NOTES: NEW OXFORD PRIMARY SCIENCE LEVEL/ CLASS:2

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NOTES: NEW OXFORD PRIMARY SCIENCE LEVEL/ CLASS:2

 

UNIT: 1 OUR BODY   EXERCISE                (PAGE:04-05)

Answer these questions:

 

QUESTION No.1 –a

What is a skeleton?

ANSWER:

All the bones of our body make up our skeleton.

QUESTION No.1-b

                    What do you think it would be like to have no bones in your body?

ANSWER:

We can not walk and do any thing if we have no bones in our body.

QUESTION No.1-c

Why do we need muscles and joints?

ANSWER:

Muscles and joints help the skeleton to move.

QUESTION No.1-d

Tick the right answer.

As you grow, your skeleton—————–

i)            Grows

ii)          Stays the same size

iii)         Becomes smaller

ANSWER:

(i) Grows

QUESTION No.2

Use the correct word from the brackets to fill in the blank.

a)A———————————– a place where two bones meet.                           (muscle, joint)

b)Muscles need ———————————-to become strong.                           (food, air)

c)Bones help us to———————————-.                                                             (move, remember)

d)All of us have ————————————–number of bones in our bodies.

(a different, the same)

e)Bones move with the help of —————————-and joints.                 (food, muscles)

f)There are—————————————bones in the human body,                             (206, 260)

g)The skeleton gives—————————————-to the body.             (strength, shape)

ANSWER:

a) joint

b) food

c) move

d) the same

e) muscles

f) 206

g) shape

 

 

 

 

UNIT:2 THE BODY MACHINE EXERCISE (PAGE:09)

 

QUESTION No.1-a

What work is done by these parts of our body?

a)the heart —————————————

b)the lungs ——————————————–

c)the brain ———————————————

d)the stomach—————————————–

ANSWER:

a) pumps blood to all parts of the body

b) Help us to breathe
c)  Helps us to think/ remember
d) Helps us to digest food
QUESTION No.2

Name the five senses?

ANSWER:

1- Sight,

2- smell,

3- feel/touch,

4- hear and

5- taste

QUESTION No.3

Name the five organs of sense.

ANSWER:

1- Eyes,

2- nose,

3- skin,

4- ears and

5- tongue

QUESTION No.4
ANSWER:

 

 

QUESTION No.5

Write three ways in which you keep healthy?

ANSWER:

 

 

 

QUESTION No.6

Choose the correct answer from the brackets to fill in the blank.

a)The organs in our body do ———————————————jobs.

(the same, different)

b)We should drink —————- glasses of clean water to keep healthy.

(6 to 8, 1 to 3)

c)Regular exercise makes us ———————                                                             (strong, weak)

d)Fruits and vegetables are ——————————foods.

(unhealthy, healthy)

ANSWER:

a) different

b) boiled

c) strong

d) healthy

 

UNIT:3 ANIMALS PAGE:14

 

QUESTION No.1-a

Name two animals that have sharp teeth.

ANSWER:

1- lion,

2- tiger

QUESTION No.1-b

Why do they have such teeth?

ANSWER:

They have such teeth to help them tear meat.

QUESTION No.1-c

How are ducks able to swim in water?

ANSWER:

Ducks are able to swim in water with the help of webbed feet.

QUESTION No.1-d

How does having a long neck help the giraffe to feed itself?

ANSWER:

A giraffe eats leaves and these are usually high up on the branches of trees. The giraffe uses it long neck to reach the leaves.

QUESTION No.1-e)

Most humans are;

(herbivores, carnivores, omnivores

ANSWER:

Omnivores

QUESTION No.2

Fill in the blanks.

a)Plant eaters are animals that only eat————————-

b)Meat eaters do not eat————————

c)Some animals such as ———————and ———————–eat both meat and plants.

ANSWER:

a) plants/ leaves

b) plants

c) crow and bear

QUESTION No.3

Look at the pictures and match the following.

a)   for fighting

b)  for keeping warm

c)    for breaking tree
branches

d)  for scratching and
tearing flesh

1- Claws

2- Trunk

3- Fur

 

4- horn

ANSWER:

a) horn

b) fur

c) trunk

d) claws

4. Answers will vary, but below are some examples:

HerbivoreCarnivoreOmnivoregoatdoghumanscowlionbeardeerwolfcrow

 

UNIT:4 LIFE CYCLES PAGE:19

 

QUESTION No. 1

Fill in the blanks:

a)   Frogs and fish are similar because both lay———————-in water.

b)  Fish eggs first develop———————————-before turning into fish.

c)   Frog eggs first develop into———————–

ANSWER:

a) eggs

b) fry

c) tadpoles

QUESTION No.2

 

Look at the picture and complete the fact file about frogs, below, using the correct words and phrases from the brockets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A frog lives—————————–(air, water, land, land and water)

It has ———————————limbs.

