down and weakens the baith.

There are two kinds of sins major and minor

Q No.2

What ,should we do if our mind in invaded by bad thoughts?

ANS:

We should say اعوذ باللہ من الشیطن الرجیم if our mind in invaded by bad thoughts.

Q No.3

How can we obtain strength from Allah for keeping us away from sins?

ANS:

Here are some tips to strength from Allah for keeping us away from sins:

1.      Dua’a (Supplication)

2.      Stay Away from Poisons

3.      Get to Know Allah [SWT] Through His 99 Beautiful Names

4.      Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah )

5.      Follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad

6.      Stay Connected to the Qur’an

Q No.4

When does a venial sin turn into a major one?

ANS:

A major sin is ruinous and it is a great disobedience to Allah. Mojor sins are forgiven by Allah only when one feels sincere regretes witin himself . while sins are washed away by daily prayers and good deeds . a venial sin, however becomes a major sin if it is obstinately repeated without feeling sorry.

Q No.5

Mention a few of the major sins.

ANS:

According to to Hadith, ruinous sins are:

1.      Asociating anything with Allah

2.      To practise magic

3.      Commiting murder which means taking somebody else’s life without reason.

4.      Taking the property of an orphan

5.      Taking interest

6.      Running away from battle when Jihad is declared.

C: WRITE A PARAGRAPH ON THE FOLLOWING:

THE WAYS OF STAYING OUT OF THE TROUBLE OF SINS.

We often hear about the importance of staying away from major sins and how fasting on particular days like `Ashura or `Arafah expiates the minor sins of a particular time period. However, many of us may be left wondering, “What exactly are major and minor sins? How do I know what is major and what is minor?”

This short explanation is an attempt to clarify the ambiguity regarding the nature of major and minor sins.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala (exalted is He) says,

إِن تَجْتَنِبُوا كَبَائِرَ مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرْ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَنُدْخِلْكُم مُّدْخَلًا كَرِيمًا

“If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden from committing, We will forgive and wipe away from you your [lesser] sins and make you enter a noble entrance [Paradise].” (Qur’an 4:31)

The scholars have differed regarding the division of sins into major and minor in two camps.

  1. Opinion of Abdullah ibn Abbas: Anything by which Allah (swt) is disobeyed is considered major.
  2. Opinion of the Majority: Sins are classified as major and minor as the verse clearly implies.

 

 

 

 

L:15   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:16   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:17 THE FASTING &LAYLATUL QADR P:66

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What is fasting?

ANS:

SAWM – FASTIAG is the fourth Pillar of Islam. It is an act of Ibadah.
The fast of Ramadan becomes obligatory when thirty days of the preceding month, Sha’ban, are past, or with the seeing of the new moon of Ramadan.

Fasting means to keep oneself back from eating, drinking and conjugal relations.

Q No.2

What is the purpose of fasting?

ANS:

THE PURPOSE OF FASTING:

Fasting provides an exacting exercise in self-discipline. It strengthens and deepens our faith. It honours the sending down of the Qur’an, which took place in the month of Ramadan. It makes the faster realize how it feels like to be hungry and thirsty. It-makes him appreciate the needs of the poor. Fasting develops self control. It helps us to overcome greed, selfishness, anger and laziness. It helps us to control our passions and desires. As the Qur’an points out, fasting has been widely practised at all times of man’s history.

Its main aim is spiritual purification.

Q No.3 On whom is the fasting obligatory?
ANS:

All adult, healthy and resident Muslim men and women   are obliged to fast.

Q No.4

Mention some of the virtues and benefits of fasting.

ANS:

VIRTUES AND BENEFITS OF FASTING:

1-      ‘When the month of Ramadan begins, the gates of Mercy are opened, the gates of hell are locked, and the devils are shut,’ reports Abu Hurayrah رضی اللہ عنہ(Muslim)

2-      ‘Every act of man is for him except fasting. It is done for My (Allah) sake, and I will give a reward for it.

3-      The breath of the faster is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk’ (Muslim)

4-      ‘Whoever observes the Fast, believing and seeking reward of Allah, has his past sins forgiven’. (Bukhari/Muslim)

Q No.5What is true fasting?
ANS:

THE TRUE FASTING:

To go hungry and thirsty while ignoring the spirit of fasting carries
no value in the sight of Allah.

