NOTES: ISLAMIATاسلامیات -9 (Part-A) PUNJAB TEXT BOOK BOARD LHR PAKISTAN

image_pdf

ISLAMIAT-9 PART-A

LESSON:1 SURAH Anfaal –an introduction  P:9

A:Give short answers to the following questions.

1.When was Surah Anfaal revealed?

ANS:

SURAH ANFAAL was revealed shortly after the Battle ofBadr which was fought on Friday,

17th ofRamadhan in the second year of the Hijrah.

2.Where was the first Islamic state established and who was the head of the state?

ANS:

The first Islamic state was established under the leadership of the Holy Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم)in Al-Medina Al-Munawarah.

3.What were the designs of Makkans after the Muslims had migrated to Madina?

ANS:

The Makkans made alliance even with the Jews and hypocrites of Madina itself. They had designs to crush Hazrat Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم and his followers.

4.Who called for the help of the armed forces from Makkah and on what pretext?

ANS:

Abu Sufyan, who was leading a trade caravan from Syria: to Makkah, called for the armed

forces from Makkah on the pretext that the Muslims of Medina could attack the caravan.

5.Describe the Makkan army and the Muslim army in your words.

ANS:

The two armies clashed on 17th of Mahe Ramadhan 2 A.H. The Muslim army consisted

of 313 soldiers, having between them only 2 horses and 70 camels.

The Makkan army had 900 soldiers, 100 horses and 700 camels. They were much better

equipped than the Muslims.

6.Where was the Battle of Badr fought and who won the victory?

ANS:

The battle was fought at Badr, a place lying at the distance of about 100 kilometres

south-west of Medina. The Muslims won a grand victory.

7.Who are the true believers?

ANS:

Those who accept and obey the instructions of Allah and His Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) are the true believers.
8.What are the factors that save Muslims from the assaults of evil?

ANS:

     The factors that can save you from the assaults of evil are;

  • the Faith in God,
  • steadfastness,
  • zeal and
  • intelligent discipline.

9.How much and with whom should the booty be shared?

ANS:

The believers are directed to assign fifth share of the booty to Allah, His Prophet

(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم), near relatives, orphans, the needy and the travellers.

10.How can the Muslims win the victory against the enemy?

ANS:

If believers are united and steadfast and they fight for truth and faith, they shall win the

victory even if their enemy is many times greater in number.

  1. FILL IN THE BLANKS.
  2. The Battle of Badr was fought on ———————————————-of Rarnadhan in the

——————————————-year of Hijrah.

  1. The Muslims had been forced to leave————————————-and they had settled in Madina.
  2. The Makkans made an alliance even with the ———————————and ——————————

—————of Madinah itself.

  1. The Makkan army numbered over——————————————–men.
  2. There were only——————————-men in the Muslim force.
  • The spoils of war are at the disposal of—————————————and —————————

7.Allah’s help is ———————————-and the His punishment is ———————————–

8.The believers should show mercy to the if the latter accept the true—————————————–

9.Allah has a great reward for those who believed in—————————————left their———-

——————————and struggled for the cause of———————————–

 

ANSWERS: (1-Friday 17th , 2nd )(2-Makkah) (3-Jews, hypocrites ) (4-thousand ) (5-313 )                         (6-Allah, His Porphets ) (7-sufficient ) (8- prisoners, faith) (9- homes,Allah)

LESSON:2 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 1-10(   P:14

A: Answers these questions.

1.What qualities of believers have been described in Sura Anfaal?

ANS:

QUALITIES OF BELIEVERS

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about the Ayah,

  • (The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts)

“None of Allah’s remembrance enters the hearts of the hypocrites upon performing what

He has ordained. They neither believe in any of Allah’s Ayat nor trust (in Allah) nor pray if they

are alone nor pay the Zakah due on their wealth. Allah stated that they are not believers. He then

described the believers by saying,

  • (The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts) and they
  • perform what He has ordained,)
  • (and when His Ayat are recited unto them, they increase their faith) and conviction,
  • (and they put their trust in their Lord), having hope in none except Him.

” Mujahid commented on,(their hearts Wajilat),

“Their hearts become afraid and fearful.”. The quality of a true believer is that when

Allah is mentioned, he feels a fear in his heart, and thus implements His orders and abstains

from His

prohibitions.