(two, four, six)

Its skin is———————————-

(dry and scaly, bumpy and wet)

It———————————–a neck.

(has, does no have)

It eats———————————

(flies, grass)

It ——————————–

(hisses, croaks, screeches)

Baby frogs are called————————– (chrysalis, tadpoles)

ANSWER:

land and water            

         four            

   bumpy and wet            

           does not have

flies                    

                     croaks    

                       tadpoles

 

UNIT:5 PLANTS PAGE:23

 

QUESTION No.1

Find out if the following are shrubs or trees.

a)    Jasmine————————————————

b)   Tamarind———————————————-

c) Banyan—————————————-

d)   Oak—————————————————–

e)Hibiscus—————————————–

ANSWER:

a) shrub

b) tree

c) tree

d) tree

e) shrub

QUESTION No.2

Find out and write the names of four plants that grow round your home or school.

a) ———————————————–

b) ——————————————–

c)—————————————————-

d) ———————————————–

ANSWER:

a) rose plant

b) money plant

c) vinca rosea plant

d) sunflower plant

QUESTION No.3

Find out and write the name of one vegetable that is cooked and eaten in your home which is a

a)leaf ————————————————

b)stem ———————————————–

c)root————————————————-

d)fruit—————————————

ANSWER:

a) spinach

b) potato

c) carrot, radish, beetroot

d) mango, banana

QUESTION No.4

Complete the table showing the uses of plants.

Plant                             used for

Rose————————————————–

Tea—————————————————-
rubber———————————————–

mint—————————————————

ANSWER:

Rose plant is used for extracting oil.

Teak is used for making beautiful furniture and doors.

Rubber is used for making erasers, belts, gloves, balloons, etc.

Mint is used for flavouring food.

QUESTION No.5

List five different uses of plants.

ANSWER:

 

UNIT:6 SEEDS, FRUITS AND FLOWERS PAGE:29

 

QUESTION No.1

Choose the correct word to fill in the blank.

seed        shoot    skin                 root

a)Fruits are covered by a ————————–on the outside and have the——————————-inside them.

b)The ————————————-grows under the ground while the———————————grows above the ground.

 

ANSWER:

a) skin, seed

b) root, shoot

mango, apricot, plum, orange and papaya

UNIT:7 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS AND GASES PAGE:33-34

1.

ColourShapeSmellShape can be changed easilyeraserrectangleSomeNolunch boxsquareNo Nobottle capcircleNo Nowaterno colourno shapeNo Yesmilkwhiteno shapeNo Yes

The teacher can use her own examples also.

QUESTION No.2

Find out and write the names of any two gases?

ANSWER:

oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, etc.

QUESTION No.3

Use the correct word from the brackets to fill in the blank.

a)Solids and ———————————can be seen easily.

(liquids, gases)

b)————————————————–cannot be seen easily.              (Liquids, Gases)

c)————————————-can be poured.

(Liquids, Solids)

d) Air contains man——————————— (gases, liquids)

e)Water vapour is the gas that we get when we —————————————–water.                             (freeze, boil)

f) ———————————is needed us to stay alive. (Oxygen, Vapour)

g)Freezing can turn a            into a solid.

(liquid, gas)

h)One example of freezing is ———————————. (water, ice)

i)Gases and ————————————–do not have fixed shapes, they take the shape of their container. (solids, liquids)

ANSWER:

a) liquids

b) Gases

c) Liquids

d) gases

e) boil

f) Oxygen

g) liquid

h) ice

i) liquids

 

UNIT:8 MEASURING INSTRUEMENTS PAGE:38

QUESTION No.1

Choose the correct answers and fill in the blanks.

a)I will use a———————–to measure the length of my book. (kitchen scale, ruler)

b)My mother wears a ———————————-on her wrist.