‘Many are the people who fast but gain nothing from their fast
except hunger and thirst.’ (Darimi)

Allah’s Messengerﷺ has said,

‘If one does not give up lying and acting by it, Allah does not require him to give up eating and drinking.’ (Bukhari)

Q No.6What is ‘Suhur’? When should one eat Suhur?
ANS:

SUHUR:

Suhur is the pre-dawn meal taken in Ramadan.

Suhur has so many blessings in it. It equips the person with enough strength to undergo cheerfully the hardship of the Fast.

It provides him with an opportunity to thank his Lord for the food given to him. Suhur is the distinguishing mark of the Islamic society. Allah’s Messenger ﷺis reported to have said,

‘Take meal a little before dawn, for there is blessing in it,’ reports Anas رضی اللہ عنہ(Muslim)
The Suhur should be taken as near the break of dawn as possible. It
is a Sunnah of the Prophetﷺ

Q No.7

What is If tar?

ANS:

THE IF TAR (Breaking the Fast)

The Fast should be broken immediately at the setting of the sun.
Allah’s Messenger ﷺ is reported to have said,

‘The people will continue to prosper as long as they hasten the breaking
of the Fast, Sahl bin S’adرضی اللہ عنہ reports. (Muslim)

It is commendable that the Fast should be broken with fresh or dry
dates. If these are not available, one may break the fast with water.

Q No.8

Mention the causes that annul a fast.

ANS:

CAUSES THAT BREAK THE FAST:

I. Deliberate eating or drinking during- fasting hours.

2.         Vomiting deliberately.

3.         Conjugal relations during fasting hours.

4.         If anything enters through the nose or mouth, this includes smoking and sniffing any powdered substance.

5.         Menstruation or bleeding that goes with child-birth. This is in case of women.

Q No.9

What is the Laylatul-Qadr? What is the reward of passing the Laylatul-Qadr in Prayer?

ANS:

LAYLATUL-QADR:

The Our’an speaks of the Laylatul-Qadr in two places. In Surah 97,
it is mentioned thrice. It is also mentioned in Surah 44, where it is called a blessed night;(لیلۃ المبارکۃ) a night of grandeur and   majesty.

In the word of the Our’an:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ {1{وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ {2{لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ   {3{

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ {4{سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ {5{

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

1. We have sent it down on the Night of power.

2: What will make you know what the Night of Power is?

3.     The Night of Power is better than a thousand months,

4.     In it the angels and the Spirit descend by their Sustainer’s permission, with every command.

5.     Peace it is till the rising of dawn.

REWARD OF PASSING THE LAYLATUL-QADR IN PRAYER

The Prophetﷺis reported to have said,

‘He who passes the Laylatul-Qadr in Prayer, out of faith and seeking pleasure of Allah, will have his past sins forgiven!’

 

 

 

 

 

L:18   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:19 THE GLORIOUS QUR’AN   P:75

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What are the distinctive features of the Qur’an?

ANS:

DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF THE QUR’AN

1-      The Our’an is the most sacred Book in the world.

2-      The Qur’an is the word of Allah; the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

3-      It has been sent down to guide man for all. times to come.

4-      The Qur’an is Allah’s greatest blessing for us.

5-      It is the Light with which to find our way to success and salvation.

6-      It is the healing for our inner sicknesses.

7-      It is the healing for the ills of the world: The Qur’an tells us of our Creator.

8-      It tells us of His Attributes.

9-      It tells us how He rules over the entire universe.

10-  The Qur’an is the heart of Islam.

11-  It was revealed- through the. angel Jibra’il to Allah’s Messenger

Q No.2

When were the first verses of the Our’an revealed?

ANS:

           THE FIRST REVELATION OF THE QUR’AN

The first Revelation of the Qur’an began in the month of Ramadan. It took place about thirteen years before al-Hijrah (July or August 610).

Q No.3

Which Surah began to be sent first?

ANS:

These were the first revealed verses of the Qur’an which belong to Surah Al-Alaq96.