  • (And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (immoral sin) or wronged themselves
  • with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; — and none can forgive sins but
  • Allah — and do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know) (3:135)
  • (But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from vain desires.
  • Verily, Paradise will be his abode.)79:40-41

   2.What was Allah’s answer when the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم) sought His help?

ANS:

   “(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): “I will help you with a thousand of the angels Murdifin.”(ALANFAAL:9)

Al-Bukhari wrote in the book of battles (in his Sahih) under “Chapter; Allah’s statement,

إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ under Ayat(8:9-13) that Ibn Mas`ud said,

“I was a witness to something that Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad (رضی اللہ عنہ)did, that I would like more than almost anything else to have been the one who did it. Al-Miqdad came to the Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم while he was invoking Allah against the idolators and proclaimed, `We will not say as the people of Musa said, “So go you and your Lord and fight you two.”

Rather, we will fight to your right, to your left, before you and behind you.’ I saw the Prophet’s صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم face beaming with pleasure because of what Al-Miqdad said to him.”

Al-Bukhari next narrated from Ibn Abbas( رضی اللہ عنھما) that on the day of Badr, the Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم said,

“       O Allah! I invoke You for Your covenant and promise (victory). O Allah! If You decide so (cause our defeat), You will not be worshipped.”

Abu Bakr held the Prophet’s hand and said, “Enough.” (The Prophet went out proclaiming,)

“Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their backs. “

3.What was the effect of Allah’s promise on the Holy Prophet(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ و آلہ وسلم)?

ANS:             Same Q:2

4.Which two groups are referred to in Aayah seven of Surah Anfaal?

ANS:

  1. One of the richest trade caravans of the year, commanded by Abu Sufyan and guarded by

thirty to forty men, was travelling from Syria to Mecca.The goods contained in the caravan

were the belongings of the Muslims which were taken by the Meccans following the

migration to Madinah.

  1. At the call of Abu Sufyan, who was leading a trade caravan from Syria: to Makkah a huge

armed force of Makkan infidels moved towards Madina.

The Makkan army numbered over a thousand men.They were well- equipped and

had among their leaders some of the most experienced warriors of Arabia. Abu Jahl,

an adamant foe of Islam, was also one of the leaders of the Makkan force.

 

5.Give the meaning of the following Quranic passages.

ANS:

  1. So fear Allah and amend that which is between you
  2. and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely
  3. For them are degrees [of high position] with their Lord and forgiveness and noble provision.
  4. That He should establish the truth and abolish falsehood, even if the criminals disliked it.

 

LESSON:3 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 11-19) P:19

A: Answers these questions.

1.What divine favours has Allah mentioned in context of the Battle of Badr?

ANS:

  1. SLUMBER OVERCOMES MUSLIMS

Allah said,

“(Remember) when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him,” (Anfaal:11)

Allah reminds the believers of the slumber that He sent down on them as security from the fear they suffered from, because of the multitude of their enemy and the sparseness of their forces. They were given the same favor during the battle of Uhud, which Allah described,

Abu Talhah said,

“I was among those who were overcome by slumber during (the battle of) Uhud. The sword fell from my hand several times, and I kept picking it up again, several times. I also saw the Companions’ heads nodding while in the rear guard.”

  1. RAIN FALLS ON THE EVE OF BADR

“and He caused rain to descend on you from the sky.” (Anfaal:11)

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas(رضی اللہ عنھما) said,

“When the Prophet(صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) arrived at Badr, he made camp. At the time, there was a sandy piece of land between the idolators and the water (the wells at Badr). Muslims felt weak and the Shaytan cast frustration into their hearts. He whispered to them, `You claim that you are Allah’s supporters and that His Messenger is among you! However, the idolators have taken over the water resource from you, while you pray needing purity.’

Allah sent down heavy rain, allowing the Muslims to drink and use it for purity. Allah also removed Shaytan’s whisper and made the sand firm when rain fell on it, and the Muslims walked on the sand along with their animals, until they reached the enemy.