(watch, clock)

c)A full jug holds —————————water than a full glass. (less, more)

d)The ——————————-is used to measure how much sugar to put in a cake. (kitchen scale, thermometer)

ANSWER:

a) ruler

b) watch

c) more

d) kitchen scale

QUESTION No.2

Match the following:

thermometer     weight

bathroom scale time

measuring tape temperature

clock                 length

beaker               liquid

ANSWER:

thermometer temperature

bathroom scale weight

measuring tape length

clock time

beaker liquid

 

 

UNIT:9 DAY AND NIGHT PAGE:41-42

QUESTION No. 1

Correct those statements that are false.

a)The Earth is a planet.
b)There are six planets orbiting the Sun.
c)The Sun travels around the Earth.
d)The Sun appears to be so bright
e)because it is the biggest star.
f)The Sun gives us heat and light.
ANSWER:

b) There are eight planets orbiting the Sun.

c) The Earth travels round the Sun.

d) The Sun appears to be so bright because it is the nearest star.

QUESTION No. 2-a

How long does the Earth take to spin around on its axis?

ANSWER:

The Earth takes a whole day or 24 hours to spin round on its axis.

 

QUESTION No.2-b

How long does the Earth take to go around the Sun?

ANSWER:

The Earth takes one year to orbit the Sun.

QUESTION No.2-c

What is an orbit?

ANSWER:

The path on which the Earth travels around the Sun is called the orbit.

QUESTION No. 2-d

What shape is the Earth?

ANSWER:

The Earth is like a ball. This shape is called a sphere.

 

NAME:                       CLASS:2 SUB:SCIENCE

UNIT:10 THE MOON      PAGE:45

QUESTION No.1

Choose the correct word from the brackets.

a)There is —————————water on the Moon.

(little, no)

b)There is ——————————-air on the Moon.

(little, no)

c)The Moon——————————————its own light. (has, does not have)

d)The Moon —————————9 planet.

(is, is not)

e)The Moon is —————————————-than the Earth.

(bigger, smaller)

f)The Moon spins on its axis —————————————-the Earth.

(like, unlike)

g)  The changing positions of the Moon are called its————-          (orbits, phases)

ANSWER:

a) little

b.) no

c) does not have

d) is not

e) smaller

f) like

g) phases

QUESTION No.2-a

What shape is the Moon?

ANSWER:

The shape of the Moon is spherical.

QUESTION No.2-b

Have you ever seen the Moon during the- day?

ANSWER:

It cannot be seen in the day.

QUESTION No.2-c

When did you last see a new Moon?

ANSWER:

5th January.

QUESTION No.2-d

Does the Moon move round the Sun or the Earth?

ANSWER:

The Moon moves round the Earth.

QUESTION No.2-e

Who is an “astronaut?”

ANSWER:

An astronaut travels in space on a spaceship.

 

UNIT:11 THE SEASONS   PAGE: 48-49

 

QUESTION No.1

Fill in the blanks with the correct words.

a)———————–is a cold season.

(Spring, Winter)

b)In ———————it is hot and sunny.

(autumn, summer)

c)Some animals collect food in ———————–.

(winter, autumn)

d) They sleep and rest in —————————.

(winter, spring)

e)Birds fly to a ——————————place before winter comes.

(warmer, colder)

f)They fly back in ———————————————————————– (summer, spring)

g)The monsoons bring ————————————————–to our country.

(snow, rain)

ANSWER:

a) Winter

b) summer

c) autumn

d) winter

e) warmer

f) spring

g) rain

QUESTION No.2

Solve the riddles. Guess and write the name of the season in the blanks below.

 

a) It is cold and windy. The nights are long and chilly.

b)  You eat mangoes and wear light clothes. The days are—————————–
long and hot. You love to go for picnics near a lake or the sea.———————
c)   Leaves turn yellow, red or brown and start falling————————
off the trees. It is cooler, especially in the evenings.
d)  New leaves and buds grow. It begins to get warmer with flowers blooming in the garden.—————————
ANSWER:

a) winter

b) summer

c) autumn

d) spring

QUESTION No.3-a

When is the rainy season where you live?

ANSWER:

 

QUESTION No.3-b

Do you have a long summer or a short one?

ANSWER:

 

 

 

QUESTION No.3-c

Many countries in the world have four seasons. Can you name these seasons?

ANSWER:

spring,

summer,

autumn

winter

 

UNIT:12 WATER          PAGE: 56

QUESTION No.1

How many glasses of water do you drink in a day

a) in the summer?

b) in the winter?

ANSWER:

 

a) I drink ten glasses.

b) I drink five glasses.

QUESTION No.2

List the sources of water. Which water is drinkable? Which is not? Why is that so?

ANSWER:

Seas,

rivers,

streams,

ponds,

lakes,

Fresh water from rivers is drinkable.