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

اِقۡرَاۡ بِاسۡمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِىۡ خَلَقَ​ۚ خَلَقَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مِنۡ عَلَقٍ​ۚ‏ اِقۡرَاۡ وَرَبُّكَ الۡاَكۡرَمُۙ‏ الَّذِىۡ عَلَّمَ بِالۡقَلَمِۙ‏ عَلَّمَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مَا لَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡؕ‏ 

Q No.4

What was the name of the angel who brought the Word of Allah to the Prophetﷺ?

ANS:

The name of the angel who brought the Word of Allah to the Prophetﷺ was Hadrat Jibrael علیہ السلام۔

Q No.5

Who is the Guardian of the Qur’an?

ANS:

Allah All-Mighty is the Guardian of the Qur’an.

Q No.6

How many Surahs does the Qur’an contain?

ANS:

     The Qur’an contains 114 Surahs.

Q No.7

Who ordered the compilation of the Our’ an?

ANS:

Hadrat Uthman رضی اللہ عنہ ordered the compilation of the Our’ an.

Q No.8

What is the subject matter of the Qur’an?

ANS:

SUBJECT MATTER OF THE QUR’AN

Since the advent of Islam and the revelation of the Qur’an in the early years of the seventh century AD, the Muslim Holy Book has been the subject of many extensive analytical studies. The focus of the great majority of these studies has been the theological and legislative aspects of the Holy Book, for the Qur’an provides Muslims with detailed guidance on their everyday problems. Together with the sayings, actions, and recommendations of Muhammadﷺ, the Qur’an has been the ultimate source of legal authority for Muslims over the past fourteen centuries.

Muslim scholars have also painstakingly examined, analyzed and interpreted the various verses of the Holy Book, detailing the requirements the Qur’an imposes on Muslims in order for them to achieve spiritual purity. Thus, in addition to its legislative and theological value, the Qur’an has also served as a source of spiritual guidance for the followers of Islam.

Q No.9

What are the merits of al-Fatihah , al-Falaq, an-Nas, al-Ikhlas al-Baqarah and al-Kahf?

ANS:

1-    ‘SURAH AL-FATIHAH

‘Surah al-Fatihah is a healing for every sickness.’ (Darimi)

2-    SURAH AL-FALAQ & AN- NAS

Once Allah’s Messenger said, ‘The like of Surah al-Falaq and an-
Nas have never been seen’ (Muslim)

3-    AL-IKHLAS:

‘Is any of you incapable of reciting a third of the Our’an in a night?’
Recite al-Ikhlas, for it is equivalent to reading a third of the Qur’an (Bukhari)

4-    AL BAQARAH

‘Satan flees from a house in which Surah al-Baqarah is recited (Muslim)

5-    SURAH AL-KAHF

‘Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on a Friday, light will shine brightly for him till Friday that follows it.’ (Hakim)

 

B: WRITE A SHORT NOTE ON:

Q No.1

The Qur ‘an has been preserved in its original form.

ANS:

THE QUR ‘AN HAS BEEN PRESERVED IN ITS ORIGINAL FORM

Most people are probably familiar with the place given to the Qur’an in Islam, that it is the “holy book” of the Muslim religion. This is an accurate assessment, for Muslims grant a very high place of honor to the Qur’an in their minds, hearts, and lives. As we would expect, Muslims hold to a very exalted view of the Qur’an.

Foremost among Muslim beliefs about the Qur’an is that it was given to Mohammed ﷺ by direct revelation from Allah. The traditional Muslim histories affirm this by stating that the angel Gabriel transmitted the Qur’an word for word to Mohammed ﷺ from Allah, and that Mohammed ﷺ then recited these words to his Companions, who memorized, and sometimes transcribed, these qira‘ (recitations) that form the Qur’an .

Further, this revelation from Allah has remained the same, word for word, never changing through all the intervening centuries of copying and transmission.

THE TANGIBLE EVIDENCES

Textual and archaeological evidences do not support the traditional views about the formation and preservation of the quranic text. All of the ancient manuscriptual evidence that has been found post-dates Uthman by at least a century, and differs from the present “standard” version of the Arabic Qur’an at a number of points. This divergence is true even for those manuscripts and other evidences that are dated closer to the time of Uthman’s life.

Q No.2

The collection and compilation of the Qur’an.