  1. ALLAH COMMANDS THE ANGELS TO FIGHT AND SUPPORT THE BELIEVERS

”             (Remember) when your Lord revealed to the angels, “Verily, I am with you, so keep firm those who have believed.” (Anfaal:12)

This is a hidden favor that Allah has made known to the believers, so that they thank Him and are grateful to Him for it. Allah, glorified, exalted, blessed and praised be He, has revealed to the angels — whom He sent to support His Prophet, religion and believing group — to make the believers firmer.

2.What instructions has Allah given to the believers in case they come face to face with the disbelievers in the battlefield?

ANS:

   Allah said, while warning against fleeing from the battlefield and threatening those who do it

with the Fire,

“O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in a battlefield, when you get near

the enemy and march towards them, (Anfaal:15)

never turn your backs to them. do not run away from battle and leave your fellow

Muslims behind,

“And whoever turns his back to them on such a day — unless it be a stratagem of

war… :(Anfaal:15)

The Ayah says, whoever flees from the enemy by way of planning to pretend that he is afraid of the enemy, so that they follow him and he takes the chance and returns to kill the enemy, then there is no sin on him.

  1. What warning has Allah given to the disbelievers In the Aayaat of Surah Anfaal?

ANS:Same Q:2

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. [Remember] when He overwhelmed you with drowsiness
  2. O you who have believed, when you meet those who disbelieve advancing [for battle], do not
  3. turn to them your backs [in flight].
  4. unless swerving [as a strategy] for war or joining [another] company,
  5. but if you return [to war], We will return, and never will you be availed by your [large] company
  6. at all, even if it should increase;

LESSON:4 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 20-28) P:23

A: Answers these questions.

1.Which people are the worst of all beasts?

ANS:

Allah declares that these are the most wicked creatures among the Children of Adam,

“Verily, the worst of living creatures with Allah are the deaf, who do not hear the truth, and the dumb,who cannot comprehend it, “who understand not. “ (Anfaal:22)

These indeed are the most wicked creatures, for every creature except them abide by the way that Allah created in them. These people were created to worship Allah, but instead disbelieved.

This is why Allah equated them to animals, when He said,

“And the example of those who disbelieve is as that of him who shouts to those that hear nothing but calls and cries.” (2:171)

“They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones. “(7:179)

It was also said that;

the Ayah (8:22) refers to some of the pagans of Quraysh from the tribe of Bani `Abd Ad-Dar, according to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and Ibn Jarir.

Muhammad bin Ishaq said that; this Ayah refers to hypocrites, as we stated.

There is no contradiction here, because both disbelievers and hypocrites are devoid of sound comprehension, in addition to having lost the intention to do good.

                   Allah states here that such are those who neither have sound understanding nor good intentions, even if they have some type of reason,

“Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen.” (Anfaal:23)

He would have helped them understand. However, this did not happen because there is no goodness in such people, for Allah knows that,

even if He had made them listen… and allowed them to understand, they would but have turned…, intentionally and out of stubbornness, even after they comprehend, with aversion, (to the truth). (Anfaal:23)

 

2.Why should the believers give response to the call of the Prophet of Allah?

ANS:

THE COMMAND TO ANSWER AND OBEY ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER

Allah commands;

“O you who believe! Answer Allah and (His) Messenger when he (the Messenger) calls you to that which will give you life, (Anfaal:24)

Al-Bukhari said,

“( اسْتَجِيبُواْ Answer), obey, (لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ  that which will give you life) that which will make your affairs good.”

Al-Bukhari went on to narrate that Abu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla said,

“I was praying when the Prophet passed by and called me, but I did not answer him until I finished the prayer.

He said,

“What prevented you from answering me? Has not Allah said: (O you who believe! Answer Allah and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life).’

He then said:

“I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before I leave.”

When he was about to leave, I mentioned what he said to me. He said,

All the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of all that exists… (1:1-6)

“Surely, it is the seven oft-repeated verses.”’

Muhammad bin Ishaq narrated that Muhammad bin Jafar bin Az-Zubayr said that

Urwah bin Az-Zubayr explained this Ayah,(O you who believe! Answer Allah and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life),

“Answer when called to war (Jihad) with which Allah gives you might after meekness, and strength after weakness, and shields you from the enemy who oppressed you.”

