WORKSHEET/ SOLUTION: OXFORD MATH / NEW COUNTDOWN-5 SECOND EDITION (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS OUP ISBN 978-019-906185-3)

WORKSHEET/ SOLUTION: OXFORD MATH / NEW COUNTDOWN-5 SECOND EDITION (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS OUP  ISBN 978-019-906185-3)

PART ONE

P: 1 GETTING READY

1-NUMBER PARMIDS.

Complete these pyramids.

a b c d e
18
24 6 11 6 12 8
44 79 23 18 12 2 9 48 10 5
24 10 2 17 3

2-Maths in your head! Work out the answers in your head, then write them in your notebook.

a-The LCM of 6 and 9 =———————–

b-If a square carpet covers an area of 25 ml, each side is —————————– m long.

c-A rectangle I I.5 cm long and 11.5 cm wide has a perimeter of ——————-cm.

d-In AABC, ABAC = 70°, and LABC = 45°. What will    BCA be equal to?

e-What is the fraction form of (i) 0.2? (ii) 0.057 (iii) 0.00821

f-If five pens cost Rs 20.25, how much do two pens cost?

g-VI + III =——————– in Arabic numerals.

h-8650 + 100 = r——————

i-A room 13 m long and 11 m broad has an area of —————————m2.

j-2+ 4=———————– in decimal form.

k-The HCF of 28 and 56 =—————

P: 2

3-Copy and fill in the missing numerals (think carefully)

a 49——- 81 b 4379—— c ——-6504 d 56——52
9719 2193 7923 4348

4-Write the number in words.

a 4,50,219
b 9,00,675
c 1,60,524
d 18,301

5-Write symbols for *s (>, <, =)

a 10.023————10.21 b 14.31  kl———–14310 kl
c 10————–10 d +————–+
e 0.035m———350m

6-Divide by I0, then by 100

A 2,65,030
B 8398
C 3,07,296
d 94,351
  1. Give the value of the coloured digit.
a-329064 b-9.172 c-1,04,943 d-25.038 e-18.064 f-35.111
  1. Write vertically and complete.
a 3849×32 b 9.134×15 c 637×146
 
 
d 8.356×20 e 1.032×7 f 1.83×43
 
 

9- Write as 24 hour clock times.

a 4.25 p.m. b 11.12 p.m. c 12.14 p.m. d 9.18 p.m.

10- Write in ascending order.

a 3.51,   3.15,   3.165,   3.55
b 0.112,  0.02,   0.001,  0.121

11- Write as fractions.

A:14.01 B:625.3 C:10.005 D:497.02 E:84.038 F:596.357
 

P: 3

12- Write in long division form and complete.

a 693÷47 b 16848÷8
47 
c 875÷56 d 109.15÷3
56 

13-Write in order, starting with the smallest.

a m,3.5cm,25mm,20cm  
b m,1.7 m, 120cm, 35cm  
c l,27 l, 430 l,3.2 l  

 

14-Write the HCF of:

a-27 and 45 b. 56 and 72 c-25 and 35 d. 60 and 40
 

15-Tick the numbers that are divisible by 9.

a-3,06,051 b. 30,1106 c-1,18,275 d. 2,57,08

16-Add or subtract.

a 3+2 b 10 – 4
 
c 5+6 d 9-1
 

17-Write as decimals.

a- 8 b- 7 c- 6 d- 9 e- 4 f-18
            

I8. Write vertically and complete.

a 2,68,03 + 53,458 + 174 b I6 + 75,034 + 759 +1632 c 1845 + 9 + 64,038 + 1,01,295
 

19- Using your protractor or set square, draw rectangles with sides of these lengths.

a. 5.8 cm and 3.7 cm b. 9.3 cm and 5.1 cm c. 8.4 cm and 4.5 cm
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
  1. Draw these angles using a protractor. (Your angles can open in either direction.)
a 20° b 110° c I30°
 
d 90° e 45° f 125°
 

21- Now draw these angles and label them.

a. ∠ PQR =85° b. ∠ ABC=145° c- ∠RST = 90° d. ∠EFG = 25° e. ∠JKL = 120°
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

P: 4 MORE ABOUT GRAPHS: THE 4NE GRAPH

1-Look carefully at the 4ne graph at the bottom of the previous column, and answer these questions.

a-What was the height of the plant on the 1st day?

b-How many cm did the plant grow between the 2nd and 5th days?

c-How many cm did the plant grow between the 2nd and 3rd days? .

d-Between which days did the plant grow the fastest?

2-Study this 4ne graph and answer the questions.

a- What is the cost of 3 pizzas?

b-If Sid Space walker has a Rs 500 note, how many pizzas can he buy?

c-If Sid needs 25 pizzas for a party, how much money must he spend?

P: 5

LINE GRAPHS

1-Copy and complete this Line graph.

Number of bars of chocolate

4-Study the graph, then answer the questions that follow.

 

 

 

Number of Litre-bottles of Lemon squash

a-What is the cost of 31 of lemon squash?

b-If you have two Rs 20 notes can you buy 4  l of lemon squash?

c-How much change will you get from Rs 100 when you buy 2 l of lemon squash?

Journey of brown car from Karachi to Lahore

Brown car time (in hours) A

Journey of black’ car along Rawalpindi,

Black car time (in hours)

  1. Use the graphs given above to answer these questions.
  2. How much farther did the brown car travel than the black car?
  3. Between which hours did the driver of the black car stop for lunch?
  4. At the end of the 3rd hour, how far had each of the two cars travelled?
  5. In which hour did the black car travel the farthest?

P: 6 LINE GRAPHS

The graph tells us about Sara Spacewalker’s ride on her space-moped.

Time (24-hour clock)

  1. Study the graph, then answer these questions.

How many km had Sara travelled by 11.00 hours?

  1. At what time did Sara begin her trip?
  2. What was the total length of her journey in km?
  3. At what time did Sara stop for a rest? How long was it before she resumed her journey?
  4. How far had Sara still to go at 11.3O h?
  5. At what time did Sara complete exactly half the distance of her journey?

This Line graph tells us about people arriving at Qaddafi Cricket Stadium, Lahore, to watch a test match between Pakistan and England.

7-Now answer these.

>>>How many people arrived in the stadium by 9 a.m.?—–1000

a-When the match started at I0 a.m., how many people were in the stadium watching it?

b-How many people arrived in the stadium between i0 a.m. and 4 a.m.?

c-How many people were in the stadium when the play stopped at noon for lunch?

P: 7

PLOT YOUR OWN 4NE GRAPH!

  1. Draw this graph on a sheet of paper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Answer these questions about the graph you have just drawn.
  2. What length of the scarf had Sara knitted by I0 a.m.7
  3. What length of the scarf was already knitted when Sara began work at 8 a.m. 7
  4. By how many cm did the length of the scarf increase before Sara stopped for lunch at I p.m.?
  5. During which hour did Sara knit the most?
  6. Aleem sells ice cream between I0 a.m. and 3 p m .The table below shows how many ice creams he has sold at the end of each hour:

 

 

 

Think and plot a graph to show his sales. As Sara does in her graph, make the bottom, horizontal arm of your graph showing the time, and the vertical arm showing the number of ice creams sold.

 

 

P: 8 REMEMBERING 5-DIGIT & 6-DIGIT NUMBERS

1-Write the value of the coloured digit.

>>>42,851… 2 thousands or 2000

A 23,116
B 120,493
C 94,017
D 2,84,327

2-Write in expanded form. 2, 56,139=   2, 00,000 + 50,000+6,000+ 100+30+9

A 40,024  
B 11,204  
C 4,211,502  
D 6,01,751  

3-Write the number, placing your commas correctly.

Two lakh, sixteen thousand four hundred and two =2, 16,402

a-Seven lakh, five hundred and thirty-eight=

b-Eight hundred and two thousand, and seventy-five=

c-One hundred and eleven thousand, and one=

d-Five lakh, five hundred and fifty-five=

4-Put these numbers into International periods. l,60,029= l60,029

a 5,93,I62 b 6,05,0I6 c 8,I7,724′ d 2,I2,2I2
       

5-Change these numbers from International to Pakistani periods. 398,402= 3, 98,402

a I00,253 b 999,094 c 412,0811 d 358,1I2
       

6-Write the successor of each number.

a-I,09,029 b-3,99,999 c-2,45,499 d-3,49,999
       

7-Write the correct symbol (>, <, =). in each blank.

>>>2, 84, 169————-2, 84, I69 2, 84, 169=2, 84, I69

a-3,25,00 1—————–3,52, 100

b-3,84,292 -10————-3,84,283

c-9,00,0 I 0 -“I 00———8,99,900

d-3,58,666 X 2 —————–7, I 7,342

P: 9 THINKING ABOUT 7- DIGIT NUMBERS: TEN LAKH

1-Write the number names.     40, 00,000 = forty lakh

a-15,00,000 b-60,00,000 c-48,00,000
     

2-Write the number, placing your commas correctly. Twenty-three lakh=23, 00,000

a- Nineteen lakh b- Eighty-four lakh c- Seventy lakh
     

3-Place these 7-digit numbers in Pakistani periods and write their names.

19, 60,283 = nineteen lakh, sixty thousand, two hundred and eighty-three

A 3 1,19,624
B 47,03,955
C 60,30,158
D 80,00,206

4-Write the numbers, placing your commas carefully.

Sixty-four lakh, two thousand and sixty = 64, 02,060’

Seventy-one lakh, twelve thousand, and forty-two

Thirty-three lakh, ninety thousand five hundred, and sixty-seven

Eighteen lakh, four thousand two hundred, and seventy-two

P:10 TEN LAKH EQUALS ON ONE MILLION

1-Place these in periods, ‘first in the Pakistani Way, second in the International Way

8324967 ——— 83, 24. ‘167 = 8,324,967

A 2905384
B 64703 I7
C 320059
D 4305016

2-Write the number names. 2,000,000   two million

a.4,000,000 b.6,500,000 C.90,000,000 d.5,620,000 e.8,000,000 f. 2,840,000

3-Write the number, placing your Commas correctly. Five million   5,000,000

Two million, five hundred thousand=

Five million, seven hundred and forty thousand=

Eight million, six hundred thousand=

Nine million, nine hundred thousand=

4-Change these numbers into International periods. 14,67,015  = 1,467.015

a.60,29,347 b.19,03,001 c.25,00,123 d.8,49,016 e.81,07,869 f.14,03,970

 

 

 

 

P:11   7-DIGIT NUMBERS; PLACE VALUE

1-Look carefully at the numbers, then write the value of the coloured digit. 49,648,123 =  six hundred thousand or 600.000

a 14,79,623    
b 1,090,900    
c 3,495,631    
d 8,049,315    
e 28,04,925    
f 9,116,661    

2-Read aloud, then write in words.

75,00,065 =seventy-five lakh and sixty-five

a 702,019
b 60,03,007
c 6,750, 1142
d 96,52,095

3-Write the number. One million, two hundred and forty-seven thousand,

three hundred and sixty-two , l,247,362

a Twenty-eight lakh, sixty thousand, seven hundred and thirteen
b Five million, eight thousand and twenty-three
c Thirty-five lakh, forty-one thousand and eighteen

4-Write in expanded form.

6, 482, 1 I3 =6,000,000 + 400,000+ 80,000 + 2000+ 100 + I0 + 3

a 4,532,481
b 6,093,048
c 28,16,019
d 37,05,131
e 17,53,224
f 3,629,503

5-Arrange in ascending order.

9,248,517; 9,240,715; ‘9, 2208,751 9,208,75I; 9, 2110, 715; 9,248,517

a-18,06,295; I8,60,995;18,06,259
b-4,053,6I2; 4,035,8I2; 4,530,2I6; 4,033,065
c-24, I 5,396; 24,51,996; 24,05,031

6-Write the predecessor. 32,00,000   31,99,999

I 8,20,200 6,243,000 53,60,000 49,50,000 4,632,450 I 2,02, 100
           

P:12

7-DIGIT NUMBERS: PLACE

Write the number that matches each of these expanded forms.

2,000,000 + 88,000 + 400 + 2 = 2,088,402

44,00,000 + 6000 + 300 + I0 a
67,00,000 + I0,000 + 2000 + 500 + 4 b
3,000,000 + 700,000 + 40,000 + 2000 + 60 + 9 c
8,000,000 + 500,000 + 3000 + 700 + 40 d
90,00,000 + 40,000 + 6000+ 100 + 90 + 1 e
1,000,000 + 80,000 + 5000.+ 800 + 50 + 8 f

8-Read aloud, then write in words.

8,096,432 a
1, 100,001 b
64,03,1 I5 c
5,700,300 d
10,01,100 e
9,123,312 f

9- Arrange in descending order. 1,293,401; 1,923,401; 1,239,104

I.‘123,40I; I ,2‘l3,l»0 I; 1,239, I 04

a. l5,00,62fI;   15,00,962; 15,00,266
b. 23,14,038;  23,41,380;  23,I4,38I
c. 5,690,410;  5,691,4I0;  5,69I,44I

I0- Write the correct symbol In each blank (>, <, =).1 ,250, 13 1——- 1,250, 1 31

I2,50,311 < I2.50,311

  1. 4,084,620—————4,084,260
  2. 18,50, 119—————- 18,51,119
  3. 23,62,731—————–23,26,731
  4. 5, 116,290—————51,16,290
  5. 64,033,495————–64,04,495
  6. 73,02,220—————-7,302,220

P:13

THINKING EVEN B-I-G-G-E-R : 8-DIGIT NUMBERS

Write the number names—————-8,00,00,000                 8 crore

4,00,00,000 6,00,00,000 2,00,00,000 10,00,00,000 5,00,00,000 9,00,00,000

2-Write the numbers.

Three crore       3,00.00.000

Eight crore One crore Eleven crore Four crore Five crore Twenty crore

3-The following list gives the total number of votes won by seven constituencies in Pakistan. Place each number in Pakistani periods. Which constituency received most votes?

a Constituency A:2470 I 632-2,47,0I,632 b Constituency B: 380 I 9478-
c Constituency C: 3932630I- d Constituency D: l2753I7-

P:14

MORE ABOUT CRORES

  1. Place these numbers in Pakistani periods and write their names.

4,06,06,85,012=Four crore, six lakh, eighty-five thousand and twelve

  1. 67300I59————————————————————————————————- b. 32456900————————————————————————————————
  2. 30846002 ———————————————————————————————–
  3. 17018037————————————————————————————————
  4. Write the numbers, placing your commas carefully.

>>Five crore, one lakh and sixteen =5,0I,00,0l6

  1. Three crore, eleven lakh, forty-two thousand, three hundred=
  2. Eight crore, thirty lakh, nineteen thousand, four hundred and sixty-one=
  3. Four crore, eighty-six lakh, fifty thousand and ninety-two=
  4. Six crore, forty-nine thousand, seven hundred and three=
  5. Seven crore and three hundred =

2-Write the value of the coloured digit, 4, 10, 62, ‘938   ten lakh or 10, 00,000

a-8, 1 5, 67,032=

b-5,00,92,475=

c-4, 73, 85,693=

d-9, 87, 32,777=

4-Write in expanded form.

5,26,49,032 = 5,00,00.000 + l20.00,000 + 6,00,000 +40,000 + 9,000 + 30 + 2

a-6, 18,30,596=

b- 5, 94, 03,075=

c-7,05,12,847 =

d- 3, l12, 01,690=

e-1,I0,‘i5,738 =

f-l1,00,67,143=

5-Write the successor. 

1,22,16,999  1,22,17,000

P:15

1-Write the number names.

116,030, 100   forty-six million, thirty thousand, one hundred

a-38, 100,580 =

b- 60, I 74,005=

c-5 I ,069, I 20 =

d- 25,430,756=

e-I9,405,328=

f- I0, I 65,032=

2-Place these in periods, first in the Pakistani way, second in the International way.

1103961425     (i) l1,03,‘l6,l125          (ii) 40,396,425

a-38106259 =

b-60054291=

c-M965478=

d- 56030201=

e-2450031=

f- 93768325=

3-Write the number, placing your commas correctly.

eighteen million, four thousand and twenty-seven =I8,0011,027

a-Thirty-one million, five hundred and ten thousand, six hundred and three

b-Seventy-eight million, four hundred thousand, eight hundred and twelve

c-Eighty-eight million and fifteen

d-Twelve million, nine hundred and, sixty-four thousand, two hundred and one

e-Fifty million, three hundred and ninety thousand, seven hundred and eighty-seven

P:16

8-DIGIT NUMBERS: PLACE VALUE

1-Change these numbers into International periods.11,02,59,603   40,259,603

a-6,18,‘I2,079 b-8,00,69,464 c-3,54,06,295 d-4,27,01,695
       

2-Read aloud, then write in words. 1,90,l12,1 I0 =one crore ninety lakh, forty-two thousand, one hundred and ten

a 85,623,005  
b 8,I5,l6,075  
c 7,l18,01,623  
d 30,585,624  

3-Write the number.  Seventeen million, six hundred thousand and eighty-nine     17, 600, 08‘4

Four crore, ten lakh, fifteen thousand, eight hundred and four

Eighty-six million, twenty-seven thousand, three hundred and twenty

One crore, ninety-four lakh, six thousand, four hundred and thirteen

 

4-Write the predecessor. 35,000,000 predecessor 34,999,999

a-15,350,000 b-1,38,12,100 c-3,04,00,000 d-16,800,000
       

5-Write in expanded form.

47,625,105= 40,000,000 +7,000,000 + 600.000 + 20.000 + 5000 + 100 + 5

a-52,018,623

  1. 1, 29, l12, 060

c-4,53,08,492

d- I 1,958,121

6-Think and write!

a- If one crore equals—————— million, ten crore equals —————–million.

b-One crore rupees divided equally between two charity homes equals—————lakh rupees each.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:17

7-Arrange in ascending order

a-49,603,298; 49,630,928; 49,6 I 3,829

b-3,4I,06,235; 3,4I,60,532; 3,4 I ,59,332

c-85,0 I 4,623; 85,004,632; 84,04I,362; 85,011, 184

8-Write the successor.43,599,999  successor 43,600,000

a-8,07,49,999 b-301,999,999 c-24,100,009 d-2,48,39,999

9-Skip-counting in hundreds, write numbers in the blanks.

a-I9,643,298        
b-65,0303 I 6        
c-37, I 91834        
d-2,08,52,6 I 5        

10-Write the correct symbol in each blank (<, >, =).

a-l,29,3O, 142———12,930,421
b-481 63,538————-4,82,63, 528
c-7,00, 1 5,033—————1 70,015,033
d-61 2,21,438—————61,221,348
e-8,64,30,292—————86,430,295
f-27,040,628————-2,71,41,628

11-Write numbers in the blanks to complete each series (be very careful!).

a 19,999,997 19,999,998    
b 57,999,800 57,999,900    
c 20,600, I07 20,700, I07    
d 6, 18,09,799 6, 18,09,899    
e 46, I 00,895 46, I 00,995    
f 37,560,899 37,560,999    

 

P:18 USING BIG NUMBERS:LAKHS, CRORES OR MILLIONS

 1- Given below are some sentences you might read in Pakistani newspapers or magazines. Change them so that visitors from abroad can understand the numbers.