ANS:

THE COLLECTION AND COMPILATION OF QUR’AN:

A)     The Holy Qur’an was revealed in portions. Each and every word of
the Qur’an was recorded as soon as it was revealed to Allah’s
Messenger ﷺZayd bin Thabit رضی اللہ عنہused to record them۔

B)     The whole Qur’an, in fact, was arranged by Allah’s Messenger himself under the guidance of Jibra’il.

C)     No complete written copy of it existed at the time, nor could such a
copy” be made while the Prophet was alive and still receiving
Revelation.

D)     The Prophet recited every year in the month of
Ramadan, in the presence of the angel Jibra’il, the portion of the
Our’an till. then revealed.

E)      Shortly after the death of the Prophet ﷺ Umar رضی اللہ عنہsuggested to Abu Bakr رضی اللہ عنہthat the Qur’an should be compiled in one volume.

F)      Zayd bin Thabit رضی اللہ عنہwas instructed by Abu Bakr to collect the Qur’an.

G)     Zayd collected it from various written materials and the memories
of people. The standard copy thus prepared was kept with Abu’Bakr , Umar and then Hafsah, one of the widows of the Prophet.

H)     Hadrat Uthman رضی اللہ عنہ ordered copies to be made from this standarti copy. These standard copies were then sent to different parts of the Islamic state.

I)        One of the original copies from Uthman’s time still exists-today at Tashkent (USSR).

Q No.3

Etiquettes of reciting the Qur’an.

ANS:

ETIQUETTES OF RECITING THE QUR’AN: (Adab at- Tilawah)

1.        Approach the Qur’anwith a strong Faith. It IS the word of Allah.

2.        Recite the Our’an merely to seek Allah’s pleasure.

3.        Do not use the Qur’an to secure worldly things – fame. IT!0!”PV.
name or any other worldly gain.

4.        Before starting the recital, you should seek refuge with Allah from Satan the rejected, saying: اعوذ باللہ من الشیطن الرجیم

5.        Recite before every Surah ﷽except for Surah Tawbah.

5.         Recite the Qur’an with Tartil. Read it distinctly, without haste, in proper tone and pronunciation. It comes in a Hadith, ‘Beautify the Qur’an with your voices.’

6.        Spend some time everyday with the Qur’an. LIsten attentively whenever the Our’an is being recited.

7.        Memorize as much of the Qur’an as you can.

8.         Have Wodhu. Recite the Qur’an with full attention and humility with your face turned preferably towards the Qiblah.

9.         Use Siwak.

10.     The place where you sit should be pure.

11.    Ask Allah for His help and guidance.

 

 

 

L:20 PROPHET MUHAMMAD (I) P:80

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

What factors led to the Battle of Badr? When it was fought’?

ANS:

FACTORS LEAD TO THE BATTLE OF BADR.

a-      THE UNFRIENDLY QURAYSH

The Prophet ﷺ and his compamons had migrated to Madinah. They had stayed there peacefully; preaching and inviting more people to Islam. But the Quraysh always looked for a chance to cause trouble and destroy the resettled Muslims of Madinah.

b-     THE JEALOUSY OF THE JEWS

As Islam began to spread fast, some Jewish monks and learned Rabbis like Abdullah ibn Salam embraced Islam; This inflamed the jealousy of the Jews. Such people entered Islam hypocritically.
They made a show of their Islam. They secretly wcrked to break
the Muslim harmony. They always tried to find an easy way out of their promises.

c-      POWER-SEEKING PEOPLE

Power-hungry people like Abdullah ibn Ubayy became very
unfriendly towards the Prophetﷺ and his companions.
They showed hatred and envy towards them. He thought Allah’s Messenger had come in the way of his kingship. He remained at enmity with the Muslims.

d-     THE QURAYSH PREPARE FOR AN ACTUAL WAR

The Makkans considered Muslims as a serious threat to the
reputation of the Quraysh; their gods and goddesses. They sent
threatening letters to the Muslims. They often descended on pasture grounds near Madinah. They destroyed the fruit-trees of the Muslim. They often carried away their flocks.

e-      THE QURAYSH WENT AS FAR AS WRITING A LETTER TO IBN UBAYY

In it they asked him to kill the Muslims or drive them out of Madinah or else be prepared to face an attack. Abdullah ibn Ubayy, could not, however, fulfil the demand of the Quraysh.

f-       THE QURAYSH EXCITE PEOPLE LIVING BETWEEN MAKKAH AND MADINAH,
Finding their attempts through Ibn Ubayy bearing no fruit, the
Makkans turned their attention to the people living between Makkah and Madinah. They began to stir them against the Muslims.