Sea water is not drinkable. It is very salty.

QUESTION No.3

Write any three ways in which you can save water.

ANSWER:

1-Reduce flow of water tap.

2-Water plants wisely.

3-Run the dishwasher only when full.

QUESTION No.4

Write any four reasons why water is important for us?

ANSWER:

1. All living things need water.

2.We clean and wash

3. Plants need water.

4. Fish can only live in water.

 

 

UNIT:13 AIR              PAGE: 61

 

QUESTION No.1     Fill in the blanks.

a) ———————–makes the air dirty.

b)When someone coughs or sneezes,————————————-get into the air.

c)Some gases are ——————–, they can harm your health.

d)  When water boils, it turns into a gas called—————————

e)   We need oxygen from the air to ———

f)Moving air is called——————–

g)Air contains——————-,——————-,———————and —————————

 

ANSWER:

a) Pollution

b) germs

c) poisonous

d) water vapour

e) live

f) wind

g) smoke, dust, ash and gases

QUESTION No.2-a

Are all gases harmful?

ANSWER:

No.

QUESTION No.2-b

How do we know there is air around us?

ANSWER:

Wind is moving air. We can feel it.

QUESTION No.2-c

Write any two ways in which air can become dirty.

ANSWER:

 

 

 

 

QUESTION No.2-d

What is a strong wind called?

ANSWER:

A gale is a strong wind.

 

UNIT:14 THE ENVIRONMENT PAGE:64

 

QUESTION No.1

Write about something found in your environment that you like.

ANSWER:

 

 

 

 

QUESTION No.2

Name three things that spoil the environment.

ANSWER:

 

 

 

QUESTION No.3

Name the three R’s. What can happen to the environment if we do not follow them?

ANSWER:

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT:15 ELECTRICITY   PAGE:69

 

QUESTION No.1

Tick the correct answer.

a)   Which one of these things uses electricity?
a television

a broom

a pencil

b)  It is very dangerous to
-use the computer.

-put your finger in an electric socket.
-touch a battery.

c)   Your remote-controlled car is not working. It needs
water

petrol

a battery

 

d)  Which one of these things can work with a battery?
a torch

a fridge

a toaster

ANSWER:

a) a television

b) It is very dangerous to put your finger in a plug socket.

c) a battery

d) a torch

QUESTION No.2-a

Who is an inventor?

ANSWER:

An inventor is the first person to make a new thing.

QUESTION No.2-b

Who invented the first electric bulb?

ANSWER:

An American Thomas Edison.

QUESTION No.2-c

Where does the electricity we use come from?

ANSWER:

Electricity comes from the power stations.

QUESTION No.2-d

Why can small batteries not be used to work a big electrical object?

ANSWER:

Because it can store electrical energy in small amounts.

QUESTION No.2-e

Write the name of one object that works with a battery, and one that works by mains electricity.

ANSWER:

Objects working with battery:

toy car.

Objects working with mains electricity:

TV

 

UNIT:16 SIMPLE MACHINES PAGE:72

 

QUESTION No.1

Look at the pictures below and circle the simple machines shown. Can you name them?

ANSWER:

 

1. lever.

2. wedge.

 

3. inclined plane.
1. The bottle opener is an example of a lever.

2. The knife is an example of a wedge.

3. The sloping road is an example of an inclined plane. The bicycle’s tyres are an example of wheel and axle.

 

UNIT:17 SOUNDS   PAGE: 75

 

QUESTION No.2

What does the word ‘vibrate’ mean?

ANSWER:

The word ‘vibrate’ means quick, to and fro movement.

QUESTION No.3

How does sound travel?

ANSWER:

Sound travels in waves.

QUESTION No.4

Loud sounds can damage hearing. Make a list of things that create loud, annoying sounds.

ANSWER:

horn,

music,

fire cracker, etc.

 

 

UNIT:18 LIGHT & SHADOW PAGE:79

QUESTION No.1

Write the two properties of light by completing the following sentences:

a)Light travels—————————————

b)Light cannot ————————————–

ANSWER:

a) Light travels in straight lines.

b) Light cannot bend round corners.

QUESTION No.2

What are straight lines of light called?

ANSWER:

Straight lines of light are called rays.

QUESTION No.3

How are shadows formed?

ANSWER:

Shadows are formed when light is blocked.

QUESTION No.4

Explain what opaque objects are. Make a list of ten things in the classroom that are opaque.

ANSWER:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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