Example: Two crore people voted in the elections, yesterday.                                                                      —–Twenty million people voted in the elections, yesterday.

a-About 4 crore children in Pakistan aged between 5 and 9 go to school.

b-Nearly five lakh people attended a giant po4tical rally in Lahore yesterday.

c-About thirteen lakh students are enrolled in colleges and universities in Pakistan.

d-According to a census, the population of Karachi is now more than one crore.

e-Punjab is the largest province, with more than 8 crore 25 lakh people.

f-In 1990, Pakistan produced I crore 67 lakh tonnes of wheat.

P:19

  1. Copy and complete.
 a-    01,408,156

+2,015,346

 b

23,569,231

+5,694,325

 c-

I4,07, I56

+25,92,843

 d-

4,468,57 I

+2,865,149

 e-

3,407,862

+I,374,I09

 f-

I 5,650, I92

+73,029,999

 g-

24,67,333

+18,05,438

 h-

3,48,36, 117

+I,05,62,431

               

2-Write in vertical form and complete (be careful with columns!)

A 3,564, 121 + 2,473,565 e 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

465 + 2,4‘1,00,321 + 1002 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B 2,655,132 + 2984 + 34, 103 f 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,62,43,018 + 32 + 51,673 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C 1,030,49‘71 + 38,324 + 5687 g 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

84,65,321 + 7495 + 1,18,626 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D 39,862 + 410,364 +2,003, 145   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Write the number which is:

Example: 4000 more than 3,487, 103= 3,491,103

a-5000 more than 20,045,624
b-800 more than 1,26,95,382
c-20,000 more than 14,62,834
d-12,000 more than 2,695, 148
e-900 more than 5,624,540

P:20 USING BIG NUMBERS: SUBTRACTION

  1. Copy and complete.
 a-

I,496,953

 -205,343

 b

  45,647,329

-14,538,142

 c-

4875648

-1232537

 d-

 16400825

  -7936172

 e-

1864932

-1418725

 f-

50100032

-28052164

 g-

5195438

-3841654

 h-

 27003029

-10816420

                

2-Now write sums to answer these.

a-From the greatest 7-digit number (Pakistani system), subtract the smallest 6-digit number.   

 

 

 

b-Find the difference between the greatest 8-digit number (International system) and the greatest 5-digit number.   

 

 

 

 

c-From the smallest 8-digit number (Pakistani sgstem), subtract the greatest 6-digit number.   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Write in vertical form and complete.

a-85,23 1 ,569 – 1 6,829,293  
b-2,00,00,360 – 38,745  
c-4,000,35 1 – 25,689  
d-8,60,03,8 1 4 – 65, 17,298  
e- 1 0,000,000 – 45,692  
f-32,034,629 – 1,465,1 17  

4-Write the number which is:

a-2000 less than 49,840,328  
b-700 less than 7,593,400  
c-5000 less than 52,I3,864  

P:21 ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION: WORD PROBLEMS

1-Now answer these, thinking carefully whether you should add or subtract.

a-How many more people live in Sindh than in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-After Punjab, which province has the most number of people? How many people altogether, 4ve in this province and in the Punjab?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-What is’ the total population of FATA and Sindh?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-Which province has the least number of people? What is the difference in population between this province and the Punjab?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-If the population of Balochistan is added to that of Islamabad, how many people are there altogether?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:22   ROUNDING OFF

1-Round off these numbers to the nearest 10.                       138  … 140

a-51 b- 1 I2 c- 999 d-49 e- 147 f- 1253

2-Round off these numbers to the nearest 10O. 563 (nearer to 600 than 500) 600

a-l79 b- 2430 c- 9679 d-241 e- 6274 f- 4031
  

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

P:23    ROUNDING OFF

Sprog Spacewalker has 145 stamps. He wants to round off this total to the nearest

145 comes exactly halfway between

  1. Round off to the nearest I0 335 340
a. 105 b. 2335 c. 15395 d. 115 e. 1555 f. 6939
            
  1. Round off to the nearest 100 Remember: halfway numbers are rounded upwards. * 1750 1300
a. 350 b. 1650 c. I4, 039 d. 150 e. 2550 f. 19,650
            
  1. Round off each price to the nearest Rs I 00: Rs 1149….. Rs 1100
a. Rs 22I6 b. Rs I0,4141 c. Rs 3481 d. Rs 8550
        
  1. Copy and complete this table.
village Population Population to the nearest 1000
A 2721 300
B 4500  
C 9764  
D 317  

 

7- Round off these bills to the nearest Rs 1000_       Rs 14,384   RS 141,000

a. Rs 25,500 b. R5 98,964 c. Rs 64,692 d. RS 103,2I9
        

P:24   MORE ABOUT ROUNDING

  1. Round off these times to the nearest 5 minute. 8.22 a.m. 8.20 a.m.
a. 12.I4 p.m. b. 1.01 p.m. c. 11.18a.m. d. 12.19p.m.
 
  1. Round off these ages to the nearest year. 9 years 2 months 9 years
a. 10 years 6 months b. 8 years 5 months c. 7 years 6 months 2 dogs
      
  1. Measure these 4nes, write down their exact Length, then round off to the nearest cm.
A ____________
 
B __________________
 
C ________________
 

 

  11- Copy and complete the table

Mountain Height Mountain Height in rounded off metres to nearest
Mt Everest 8848 8800
K2 86I0  
Nanga Parbat 8l26  
Tirich Mir 7690  

12- Work out approximately answers to these sums by rounding off to the nearest 10.  45+71+38=  50+70+40

a. 27+42+19  
b. 56+38+41  
C. 25+34+16  

P:25

13-Round these off to the nearest l0,000.  386,I I4 —————-390.000

a-265,000 b. 1,432, 1 61 c-148,732 d. 2, 123,‘945
   
e-384,239 f. 5,648,02 g-752, 169 h. 6,01 1,933
   

14- Round these off to the nearest I 00,000:  1,462,315   1.500,000

a. 2,637,002 b. I,918,727
    

15- Copy and complete this table:

Item Cost in Rs Cost of the nearest Rs million
Hospital 6,500,000 7,000,000
Stadium 7,362,000  
Hotel 5,964,310  
School 1,093,999  

 

I6. Refer to page 21 and answer these questions. Example: What is the population of Sindh rounded off to the nearest     I0, 000?        30,400,000

  1. What is Baluchistan’s population rounded off to I the nearest 1000?
  1. What is Punjab’s population rounded off to the nearest million?
  1. What is the population of FATA rounded off to the nearest I00,000?
  1. What is Islamabad FCA’s population rounded off to the nearest I00?

P:26

MORE WORK WITH BIGGER NUMBERS: MULTIPLICATION

1-Copy and complete:

a-1231x540 b-6099x487 c-3614x353 d-7536x396
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
e-6148x469 f-2984x455 g-2405x321 h-1879x628
  

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

2-Write vertically and complete.

a-3847 X 431   b. 7346 X 398
c-9625 X 855   d. 5174 X 872
d-6098 X 627   f. 10,193 X 243

3-Solve the problems, making complete statements.

a-If a toy factory produces 2850 toy _cars everyday, how many cars will be produced in a year of 296 working days?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-If Naseem Hameed runs 6500 m every day as part of her training programme, how many metres will she run in the course of one year? How many km is that altogether?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-A school uniform at Ameen High School costs Rs I325. If there are 567 children at the school, what will the total bill for all the children’s uniforms be?   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:27

1-Copy and complete, working very carefully:

a-29)32,497  b-19) 281,425
c-24)18,726  d-23)425,662
e-35)51,972  f-45)884,695

2-Write each in long division form and complete.

a-6295÷31  b-85,177÷81
c-14,038 ÷ 87  d- 47,072 ÷ 67
e-35,764 ÷ 59  f- 8706 ÷ 95

3-Write quotients in the blanks after solving each division mentally.

5200 ÷ I0 =

3800 ÷ I9 =

6600 ÷ 66 =

7200 ÷ 24 =

l0,000 ÷   50 =

65,000 ÷ 100 =

4-Now solve these.

2,603,420 ÷ 25 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,1l2,633 ÷ 27 5,753,l I9 ÷ 43

P:28

1-Copy and complete working as carefully as you can:

a-248)32,561 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-187) 29,364
c-330)45,695 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-485) 50,678

 

  1. Write in long division ‘form and complete.
  2. 46,028÷384
  3. 52, I69 ÷416
  4. 75,673÷649
  5. 34,396÷457
  6. 28,932 ÷535
  7. 1i721÷464
  8. 56,430 ÷719
  9. 49,868÷ 384
  10. Work out the division in your head, then write quotients in the blanks.
  11. 360,000 ÷200=
  12. 480,000 ÷400=
  13. 69 5,000 ÷695=
  14. 560,000 ÷140=
  15. 738,000 ÷1000=
  16. 2 I 0,000 ÷700=

Write your answers as fractions.

P:29 WORD PROBLEMS

1-Read these carefully, and decide whether you should multiply or divide in each case. Then, solve the problems, making complete statements.

a-Jumbo Fancy Stores Wants to place an order for firecrackers. If one box contains I44 firecrackers, how many boxes must the shop order for a stock of 100,080 firecrackers?  
b-The Punjab Government wants to build new homes for 382 homeless fami4es. If each home costs ‘Rs lr,00,960, how much will the project cost altogether?  
c-School children in Karachi raise Rs 40,575 through a sponsored marathon race. If the collection is shared between 520 needy families, how much does each family get, and how much money will be left over?  
d-Superpop soft drinks factory employs 267 people. If each worker receives Rs 2384 as wayes every month, I  what is the total waye bill (i) for one month, (ii) for the whole year.  

2-Help Sid work out these word problems, making complete statements.

a-If Sid’s rocket travels a distance of 756,600 km in 240 hours, how many km does it travel in one hour?  
b-During his trip, Sara knits a bright, orange scarf i at the rate of 469 mm every hour. If her trip lasts 8 days and if Sara sleeps only 5 hours a day, how much scarf will she have knitted by the end of the trip?  
c-If each of the 6I4 Super globe residents eats 83250 g of vegetables in a year, what is the total weight of vegetables eaten (in kg)?  

P:30  REVIEW

1-Using graph paper, plot o 4negraph to show the number of people who visited Lahore Zoo during the first six months of 2004.

No. of Visitors 1000 2500 3000 3500 4500 5000
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May june

 

  1. Why do you think so many people visited the Zoo in May and June?
  2. What is the difference between the number of visitors in February and May?
  3. What is the total number of visitors in January and February?

2-Write in expanded form.

a. 962,430  
b. 1 0,720,482  
c. 2,464,209  
d. 4,67,30, 141  

3-Write each number in Pakistani periods.

a-6050038   b-85324861  

4-Rewrite each number in International periods.

a-462456I   b-60405645  

5-Write vertically and complete

a. 4,695,132 + 69,549 + 59051  
b-16,80,51,1 – 833,745 1  
c. 16,213×264  

6-Write in Long division form any complete.

a. 462,391 ÷ 384 b. 381, 684 ÷465 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7-Round off to the nearest 10.

a. 269 b. 8490 c. 7851
     

8-Round off to the nearest 100.

a. 506 b. 6052 c. 45,023
     

9-Round off to the nearest IO00

a. 11,425 b. 438,421 c. 6,846,680
     

P:31  BILLS WORKING WITH LARGER SUMS OF MONEY

1-Prepare bills for these customers at Galaxy Superstore.

a Manyy Moon: 6  kg of rice at Rs 75 per kg, 3 kg of grapes at Rs 40.00 per kg;25 packets of washing powder at Rs 80 per pocket;  3 l of oil at Rs 125 per l

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b Linda Lightyear: 8  kg of wheat flour at Rs 36 per kg;  8 packets of biscuits at Rs 23 per packet;  2 kg of carrots at Rs 25 per kg; I .75 kg of potatoes at Rs 30per kg.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Now prepare bills for customers at Super-Zoom Garage. Make your bills wider than before, because you will be working with larger sums of money.

a Sara Spacewalker: 2 space-_bikes costing Rs 12,6Il¢each; ci new lamp costingRs 85150; 23 I of petrol at Rs 48.40 per l

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b Veena Venus: I Lunar moped costing Rs I4,832.50; is space helmets costingRs 2I9.60′ each; 6 spare wheels at Rs 347.50 each.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-This bill has a mistake! Find the mistake, then rewrite and work out the correct amounts.

Customer:Sara S.                                                    dated:1.11.1999
Quantity Item Cost per unit Total cost
8 kg Rice Rs 64.00 Rs 604.00
4    l Oil Rs 86.00 Rs 244.00
4kg Tomatoes Rs 30.00 Rs 047.00
12 kg Mangoes Rs 50.00 Rs 400.00
                                                           Grand Total   Rs 1295.50

 

P:32 THE FOUR OPERATIONS: ORDERING (SIMPLIFICATION )

1-Using the simplification  rule, DMAS solve these.

Example: (9+3×4)=(multiply before adding)

3×4 (next add)

9+12=21

Answer:21

a)8 + 4 – 3  b)8 ÷ 2 + 12
c)6 x 5 – 5  d)10 – 3 ÷ 3
e)11 +2 x 8  f)12 ÷ 4 x 5
g)30 + 6 ÷ 3  h)16 + 8 ÷ 2

 

P:33 SIMPLIFICATION

a) 12 x 6 + 3  b) 15 x 42 + 14
c) 84 + 7 x 10  d) 108 + 12 + 46
e) 14 + 21 + 3  f) 20 -16 + 4
g) 58 – 24 + 8  h) 17 + 5 x 20

3-Now simplify these:

a) 3 x 2 + 8 – 5  b) 128 ÷ 4 +12 x 5
c) 6 x 5 +12 ÷ 4  d) I8 x 6 ÷ 2 – 24

2- Remember your DMAS rule and simplify these:

a) 7 + 6 + 2 x 18  b) 5 x15 + 3 + 49
c) 121 + 11 + 5 x 20  d) 8 x14 + 7 -10
e) 844 -12 x 3 – 6 

5- Think carefully, then simplify:

a) 18 + 4 x 6 + 2 – 9  b) 25 + 5 x 8 + 6 – 12
c) 31 + 24 ÷ 8 x 9 -39  d) 45 ÷ 5 +7 x11-20

P:34 SIMPLIFICATION : USING BRACKETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name:                                                              Worksheet countdown-5 date:

P:35 SIMPLIFICATION : USING BRACKETS

6-Copy and complete these. Work out the operations inside the brackets first.

4+(8×3)  4+(24)

= 28

a-(3×7)+ I2 b-(9+22)x4 c-8xl2+16) d-14+(18×3)
 

 

 

 

7-Now copy and complete these.

(9-3)x8…(9-3)=6

(6)x8=48

a-(5×8- 1) b. 6×18÷9) c-(6×9)-I8 d. (9xl0)÷45
 

 

 

 

8-Now simplify these sums involving fractions, using the brackets to help you.

+()–=

=

a- (+) – b- ( –  ) +   
c-  – (   –   ) d-   + (  –  )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9-Work the same way with decimal fractions.

(0.5 + 0.2) X 4   (0.7) X 4

= 2.8

a (5.0 – 0.5) x 2  c (9.6 – 7.2) X 4
b 8 X (4.0 – 3.5)  d 16 + (8.3 – 4.3)

 

10-Think carefully. Put brackets in the correct places t6 make these statements true.

a-2 X 2 X 2 – 2 = 0 b-2+2+2+2=5 c- 18-6+3=4
      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:36 SIMPLICATION:BRACKETS

11-Working carefully, copy and simplify.

4 + [15 – {7 + (6 + 2)}]

= 4 + [15 – {7 + (3)}]

=4+ [ I5 – {7+3}]

= 14 + [15 – {l0}]

= 4 + 5

= 9

a-24-[5+{8-(9-6)}] 
b-2x[18-(6+(9÷3)}] 
c-[100 – {80 ÷ (20 X 2)}] + 3 
d-80 + [IO x {l6 – (8 ÷ 2)}] 
e-39-[6+{5-(6-3)}] 
f- I0 ÷ [3 + {5 – (12 ÷4)}] 

12-Now simplify these. Remember that while adding and subtracting un4ke fractions, you need to find the common denominator.

Example:   + (  + ) =    + (  + )

=  +

=  + =

a  + ( +  ) 
b ( +   ) + ( –   ) 
c   + ( –    ) 
d + (  –   ) 

P:37 SIMPLIFICATION : BRACKETS

  1. Simplify these and reduce your answer to its Lowest terms.
a 10  + [ 4 – {  + ( +  ) } ] 
b 6 – [ + { 3 – ( +  ) 
c 3  – {  + ( 2  –  ) 

14-Now,simplify these:

15-Now simplify these sums involving decimal fractions. Remember to place your decimal points carefully.

2.8 + {3.6l – (1.12 + 2.34)}

  1.12 + 2.34 = 3.46

= 2.8 + {3.6 – (3.46)}

= 2.8 + {0.15}

2.8 + 0.95 = 2.95

a-7.3 – {1.4 + (0.92 + I.63)} 
b-{3 X (1.59 + 2.01)} + l00.22 
c-100 x [12 – (6.2 + (1.3 + 2.6)}] 

16-Simplify these.

a. Arif Shares, a chocolate bar with his two brothers. He gives one brother got the bar and ‘the other brother  of the bor. How much does he keep for himself?
Solution:
b-  In a special offer at Sid’s supermarket, music CDs ‘ which usually cost Rs 32.50orfe reduced in price by Rs 5. If a customer buys Six CDs, how much will they cost him?
Solution:

P:38 REVIEW

AREA

  1. Write the area, in cm2, of each shape shown below.
             
             
             
             
             
  1. On a paper with centimetre squares, draw these shapes.
a. A rectangle with an area of 8 cm2   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Any shape with an area of 10  cm2   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. A square with an area of I6 cm2.   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. A rectangle with an area of 15 cm2   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Copy and complete this table.

Rectangle Area Perimeter
Length Breadth
5 cm 2 cm    
16 cm 10 cm    
21 cm 3 cm    

 

4-Use multiplication to work out the area of these gardens.

5-Solve these problems in your note book.

a. If the area of a carpet is 32 m2 and its breadth is 4 m, what the length?
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. A builder has enough bricks to construct a rectangular compound wall with aperimeter of 16 m. One side of the wall is 30 m, what is the width of the other side?
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:39 MORE ABOUT AREA: COMPOSITE SHAPES

1- Work out these floor areas by dividing the shapes into rectangle s.

  1. Manyy Moon, who is an architect, has designed a new school building. Work out the area of each room in it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is the total area covered A by the school building?