Q No.3

What kind of people tried to break the Muslim harmony?

ANS:

Such people that had disease in their hearts entered Islam hypocritically.
They made a show of their Islam. They secretly wcrked to break
the Muslim harmony. They were hypocrites.

Q No.4

Can you recall the signs of a hypocrite as mentioned in Hadith?

ANS:
Q No.7

In what conditions does Islam permit war?

ANS:

Islam permits war in self-defence.

Q No.8

What precautions did the Prophet take against a possible Quraysh attack? What was the main function of the various expeditions sent out by Allah’s Messengerﷺ ? What is ‘deterrence’?

ANS:

THE PROPHET’S PRECAUTIONS AGAINST POSSMIE ATTACK

As a first measure, Allah’s Messenger ﷺsent out small bands of men. Their duty was to keep an eye on the movements of the Quraysh.

MAIN FUNCTION OF THE VARIOUS EXPEDITIONS

The main function of these bands was to watch and obtain information about the movement of the enemy. The geographical situation of the area was in favour of the Muslims.
Caravans from Makkah to Syria had to pass between Madinah and
the coast. The Muslims had to deal with only a few guards accompanying these caravan.

‘DETERRENCE

MEASURES taken by a state or an alliance of states to prevent hostile action by another state.

Q No.13

How strong was the Makkan army?

ANS:

MAKKAN ARMY

On receipt of Sufyan’s message, the Makkans led by Abu Jahl raised a powerful army.

1-      Nearly all the fighting men of Makkah joined.

2-      Army consisting of about a 1000 soldiers with arms,

3-      They had seven hundred camels

4-      They had over one hundred horses

  1. FILL IN THE BLANKS:
  • The Battle of Badr is one of the great———————————
  • The Quraysh went as far as writing a letter to———————–
  • Islam is the religion of——————————————————-
  • The ————————of the area was in favour of the—————————-
  • Allah’s Messengerﷺ sent out the expedition of Abdullah ibn Jahsh in the year——————————————-

Ans: (1-battles)(2- Abdullah Ibn Ubayy)(3- peace)(4- geographical situation, the Muslims)(5- Rajab 2H )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:21   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

ANS:

 

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:22 PROPHET MUHAMMAD (III) P:91

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

How long did Allah’s Messengerﷺstay at Badr after the victory of the Muslims?

ANS:

Allah’s Messengerﷺstayed at Badr after the victory of the Muslims for three nights.

Q No.2

What was the practice of Allah’s Messengerﷺconcerning dead bodies?

ANS:

It was the practice of the Prophetﷺ to give the dead, burial, whenever he came across one. But on this occasion the number of the dead enemies was great. It was rather hard ‘to bury them separately.

Q No.8

The victory of Badr was most inspiring for the Muslims. Explain.

ANS:

The victory of Badr was most inspiring for the Muslims. It made
. their position considerably strong. It cast terror into the hearts of the enemies. Quite a number of the people of Madinah accepted Islam, after the battle of Badr.

 

SURAH QADR & SURAH SHAMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:23   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

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Q No.3
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Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

ANS:
Q No.7

 

ANS:

 

Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:24   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

ANS:
Q No.2

 

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Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

 

ANS:
Q No.6

 

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Q No.7

 

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Q No.8

 

ANS:

 

Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:25   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

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Q No.2

 

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Q No.3
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Q No.4
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Q No.5

 

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Q No.6

 

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Q No.7

 

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Q No.8

 

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Q No.9

 

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L:26   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

 

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Q No.2

 

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Q No.3
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Q No.4
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Q No.5

 

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Q No.6

 

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Q No.7

 

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Q No.8

 

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Q No.9

 

ANS:

 

 

L:27 SO TAUGHT OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD( )   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:

 

L:28   P:

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

                

ANS:
Q No.2

        

ANS:

          

Q No.3
ANS:
Q No.4
ANS:
Q No.5

      

ANS:
Q No.6

          

ANS:
Q No.7

                      

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Q No.8

            

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Q No.9

                          

ANS:

          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:29 SUCH WERE THE PROPHET’S COMPANIONS   P:133-134

A)CHECK-UP:

Q No.1

What kind of man was Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) before he accepted Islam?