  1. Does mischief affect only those who do wrong?

ANS:

WARNING AGAINST AN ENCOMPASSING FITNAH

Allah warns;

“And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong, and know that Allah is severe in punishment.” (Anfaal:25)

Allah warns His believing servants of a Fitnah, trial and test, that encompasses the wicked and those around them. Therefore, such Fitnah will not be restricted to the sinners and evildoers. Rather, it will reach the others if the sins are not stopped and prevented.

       Imam Ahmad recorded that Mutarrif said,

“We asked Az-Zubayr, `O Abu Abdullah! What brought you here (for the battle of Al-Jamal)!  You abandoned the Khalifah who was assassinated (Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him) and then came asking for revenge for his blood!’

He said, `We recited at the time of the Messenger of Allah, and Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman,

We did not think that this Ayah was about us too, until it reached us as it did.”’

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said that;

the Ayah, refers to the Companions of the Prophet in particular.

In another narration from Ibn Abbas, he said,

“Allah commanded the believers to stop evil from flourishing among them, so that Allah does not encompass them all in the torment (Fitnah).”

This, indeed, is a very good explanation, prompting Mujahid to comment about Allah’s statement.

  1. How did Allah help the believers who were once few and weak in their own land?

ANS:

       REMINDING MUSLIMS OF THEIR PREVIOUS STATE OF WEAKNESS AND SUBJUGATION WHICH CHANGED INTO MIGHT AND TRIUMPH

Allah reminds;

And remember when you were few and were reckoned weak in the land, and were afraid that men might kidnap you, but He provided a safe place for you, strengthened you with His help, and provided you with good things (for livelihood) so that you might be grateful. (Anfaal:26)

Allah, the Exalted, reminds His believing servants of His blessings and favors on them. They were few and He made them many, weak and fearful and He provided them with strength and victory. They were meek and poor, and He granted them sustenance and livelihood. He ordered them to be grateful to Him, and they obeyed Him and implemented what He commanded.

When the believers were still in Makkah they were few, practicing their religion in secret, oppressed, fearing that pagans, fire worshippers or Romans might kidnap them from the various parts of Allah’s earth, for they were all enemies of the Muslims, especially since Muslims were few and weak. Later on, Allah permitted the believers to migrate to Al-Madinah, where He allowed them to settle in a safe resort.

Allah made the people of Al-Madinah their allies, giving them refuge and support during Badr and other battles. They helped the Migrants with their wealth and gave up their lives in obedience of Allah and His Messenger.

Qatadah commented, (And remember when you were few and were reckoned weak in the land), (Anfaal:26)

“Arabs were the weakest of the weak, had the toughest life, the emptiest stomachs, the barest skin and the most obvious misguidance. Those who lived among them lived in misery; those who died went to the Fire. They were being eaten up, but unable to eat up others! By Allah! We do not know of a people on the face of the earth at that time who had a worse life than them.

When Allah brought Islam, He made it dominant on the earth, thus bringing provisions and leadership for them over the necks of people. It is through Islam that Allah granted all what you see, so thank Him for His favors, for your Lord is One Who bestows favors and likes praise. Verily, those who thank Allah enjoy even more bounties from Him.”

  1. What does Allah mean when He says, “Do not betray Allah and His Prophet and do not misappropriate knowingly your trusts”?

ANS:

REASON BEHIND REVEALING THIS AYAH, AND THE PROHIBITION OF BETRAYAL

Allah says;

“O you who believe! Betray not Allah and His Messenger, nor betray knowingly your Amanat (things entrusted to you).” (Anfaal:26)

The Two Sahihs mention the story of Hatib bin Abi Baltaah.

In the year of the victory of Makkah he wrote to the Quraysh alerting them that the Messenger of Allah intended to march towards them. Allah informed His Messenger of this, and he sent a Companion to retrieve the letter that Hatib sent, and then he summoned him. He admitted to what he did.

Umar bin Al-Khattab stood up and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Should I cut off his head, for he has betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the believers?”

The Prophet said,

“Leave him! He participated in Badr. How do you know that Allah has not looked at those who participated in Badr and said, Do whatever you want, for I have forgiven you.”

However, it appears that this Ayah is more general, even if it was revealed about a specific incident.

Such rulings are dealt with by their indications, not the specific reasons behind revealing them, according to the majority of scholars.