P:40 Area: Triangles

  1. Work out the area of each triangle shown on a centimetre grid below.
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           

 

P:41

  1. Work out the area of each coloured triangle.

 

 

 

 

 

5-Copy these shapes carefully on to a centimeter grid. Then work out the area of each shape by  dividing it into Squares, rectangles and Triangles.

P:42  AREA: PARALLELOGRAMS

6-Copy these parallelograms carefully on a centimeter grid. Change  each parallelogram into a rectangle  or square of the same area and calculate

the area:

 

             
             
             
             
             
             

 

7-Measure the length and breadth of each of these parallelograms, and then

work out the area.

8-Measuring carefully, work out the area of each parallelogram and the area of each coloured triangle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:43  MORE ABOUT TRINAGLES

9- Now find area of triangle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:44 MORE ABOUT TRINAGLES

10- Calculate the area of each coloured triangle , using your ruler if necessary?

 

 

 

 

 

 

11-Draw two straight 4nes from point A to divide the shaded area into a square and three Triangles. Find (a) the total area of the shape, and (b) the area of the three shapes formed.

 

 

 

 

 

a-Area of Large square = 64 cm2

Area of blank squares =————————–

Area of shaded squares =———————–

b- Now cut the shape into a square and three Triangles. Calculate area of each. Does it tally with (a)?

P:45

1-Look at these pairs of objects then tick the object you think has greater volume.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Look at these shapes made out of cube-shaped building blocks, Work out how many cubes have been used to make each shape.

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Do the two cuboids in each pair have the same volume? Write “yes” or “no”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P: 46 THINKING ABOUT VOLUME

P:47 VOLUME: THE CUBIC CENTIMETRE

I- Look at page 96 again. Look carefully at the open cube made by Sid. Now draw a cube of your’ own, making each edge 4 cm long.

  1. How many cubes with each edge of 1cm can be fitted on to the base of your cube?
  2. How many such layers ore needed to fill the cube?
  1. Look at the cuboids below, then copy and complete the table.
cubiod No. of cubes in each layer No. of layers No. of cubes in cubiod
a 3×2=6 3 18
b

P:48 VOLUME: THE CUBIC CENTIMETRE

  1. The layers below have been mode with centimetre- cubes. Write the volume of each Luger, using the rule.
  1. Now, find the volume of each of these cuboids mode of centimetre cubes.

Q 5. Work out the volume of each box.

  1. Copy and complete the table.
cubiod Area of base height Volume
22 cm2 4cm 88 cm3
a 20 cm2 6 cm
b 16 cm2 7 cm

P:49   VOLUME

7-Calculate the volume of cuboid each with these measurements.

I= I2cm,b=4cm,h=3cm

Volume = (l2 cm xl»cm)x 3 cm

= 48x 3 cm = l44cm2

a-l=9cm, b= i.5cm, h=hcm 
b-l=6cm, b= 2.5cm, h= 8cm 
c-I= 11cm, b=7cm, h=9cm 

8-Look at these boxes. Sid knows the volume of each of them, but does not have one of the measurements. Help him find out the missing measurement by using division.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9-Now copy and complete this table. length Breadth Height Volume

cubiod length breadth Height volume
  9 cm 8 cm 5 cm 360 cm3
    12 cm 7 cm 924 cm3
  6 cm 6 cm   288 cm3
  11 cm   3 cm 396 cm3

10-Solve these word problems in your notebook, making complete statements.

a-If a fish tank is 50 cm long, 20 cm wide and I5 cm high, how many cubic centimeters of water will it hold? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-Mondy Moon designs a classroom cupboard with a volume of 6 cubic metres (6 m3). If the cupboard is 3 m high and I m long, what is its breadth? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-The aquarium in Sid Spacewalker’s home has a volume of I2,000 cm3. If itis 30 cm long and 20 cm wide, how high is it?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:50 VOLUME: 4NKING VOLUME WITH CAPACITY

1-Write the volume and then the capacity of each box:

 

 

 

 

P:51 REVIEW

1-Using graph paper, pat a 4ne groph to show the number of children present of Modern School during a week in July I99l. Here is the data.

children 450 500 550 600 650
Day Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri

2-Change  these numbers into Pakistani periods.

a-1,249,000,938 b-51,670,324
   

3-Round off to the nearest I00.

a-15,550 b. 84,472
   

4-Copy and complete.

a. 384,691 + 372 b. 605,827 + 453 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5-Round off to the nearest cm.

a. I6.5 cm b. 23.4 cm
   

6-Simplify these, using the DMAS rule.

a. 8 x 6 + I0 + 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. 23 + I6 + 4 X 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 48 + I2 + 6 X 4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. 30 + 6 x 2 + 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7-Now simplify these.

a. (8.3 -7.1)x 9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. [90 – {50 + (30 ÷ 3)}] – 28 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. ( –  ) +  ( +   ) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-4  – {  + ( 3  –  )} 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8-Calculate the area of each of these shapes.

9-Calculate the volume of each of these boxes. Then give the capacity in ml.

a. I=7cm, b=8.5cm, h=6cm 
b. I= I0.5cm,b=6cm, h=7cm 
c. l=9.2cm, b=7cm, h= l0cm 

P:52  PART TWO   REMEMBERING MULTIPLES AND FACTORS

 HELP SID COMPLETE THIS REVIEW

 Clues-Across

  1. 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 are all —————-of the number 2.
  2. Two numbers which have only I as their common factor are called—————————- numbers.
  3. All even numbers are multiples of this number.
  4. Every number is a factor of —————————.

9-On a number 4ne I-I0, the next greatest prime number after five is—————- .

I0. The number eight has a total of ———————-factors.

Clues-Down

2-A number with only two different factors (itself and I) is called —————————–a number.

3————————–numbers have more than two different factors.

5-A multiple is a number which can be divided by another number without any——————————

6-The LCM of4 and 6 is ——————————–

8-Number I is a—————————– of every number.

9-I2, 48, 18 und 30 are all multiples of the number———————–

P:53

1-Find the LCM of these pairs.

I0 and I5… I0=2×5

l5=3X5

LCM of I0 and I5 = 30

a. 8, I2  b. 3,7 c. 9, I5

2-Copy and complete the table.

I X———– = 28

————-x I4 = 28

11 X————- = 28

7 x————— = 28

Now write all the factors of 28.

3-How many factors does each number have?

I8   6 factors (I, 2, 3, 6,9 I8)

a. 24 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. 56 c. 75
d. 25 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 100 f. 91

4-By 4sting the factors of each number, find the HCF of these pairs.

ir 20, 25   20: I, 2, ll, 5 IO, 20

25: I, 5, 25

HCF of 20, 25 = 5

a. I5, 39 b. 2I, I7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5-Tick the pairs of co-prime numbers.

5 and 11… 5=1×5,

11=1 x11

a. 56 and I4 b. I00 and 25 c. 23 and 29 d. 81and 7
 

6-Are these statements true or false? Write T or F, explaining your answer.

I8 is a factor of 72

T(18 x 4 = 72)

  1. 15 and 35 are co-prime numbers.
  2. The HCF of 16 and 24 is la.
  3. The LCM of 1 1 and 9 is 99.
  4. Among prime numbers, only the number 2 is an even number.
  5. 1030 is divisible by 3.
  6. 48,605 is divisible by 5.

7-Think carefully, then answer these.

 Write a few pairs of numbers with HCF 7

14 and 21; 28 and 49

  1. Write two 4-digit numbers divisible by 9.
  1. What is the smallest prime number?
  1. Draw factorization trees to show the prime factors of (a) 32 and (b) 45.

d- If the LCM of a pair of numbers is 190 and one of the numbers is I0, what is the other number?

P:54  MORE TESTS OF DIVISIBI4TY

1-Sid Space walker is trying to remember his rules of divisibi4ty.

Help him fill in the blanks:

  1. Any number with 0 in the column is divisible
  2. An——————— number is always divisible by 2.
  3. A number where digits add up to a multiple of 3 is divisible by——————–
  4. All numbers which are divisible by 9 have digits that add up to a multiple of———.
  5. An example of a number which is divisible by 5 and by I0 is————————
  6. Which of these numbers is divisible by 3?
a. 149 b. 5481 c. 19,410
  

 

 

 

   

 

3- Which of these numbers is divisible by 5?

a. 16,495 b. l7,03,760 c- 705
  

 

 

 

 

 

   

4-Write down six 7-digitnumbers which are divisible by 9.

 

 

  1. Tick the numbers which are divisible by I0:
a. 4960 b. 5010 c-720395
  1. Which of these are divisible by 4?
a. 1096 b. 2000 c. 23,606

P:55    MORE TESTS OF DIVISIBILTY

7-Copy these numbers and see which of them are divisible by 6.

a-8622 b. 47,0 I 8 c-1463 d. 39,582
  

 

 

     

8-Look at “these numbers carefully. Tick those which are divisible by  3 but not

by 6.

a-14707 b. 801 C.1,59,65l1
  

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

9- Check to see whether these numbers are divisible by 8.

a. l1189 b. 1,17,000 c. 6408 d. 1,4‘13,600
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

P:56

11- Check to see if these numbers are divisible by  I2

a-24,430 b. 1080 c.81,156
  

 

 

 

 

 

   

P:57 REMEMBERING THE DIVISION METHOD

  1. Find the prime factors of these numbers, using the division method. Then,

check your answers.

a. 156 b. 66 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 475
d. 2l2 e. 94 f. 164 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2- Use brackets to help you. All the prime factors of 90 are given below.

2x3x3x5=(2×5)x(3×3)

= 10×9

We have used groups of IO to help us. Now, write the numbers with these factors:

a. 2x2x5x5 b. 2x2x5x7 c. 3x3x5 d. 2x2x3x3x5

3- Write the HCF of:

I2, I6 and 20 HCF=4

a. I8, 27, 36 b. I2, 30 c. 27, 54, I8 d. 38, 16, I4

P:58 THE DIVISION METHOD AND HSF

4-Break these pairs of numbers into their prime factors, then find their HCF and LCM.

a-64 and 148 b. 63 and 108
c-26 and 96 d. 27 and 130

5-These are numbers that have already been broken down into their prime factors. Quickly find the HCF of each pair.

2x3x7x5 and 2x5x2

CF = 2 and 5

HCF= 2×5= I0

a-2x2x2x5 and 2x2x3x5 b-2x3x3x5 and 2x3x5x7  c-2x3x5x5 and 3x5x5x7

6-Now find the HCF of each set of three or more numbers.

2x2x3,  2x3x3 and 2x3X3

Common factors =   2X 2 X 3

2X 2 X 3

2X 2 X 3

HCF = 2 X 3 = 6

a-2x3x3;2x2x2; and2x2x3 b-2x2x3x5;2x2x5 and2x3x3x5

P:59 THE HCF OF LARGER NUMBERS

1-FIND THE HCF AND LCM OF:

132 and 220 180 and 252 120 and 168 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

175, 300 and 425 70, 147 and 98 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:60 THE HCF OF LARGER NUMBERS: LONG DIVISION METHOD

2- Use Sid’s method to find the HCF of these pairs.

a. 105 ; 93 b. Z72 ; 1278
c. 999 ; 851 d. 513 ; 40

3-Now find the HCF and LC of these pairs.

a. 1100 ; 1490 b. 722 ; l406 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 1272 ; 90l d. 2272 ; 127 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:61 THE DIVISION METHOD AND LCM

1-Using the division method, find the lcm of these pairs.

a-42; 126 b-20; 56 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-These pairs of numbers are broken down into their prime factors. Quickly find the LCM of each pair.

2 x 2 x 3 and 2 x 2 x 5

LCM= (2×2) x 3 x 5=60

a-2 x 2 x 3 and 2 x 7 b-2 x 2 x 2 and 2 x 2 x 3 c-2 x 2 x 5 and 5 x 5
  

 

 

   

3-Look at the pairs of numbers in Exercise 2 above. As quickly as you can, change  the numbers back into whole numbers.

2 x 2 x 3 and 2 x 2 x 5

I2 and 20

a-2 x 2 x 3 and 2 x 7 b-2 x 2 x 2 and 2 x 2 x 3 c-2 x 2 x 5 and 5 x 5
  

 

   

 

4-Match each pair of numbers shown on the left to the correct LCM (use your

rough notebook to make your calculations).

   
a-16 and I2b-27and 45

c-36 and 24

d-55 and 66

e-40 and 32

f-15 and 125

g-70 and 98

h-30 and 40

16072

490

48

120

375

135

330

P:62 LCM OF THREE NUMBERS

1-Find the LCM of these of numbers.

a. 6, 9 and 15 b. I0, 12 and 20 c. I2, I5 and I8
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

2- Using a coin, draw Venn diagrams to show the prime factors and common prime factors of these pairs of numbers. Then work out the LCM.

a-2x3x5 and 2x2x5 b-2x2x2x3 and 2x2x3
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Repeat Exercise 2, this with three numbers and three circles.
a-2 x 3 x 5 and 2 x 2 x 5 b-2 x 2 x 2 x 3 and 2 x 2 x 3
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:63 HCF&LCM

P:64 REVIEW

1-Tick only those numbers which are divisible by 4.

a. 624 b. 308,005 c. 3060 d. 864,442

 

2-Circle those numbers, which are divisible by 6.

a. 1572 b. 18,060 c. 43.034 d. 66.603
       

3-Write any 4-digit number which is divisible by 3 but not by 6.

 

 

4-Tick only the numbers which are divisible by 8.

a. 846,000 b. 22,408 c. 1318 d. 903,000

 

5-Which of these numbers can be divided by 12?

a. 80,505 b. 215,205 c. 86,300 d. 4′-1,050
       

6-Can these numbers be divided by I2? Write ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

a. 8132 b. 45,265 c. 10,248 d. 594,156
       

7-Write the numbers whose prime factors are shown, using brackets to help you.

a. 2x2x2x3x3X5 b. 2 X 3 X 3 X 7
  

 

 

 

 

 

8-Break down these numbers their prime factors, using the division method.

a. 148 b. 210 c-365
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

9-Find the HCF of these sets, using the division method.

a. 36 and 108 b. 24,112 and 72 c. 38,95 and 114
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

10-Find the LCM of these pairs of numbers, remembering to include common factors only once.

a. 2×2 x3 and 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 b. 3 x 3 x 5 and 3 x 5 x 7 c. 5 x 5 x 7 and 2 x 5 x 7
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

11-Find the LCM of these sets.

a. 9, I8 and 21 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. I0, I4 and 30 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. I2, I6 and 20 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. 24, 30 and 40 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12-Copy the sentences and fill the blanks.

a. If the product of two numbers is 756 and their HCF is 6, their LCM will—————
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. If the LCM of two numb is I05, their HCF 3, and of the numbers I5, then other number is—————
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:65 FABULOUS FRACTION FUN-FAIR

P:66  MORE FRACTIONS

I- Reduce these fractions to their lowest terms.

a- b- c-
 
  1. Complete the equivalent fractions.
a- = b-  = c-  = d-  =
  1. Write these us mixed numbers.
a- b- c-
      
  1. Write these as improper fractions.
 a- 5 b- 7 c- 10 d- 12
  1. Fill in the missing numbers.
a-  = b-  = c- =

6-Reduce these to their lowest terms, then change  into mixed numbers.

a- b- c-
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

7-Rewrite these fractions so that they have a common denominator.

 and =  and

a-  and b-  and c-  and d-  and
        

 

8-Complete these, making sure each answer is in its lowest terms.

a-  + b- 5  + 2 c- 1  + d- 2  +
        

9-Now, subtract carefully, making sure each answer is in its lowest terms.

a-    5  – 3  b- 7  –  3 c- 8  – 4   d- 12  6
        

 

P:67 MULTIPLICATION  OF FRACTIONS: FIRST IDEAS

1- Complete these using repeated condition (The diagrams will help you).

a-5 x  
b- 4 X  
c- 3 x  
d- 4 x  

 

2- Now complete these, using multiplication instead of repeated addition.

a-  x4 b- 7 x c-   x 3
 
d-  x 7 e- 5 x f- 6 x
 

Q 3. Complete these, making sure your answer is in its lowest terms.

a-  x6
b-  x 8
c-  x 2
d- 4 x
e-  x 3
f- 7 x

P:68 MULTIPLYING A FRATION BY A FRACTION

1-Look at these multiplication s. Copy and complete them in your notebook.

a-  x 4=  x  =  = 2
b- 3 x =
c-  x 2=
d- 5 x =
e-  x =

 

2-Draw pairs of diagrams to show these statements.

a-  of of b-    of of  of of  
       

 

P:69 MULTIPLYING A FRATION BY A FRACTION

3-Write statements to match these diagrams.

   
   

 

4-Now draw diagrams to match these multiplications, and write the product of

each.

a-  x b- x c-  x d-  x
  

 

 

 

 

     

 

5-Use multiplication to find the products, then draw diagrams to check.

a-  x b-  x c-  x d-  x
       

 

  1. Now find the products of these, using multiplication only.
a-   x b-  x c-  x
 
d-  x e-  x f-  x
 

7- Solve these multiplications:

a-  x   x  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-  x d-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-  x f-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

g-  x h-  x  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:70 MULTIPLYING A FRACTION BY A FRACTION

8- Draw diagrams to Show these multiplications, then write each product.

a-  x   x  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-  x d-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-  x f-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9-Write multiplication sums to match these statements.

* Two-thirds of    =  x

  1. Two-fifths of =
  2. Three-eighths of =

10-Use multiplication to find the products, then draw diagrams to check.

a-  x   x  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-  x d-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-  x f-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11-Now find the products of this using multiplication only.

a-  x   x  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-  x d-  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:71 MULTIPLICATION  OF  FRACTION: LOWEST TERM: BRACKETS

I- Solve these multiplications, writing each production its lowest terms.

a-  x b-  x c-  x d-  x
 
  1. Solve these, using brackets to help you.
a-  x  x b-  x  x c-   x  x d-   x  x
 

 

P:72 MULTIPLICATION  OF MIXED NUMBERS: CANCELLING

I- Solve these multiplication s making sure each product is in its lowest terms.

a- 2  x 3 b- 4  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c- 1  x 2 d-  5 x 4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e- 3  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f- 2  x 1
g- 2  x 6 h- 2  x 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i- 3  x 2 j-  x 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

k- 3  x 1 l- 5  x 1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:73 MULTIPLICATION  OF FRACTIONS: WORD PROBLEMS

1- Think Carefully, then solve these word problems, writing complete statements.

a- In a class of 44 pupils, are girls. How many girls are there altogether? Howmany boys? Answer in (i) numbers and (ii) fractions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Ayesha’s grandmother buys  m of lace for her handkerchief. She uses onlyof the Luce. What length of lace has she used?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. If the geography textbook for Class 5 is  cm thick, how tall will a pile of 9 such textbooks be? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Now solve these, think carefully and make complete statements.

a- On Purple Grass Farm in Super globe, of the land is used for growing vegetables. Space-fingers are grown on of this portion. What fraction of the total farm area is devoted to space-fingers? 
b-The racetrack in Planet City Stadium is 1  km long. If Sprog Spacewalkermanages to run around it 4  times before collapsing, how many km has he run?