ANS:

Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله تعالى عنه  was a wrestler in Jahiliyyah. His limbs were large.

His presence was intimidating to his enemy and it would strike fear even in his friends.

Q No.2

Who had gathered in a house in as-Safa?

ANS:

The Prophet () and some of his companions gathered in a house. They were all about forty, including women.

Q No.3

Why did Nu’aym tell Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) it would be better for him to go home and correct his own family first? Who was Nu’aym?

ANS:

There was a deep frown on Umar’s (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) brows. He was armed with a sword, and was rushing towards as-Safa. He had been inform that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and some of his companions gathered in a house. He wanted to kill them all.

Seeing his intention, Nu’aym tell Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) it would be better for him to go home and correct his own family first.

Nu’aym ibn Abdullah(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) belonged to Umar’s (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) tribe and’ had become a Muslim.

Q No.4

What were Fatimah and her husband doing when Umar(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) entered their house?

ANS:

When Umar(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) entered their house, Fatimah and her husband were learning the holy Qura’n from Khabbab bin al-Aratt(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ).

Q No.5

Why did Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) begin to beat Sai’d bin Zayd (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )?What did Fatimah(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ) do?

ANS:

Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) began to beat Sai’d bin Zayd (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) because he had accepted Islam. Fatimah (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ) rushed to save   defend her husband.

Q No.6

Why did Fatimah(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ), at last, agree to give Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) the Sheets they were reading from? Which Surah did they contain?

ANS:

Fatimah(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ), at last, agree to give Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) the Sheets they were reading because she understood his position of regret.

On that occasion, they contain verses of Surah Taha.

Q No.7

What effect did the Surah have on Umar, when he began to read it? What did he do then?

ANS:

When he had read the passage, exclaimed, ‘How fine and noble this speech is! He was so moved that he went straightway to the Prophet and embraced Islam.

Q No.8

What was Khabbab bin al-Aratt doing in the house of the couple?

ANS:

       Khabbab bin al-Aratt(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was teaching the holy Qura’n to Sai’d bin Zayd (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )and Fatimah (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ) in their house.

 

B- WHO SAID THE FOLLOWING AND WHEN?

1-      “Let me find my breath, and I will beat you again.”
ANS:

Nu’aym ibn Abdullah(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

2-      “Why are you deceiving yourself? Do you think you will be allowed to walk on earth when you have killed Muhammad (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ و سلم)?”
ANS:

Hadrat Nu’aym(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

3-      “What have you been reading now? I have heard your voices?”
ANS:

Hadrat Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

4-      “Yes, we are Muslims. We believe in Allah and His Messengerﷺ. Kill us if you will.”
ANS:

Hadrat Fatima bint Khitab (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہا ) and her husband Sa’id(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

5-      “How fine and noble this speech is!”
ANS:

Hadrat Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

6-      “King or no king. Both of you are Muslims and both of you are equal in the eye of law. “
ANS:

Hadrat Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

7-      “Tell me what can I do to feed my baby?”
ANS:

Mother of that baby.

 

C-GIVE REASONS FOR THE FOLLOWING;

1-Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) seized his sword and made for the Prophet, meaning to kill him.
Reason:

Because he thought that Muhammad (ﷺ ) had split the Quraish and insulted their gods.

2-The couple hid their visitor and the Sheets, they were reading from.
Reason:

Because they do not want to face Umar’s (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) anger.

3- Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )calmed down and felt sorry for what he had done.
Reason:

When he saw the blood of his sister Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) calmed down and felt sorry for what he had done.

4- Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )commanded Jabbala to ask pardon of the man or
else be prepared to submit to the penalty of the law.
Reason:

While performing the Tawaf of the Ka’bah, a poor pilgrim   accidently stepped on a piece of his pilgrim’s dress. Jabbala   struck him a blow.

 

D- DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

 

Q No.1

Describe Umar’s (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) appearance.

ANS:

Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله تعالى عنه  saw described as to be a towering figure.

Whenever he would be with any group, he would be the tallest amongst them.

He was very well built. He wasn’t over-weight but he had a lot of flesh on his bones but it was muscle.