 

 

P:74 SID’S MAGIC FRACTION PAGE

P:75 DIVISION WITH FRACTIONS: FIRST IDEAS

1- Copy and complete this table, remembering your rules of division.

Division sum Words we say Quotient
72÷ 9 How many nines make 727 8
2500÷ 50
324÷4
391÷ 17

2- Write in numbers.

* How many twelves make l44?

144 ÷ 12 = 12

  1. How many 16s make 832?
  2. How many 21s in 903?
  3. How many 19s make 1083?
  4. How many 35s in 595?
  5. Now solve these, using words to help you.
a- 1÷ b-1 ÷ c- 3÷
  

 

 

 

   
d- 1÷ e- 2 f- 3 ÷
  

 

 

   

 

P:76 DIVISION WITH FRACTIONS: FIRST IDEAS

4-Copy and complete this table, thinking very carefully.

  Division sum In words Quotient
  2 ÷ How many thirds make 2 wholes?  
a 3 ÷    
b    
c 12 ÷   132
d 14 ÷    

 

5-Write division sums to match these diagrams.

a  
b  
c  
d  

6-Now complete these with the help of diagrams.

a- 6÷ b- 30 ÷ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c- 13 ÷
d-28 ÷ e- 18 ÷ f- 7 ÷ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

g-32÷ h- 17 ÷ i- 14 ÷ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

j- 23 ÷ k- 11 ÷ l- 43 ÷ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7-Write the reciprocals of the following.

 a- b- c-
      

 

8-Find the reciprocals of these.

a- 1 b- 2 c- 1
      

 

P:77 MORE ON RECIPROCALS

1-Write these whole numbers as fractions.

a- 4 b- 12 c- 100

2-Write these numbers as fractions and then write the reciprocal of each.

a- 10 b- 21 c- 2397

3- Rewrite the numbers as fractions, and solve.

a- 12 ÷ 2  b- 36÷ 12 c- 100 ÷ 25
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
  1. Now solve these.
a- 12 ÷ b- 100 ÷ c-15 ÷ d-96 ÷
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

5-Use the ‘division by fraction’ rule to solve these.

a-3 ÷ b-24 ÷
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:78 RECIPROCALS: DIVIDING FRACTIONS BY WHOLE NUMBERS

6- Now solve these.

a-8  ÷ 6 b- 3   1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-  ÷ 4 d-  ÷ 4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  DIVIDING A FRACTIONAL NUMBER BY A FRACTIONAL NUMBER

7-Solve these sums, using the division by o fraction’ rule

a-  ÷ b-  ÷  c-  ÷ 
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

8-Now, work out the following.

a-   b- ÷
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9-Copy and fill in the blanks

a- Dividing by  is the some is multiplying by———————————

b-Dividing by   is the some as —————-by

P:79 DIVIDING MIXED NUMBERS

1-Now, solve these divisions

a- 10  ÷ 5 b- 8  ÷ 6
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
c- 5  ÷ 2 d-18 ÷ 3
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
e- 16 ÷ 4 f-3   ÷ 1
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
g-4  ÷ 2 h-12 ÷ 4
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Now, solve these.

a- 8 ÷ 3 b- 5  ÷ 2
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-True or false? Think carefully, then write T or F.

a-The reciprocal of  ÷ is I2.

b-  ÷  means ‘how many halves make two-thirds.

c-The reciprocal of 2  is 2

d-The product of any two fractional numbers is always less than either of the two numbers.

e-The product of a fractional number and its reciprocal is always zero.

f-Each fractional number has only one reciprocal.

g-The reciprocal of  is 1000.

h-   ÷  is the some as  of

P:80 MORE FRACTION MAGIC

P:81 DIVISION WITH FRACTIONS: WORD PROBLEMS

1-Now solve these problems, making complete statements.

a-A pile of maths textbooks on a table is exactly iii-é cm high. If each book is ig cm thick, how many books make up the pile? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-Maham has 36 chocolates. She gives 9 of them to her best friend, Laila, then ‘ shares the rest between herself and 4 other friends. How many chocolates does Maham get? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c- A piece of ribbon is 5% m long. If it is cut into I4 e9ual pieces, how long will each piece be? Write your answer (i) in fractions (ii) in m and cm. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-In the Shooting Star Restaurant, Outer Space, a pancake takes just é °f U minute to cook. How many pancakes can be cooked in the space of 1% hours? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:82 SIMPLICATION WITH FRACTIONS

  1. Using the DMAS rule to help you solve these.
a- 3  +5  – 1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b- 4  ÷ 2 – 1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-5  x 1 + 10 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 d-18- 6  ÷ 4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e- 5 ÷ 2  x 10 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f- 4  x 1 + 10 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2- Working very carefully, solve these:

a- (1 + 2 ) x(3  + 2 ) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b- 4 + { ( 3 – 1  )x 5} 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-[{( 18 ÷ 6  ) + 14  } – 2 ] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-20 + [ 5 x {9 – ( 1  x  ) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-24 + [ 3 x { 10  – (  ÷  )} ] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f-[ 12  + { 3  x (  + ) } ] – 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

g-{ 4  + ( 5  x 3 ) } -2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:83 REVIEW Fractions

  1. Copy and complete the table.
   of is the same as  x =
a  of     =  
b  of 2     =  
c  of     =  

 

  1. Solve these, making safe each answer is in its lowest terms.
a-  x  x 1 b-  x  x0
   
c- 1  x   d-3  x
   

 

  1. Write the reciprocals of the following.
a-21 b-10 c-2 d- e -100 f-15

4- Solve these.

a-18 ÷ b- ÷ c-  ÷ 3 d- 1 ÷ 

 

 

 

 

 

5-Solve these, thinking carefully about which operation you need to use. Make complete statements.

a. Babar starts the dag with I5 kg of potatoes for sale in his shop. He sells 4  kg before I0 a.m. and 6  kg between I0 a.m. and noon. What weight is left over for the afternoon? Give your answer (i) in fractions; (ii) in kg and g.
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Selvi Spacewalker  took hours to draw a picture of Venus. Sid took only  of the same period of time to draw a picture of Saturn. How long did Sid take to complete his picture? Give you answer (i) in minutes; (ii) as a fraction of an hour.
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6-Solve these, working very carefully.

a- (6  + 2  ) – (1 x ) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b- {3 x ( 1  ÷  ) } – 2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c- 3 + [ 5 x { 16 – ( 3  – 2 )}] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:84 SID AND SARA’S DECIMAL REMINDER PAGE

P:85 DECIMAL AND FRACTIONS: REVIEW PAGE

1-Write these common fractions as decimals by changing them into equivalent fractions with denominator I0, when necessary.

a- 3 b- c-2 d- 100 e- 10 f- 3
  

 

         

2-Change into common fractions.

a 10.01=
b 18.05=
c 35.75=
d 25.25=
e 33.04=
f 100.2=

3-Write these lengths in cm.

a- 6 cm 5 mm  b-15 cm 9 mm c- 10 cm 1 mm d-8cm 7 mm

 

4-Copy and fill in the missing symbols (+, -, x or +).

a-0.06 —————-I0= 0.6

b-5.91—————-10= 0.591

c- 9.1 —————–2.1 = 7

d-2.02 ——————-1.01= 3.03

5-Write numbers to match the statements.

>>>8 in the hundredths place, in the ones place, 3 in the tenths place.   I.38

a-9 in the ones place , 4 in the tens place, 6 in the hundredths place, O in the tenths place.
 
b-0 in the hundredths place,5 in the thousandths place, 0 in the tenths place, 9 in the ones place.
 

 

6-Write as decimals.

a- 2 b-8 c-200 d-4 e- f-15
           

 

7-Write the place of the coloured digit.

a-14.032 b- 492.032 c-25.174 d- 645.53
       

8-Write these as decimals by first changing them into equivalent fractions with denominators of I0, I00 or I000.

a-3  =
b-8 =
c-14 =

 

P:86 COMPARING DECIMALS: RIEW PAGE

1- Copy in your notebook, then fill in <, > , or =.

a-     ——————-

b-  ——————-

c-0.004—————— 0.040

d-1.75——————-1

2-Look carefully of these sets, then rewrite them in ascending order.

a , ,,
b 18.413, 18.143,18.341, 18.431
c 0.012, .12, 0.002, .001
d , ,  ,

 

  1. Now place the numbers in these sets in descending order.
a 5.063 , 5.6 , 5.003 , 5.36
b 11.064 , 11.604 , 11.406 , 11.1
c  ,  ,  ,

 

  1. Tick (./) the largest decimal number in each set.
a 18.95, 18.90, 18.05
b 600.60, 600.65, 606.05
  1. Think carefully, then tick (√) the shortest length in each set.
  2. 4cm, 4.5 cm, 0.4 m
  3. 1cm, 100 cm, 1002 m

P:87 ADDITION & SUBTRACTION DECIMALS: REVIEW 

1- In your notebook, draw a place-value chart, then put these numbers into it carefully.

a- 39.51 b. 110.064 c. 14.5
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

2-Now, work out these, making sure you write numbers in correct columns.

a-302.48 – 208.24 b- 619.052 + 341.006 c-R5 I 16.35 – RS 89.74
    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3- Complete these first making sure you turn all numbers into like decimals.

a. 1182.11 + 653.938  
b. 3.19 + 27.974 + 8.8  
c. 49.34 – 8.7  
d. 732.1 1 – 28.932  

P:88 MULTIPLICATION  AND DIVISION WITH DECIMALS

1- Copy and complete:

a. 234.11 X 18 b. Rs 625.50 x 25 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 2707.68 ÷ 16 d. RS 1929.90 X 11 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 2213.40 ÷ 68 f. 861.1121 ÷ 11 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2- Find the value of the following.

a. 2.4 X 3 b-7.905 x 3 

 

 

c. 10.5 x 2 d- 4.672 x 5 

 

 

 

e. 5.6 X 7 f- 3.187 x 9 

 

 

 

g. 19.56 x 8 h-0.998 x 15 

 

 

 

i. 21.33 x 9 j-1.767 x 21 

 

 

 

k. 2I2.35 x 5 l-2.438 x 18 

 

 

 

 

m. 8.96 x I2 n-8.752 x 26 

 

 

 

 

3- Now find the value of these.

a. 13.6 ÷ 4 b. 14.56 ÷ 7
c. 14.5 ÷ 5 d. 21.95 ÷ 5
e. 27.2 ÷ 8 f. 72.84 ÷ 4
g. 5.2 ÷ 4 h. 42.07 ÷ 7
i. 2.79 ÷ 3 j. 1.2s ÷ 6
k. 1 13.88 ÷12 l. 3.75 ÷ 5
m. 83.93 ÷ 11 n. 76.86 ÷ 9
0-l2.08 + 2 p-149.85 ÷ 15

P:89 MULTIPLYING DECIMAL NUMBER

  1. Multiply the following numbers by I0.
a-9. 59.6 

 

b. 129.8 c. 364.8 d. 730.1
e. 469.78 

 

f. 341.0 g. 3463.7 h. 734.9

2- Multiply the numbers after changing decimal numbers into common fractions.

a. 5.3 x 100 b. 4.96 X I00 c. 1 .9 X 1000
d. 395.678 x I000 e. 0.08 x   I000 f. 70.01 x 100
g. 35.635 x 1000 h. 0.002 x 10 i. 29.3 x 10

P:90 DIVIDING A NUMBER WITH A DECIMAL POINT BY I0

1-Copy and complete the divisions.

a. 3.18+10 b. 6.51+1 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 6.24 + I0 d. 6.94 + I0 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 8.3+100 f. 4.83+10 

 

 

 

 

 

g. 4.1+1000 h. 4.5+100 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Think carefully then fill the blanks.

a- 3.6 ÷ —————= 0.36
b-4.8 ÷ —————= 0.048
c-1.92 ÷ —————= 0.192
d-8.74 ÷ —————= 0.0874

3-Which number should replace the question mark?

100 43.5 0.0435
100 13.2 ?
10 4.7 0.47

 

P:91 MULTIPLYING BY A DECIMAL (TENTHS ONLY)

  1. Help Sid work out the area of these pieces of graph paper, (i) in mm2 and (ii) in cm.

(i) 32 mm X 22 mm= 704 mm2

Area=704 mm2

(ii) 3.2 cm X 2.2 cm=

=  x  cm2

= = 7

Area=704 mm2

  1. Work out these areas, (i) in mm2 and (ii) in cm2.
a.16 mm x 112 mm b. 57 mm X 28 mm c. 84 mm X 65 mm
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

P:92 MULTIPLYING BY A DECIMAL (TENTHS ONLY)

3- Work out the area of shaded portion of each square, (i) in cm2 and mm2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4- Complete these multiplications (i) by changing decimals into common fractions, (ii) changing decimals into whole numbers, multiplying, then dividing your answer by 100.

a. 0.66×0.7 b. 7.1 x1.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 0.4 x 0.6 d. 6.4 x 0.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 1.3 X 0.6 f. 3.7 X 2.4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:93 MULTIPLYING A DECIMAL FRACTION BY HUNDREDTHS

1- Now, work out these multiplications.

a. 2.4 x l.58 b. 3.62 X 1.5 
c. 3.62 x 4.3 d. 7.6 x 4.84 

2- Solve these by first changing decimal fractions into common fractions.

a. 1.732 X 0.5 b. 0.482 X 1.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 2.415 X 1.4 d. 7.325 X 0.4 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 1.86i X 2.2 f. 4.09 X 7.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3- Copy and write denominators for *s. Then complete the sums.

  1. 1.62 x 5.3 =
  2. 3.8 x 7.72 =
  3. 8.45 X 2.7=

4- Copy and write denominators in place of *s. Then multiply.

  1. 2.621 x 0.7 =
  2. 0.939 x 6.3 =
  3. 7.9 x 8.64 =
  4. 0.68 X 7.7 =
  5. 9.368 X 5.2 =

P:94 DIVIDING BY A DECIMAL FRACTION

P:95 DIVIDING BY A DECIMAL FRACTION

1-Copy and complete the table.

  Division sum(decimal divisor) Equivalent to (whole number divisor) Answer
* 1.8 ÷ 0.2 18 ÷ 2 9
a 0.84 ÷ 0.12
b 21.9 ÷ 0.3    
c 0.63 ÷ 0.21    
d 0.85  ÷ 0.5    

2- Look at the example and work out the divisions.

a-2.8 ÷ 0.7 b-0.49÷ 0.7 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c- 3.2 ÷0.8 d-9.5 ÷1.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e- 0. 72 ÷ 0.9 f-0.55 ÷ 0.5 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Now, work out these divisions.

a- 9.6 ÷ 0.048 b- 556÷6.95 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-64.2 ÷ 1.07 d-0.9 ÷ 0.018 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:96 USING DIVISION TO CHANGE  COMMON FRACTIONS INTO

1- Solve these.

a- 5÷ 10 b-6 ÷ 300 c- 7 ÷ 14 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2- Now change these into decimal fractions.

a- b- c- 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d- e- f- 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3- Solve the following.

a. While playing in the field, Sprog and his three friends find a ten rupee note. They decide to divide the note among themselves. How much does each get? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Spook gets a nice big chocolate on his birthday. At school he decides to share it with four of his friends. How much does each get? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:97 SIMPLIFICATION  DECIMAL FRACTIONS

1-Using the DMAS rule to guide you, simplify each expression.

a. 6.8X0.14+ 14.63 
b. 8.56 + 0.08 + 2.4 – 1.72 
c. 10.01 X 3.5 – 6.881 
d. 0.95 + 0.05 X 3.3 
e. 20.14 X 0.6 + 100.933 

2-Simplify these.

4.2 – (6.85 – (4.72 – 1.68))

4.2 – (6.85 – (3.04)}

4.2 – (6.85 – 3.04)

4.2 – 3.81 = 0.39

a-9.5 – (2.03 x 1.6) 
b- 7.41 + (O.18 + (6.29 – 4.81) 
c- (0.74 x i.3) + (i.50i – 0.72) 
d- l1x[0.7 + (1.6 + 3.8 – (1.1 x 0.75))] 
e- 9.7 – (6.38 – (18.l7 – I4.39)} 
f- 2 X (l.6 + (33.9 – 2.4 + (0.3 X 0.4)}] 

3-Copy and fill in the blanks.

 

a-6.9l X 4.385: the answer will have——————— decimal places.

b-To change 0.753 into a whole number, I must multiply by————-

c-14.73 – 8.645 =——————–

d-6.49 + I0 =—————–

e——————x 100 = 23.69

f- ————    in decimal form.

g- 6.2 X 3.85 =——————

h- 0.119 x—————– = 11.9

P:98 REVIEW

1- Rewrite these in descending order.

a. 3.01 1, 3.101, 3.001, 3.301
b-  ,  ,  ,  
 

 

2-Write vertically and complete.

9. 6.8l11 -13.962 b. 482.04 + 75338 + 1.2
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Rewrite these groups of decimals as like decimals.

4.058, 6.0, 7.29, 17.3
  

4-Work out the multiplications.

a. 1.769 x 100 b. 1.3 X 7.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 72.034 x 24 d. 0. I17 x 0.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5-Work out the divisions.

a. I15.02 ÷ 18 b. 0.42 ÷ 0.14 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 621.l7 ÷ 100 d. 3.2 ÷ 0.04 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6-Change these into decimal fractions.

a- b- c-
      

 

7-Solve these problems, making complete statements.

a. Spray Spacewalker has a strip of wood 52 cm long. For a model spaceship he is making, he needs small pieces of wood 2.6 cm long. How many can be cut from his long strip? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b-How many 0.25 litre cups can be filled from a 4.5 I jug of lemonade? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-Sid Spacewalker finds 12.25 kg of flour in the cupboard. To bake oneapple pie, he needs l.75 kg of flour. How many pies can he bake?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d-In the beginning of July, Sara Spacewalker weighed 51.25 kg. By the end of the month, she weighed  5l1.I5 kg. How much weight had she gained? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-At an end-of-term party, I2 chocolate cakes are shared equally between 40 children. How much does’ each child get? Give your answer as a decimal fraction. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f-The string attached toy Sprog Spacewalker’s kite is 20.65 m long If Sprog lengthens it by 7.5 m, how long will the string be? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:99    PART THREE  MORE ABOUT ROUNDING OFF

P:100 ROUNDING OFF WITH DECIMALS: TO 1 DECIMAL PLACE

  1. Round off to one decimal 2 place.

6.85   6.9; 3.01  3.0

a- 7.05 b. l5.43 c. 26.25 d. 10.15 e. 27.07 f. 40.03
            
  1. Rewrite vertically and solve. Then round off your answers to the nearest whole number.
a. 37.l1 + 16.8 
b. 16414 + 2.384 + 162.9 
c. 1003.5 – 869.9 
d. 1423 + 238.6 + 14.7 
e. 2061.4 – 1453.8 
  1. Write the length of the shaded part of the line. Then, round it off to the nearest whole number.
a-
b-

P:101 ROUNDING OFF WITH DECIMALS: TO 2 DECIMAL PLACES

1-Round off to 2 decimal pieces.   8.015   8.02

a.132 b. 14.109 2.494 d. I 48.003 e-8.027 f. 1792.007
 

2-Rewrite vertically and solve. Then round off you answer to 2 decimal places.

a-10.049 + 3.1 I7 + 8.632 b-28.032 – I4.595 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c-94.128 + 13.3 + 6.497 d-72.064 – 18.967 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-52.135 – 29.772 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-Multiply or divide, then round off your answer to 2 decimal places.

a- 4.3 x 6.21 b-38.15 x 7.8 
c-24. I8 X 5.7 d- 4.9 + 0.7 
e-14.4 ÷ 1.8 f-32.1 ÷ 10.7 

P: 102 ROUNDING OFF: THE RECURRING OR UNENDING DECIMAL

1- Change these fractions into decimals, rounding off you answers to 3 decimal places.

a- b- 

 

 

 

c- d- 

 

 

 

e- f- 

 

 

 

2- Change these into decimals, rounding off you answer to 3 decimal places.

a- b- c-
d- e- f-

P: 103 ROUNDING OFF DIVISION QUOTIENTS

1- Solve these divisions, rounding off you answers to 2 decimal places.

a. 15,623 ÷ 49 b. 472,689 ÷ 64 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 78,309 ÷ 62 d. 508,933 ÷ 72 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q 2. Now solve these, rounding off your answers to 3 decimal places (Remember: keep dividing till you have four places of decimals, then round off).

a. 53,997 ÷ 48 b. 78,632 ÷ 145 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. 90,455 ÷ 67 d. 65,339 ÷ 28 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P: 104 PERCENTAGES: A SPECIAL KIND OF FRACTION

P: 105 PERCENTAGES: A SPECIAL KIND OF FRACTION

1-Change these fractions into equivalent fractions with denominator 100

a- b – c –
d – e – f –

2-Express these as fractions of 100, rounding off to 2 decimal places where necessary.

a-  of100 b.  of100 C- of 100 d.  of100
 

 

Answers:

P:107

1-Write each fraction as a percentage.

——=36 per cent

 

 

2- Write each fraction as a percentage, using the special symbol.

——=36 %

 

 

3-Write each percentage fraction, reducing it to its lowest terms where possible.

 =

30% 45% 89% 24% 32% 100%
 

 

4-Change these fractions into percentages, rounding off your answers to 2 decimal places where necessary:

——————-=  X  =11.11%

 of 100  
b. of 100  
c. of 100  
d. of 100  
e. of 100  
f. of 100  

 

P:108

Q 1. Change these mixed numbers into percentages.

——————-=x  =x=320%

   
b.   
c.   
d.   
e.   
f.   

 

Q2: Change these into Percentages.

a.6  
b.17  
c.58  
d.9  
e.23  
f.79  

 

Q 3. Change these into percentages.

a.0.23  
b.7.394  
c.7.01  
d.4.69  
e.3.9  
f.3.00  

 

P:109

CHANGING PERCENTAGES INTO FRACTIONS OR DECIMALS

Q4: Change these percentages into fractions, mixed reducing where gou can.

a.75%

  1. 300%
  2. 21%

d.38%

  1. 135%
  2. 800%

Q5: Change these percentages into decimal numbers:

24% ——————-=  =0.24

  1. 35%
  2. 1.8%
  3. 98%
  4. 140%
  5. 6%
  6. 16.3%

Q6: Change these decimal numbers into percentages:

0.05——————-==5%

  1. 0.39
  2. 0.6
  3. l.0
  4. 0.04
  5. 0.55
  6. 1.52

7: Copy and complete Sid’s table.

Sara’s Performing

% Percentages %

% Fraction with denominator decimal Fraction in lowest terms
50% 0.50 or 0.5
10%
1%
4.5

P:110

Q8: Look at the price board. Help Sid bg working out the special price of:

A: the plastic bucket
B: the ‘Klik-it’ camera
C: the toothpaste

 

Q9: Calculate each percentage of the quantity given.

20% of 650 km = x 650 km

= 130 km

A:10% of Rs 50

B:l0% of 75 g

C:50% of |000 km 1

D:12% of 6001

E:7.5% of 60 m

10: Solve, making complete statements.

A:Mrs Shah earns Rs 8500  every month from her work as a computer operator. If her boss gives her a10% increase in salary, how much will she now earn every month? And how much will she earn in one year?
 
B:Moonshine earns an  astronomical sum of Rs 3,500,000 per month as director of Super shine space station. He sends 40% of salary to his wife on space station Zebra. How much that?
 

P:111

USING PERCENTAGES

Q11- Rewrite these newspaper stories, changing fractions into percentages.

A:Super globe, 14 January 24 out of 48 cows on Moon View arm are suffering from toothache. On Space Field farm, 32 out of 60 cows are suffering from the same complaint.
 
B:Tauland, 27 March On yesterday’s rocket-bus from Super globe, 240 out of 500 seats were occupied. On the bus from Tauland to Venus, 325 out of 600 seats were occupied.
 

 

Q12: Now solve these, making complete statements.

A:In her end»of-term exams, Salima got 33 out of 50 marks in Urdu and 7 out of 10 marks in History. What were her two marks in percentages? In which subject did she do better?
B:In a TV quiz programme, Sid answers 65 questions and gets 32 answers right. Sara answers 80 questions and gets 56 correct answers. Give their scores in percentages and find out who is better at quizzes!

P:112

PROFIT AND LOSS

Q1 Work out Steve’s profit on each of these rocket soles.

C.P=Rs 14,500…..     Rs 16000

S.P. =RS 16,000      – Rs 14500

Profit=Rs 1500           Rs 1500

A: C.P.= Rs 13,250S.P.= Rs 15,800

 

B: S.P.= Rs 30,000C.P.= Rs 24,075

 

C:C.P.= Rs 8900S.P.= Rs 12,450

 

D:C.P.= Rs 12,450S.P.= Rs 14700

 

Q2: WORK OUT THE PERCENTAGE PROFIT ON THESE SALES.

C.P =Rs 5000

Profit =Rs2500

Profit =  x 100== 50%

A: C.P.= RS 6000Profit= RS1200

 

B:C.P= RS4500Profit= RS1500

 

C: S.P.= RS850Profit= RS90

 

D: C.P.= RS565Profit= RS50

 

P:113

PROFIT & LOSS

  1. Work out Steve’s loss on each of these sales.

C.P. = RS 3600… RS 3600

S.P.=RS 1950     – Rs H50

                              Rs 1650

Loss = Rs 1650

a. C.P. = Rs 4700S.P. = Rs 3850
b. S.P. = Rs 7225C.P. = Rs 10000

 

c. C.P. = Rs 16,5ooS.P. = Rs 14,750

 

4-Work out (i) the loss; (ii) the percentage loss on these  sales.

C.P= Rs 1000 …..Rs 1000

S.P.= Rs 800     – Rs 800

                   Loss = Rs 200

                % Loss = % x 100

a)C.P= R5 2500S.P= RS 2000

 

b) S.P= RS 3250C.P= RS 4500
c) C.P= R5 7250S.P= RS 6000

P:114

PROFIT & LOSS

Q1: Find the profit or loss on each of these sales.

C.P. = Rs 240; S.P. =Rs |80

  S.P. is less than C.P.

Loss = Rs 60

a) C.P. = Rs 500
b) C.P. = Rs 1764
c) C.P. = Rs 2730

Q2: Find the selling price.

a)C.P. = Rs 429 
b)C.P. = Rs 2500 
c)C.P. = Rs I770 

 

Q 3: Find the cost price.

a) S.P. = Rs 756 
b) S.P. = Rs 2460 
c) S.P. = Rs I265 

 

Q 4: Work out (i) the profit; (ii) the percentage profit on these sales.

C.P. = Rs |60   Rs 200

S.P. = Rs 200 -Rs |60

Profit = Rs 40

Profit % !L6e x mo

= % or 25%

a) C.P. = Rs 900 
b) C.P. = Rs 3200 
c) C.P. = Rs 480 

Q5: Find the profit or loss as a percentage of the cost price.

Sara buys a TV for Rs 8000. She later sells it for Rs 6500.

C.P = RS 8000

S.P. = Rs 6500

Loss = Rs 1500 %

= 1500%

Loss % =

Loss % = 18.75%

a) Sid bought a motorcycle for Rs 7000. After three accidents, he sold it for Rs 4500. 
b) The Jamal’s bought a refrigerator for Rs 20,000. Five years later they sold it for Rs 27500. 
c) At Wholesale Cloth Centre, Alam buys cotton cloth at Rs 50 per metre. He sells it to his customers at Rs 75 per metre. 
d) Rehan bought a cycle for Rs 2600. After using it for a year, he sold it for Rs 2200. 
e) Adil buys apples for his stall at Rs 40 per dozen. He sells them at Rs 56 per dozen. 

P:115 SIMPLE INTEREST

P:116

SIMPLE INTEREST

1-Work out the amount in these bank accounts after one year.

Principal = Rs 2000

Interest = 5%

Amount = P + I

=Rs 2000 + E6 X Rs 2000

= Rs 2000 + Rs 100

= Rs 2100

a) Principal = Rs 3000interest = 20%

 

b)Principal = Rs 1000Interest = 7.5%

 

c)Principal = Rs 600interest = 15%

 

2-Work out the amount owed to the bank after one year.

Principal = Rs 4500

Interest, = 9%

Amount = P + I

= Rs 4500 + 9/100 x Rs 4500

= Rs 4500 + Rs 405

= R5 H905

a) Principal = Rs 12,000Interest = 6%
b) Principal = Rs 20,000Interest = 12.5%
c)Principal = Rs 18,500Interest = 8%

P:117

SIMPLE INTEREST

3-Calculate the interest where:

Principal (P) = Rs 600

Rate (R) = 9%

Time (T) = 4 years

Interest = Rs

=Rs 216

a)P=Rs 106R=3%

T=3years

 

b)P=Rs 500R=8%

T= 5 years

 

P:118

c)Rs 250P=4%

T=5 years

 

d)Rs 2000P=7.5%

T=3 years

 

e)Rs 12,000P=6%

T=4 years

 

f) Rs 28,750P=5%

T= 5 1/2 years

Rs 25,000P=12%

T=6 years

 

g) Rs 6,600R=12%

T=2 years

 

) Rs 2400P=15%

T=4 years

 

4-Work out these problems.

(a) Mick Moon deposits Rs 4000 in a bank account for his daughter Meg. How much money will be in the account after 5 years if the bank pays Mick a \2% % rate of interest?
  
(b) Mrs Siddiqi deposits Rs 3000 in a fixed deposit account. She agrees not to withdraw any money before 3 years are over. In return, the bank will pay her a 16% rate of interest. How much interest will Mrs Siddiqi earn during this period? How much money will be in her account at the end of 3 years?
  

 

P:119

 REVIEW

1- Round off to 2 decimal places.

  1. 18.494 b. 143.0°19 c. 475.199

2-Change into decimals, rounding off to 3 decimal places.

a. b. c.

3-Write as percentages (to 2 decimal places, if necessary)

a) b) 2 c) 0.51
d) e) 4 f) 1.2
g) h) 8 i) 1.032

4- Write as fractions in their lowest terms:

a. 28% b. 72% c. 600%
     

 

5-Change into decimals.

a. 48% b. 2.5% c. 142%
     

 

6-Calculate:

a. 40% of Rs 480 b. 75% of 6001 c. 5% of 7000 km
     

 

7-Work out the price of these items on special offer.

a. Softy Soap: 10% off at Rs 5.50 b. Transistor radio: 20% off at Rs 260 c. School bog: 15% off at Rs 125
 

8-Calculate the interest payable where.

a.    P=R5300R = 4%

T=6 years

b. P=Rs7500R = 11 %

T= 9 months ( years)

 
c. P = RS 2500R=7

T=3 years

d. P = Rs 3600R = 14%

T=2 years

 

9- Solve these problems.

a. Sue Spacewalker borrows Rs 7550 to buy a space-moped. The bank asks her to pay the money back over 3 years at 15% rate of interest. Find (i) the interest she must pay, and (ii) the total amount of money she must repay at the end of 3 years.
 
b. Which of these bank customers will earn the largest sum ot interest every year?(i) Usman: P = Rs 6000, R = 7%

T = 4 years

(ii) Zeba: P = Rs4500, R = 8%

T= I0 years

(iii) Rashid: P = Rs 7250, R = 6%

T = 2 years

 

P:120

REMEMBERING ANGLES

Sid remembers that there are five different types of angles, but he can’t remember their names. Help him complete the crossword by naming each angle shown in the clues.

Clues Across

Clues Down (pic)

Q2 Draw and label an angle that matches the name.

PQR (obtuse angle)

a-∠ABC (right angle) 

 

 

 

b-∠STU (acute angle) 

 

 

c-∠EFG (reflex angle) 

 

 

3- Copy and fill in the blanks.

a)There are ———————-degrees in a complete turn.

b)An acute angle is any angle greater than 0° but less than——————-

c)The half-circle protractor has a total of ——————-marked on it.

d)An angle which is greater than a right angle but less than I80° is called an——————- angle.

  1. e) 3/4 circle =——————- degrees.

f)A reflex angle is any angle which is greater than ——————-but less than——————-

P:121

REMEMBERING ANGLES

Q4: Use your protractor to measure these angles. Think carefully which row of markings on the protractor you should use.

Q5: Draw these angles in your notebook, using a protractor.

a.40° 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. 90° c. 55°
d. 60° 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 115° f. 145°

Q6: Draw these angles adding an interior or exterior point in any suitable place.

XYZ = 80° exterior point /A

 

 

a)∠PQR = 25°; interior point C

 

 

 

 

  1. b) ∠STU = 115°; exterior point J

 

 

 

Q7: Look at this angle. Then write words in the blanks.

  1. a) The angle is made up of two line segments, ————————-and——————-

b)They meet at a common point ——————-which is called the ——————-

  1. c) Point R is in the——————-

d)Point X is in the——————-

Q122: USING THE PROTECTOR REFLEX ANGLES

1- Calculate these reflex angles, using your protractor

2- Draw these reflex angles, using your protractor.

 Reflex XYZ = 305°

—- (360°- 305° = 55°) = 305

a) Reflex ∠PQR = 320°
 
b) Reflex ∠WXY = 290°
 
c) Reflex ∠CDE = 335°
 

P:123

USING THE PROTRACTOR: COMPASS & BEARINGS

P:124

MORE ABOUT CIRCLES

P:125

MORE ABOUT CIRCLES

Q1: Measure the diameter of each circle

Diameter = 3.2 cm

  

 

 

 

 

 
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q2: Now calculate the radius of each circle in Exercise1.

Diameter = 3.2 cm

Radius =   cm = 1.6 cm

Q3: Complete these.

  1. a) If a circle has a diameter of 9.64 cm, it’s radius will be——————cm.
  2. b) If the radius of a circle equals 5.845 m, its diameter is——————-m.
  3. c) A quarter circle is also known as a ——————-

d)The diameter of a circle always passes through the——————- of the circle and joins together 2 points on its——————-

Q4: Using a small plate or the bottom of a tumbler, draw a circle in your notebook.

Mark a point on its circumference and label it A.

 

 

 

 

Draw as many chords as possible, using point A as one of the end points. Make one of your chords pass through the centre of your circle. Label your chords (AB, AC, AD, etc.) and measure each of them. Which is the longest of the chords you have drawn?

P:126

MAKING CIRCLES: USING COMPASSES

P:127

MAKING CIRCLES: USING COMPASSES

Q 1. Using your ruler and compasses, draw circles with these radii (radii- say ‘ray-dee-eye’-is the plural form of radius).

a. 4 cm b. 7 cm c. 3.3 cm
  

 

 

 

 

   
d. 5 cm e. 4.5 cm f. 4.1 cm
  

 

 

 

 

   

 

Q 2. Without using your ruler, state the diameter of each of the circles you have drawn in Exercise A.

Circle a: radius = 4 cm

  diameter = 8 cm

Q3: Look at this circle.

 

 

 

  1. Name all the radii of the circle.
  2. Measure the lengths of the diameters.
  3. Name all the arcs marked on the circumference.

P:128

MORE ABOUT TRIANGLES

Q1. Measure the sides of this triangle with your ruler. Record your findings in the table. Then, with your protractor, measure the angles of the triangle and record your findings.

Length of side (cm) Size of angle (°)
AB CAB
BC ABC
AC BCA

 

What type of triangle is this? What do you observe about its angles?

Q 2. Now measure and record the sides and angles of this triangle.

 

 

Length of side (cm) (Size of angle (°)
PQ RPQ
QR PQR
PR QRP

 

What type of triangle is shown? What do you notice about its angles? 

Q3: Measure and record the sides and angles of this triangle.

Length of Size of side (cm) angle (°)

Length of side (cm) (Size of angle (°)
ED FED
DF EDF
EF DFE

What type of triangle is this?

What is special about its angles?

Q4- Measure each triangle (sides and angles), then name the triangle family to which it belongs. Present your findings in the form of a table.

Sides Angles
WY 5cm WXY 72
YX 5cm XWY 72
XW 3cm WYX 36

Δ Family = isosceles

  

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q 5. Take a blank sheet of paper or cardboard. Draw a triangle on it, and mark each angle with dots, thus.

Cut out your triangle, then cut the three angles from the triangle thus:

 

 

 

Arrange the three angles so as to make a straight line:

 

 

You have just shown how the three angles of a triangle make a straight angle or 180° !

 

 

Q6: Without using your protractor, calculate the size ofthe angles marked with letters.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
  

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Q7: Here is a page from Sprog Spacewalker’s geometry notebook. He has measured the angles of some As, but not very carefully. Make a list of the triangles whose angles have been measured incorrectly.

Triangles

a.∠ABC = 90°∠BAC = 70°

∠ACB = 20°

b. ∠CDE 25°∠CED 115°

∠DEC 43°

c.∠POR = 110°∠PRO = 40°

∠RPO = 40°

  d. ∠JLK 85°∠JKL 45°

∠KJL40°

e.∠STU = 35°∠SUT = 47°

∠TSU =100°

f. ∠XYZ 35°∠XZY 110°

∠ZXY40°

P:131

 CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

We can construct a triangle if we know:

(a) the length of all 3 sides

or (b) the length of 2 sides plus the size ofthe angle between them

or (c) the size of 2 angles plus the length of the sides between them

To construct a triangle when all 3 sides are given:

for example, AABC where AB = 5 cm, AC = 4 cm and CB = 3gcm.

Step 1

With ruler and pencil, draw line AB (5 cm).