He was a wrestler in Jahiliyyah. His limbs were large.

He was described as when he would walk he would walk fast, when he would speak you could definitely hear him and when he struck he would strike with strength.

His presence was intimidating to his enemy and it would strike fear even in his friends.

Q No.2

Write a short note on ‘Spread of Islam under Umar(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

ANS:

       ‘SPREAD OF ISLAM UNDER UMAR(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

     In his reign, Islamic Empire expanded with almost miraculous speed. following areas were conquered

1-                 Syria

2-                 Jerusalem

3-                 Egypt,

4-                 Libya

5-                 Iraq;

6-                 the Persians were defeated at Qadisiyyah.

Q No.3

What did Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )do when he heard a baby crying?

ANS:

When Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) heard a baby crying, he thought the mother was perhaps asleep. He called her loudly and went on.

Q No.4

What did the woman say when he heard a baby crying?

ANS:

She said, “The Caliph does not give an allowance for babies. Tell me what can I do to feed my child?

Q No.5

What did Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) do for all babies?

ANS:

Write a character sketch of Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) with a special reference to his sense of ‘justice.’

Q No.6

How do men imagine Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )? You learn a lot about the life of Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) in the third section of this chapter. List three aspects of him that are mentioned, apart from his physical appearance.

ANS:

Three aspects of Umar’s (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) life:

1-                  He was just man.

2-                  He was brave man.

3-                  He was learned man.

Q No.7

Write a character sketch of Umar (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) with a special reference to his sense of ‘justice.’

ANS:

CHARACTER SKETCH OF UMAR (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ )

Umar(رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) excelled in every quality needed to become the Commander of believers; Amirul-Mu’minin. He was gifted with a sharp intellect. He possessed a strong sense of justice.

We can imagine him walking quickly about with a whip in hand, ready to punish the offenders on the spot, may be his own son. He never made his own people favourites.

He followed the law and did not care whom he punished or what might happen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L:30   P:

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L:33 WOMEN IN ISLAM P:140

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

Is it wise to feel sorry on the birth of a baby-girl in the family?

Why?

ANS:

No, it is not wise to feel sorry on the birth of a baby-girl in the family because whether the new-born is a girl or a boy.

Q No.2

What picture has the’ Holy Qur’an drawn of people who become sad on the birth of a baby-girl?

ANS:

Qur’an has drawn a vivid picture of such people:

وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِالأُنثَى ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ(58)يَتَوَارَى مِنَ الْقَوْمِ مِن سُوءِ مَا بُشِّرَ بِهِ أَيُمْسِكُهُ عَلَى هُونٍ أَمْ يَدُسُّهُ فِي التُّرَابِ أَلاَ سَاء مَا يَحْكُمُونَ(59)

And when any of them is given the good news of the birth of a girl, his face darkens and he chokes inwardly, as he hides himself from people for shame at the news. Whether he shall keep it with shameor bury her jn the ground! How bad is the judgement that they make?) (16: 58-59)

Q No.3

Man and woman are equally important. Explain.

ANS:
Q No.14

What type of dress is sinful for Muslim women?

ANS:

Islam makes it Haram (prohibited) for Muslim women to wear clothes which fail to cover the body and which are transparent.

Q No.18

What is Mahr? What is its importance in Islam?

ANS:

MAHR

When a Muslim woman is married Islam requires the bridegroom to give her a dowry or Mahr, which may be of any agreed value. It is a gift from the bridegroom to the bride and it becomes entirely hers. However, the amount of the marriage portion or Mahr, which the bridegroom has to give to the bride has not been fixed by the Law. It entirely depends on the agreement of the two parties. It may consist of anything.

According to a Hadith, even an iron ring may be enough if the bride is willing to accept it.

IMPORTANCE OF MAHR IN ISLAM

1)   “Mahr is a wife’s right, which becomes binding upon the husband once the marriage is contracted.

2)   Mahr is very important in Islamic marriage. Allah has used the word “faridah” for it.

Q No.20

Does the English word dowry give the exact shade of meaning of Mahr?

ANS:

       No the English word dowry does not give the exact shade of meaning of Mahr.

B: WRITE A SHORT NOTE ON:

The present-day system of dowry and the blessing of Mahr.

 

 

 

 

 

L:34 ISLAM &THE WORLD   P:143

  1. A) CHECK-UP:
Q No.1

How did Hadith of Allan’s Messengerﷺ encourage learning?

ANS:

One of the most famous sayings of Allan’s Messengerﷺ was that there is no disease for which Allah has not sent a cure. This Hadith clearly encourage learning.

Q No.2

In what fields of science were the Muslims particularly advanced?

ANS:

The Muslims were particularly advanced In medicine field of science.

Q No.3

Give a brief account of the hospitals in some of the old Muslim cities.

ANS:

HOSPITALS IN SOME OF THE OLD MUSLIM CITIES

There were hospitals in each Muslim city. They were efficient. The
best had separate wards for fevers, surgical cases, and eye diseases.

1-      The first regular hospital with all the required facilities of that day was established in Baghdad by Haroun al-Rashid during the eighth century.

2-      One such hospital was in Damascus. It was built by Sultan Nuruddin      az-Zanki in the twelfth century.

3-      The most notable hospital, however, was the Mansuri Hospital in Egypt. It was built, by al-Mansur Qala’un in 1282 A.D.

The hospital had beds for several thousand patients. It had different wards for various illnesses. It had separate sections for male and female patients.The young doctors could study and do research there.

Q No.4

What contributions did the Muslims make to medical science?

ANS:

THE MUSLIM ADVANCES IN MEDICINE SCIENCE

1)      Using the medical knowledge of the Greeks, physicians in Muslim
lands became the most skilled doctors of the time.

2)      They studied and preserved old scientific works:

3)      They added to them their own special knowledge.

4)      The Muslim doctors thought deeply about different illnesses and discovered medicines useful for treating them.

5)      They learnt about diseases by observation of the sick people.It means they watched carefully how a disease acted on people who had it.

Q No.5

How did each of the following contribute ‘to medicine and learning:

(a) Ar-Razi (b) Ibn Sina          (c) Ibn Abi Hazm

ANS:

(a)   AR-RAZI

Ar-Razi (known to Europe as Rhazes) was a great physician. He headed the hospital in Baghdad in the ninth century. He wrote a medical encyclopedia in which he discussed measles, small-pox, kidney stones, skin diseases, and ways to maintain one’s health. Ar- Razi was the first scientist to tell the difference between small-pox and measles.

He wrote a book on the subject. Muslims in Turkey treated small-pox through vaccination in 1679. The system reached Europe in the 18th century through lady Montague, wife of the British ambassador in Turkey.Ar-Razi wrote two hundred medical works. They were translatcd into Latin and were widely consulted in medieval Europe. Ar-Razi died in 925 A.D.

(b)   IBN SINA

The most eminent Muslim thinker however was A vicenna. His actual name in Arabic was Ibn Sina. Born in Afghanistan, Ibn sina was a poet, doctor, scientist and a philosopher. He wrote about every field of knowledge.

He was the most gifted man of his age.
He explained the process of digestion. He excelled in bacteriology, the basis of modern medical science, Muslim doctors developed both anatomy and pharmacy into positive sciences.

(c)    IBN ABI HAZM

Ibn Abi Hazm of Damascus had explained the theory of the circulation of blood in detail . He proved that food is fuel to maintain the heat of the body. Arab doctors were specially skilled in surgery and the treatment of the eye diseases. They tested and corrected the observations made by the ancient scientists, particularly Galen.

Galen was a Greek and lived during the second century A.D. He ‘was a leading” Greek physician. But his works contained many errors. Galen had thought that the human skullcoIitained seven bones; while Muslim doctors proved that it had eight bones.

Q No.6

What Muslim achievements were passed on to the Western civilization?

ANS:

MUSLIM ACHIEVEMENTS& WESTERN CIVILIZATION

Between the middle of the 18th century and the middle of the 20th
century, large parts of the Muslim world came under Western control. Many Muslim countries were ruled as colonies.

As a result, the influence of the Western civilization was felt in Muslim lands in various walks of life, including the Islamic medicine.

A)     Modern Western medicine gradually took its place.

B)     Western medicine completely dominated traditional Islamic medicine in some countries.

C)     Interestingly enough, as the 20th century draws to a close the Islamic medicine is on the advance again. This is evident in the Western world.

 

 

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