Step 2

Keeping the pivot of your compasses on the 0 cm mark, stretch out the pencil arm till the pencil point touches the 4 cm mark. Now point the pivot on point A of line AB. Mark an arc with your compass.

Step 3

Readjust your Compasses so that the arms are 3 cm apart (use your ruler) Place the pivot on point B and draw a second arc:

Step 4

The point where the two arcs cross marks the third vertex, C, of your triangle. Join C to A and then to B using your ruler.

You have constructed Δ ABC!

Q1. Construct these triangles, using your ruler and compass. 

a. Δ ABC: AB = 6 cm, AC =3cm and CB =4cm 
b. Δ POR: PQ = 7 cm, QR =5cm and PR = 4cm 
c. Δ RST: RS = fi cm, ST =7.5 cm and RT = 3 cm 

P:132

CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

Q2: Tick the sets of measurements which cannot be made into triangles.

  1. a) 3cm, 2cm, 4cm
  2. b) 8cm, 4cm, 1cm
  3. c) 4cm, 11cm, 8cm

P:133

CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

Q 3. Construct these triangles.

a.    Δ XYZ where XY = 6 cm, XZ = 4 cm and ∠YXZ = 50° 
b. Δ EFG where EF = 5.5 cm, EG = 4.5 cm and ∠GEF=65° 
c. Δ RST where RS = 4.8 cm, RT = 6.5 cm and ∠TRS = 35° 

4-Now construct these triangles.

a)∠PQR where ∠QPR = 30°∠PQR = 60° and side QP = 4cm

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)Δ ABC where side AB = 5cm,∠BAC = 45° and ∠ABC = 25°

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)Δ JKL where ∠KJL = 65°,∠JKL = 40°and side JK = l4.6cm   

 

 

 

 

 

 

d)Δ TUV where ∠UTV= 80°∠TUV= 25° and side TU = 8cm   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q5: Construct the triangles whose measurements are given in this table

AB BC ∠ABC
5 cm 2.5 cm 75°
5.6 cm 3 cm 115°
4.8 cm 5,2 cm 35°

Q6: Now construct triangles with these measurements.

AB ∠CAB ∠CBA
a)4.5 cm 45° 75°
b)5.6 cm 25° 55°
c)6.3 cm 90° 35°

Q7: Choosing your own measurements, construct and then label.

a) any equilateral triangle b) any isosceles triangle c) any scalene triangle 

P:134

REMEMBERING QUADRILATERALS

Q2:  Name each of these quadrilaterals. Then measures all 4 angles. What is the sum of the angles?

  

 

 

 

 

 

 
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:135

PERPENDICULAR AND PARALLEL LINES

Q 1. In the following figure some of the coloured lines are perpendicular to line PQ. Write their names in your notebook. (pic)

 

 

 

Q 2. Study this figure, then complete the sentences. (pic)

  1. AB is perpendicular to——————-
  2. AE is perpendicular to——————-
  3. DE is perpendicular to——————-
  4. XC is perpendicular to——————-

3-Look carefully at line XY. Which of the lines are parallel to the coloured line? Write their names in your notebook.

 

P:136

CONSTRUCTING PERPENDICULAR AND PARALLEL LINES

Q1. Use your protractor to draw these perpendicular lines.

a. PQ perpendicular to QR b. EF perpendicular to FG 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Using your set square, draw these perpendicular lines.
a. XY perpendicular to the mid-point of CD b. QR perpendicular to the mid-point of VW 

P:137

MORE ABOUT PARALLEL LINES

Q1: Using your ruler and protractor (or set square), draw these sets of parallel lines. Don’t forget to mark arrows on them.

–Line AB parallel to line CD

I cm apart

AB

cm

C D

a)Line JK parallel Ho line LNI, 3.5 cm apart b)Line CD parallel to line EF, 4.2 cm apart 

2-Now draw these, following the instructions carefully.

Parallel lines PQ and RS, each 3.8 cm long, and I.7 cm apart

P Q

R S

a)Parallel lines AB and CD, each 4.1 cm long, and 3.4 cm apart b)Parallel lines OP and QR, each 5.6 cm long, and  5 1.7 cm apart 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q:a. Draw three concentric circles of radii I.7 cm, 2.6 cm and 4.5 cm. Q:b. Draw two concentric circles of radii 1.7 cm, 2.6 cm and 4.5 cm. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:138

Q1: Work out the average of these sets.

12, 6, 21, 13 Total = 52

Addenda = 4

Average = I3

a)14, 27, 5, 19, 10 b)Rs36, Rs 14, Rs 17, Rs 42, Rs 101  c)8 cm, 25 cm, I5 cm, 32 cm, 10 cm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Copg and complete these.

a)The average of f, 2, 3, 4 and 5 is——————-

b)The average of I0, I00 and I,00 is——————-

c)To find the average of 18, 14, 5, and 7, we divide by 4

P: 139

AVERAGE

Q3: Below are the weights recorded for four I0-gear-old children test. Work out the average weight of the children

NAME WEIGHT
Mona 34.0kg
Kashif 36.2kg
Aslam 35.8kg
Insia 40.0kg

 

Q4: Solve these word problems, making complete statements.

a. Sid bugs a kilogram of space-fingers on 6 different dags. The prices he pages are R5 8, Rs 10, Rs 7.50, Rs 12, Rs 11.75 and Rs 9.25. Find the average price.
b. Over a 4-month period, Moiz’s monthly income was Rs 5000, Rs 4000, Rs 2500 and Rs 1000. What was his average income for that period?
b.    Study this table: it shows the number of girls and bogs studying at Ahsan Primary School:

CLASS GIRLS BOYS
LKG 24 18
UKG 21 23
1 26 20
2 25 19
3 18 26
4 20 24
5 27 21

 

Find (i) the average number of girls in each class, (ii) the average number of bogs in each class,

(iii) the total number of children in the school and (iv) the average number of children in each class.

 

 P:140

  AVERAGES AND GRAPHS 

Q1: This column graph shows one-week attendance for Class 5 at Ahsan Primary School.

Number of children

(GRAPH)

                                              Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri

Day

Study the graph and then work out:

 

  1. The total attendance for each day of the week.
  2. On which days the attendance was below the average.
  3. This column graph shows the Marks by 6  children in a spelling test. 

Study the graph, then work out the average marks scored by the 6 children. Which children scored above the average? This graph shows the price of 4 story books

(graph)

The dotted line shows the average price of the 4 books.

You can see that average is a number roughly halfway between the smallest number and the largest attendance.

 

(graph)

 

 

Q3: Here is the top part of a column graph showing 4 children’s results in a test.

 

Look at the graph and estimate what the average marks will be. Than work out the average exactly.

P:141

AVERGES, GRAPHS AND SPEED

Q 4: Study the graphs, then work out the average speed for each journey.

Distance (km)

Average speed = 140 km + 2 hours

= 20 km/hr

  1. Distance (km)
  1. Distance(km)
  1. Distance (km)

Q 5. Work out these average speeds.

90 km  covered  in 5 hours

Average speed=  = 45 kmph

a) 105km covered in 5 hours 

 

a) 990km covered in 3 hours 

 

a) 445km covered in 8 hours 

 

 

P:142

DISTANCE, SPEED & TIME

Q1: Find the time taken for each journey.

D = 100 km, S = 20 kmph,

T= ——————-

S = 55 kmph, D = IIOkm,

T: ——————-

D = SAO km, S = 60 kmph,

T:——————-

Q2: Solve the following.

a)A motorcycle averages 50 kmph. How long does it take to travel 25 km? 
b)How long will a bus travelling at an average speed of 45 kmph take to cover a distance of 225 km? 

P:143

DISTANCE, SPEED AND TIME

Q3: Work out the distance travelled in each of these journeys.

a)S=30 kmph, T=5hrs,D=? 
b)S=55 kmph, T=4hrs,D=? 
c)T= 121 hrs, S= 50 kmph, D=? 

Q4: Work out the average speed of these journeys.

a)T=5 hrs, D=360 km S=? 
b)T= 16 hrs, D= 1200 km, S=? 
c)T=7 hrs, D=497 km, S=? 

 

Q5: Calculate values in the blanks.

a)S=40 kmph, T=D=480 km? 
b)T=5 hrs, D=72O km, S=? 
c)S=?,T = 12 hrs, D=732km 
d)D= 1350 km, s=5o kmph, T=? 
e)s=6o kmph, D=?,T=2 1/2 hrs 
f)D=?, T=4 1/4 hrs, s=70 kmph 

Q 6-Copy and complete the table:

Distance Time Speed
a 240 km 6 hr  
b    hr 40 kmph
c 450 km   90 kmph
d 1500 km    

 

Q7: Solve, making complete statements

a) If a cyclist travels Q0 km in 5 hours, what is her average speed?
b) Sprog Spacewalker takes part in a marathon race I8 km long. If his average speed is 6 kmph, how long does he take to complete the race?
c)How far will a gas-filled balloon travel in 8 hours if its average speed is 10%kmph?
d)How long will it take Sue Spacewalker to run 12 km at 8 kmph? If Selvi takes 2 hours to run the same distance, what is her average speed?

P:144

THINKING ABOUT TEMPERATURE

P:145

ALL ABOUT TEMPERATURE

Convert these temperatures into the other Scale (answer to 2 decimal places where necessary).

a.122°F   b. 45°C c.77°F
      
d. 40°C e.113°F f. 35°C
      

P: 146 PART FOUR

ALGEBRA

  1. Look at the objects in each plate and write the initial of each object in the blank.
1apple  1 brinjal 1cauliflower

Q 2. Now look at these boxes. Write the initial of each object.

  1. (2 lollipops) (3 sweets)

 

 

(2 chocolates) (4 burgers)

 

 

B: Now, write all these using different symbols of your choice. For example, ’lollipop’ can be written as w, ‘sweet’ as x and so on.

C: If x stands for one rupee, write the amount of money. each box contains, using x:

 (Rupees seven)       (Rupees five)        (Ru5ees ten)

 

 

 

D: Put all the money together, and write your answer using x:

 

 

P:147

ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS

Q1: Now, put all the items given in Exercise 2A, on the previous page, in one tray.

 

 

Write the contents of the tray, using the English alphabets.

Q 2. Now, write each group as an algebraic expression, using first the initial letter and then the last letter of each word.

 

  1. 2 apples + 3 bananas + I mango + I watermelon

 

  1. 2 (pairs of) scissors, two knives, 3 forks and I teapot

 

 

 

P:148

Q1:  Now, write the following sets at objects as a algebric expressions using different alphabets of your choice.

  1. 5 books, 3 notebooks and I atlas.
  1. 3 ships, 1 boat and 2 kayaks.
  1. 4 ink pens, 3 ballpoint pens, 12 pencils and 1 fell-tip pen.

Q2- Now add each set of the following expressions.

a). 2x+3y+lIz; 5x+2y+4z b)2a+3b+4c+ ld; 5a+lIb+2c c)p+2q+3r; 2q+3r; lIp+2q 

Q3- Take away

a) 2x+3yfrOm 5x+8y b). 3p+2q+ |rfr0m5p+2q+ c) 2a+1b+1c from 2a +1b+1c+1d 

P:149

SIMPLE MULTIPLICATION

Write in short.

a) x+x+x b) y+y+y c) f+f+f+f+f+f 

Q2: Now, find the perimeter of each of these figures.

a. Triangle with side x cm b. Square with side y cm c. Hexagon with side z cm 

 

Q 3: Write as an addition:

a. 3g
b. 5q
c. 82

Q 4. Now, write the sum in each case.

3a+2b+c; 3a+2b+c

= 2 (3a+ 2b+c)

= 6a+4b+2c

a. 4x + 5y; 4x + 5y b. 2p+iq+3r;2p+lq+3r;2p+1q+3r

 

P:150

Q1: Now find the area   each of these rectangles

a. Rectangle with length of p cm, and breadth q cm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Square with side s cm c. Rectangle with length f cm and breadth g cm.

Q2: Expand and write.

5p = 5  x p (or F 5.p)

=p+p+p+p+p

a. 6m
b. 9z
c. pq cm2

P:151

REVIEW

Exercise

Write out these problems in algebraic terms and work them out.

Q1:  If one pineapple costs Rs 10 find the cost of:

  1. 5 pineapples
  2. 3 pineapples
  3. x pineapples

P:152

Q2:Two bags contain 3 lollipops and li sweets each. Write the sum as an algebraic expression.
Q3: One cage has 2 parrots and 3 sparrows, and the other has 1 parrot, crow and 1 Sparrow. Birds from these two cages are put together in a larger cage. Write the sum as an algebraic expression.
Q4: There were 4 sweets in a box; two were eaten by Adil. Write this as an algebraic term.
Q5: There were 4 cakes and 4 sandwiches on a plate. Rabia ate one of each. Write this as an algebraic expression.

Q6: Work these out:

  1. a) p+p+p+p+p+p =——————-
  2. 4k =——————-
  3. 3d – 2d =——————-
  4. 7x + 3x + 2x =——————-
  5. 80 – 2c =——————-

Q7:Add:

a. (3a + Lib) + (Sb + lm + Zc) 
b- (ZX + 3y) + (5y + Zy) 

Q8:Subtract:

a. (3x + 4y) – (2y + 1x) b. (9p +8r) – (4r + 3p) 

Q9: Multiply

a.a x b b. p x r c. y x z 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:153

REVIEW OF THE YEAR

Q1: Place in Pakistani periods and write the number name

a. 5672318 b. 74028301 c. 6009053 d. 90755620
 

Q2: Change into International periods and write the International number name.

a. 42,03,721 b. 3,16,72,049 c. 50,47,834 d. 8,02,46,1 I8

Q3: Write the value of the coloured digit.

a. 1,627,148 b. 7,24,16,831 c. 22, 14,690 d. 84, 1172,063

Q4: For each number, write (i) the predecessor and (ii) the successor.

a. 2,348,000 b. 6, 10,00,000 c. 14, 17,600 d. 84,000,000
 

Q5: Write vertically and complete.

a. 1,40,732 + 8,64,395 +28 b. 7,640,117 – 4,584,623
   
c. |8,96,23, 141+ 3292 + 764 d. 1468.29 – 979.54
   

Q6: Round oft each number (i) to the nearest I0 and; (ii) to the nearest I00.

  1. 643 b. 82,555 c. 1,29,387

Q7: Round off each number (i) to decimal place and (ii) to 2 decimal places.

a. 2.461 b. 84.099 c. 6.191 d. 100.335
 

Q8: Write vertically and complete.

a. 1629×312 b. 8.I97x36 c. 8074×593 d. 10.895×75

Q9: Solve, Writing your answer to two decimal places where necessary.

a. 97,920 ÷ 384  b. 69,482 ÷ 77 
c. 46,839 ÷ 47 d. 108,964 ÷ 98 

Q10: Prepare bills for these 33 customers.

a. Hungry Crocodile: 20 kg of rice at Rs 3.75/kg; 16%kg of fish at Rs 24/kg; 51 of cooking oil at Rs |850/I; I0 packets of biscuits at Rs I I.35/packet.
 
b. Adil: 12 kg of wheat flour at Rs 4. 1 5/kg; 5.5 kg of sugar at Rs 6.25/kg; 2.51 of cream at Rs |8.60/1; 25 chocolate bars at Rs 9.85 each.
 

P:154

Q11. Simplify.

a. 6X5+18-4 b. 11+18+3×21 
c. 9 x21+7+14-5 d. 8.1×0.16-0.6114 
  1. Simplify.
a. (0.38 x 4.62) + 10.5 
b. 4.61 + {2. + (3.82 – 1.75)} 
c- 3+{1+(x)} 
d. [{84 -(21 + 3)} + 12] + 74 
e. {31 – 16.3 + 8.6)}x 1000 
  1. Work out the areas.
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Work out the volume of these cuboids (in cm3 or m3):
a. l=4.2cm,b=5cm,h=1.5cm b. I=I0m,b=3.5m,h=4.3m 
c. l=6.9cm,b=7.5cm,h=2.2cm d. any 5-digit number divisible by 4. 

Q15: Write down:

a. any 5-digit number divisible by 4.
b. any 6-digit number divisible by 8.
c. any numbers from this list which are divisible by 15:400, 7020, 1 1,620, 15,055.

Q16: Write the numbers whose prime factors are given here, using brackets to help you.

a. 2 X 2 X 2 X 3 b. 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 x 5 c. 2x3x5xV7x7x11
 

Q17: Using prime factorization, find the HCF of;

a. 56 and 140 b. 63 and 511 

Q18:Find the HCF, using the long division method.

a. 1026; 247 
b.21A6; H84 
c. 368; 1173 
d. I377; |836 

Q19: Find the LCM of each set.

a. 12, 15, 21 
b. 24, 32, 26 
c. 10, 12, 18 
d. 27, 30, 15 

P155

Q20: Fill in the blanks.

  1. If the product of 2 numbers is 270 and their HCF is 3, their LCM is——————-
  2. For a pair of numbers, the HCF is 4 and the LCM is 252.

If one of the numbers is 28, the other number is——————-

  1. Solve, giving each answer in its lowest terms
a) x b)5 x6
 
c) 3 ÷2 d) x x
   
e)9 ÷ 1 f) ÷
 

Q22: Multiply each number (i) by 10 (ii) by 100 and (iii) by 1000: ,

a. 4.8 
b. 1 .47 
c. 6.87 
d. 4.535 

Q23: Solve.

a. 0.6 X 0.4 b. 3.0 x 4.5 
c. 0.63 + 0.21 d. 1.752 + 0.219 
e. 2.81X 3.6 f. 0.12 + 0.006 

Q24: Write denominators in place of its, then complete the sums.

a. 2.34X4.61 = 
b. 3.604 x 7.3 = 

Q25: Change these into decimals, giving your answer (i) to 2 decimal places and (ii) to 3 decimal places.

a)
b)
c)

Q26: Write as percentages, using the % symbol.

a) b) c) 3
 

Q27: Write as percentages (to 2 decimal places where necessary).

a) 1 b) 4 c) 3
 

Q28: Change into fractions or mixed numbers, reducing where you

can,

a. 80% b.224% c. 16%
 
d. 75% e. 155% f. 44%
 

Q29:Change into decimals.

a. 45% b. 672% c. l2%
 
d. 55% e. 752% f. 34%
 

Q30 Change into percentages.

a. 0.018 b. 1.64 c. 0.143
 

P:156

Calculate.

a. 20% of Rs 40.75 

 

 

b. The percentage profit where C.P. = Rs 800 and S.P. = RS Q50 

 

 

 

c. 70% of 5600 l of water 

 

 

 

 

d. The percentage profit where S.P. = Rs 5000 and C.P. = Rs 3800 (to 3 decimal places) 

 

 

 

 

 

Q32: Calculate the interest where:

a. P = Rs 11200, R = 5%,T = 3 years   

 

 

b. P = Rs 5000, R = 6%,T = 4 years   

 

 

 

C. P = Rs85O, R = 9%,T = 2 years   

 

 

 

 

Q33: Construct these, using the  appropriate instrument.

a. Reflex LABC = 240°  
b. A circle of diameter 7.8 cm  
c. A circle of radius 6.0 cm with arc PQR marked on it.  

Q34: Complete these statements.

  1. If each side of Δ ABC is 4.5 cm, ∠ABC = ——————-degrees,
  2. If two angles of an isosceles Δ PQR are 50° each, the third angle=——————-.
  3. If a Δ has angles of 30°, 45°, and 105°, it is a——————- Δ.
  4. if a coral reef is due west of the golden cockroach its bearing=——————-
  5. Construct triangles to match these dimensions.
  AB BC AC BAC ABC
a 4cm 5cm 3.5
b 6cm 4cm 55o
c 5cm 7cm 80 o
d 7.5cm 35 o 45 o

 

  1. Construct:
a. Parallel lines AB and CD, each 3.2 cm long and 2.0 cm apart. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Two concentric circles, one of radius 3.5 cm and the other of radius AA cm. 

 

 

 

 

 

c. Line PQ perpendicular to the end point of line ST. 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Solve, making complete statements.
a. Over a 3 month period, Kashif’s monthly income from weaving handloom cloth was R~s |460, Rs 2000 and Rs 37liI. What was his average income for the period?
  

 

 

 

 

b. If a rickshaw averages 30 kmph, how long will it take to cover 50 km?  If a coral reef is due West of the Golden Cockroach, its bearing = °.
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:107

1-Write each fraction as a percentage.

——=36 per cent

 

2- Write each fraction as a percentage, using the special symbol.

——=36 %

 

3-Write each percentage fraction, reducing it to its lowest terms where possible.

 =

30% 45% 89% 24% 32% 100%

 

4-Change these fractions into percentages, rounding off your answers to 2 decimal places where necessary:

——————-=  X  =11.11%

 of 100  
b. of 100  
c. of 100  
d. of 100  
e. of 100  
f. of 100  

 

P:108

Q 1. Change these mixed numbers into percentages.

——————-=x  =x=320%

   
b.   
c.   
d.   
e.   
f.   

 

Q2: Change these into Percentages.

a.6  
b.17  
c.58  
d.9  
e.23  
f.79  

 

Q 3. Change these into percentages.

a.0.23  
b.7.394  
c.7.01  
d.4.69  
e.3.9  
f.3.00  

 

P:109

CHANGING PERCENTAGES INTO FRACTIONS OR DECIMALS

Q4: Change these percentages into fractions, mixed reducing where gou can.

a.75%

  1. 300%
  2. 21%

d.38%

  1. 135%
  2. 800%

Q5: Change these percentages into decimal numbers:

24% ——————-=  =0.24

  1. 35%
  2. 1.8%
  3. 98%
  4. 140%
  5. 6%
  6. 16.3%

Q6: Change these decimal numbers into percentages:

0.05——————-==5%

  1. 0.39
  2. 0.6
  3. l.0
  4. 0.04
  5. 0.55
  6. 1.52

7: Copy and complete Sid’s table.

Sara’s Performing

% Percentages %

% Fraction with denominator decimal Fraction in lowest terms
50% 0.50 or 0.5
10%
1%
4.5

P:110

Q8: Look at the price board. Help Sid bg working out the special price of:

A: the plastic bucket
B: the ‘Klik-it’ camera
C: the toothpaste

 

Q9: Calculate each percentage of the quantity given.

20% of 650 km = x 650 km

= 130 km

A:10% of Rs 50

B:l0% of 75 g

C:50% of |000 km 1

D:12% of 6001

E:7.5% of 60 m

10: Solve, making complete statements.

A:Mrs Shah earns Rs 8500  every month from her work as a computer operator. If her boss gives her a10% increase in salary, how much will she now earn every month? And how much will she earn in one year?
 
B:Moonshine earns an  astronomical sum of Rs 3,500,000 per month as director of Super shine space station. He sends 40% of salary to his wife on space station Zebra. How much that?
 

P:111

USING PERCENTAGES

Q11- Rewrite these newspaper stories, changing fractions into percentages.

A:Super globe, 14 January 24 out of 48 cows on Moon View arm are suffering from toothache. On Space Field farm, 32 out of 60 cows are suffering from the same complaint.
 
B:Tauland, 27 March On yesterday’s rocket-bus from Super globe, 240 out of 500 seats were occupied. On the bus from Tauland to Venus, 325 out of 600 seats were occupied.
 

 

Q12: Now solve these, making complete statements.

A:In her end»of-term exams, Salima got 33 out of 50 marks in Urdu and 7 out of 10 marks in History. What were her two marks in percentages? In which subject did she do better?
B:In a TV quiz programme, Sid answers 65 questions and gets 32 answers right. Sara answers 80 questions and gets 56 correct answers. Give their scores in percentages and find out who is better at quizzes!

P:112

PROFIT AND LOSS

Q1 Work out Steve’s profit on each of these rocket soles.

C.P=Rs 14,500…..     Rs 16000

S.P. =RS 16,000      – Rs 14500

Profit=Rs 1500           Rs 1500

A: C.P.= Rs 13,250

S.P.= Rs 15,800

B: S.P.= Rs 30,000

C.P.= Rs 24,075

C:C.P.= Rs 8900

S.P.= Rs 12,450

D:C.P.= Rs 12,450

S.P.= Rs 14700

Q2: WORK OUT THE PERCENTAGE PROFIT ON THESE SALES.

C.P =Rs 5000

Profit =Rs2500

Profit =  x 100== 50%

A: C.P.= RS 6000

Profit= RS1200

B:C.P= RS4500

Profit= RS1500

C: S.P.= RS850

Profit= RS90

D: C.P.= RS565

Profit= RS50

P:113

PROFIT & LOSS

  1. Work out Steve’s loss on each of these sales.

C.P. = RS 3600… RS 3600

S.P.=RS 1950     – Rs H50

                              Rs 1650

Loss = Rs 1650

a. C.P. = Rs 4700

S.P. = Rs 3850

b. S.P. = Rs 7225

C.P. = Rs 10000

c. C.P. = Rs 16,5oo

S.P. = Rs 14,750

4-Work out (i) the loss; (ii) the percentage loss on these  sales.

C.P= Rs 1000 …..Rs 1000

S.P.= Rs 800     – Rs 800

                   Loss = Rs 200

                % Loss = % x 100

a)C.P= R5 2500

S.P= RS 2000

b) S.P= RS 3250

C.P= RS 4500

c) C.P= R5 7250

S.P= RS 6000

P:114

PROFIT & LOSS

Q1: Find the profit or loss on each of these sales.

C.P. = Rs 240; S.P. =Rs |80

  S.P. is less than C.P.

Loss = Rs 60

a) C.P. = Rs 500
b) C.P. = Rs 1764
c) C.P. = Rs 2730

Q2: Find the selling price.

a)C.P. = Rs 429
b)C.P. = Rs 2500
c)C.P. = Rs I770

 

Q 3: Find the cost price.

a) S.P. = Rs 756
b) S.P. = Rs 2460
c) S.P. = Rs I265

 

Q 4: Work out (i) the profit; (ii) the percentage profit on these sales.

C.P. = Rs |60   Rs 200

S.P. = Rs 200 -Rs |60

Profit = Rs 40

Profit % !L6e x mo

= % or 25%

a) C.P. = Rs 900
b) C.P. = Rs 3200
c) C.P. = Rs 480

Q5: Find the profit or loss as a percentage of the cost price.

Sara buys a TV for Rs 8000. She later sells it for Rs 6500.

C.P = RS 8000

S.P. = Rs 6500

Loss = Rs 1500 %

= 1500%

Loss % =

Loss % = 18.75%

a) Sid bought a motorcycle for Rs 7000. After three accidents, he sold it for Rs 4500.
b) The Jamal’s bought a refrigerator for Rs 20,000. Five years later they sold it for Rs 27500.
c) At Wholesale Cloth Centre, Alam buys cotton cloth at Rs 50 per metre. He sells it to his customers at Rs 75 per metre.
d) Rehan bought a cycle for Rs 2600. After using it for a year, he sold it for Rs 2200.
e) Adil buys apples for his stall at Rs 40 per dozen. He sells them at Rs 56 per dozen.

P:115 SIMPLE INTEREST

P:116

SIMPLE INTEREST

1-Work out the amount in these bank accounts after one year.

Principal = Rs 2000

Interest = 5%

Amount = P + I

=Rs 2000 + E6 X Rs 2000

= Rs 2000 + Rs 100

= Rs 2100

a) Principal = Rs 3000

interest = 20%

b)Principal = Rs 1000

Interest = 7.5%

c)Principal = Rs 600

interest = 15%

2-Work out the amount owed to the bank after one year.

Principal = Rs 4500

Interest, = 9%

Amount = P + I

= Rs 4500 + 9/100 x Rs 4500

= Rs 4500 + Rs 405

= R5 H905

a) Principal = Rs 12,000

Interest = 6%

b) Principal = Rs 20,000

Interest = 12.5%

c)Principal = Rs 18,500

Interest = 8%

P:117

SIMPLE INTEREST

3-Calculate the interest where:

Principal (P) = Rs 600

Rate (R) = 9%

Time (T) = 4 years

Interest = Rs

=Rs 216

a)P=Rs 106

R=3%

T=3years

b)P=Rs 500

R=8%

T= 5 years

P:118

c)Rs 250

P=4%

T=5 years

d)Rs 2000

P=7.5%

T=3 years

e)Rs 12,000

P=6%

T=4 years

f) Rs 28,750

P=5%

T= 5 1/2 years

Rs 25,000

P=12%

T=6 years

g) Rs 6,600

R=12%

T=2 years

) Rs 2400

P=15%

T=4 years

4-Work out these problems.

(a) Mick Moon deposits Rs 4000 in a bank account for his daughter Meg. How much money will be in the account after 5 years if the bank pays Mick a \2% % rate of interest?
 

 

(b) Mrs Siddiqi deposits Rs 3000 in a fixed deposit account. She agrees not to withdraw any money before 3 years are over. In return, the bank will pay her a 16% rate of interest. How much interest will Mrs Siddiqi earn during this period? How much money will be in her account at the end of 3 years?
 

 

 

P:119

 REVIEW

1- Round off to 2 decimal places.

  1. 18.494 b. 143.0°19 c. 475.199

2-Change into decimals, rounding off to 3 decimal places.

a. b. c.

3-Write as percentages (to 2 decimal places, if necessary)

a) b) 2 c) 0.51
d) e) 4 f) 1.2
g) h) 8 i) 1.032

4- Write as fractions in their lowest terms:

a. 28% b. 72% c. 600%
     

 

5-Change into decimals.

a. 48% b. 2.5% c. 142%
     

 

6-Calculate:

a. 40% of Rs 480 b. 75% of 6001 c. 5% of 7000 km
     

 

7-Work out the price of these items on special offer.

a. Softy Soap: 10% off at Rs 5.50 b. Transistor radio: 20% off at Rs 260 c. School bog: 15% off at Rs 125

8-Calculate the interest payable where.

a.     P=R5300

R = 4%

T=6 years

b. P=Rs7500

R = 11 %

T= 9 months ( years)

c. P = RS 2500

R=7

T=3 years

d. P = Rs 3600

R = 14%

T=2 years

9- Solve these problems.

a. Sue Spacewalker borrows Rs 7550 to buy a space-moped. The bank asks her to pay the money back over 3 years at 15% rate of interest. Find (i) the interest she must pay, and (ii) the total amount of money she must repay at the end of 3 years.
b. Which of these bank customers will earn the largest sum ot interest every year?

(i) Usman: P = Rs 6000, R = 7%

T = 4 years

(ii) Zeba: P = Rs4500, R = 8%

T= I0 years

(iii) Rashid: P = Rs 7250, R = 6%

T = 2 years

P:120

REMEMBERING ANGLES

Sid remembers that there are five different types of angles, but he can’t remember their names. Help him complete the crossword by naming each angle shown in the clues.

Clues Across

Clues Down (pic)

Q2 Draw and label an angle that matches the name.

PQR (obtuse angle)

a-∠ABC (right angle)

 

 

 

 

b-∠STU (acute angle)

 

 

 

c-∠EFG (reflex angle)

 

 

 

3- Copy and fill in the blanks.

a)There are ———————-degrees in a complete turn.

b)An acute angle is any angle greater than 0° but less than——————-

c)The half-circle protractor has a total of ——————-marked on it.

d)An angle which is greater than a right angle but less than I80° is called an——————- angle.

  1. e) 3/4 circle =——————- degrees.

f)A reflex angle is any angle which is greater than ——————-but less than——————-

P:121

REMEMBERING ANGLES

Q4: Use your protractor to measure these angles. Think carefully which row of markings on the protractor you should use.

Q5: Draw these angles in your notebook, using a protractor.

a.40°

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. 90° c. 55°
d. 60°

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e. 115° f. 145°

Q6: Draw these angles adding an interior or exterior point in any suitable place.

XYZ = 80° exterior point /A

 

 

a)∠PQR = 25°; interior point C

 

 

 

 

  1. b) ∠STU = 115°; exterior point J

 

 

 

Q7: Look at this angle. Then write words in the blanks.

  1. a) The angle is made up of two line segments, ————————-and——————-

b)They meet at a common point ——————-which is called the ——————-

  1. c) Point R is in the——————-

d)Point X is in the——————-

Q122: USING THE PROTECTOR REFLEX ANGLES

1- Calculate these reflex angles, using your protractor

2- Draw these reflex angles, using your protractor.

 Reflex XYZ = 305°

—- (360°- 305° = 55°) = 305

a) Reflex ∠PQR = 320°
b) Reflex ∠WXY = 290°
c) Reflex ∠CDE = 335°

P:123

USING THE PROTRACTOR: COMPASS & BEARINGS

P:124

MORE ABOUT CIRCLES

P:125

MORE ABOUT CIRCLES

Q1: Measure the diameter of each circle

Diameter = 3.2 cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q2: Now calculate the radius of each circle in Exercise1.

Diameter = 3.2 cm

Radius =   cm = 1.6 cm

Q3: Complete these.

  1. a) If a circle has a diameter of 9.64 cm, it’s radius will be——————cm.
  2. b) If the radius of a circle equals 5.845 m, its diameter is——————-m.
  3. c) A quarter circle is also known as a ——————-

d)The diameter of a circle always passes through the——————- of the circle and joins together 2 points on its——————-

Q4: Using a small plate or the bottom of a tumbler, draw a circle in your notebook.

Mark a point on its circumference and label it A.

 

 

 

 

Draw as many chords as possible, using point A as one of the end points. Make one of your chords pass through the centre of your circle. Label your chords (AB, AC, AD, etc.) and measure each of them. Which is the longest of the chords you have drawn?

P:126

MAKING CIRCLES: USING COMPASSES

P:127

MAKING CIRCLES: USING COMPASSES

Q 1. Using your ruler and compasses, draw circles with these radii (radii- say ‘ray-dee-eye’-is the plural form of radius).

a. 4 cm b. 7 cm c. 3.3 cm
 

 

 

 

 

 

   
d. 5 cm e. 4.5 cm f. 4.1 cm
 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Q 2. Without using your ruler, state the diameter of each of the circles you have drawn in Exercise A.

Circle a: radius = 4 cm

  diameter = 8 cm

Q3: Look at this circle.

 

 

 

  1. Name all the radii of the circle.
  2. Measure the lengths of the diameters.
  3. Name all the arcs marked on the circumference.

P:128

MORE ABOUT TRIANGLES

Q1. Measure the sides of this triangle with your ruler. Record your findings in the table. Then, with your protractor, measure the angles of the triangle and record your findings.

Length of side (cm) Size of angle (°)
AB CAB
BC ABC
AC BCA

 

What type of triangle is this? What do you observe about its angles?

Q 2. Now measure and record the sides and angles of this triangle.

 

 

Length of side (cm) (Size of angle (°)
PQ RPQ
QR PQR
PR QRP

 

What type of triangle is shown? What do you notice about its angles? 

Q3: Measure and record the sides and angles of this triangle.

Length of Size of side (cm) angle (°)

Length of side (cm) (Size of angle (°)
ED FED
DF EDF
EF DFE

What type of triangle is this?

What is special about its angles?

Q4- Measure each triangle (sides and angles), then name the triangle family to which it belongs. Present your findings in the form of a table.

Sides Angles
WY 5cm WXY 72
YX 5cm XWY 72
XW 3cm WYX 36

Δ Family = isosceles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q 5. Take a blank sheet of paper or cardboard. Draw a triangle on it, and mark each angle with dots, thus.

Cut out your triangle, then cut the three angles from the triangle thus:

 

 

 

Arrange the three angles so as to make a straight line:

 

 

You have just shown how the three angles of a triangle make a straight angle or 180° !

 

 

Q6: Without using your protractor, calculate the size ofthe angles marked with letters.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Q7: Here is a page from Sprog Spacewalker’s geometry notebook. He has measured the angles of some As, but not very carefully. Make a list of the triangles whose angles have been measured incorrectly.

Triangles

a.∠ABC = 90°

∠BAC = 70°

∠ACB = 20°

b. ∠CDE 25°

∠CED 115°

∠DEC 43°

c.∠POR = 110°

∠PRO = 40°

∠RPO = 40°

  d. ∠JLK 85°

∠JKL 45°

∠KJL40°

e.∠STU = 35°

∠SUT = 47°

∠TSU =100°

f. ∠XYZ 35°

∠XZY 110°

∠ZXY40°

P:131

 CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

We can construct a triangle if we know:

(a) the length of all 3 sides

or (b) the length of 2 sides plus the size ofthe angle between them

or (c) the size of 2 angles plus the length of the sides between them

To construct a triangle when all 3 sides are given:

for example, AABC where AB = 5 cm, AC = 4 cm and CB = 3gcm.

Step 1

With ruler and pencil, draw line AB (5 cm).

Step 2

Keeping the pivot of your compasses on the 0 cm mark, stretch out the pencil arm till the pencil point touches the 4 cm mark. Now point the pivot on point A of line AB. Mark an arc with your compass.

Step 3

Readjust your Compasses so that the arms are 3 cm apart (use your ruler) Place the pivot on point B and draw a second arc:

Step 4

The point where the two arcs cross marks the third vertex, C, of your triangle. Join C to A and then to B using your ruler.

You have constructed Δ ABC!

Q1. Construct these triangles, using your ruler and compass. 

a. Δ ABC: AB = 6 cm, AC =3cm and CB =4cm
b. Δ POR: PQ = 7 cm, QR =5cm and PR = 4cm
c. Δ RST: RS = fi cm, ST =7.5 cm and RT = 3 cm

P:132

CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

Q2: Tick the sets of measurements which cannot be made into triangles.

  1. a) 3cm, 2cm, 4cm
  2. b) 8cm, 4cm, 1cm
  3. c) 4cm, 11cm, 8cm

P:133

CONSTRUCTING TRIANGLES

Q 3. Construct these triangles.

a.     Δ XYZ where XY = 6 cm, XZ = 4 cm and ∠YXZ = 50°
b. Δ EFG where EF = 5.5 cm, EG = 4.5 cm and ∠GEF=65°
c. Δ RST where RS = 4.8 cm, RT = 6.5 cm and ∠TRS = 35°

 

 

 

 

 

 

4-Now construct these triangles.

a)∠PQR where ∠QPR = 30°

∠PQR = 60° and side QP = 4cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)Δ ABC where side AB = 5cm,

∠BAC = 45° and ∠ABC = 25°

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)Δ JKL where ∠KJL = 65°,

∠JKL = 40°and side JK = l4.6cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d)Δ TUV where ∠UTV= 80°

∠TUV= 25° and side TU = 8cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q5: Construct the triangles whose measurements are given in this table

AB BC ∠ABC
5 cm 2.5 cm 75°
5.6 cm 3 cm 115°
4.8 cm 5,2 cm 35°

Q6: Now construct triangles with these measurements.

AB ∠CAB ∠CBA
a)4.5 cm 45° 75°
b)5.6 cm 25° 55°
c)6.3 cm 90° 35°

Q7: Choosing your own measurements, construct and then label.

a) any equilateral triangle b) any isosceles triangle c) any scalene triangle

P:134

REMEMBERING QUADRILATERALS

Q2:  Name each of these quadrilaterals. Then measures all 4 angles. What is the sum of the angles?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:135

PERPENDICULAR AND PARALLEL LINES

Q 1. In the following figure some of the coloured lines are perpendicular to line PQ. Write their names in your notebook. (pic)

 

 

 

Q 2. Study this figure, then complete the sentences. (pic)

  1. AB is perpendicular to——————-
  2. AE is perpendicular to——————-
  3. DE is perpendicular to——————-
  4. XC is perpendicular to——————-

3-Look carefully at line XY. Which of the lines are parallel to the coloured line? Write their names in your notebook.

 

P:136

CONSTRUCTING PERPENDICULAR AND PARALLEL LINES

Q1. Use your protractor to draw these perpendicular lines.

a. PQ perpendicular to QR b. EF perpendicular to FG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Using your set square, draw these perpendicular lines.
a. XY perpendicular to the mid-point of CD b. QR perpendicular to the mid-point of VW

P:137

MORE ABOUT PARALLEL LINES

Q1: Using your ruler and protractor (or set square), draw these sets of parallel lines. Don’t forget to mark arrows on them.

–Line AB parallel to line CD

I cm apart

AB

cm

C D

a)Line JK parallel Ho line LNI, 3.5 cm apart b)Line CD parallel to line EF, 4.2 cm apart

2-Now draw these, following the instructions carefully.

Parallel lines PQ and RS, each 3.8 cm long, and I.7 cm apart

P Q

R S

a)Parallel lines AB and CD, each 4.1 cm long, and 3.4 cm apart b)Parallel lines OP and QR, each 5.6 cm long, and  5 1.7 cm apart

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q:a. Draw three concentric circles of radii I.7 cm, 2.6 cm and 4.5 cm. Q:b. Draw two concentric circles of radii 1.7 cm, 2.6 cm and 4.5 cm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:138

Q1: Work out the average of these sets.

12, 6, 21, 13 Total = 52

Addenda = 4

Average = I3

a)14, 27, 5, 19, 10 b)Rs36, Rs 14, Rs 17, Rs 42, Rs 101

 

c)8 cm, 25 cm, I5 cm, 32 cm, 10 cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-Copg and complete these.

a)The average of f, 2, 3, 4 and 5 is——————-

b)The average of I0, I00 and I,00 is——————-

c)To find the average of 18, 14, 5, and 7, we divide by 4

P: 139

AVERAGE

Q3: Below are the weights recorded for four I0-gear-old children test. Work out the average weight of the children

NAME WEIGHT
Mona 34.0kg
Kashif 36.2kg
Aslam 35.8kg
Insia 40.0kg

 

Q4: Solve these word problems, making complete statements.

a. Sid bugs a kilogram of space-fingers on 6 different dags. The prices he pages are R5 8, Rs 10, Rs 7.50, Rs 12, Rs 11.75 and Rs 9.25. Find the average price.
b. Over a 4-month period, Moiz’s monthly income was Rs 5000, Rs 4000, Rs 2500 and Rs 1000. What was his average income for that period?
b.    Study this table: it shows the number of girls and bogs studying at Ahsan Primary School:

CLASS GIRLS BOYS
LKG 24 18
UKG 21 23
1 26 20
2 25 19
3 18 26
4 20 24
5 27 21

 

Find (i) the average number of girls in each class, (ii) the average number of bogs in each class,

(iii) the total number of children in the school and (iv) the average number of children in each class.

 

 P:140

  AVERAGES AND GRAPHS 

Q1: This column graph shows one-week attendance for Class 5 at Ahsan Primary School.

Number of children

(GRAPH)

                                              Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri

Day

Study the graph and then work out:

 

  1. The total attendance for each day of the week.
  2. On which days the attendance was below the average.
  3. This column graph shows the Marks by 6  children in a spelling test. 

Study the graph, then work out the average marks scored by the 6 children. Which children scored above the average? This graph shows the price of 4 story books

(graph)

The dotted line shows the average price of the 4 books.

You can see that average is a number roughly halfway between the smallest number and the largest attendance.

 

(graph)

 

 

Q3: Here is the top part of a column graph showing 4 children’s results in a test.

 

Look at the graph and estimate what the average marks will be. Than work out the average exactly.

P:141

AVERGES, GRAPHS AND SPEED

Q 4: Study the graphs, then work out the average speed for each journey.

Distance (km)

Average speed = 140 km + 2 hours

= 20 km/hr

  1. Distance (km)
  1. Distance(km)
  1. Distance (km)

Q 5. Work out these average speeds.

90 km  covered  in 5 hours

Average speed=  = 45 kmph

a) 105km covered in 5 hours

 

 

a) 990km covered in 3 hours

 

 

a) 445km covered in 8 hours

 

 

 

P:142

DISTANCE, SPEED & TIME

Q1: Find the time taken for each journey.

D = 100 km, S = 20 kmph,

T= ——————-

S = 55 kmph, D = IIOkm,

T: ——————-

D = SAO km, S = 60 kmph,

T:——————-

Q2: Solve the following.

a)A motorcycle averages 50 kmph. How long does it take to travel 25 km?
b)How long will a bus travelling at an average speed of 45 kmph take to cover a distance of 225 km?

P:143

DISTANCE, SPEED AND TIME

Q3: Work out the distance travelled in each of these journeys.

a)S=30 kmph, T=5hrs,D=?
b)S=55 kmph, T=4hrs,D=?
c)T= 121 hrs, S= 50 kmph, D=?

Q4: Work out the average speed of these journeys.

a)T=5 hrs, D=360 km S=?
b)T= 16 hrs, D= 1200 km, S=?
c)T=7 hrs, D=497 km, S=?

 

Q5: Calculate values in the blanks.

a)S=40 kmph, T=D=480 km?
b)T=5 hrs, D=72O km, S=?
c)S=?,T = 12 hrs, D=732km
d)D= 1350 km, s=5o kmph, T=?
e)s=6o kmph, D=?,T=2 1/2 hrs
f)D=?, T=4 1/4 hrs, s=70 kmph

Q 6-Copy and complete the table:

Distance Time Speed
a 240 km 6 hr  
b    hr 40 kmph
c 450 km   90 kmph
d 1500 km    

 

Q7: Solve, making complete statements

a) If a cyclist travels Q0 km in 5 hours, what is her average speed?
b) Sprog Spacewalker takes part in a marathon race I8 km long. If his average speed is 6 kmph, how long does he take to complete the race?
c)How far will a gas-filled balloon travel in 8 hours if its average speed is 10%kmph?
d)How long will it take Sue Spacewalker to run 12 km at 8 kmph? If Selvi takes 2 hours to run the same distance, what is her average speed?

P:144

THINKING ABOUT TEMPERATURE

P:145

ALL ABOUT TEMPERATURE

Convert these temperatures into the other Scale (answer to 2 decimal places where necessary).

a.122°F   b. 45°C c.77°F
 

 

   
d. 40°C e.113°F f. 35°C
 

 

   

P: 146 PART FOUR

ALGEBRA

  1. Look at the objects in each plate and write the initial of each object in the blank.
1apple 1 brinjal 1cauliflower

Q 2. Now look at these boxes. Write the initial of each object.

  1. (2 lollipops) (3 sweets)

 

 

(2 chocolates) (4 burgers)

 

 

B: Now, write all these using different symbols of your choice. For example, ’lollipop’ can be written as w, ‘sweet’ as x and so on.

C: If x stands for one rupee, write the amount of money. each box contains, using x:

 (Rupees seven)       (Rupees five)        (Ru5ees ten)

 

 

 

D: Put all the money together, and write your answer using x:

 

 

P:147

ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS

Q1: Now, put all the items given in Exercise 2A, on the previous page, in one tray.

 

 

Write the contents of the tray, using the English alphabets.

Q 2. Now, write each group as an algebraic expression, using first the initial letter and then the last letter of each word.

 

  1. 2 apples + 3 bananas + I mango + I watermelon

 

  1. 2 (pairs of) scissors, two knives, 3 forks and I teapot

 

 

 

P:148

Q1:  Now, write the following sets at objects as a algebric expressions using different alphabets of your choice.

  1. 5 books, 3 notebooks and I atlas.
  1. 3 ships, 1 boat and 2 kayaks.
  1. 4 ink pens, 3 ballpoint pens, 12 pencils and 1 fell-tip pen.

Q2- Now add each set of the following expressions.

a). 2x+3y+lIz; 5x+2y+4z b)2a+3b+4c+ ld; 5a+lIb+2c c)p+2q+3r; 2q+3r; lIp+2q

Q3- Take away

a) 2x+3yfrOm 5x+8y b). 3p+2q+ |rfr0m5p+2q+ c) 2a+1b+1c from 2a +1b+1c+1d

P:149

SIMPLE MULTIPLICATION

Write in short.

a) x+x+x b) y+y+y c) f+f+f+f+f+f

Q2: Now, find the perimeter of each of these figures.

a. Triangle with side x cm b. Square with side y cm c. Hexagon with side z cm

 

Q 3: Write as an addition:

a. 3g
b. 5q
c. 82

Q 4. Now, write the sum in each case.

3a+2b+c; 3a+2b+c

= 2 (3a+ 2b+c)

= 6a+4b+2c

a. 4x + 5y; 4x + 5y b. 2p+iq+3r;2p+lq+3r;

2p+1q+3r

P:150

Q1: Now find the area   each of these rectangles

a. Rectangle with length of p cm, and breadth q cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Square with side s cm c. Rectangle with length f cm and breadth g cm.

Q2: Expand and write.

5p = 5  x p (or F 5.p)

=p+p+p+p+p

a. 6m
b. 9z
c. pq cm2

P:151

REVIEW

Exercise

Write out these problems in algebraic terms and work them out.

Q1:  If one pineapple costs Rs 10 find the cost of:

  1. 5 pineapples
  2. 3 pineapples
  3. x pineapples

P:152

Q2:Two bags contain 3 lollipops and li sweets each. Write the sum as an algebraic expression.
Q3: One cage has 2 parrots and 3 sparrows, and the other has 1 parrot, crow and 1 Sparrow. Birds from these two cages are put together in a larger cage. Write the sum as an algebraic expression.
Q4: There were 4 sweets in a box; two were eaten by Adil. Write this as an algebraic term.
Q5: There were 4 cakes and 4 sandwiches on a plate. Rabia ate one of each. Write this as an algebraic expression.

Q6: Work these out:

  1. a) p+p+p+p+p+p =——————-
  2. 4k =——————-
  3. 3d – 2d =——————-
  4. 7x + 3x + 2x =——————-
  5. 80 – 2c =——————-

Q7:Add:

a. (3a + Lib) + (Sb + lm + Zc)
b- (ZX + 3y) + (5y + Zy)

Q8:Subtract:

a. (3x + 4y) – (2y + 1x) b. (9p +8r) – (4r + 3p)

Q9: Multiply

a.a x b b. p x r c. y x z

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P:153

REVIEW OF THE YEAR

Q1: Place in Pakistani periods and write the number name

a. 5672318 b. 74028301 c. 6009053 d. 90755620

Q2: Change into International periods and write the International number name.

a. 42,03,721 b. 3,16,72,049 c. 50,47,834 d. 8,02,46,1 I8

Q3: Write the value of the coloured digit.

a. 1,627,148 b. 7,24,16,831 c. 22, 14,690 d. 84, 1172,063

Q4: For each number, write (i) the predecessor and (ii) the successor.

a. 2,348,000 b. 6, 10,00,000 c. 14, 17,600 d. 84,000,000

Q5: Write vertically and complete.

a. 1,40,732 + 8,64,395 +28 b. 7,640,117 – 4,584,623
c. |8,96,23, 141+ 3292 + 764 d. 1468.29 – 979.54

Q6: Round oft each number (i) to the nearest I0 and; (ii) to the nearest I00.

  1. 643 b. 82,555 c. 1,29,387

Q7: Round off each number (i) to decimal place and (ii) to 2 decimal places.

a. 2.461 b. 84.099 c. 6.191 d. 100.335

Q8: Write vertically and complete.

a. 1629×312 b. 8.I97x36 c. 8074×593 d. 10.895×75

Q9: Solve, Writing your answer to two decimal places where necessary.

a. 97,920 ÷ 384 b. 69,482 ÷ 77
c. 46,839 ÷ 47 d. 108,964 ÷ 98

Q10: Prepare bills for these 33 customers.

a. Hungry Crocodile: 20 kg of rice at Rs 3.75/kg; 16%kg of fish at Rs 24/kg; 51 of cooking oil at Rs |850/I; I0 packets of biscuits at Rs I I.35/packet.
b. Adil: 12 kg of wheat flour at Rs 4. 1 5/kg; 5.5 kg of sugar at Rs 6.25/kg; 2.51 of cream at Rs |8.60/1; 25 chocolate bars at Rs 9.85 each.

P:154

Q11. Simplify.

a. 6X5+18-4 b. 11+18+3×21
c. 9 x21+7+14-5 d. 8.1×0.16-0.6114
  1. Simplify.
a. (0.38 x 4.62) + 10.5
b. 4.61 + {2. + (3.82 – 1.75)}
c- 3+{1+(x)}
d. [{84 -(21 + 3)} + 12] + 74
e. {31 – 16.3 + 8.6)}x 1000
  1. Work out the areas.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Work out the volume of these cuboids (in cm3 or m3):
a. l=4.2cm,b=5cm,h=1.5cm b. I=I0m,b=3.5m,h=4.3m
c. l=6.9cm,b=7.5cm,h=2.2cm d. any 5-digit number divisible by 4.

Q15: Write down:

a. any 5-digit number divisible by 4.
b. any 6-digit number divisible by 8.
c. any numbers from this list which are divisible by 15:

400, 7020, 1 1,620, 15,055.

Q16: Write the numbers whose prime factors are given here, using brackets to help you.

a. 2 X 2 X 2 X 3 b. 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 x 5 c. 2x3x5xV7x7x11

Q17: Using prime factorization, find the HCF of;

a. 56 and 140 b. 63 and 511

Q18:Find the HCF, using the long division method.

a. 1026; 247
b.21A6; H84
c. 368; 1173
d. I377; |836

Q19: Find the LCM of each set.

a. 12, 15, 21
b. 24, 32, 26
c. 10, 12, 18
d. 27, 30, 15

P155

Q20: Fill in the blanks.

  1. If the product of 2 numbers is 270 and their HCF is 3, their LCM is——————-
  2. For a pair of numbers, the HCF is 4 and the LCM is 252.

If one of the numbers is 28, the other number is——————-

  1. Solve, giving each answer in its lowest terms
a) x b)5 x6
c) 3 ÷2 d) x x
e)9 ÷ 1 f) ÷

Q22: Multiply each number (i) by 10 (ii) by 100 and (iii) by 1000: ,

a. 4.8
b. 1 .47
c. 6.87
d. 4.535

Q23: Solve.

a. 0.6 X 0.4 b. 3.0 x 4.5
c. 0.63 + 0.21 d. 1.752 + 0.219
e. 2.81X 3.6 f. 0.12 + 0.006

Q24: Write denominators in place of its, then complete the sums.

a. 2.34X4.61 =
b. 3.604 x 7.3 =

Q25: Change these into decimals, giving your answer (i) to 2 decimal places and (ii) to 3 decimal places.

a)
b)
c)

Q26: Write as percentages, using the % symbol.

a) b) c) 3

Q27: Write as percentages (to 2 decimal places where necessary).

a) 1 b) 4 c) 3

Q28: Change into fractions or mixed numbers, reducing where you

can,

a. 80% b.224% c. 16%
d. 75% e. 155% f. 44%

Q29:Change into decimals.

a. 45% b. 672% c. l2%
d. 55% e. 752% f. 34%

Q30 Change into percentages.

a. 0.018 b. 1.64 c. 0.143

P:156

Calculate.

a. 20% of Rs 40.75

 

 

 

b. The percentage profit where C.P. = Rs 800 and S.P. = RS Q50

 

 

 

 

c. 70% of 5600 l of water

 

 

 

 

 

d. The percentage profit where S.P. = Rs 5000 and C.P. = Rs 3800 (to 3 decimal places)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q32: Calculate the interest where:

a. P = Rs 11200, R = 5%,T = 3 years  

 

 

 

b. P = Rs 5000, R = 6%,T = 4 years  

 

 

 

 

C. P = Rs85O, R = 9%,T = 2 years  

 

 

 

 

 

Q33: Construct these, using the  appropriate instrument.

a. Reflex LABC = 240°  
b. A circle of diameter 7.8 cm  
c. A circle of radius 6.0 cm with arc PQR marked on it.  

Q34: Complete these statements.

  1. If each side of Δ ABC is 4.5 cm, ∠ABC = ——————-degrees,
  2. If two angles of an isosceles Δ PQR are 50° each, the third angle=——————-.
  3. If a Δ has angles of 30°, 45°, and 105°, it is a——————- Δ.
  4. if a coral reef is due west of the golden cockroach its bearing=——————-
  5. Construct triangles to match these dimensions.
  AB BC AC BAC ABC
a 4cm 5cm 3.5
b 6cm 4cm 55o
c 5cm 7cm 80 o
d 7.5cm 35 o 45 o

 

  1. Construct:
a. Parallel lines AB and CD, each 3.2 cm long and 2.0 cm apart.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b. Two concentric circles, one of radius 3.5 cm and the other of radius AA cm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

c. Line PQ perpendicular to the end point of line ST.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Solve, making complete statements.

 

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