Betrayal includes both minor and major sins, as well those that affect others. Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn Abbas commented on the Ayah, وَتَخُونُواْ أَمَانَاتِكُمْ  (nor betray your Amanat),

“The Amanah refers to the actions that Allah has entrusted the servants with, such as and including what He ordained. Therefore, Allah says here, “do not abandon the obligations.”’

  1. Explain the following passages ofthe Holy Quran.

ANS:

  1. And do not be like those who say, “We have heard,” while they do not hear.
  2. Indeed, the worst of living creatures in the sight of Allah are the deaf and dumb who do not use reason.
  3. that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.
  4. And fear a trial which will not strike those who have wronged among you exclusively,
  5. that your properties and your children are but a trial

LESSON:5 Surah Anfaal Aayaat 29-37) P:28

A: Answers these questions.

  1. What reward has Allah promised for righteousness?

ANS:

Allah says;

“O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan, and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you; and Allah is the Owner of the great bounty. (Anfaal:29)

           Ibn Abbas, As-Suddi, Mujahid, Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Muqatil bin Hayyan and several others said that, فُرْقَاناً  (Furqan),

means, `a way out’;

Mujahid added, “In this life and the Hereafter.”

In another narration, Ibn Abbas is reported to have said,

`Furqan’ means `salvation’

or — according to another narration — `aid’.

Muhammad bin Ishaq said that

           `Furqan’ means `criterion between truth and falsehood’.

This last explanation from Ibn Ishaq is more general than the rest that we mentioned, and it also includes the other meanings.

Certainly, those who have Taqwa of Allah by obeying what He ordained and abstaining from what he forbade, will be guided to differentiate between the truth and the falsehood. This will be a triumph, safety and a way out for them from the affairs of this life, all the while acquiring happiness in the Hereafter. They will also gain forgiveness, thus having their sins erased, and pardon, thus having their sins covered from other people, as well as, being directed to a way to gain Allah’s tremendous rewards,

“O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and believe in His Messenger, He will give you a double portion of His mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight). And He will forgive you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (57:28)

  1. Which event does the passage واذ یمکربک الذین کفروا refer to?

ANS:

The Makkans plot to kill the Prophet, imprison Him or expel Him from Makkah

Allah reminds;

“And (remember) when the disbelievers plotted against you to imprison you, or to kill you, or to expel you (from your home, Makkah); they were plotting and Allah too was plotting; and Allah is the best of plotters. (Anfaal:30)

     Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and Qatadah said, لِيُثْبِتُوكَ  (Liyuthbituka),means “to imprison you.”

As-Suddi said, “Ithbat is to confine or to shackle.”

                 Imam Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Yasar, the author of Al-Maghazi, reported from Abdullah bin Abi Najih, from Mujahid, from Ibn Abbas,

“Some of the chiefs of the various tribes of Quraysh gathered in Dar An-Nadwah (their conference area) and Iblis (Shaytan) met them in the shape of an eminent old man. When they saw him, they asked, `Who are you?’

He said, `An old man from Najd. I heard that you are having a meeting, and I wished to attend your meeting. You will benefit from my opinion and advice.’

They said, `Agreed, come in.’

He entered with them. Iblis said, `You have to think about this man (Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم)! By Allah, he will soon overwhelm you with his matter (religion).’

One of them said, `Imprison him, restrained in chains, until he dies just like the poets before him all died, such as Zuhayr and An-Nabighah! Verily, he is a poet like they were.’

The old man from Najd, the enemy of Allah, commented, `By Allah! This is not a good idea. His Lord will release him from his prison to his companions, who will liberate him from your hands. They will protect him from you and they might expel you from your land.’

They said, `This old man said the truth. Therefore, seek an opinion other than this one.’

Another one of them said, `Expel him from your land, so that you are free from his trouble! If he leaves your land, you will not be bothered by what he does or where he goes, as long as he is not among you to bring you troubles, he will be with someone else.’

The old man from Najd replied, `By Allah! This is not a good opinion. Have you forgotten his sweet talk and eloquence, as well as, how his speech captures the hearts By Allah! This way, he will collect even more followers among Arabs, who will gather against you and attack you in your own land, expel you and kill your chiefs.’

They said, `He has said the truth, by Allah! Therefore, seek an opinion other than this one.’

Abu Jahl, may Allah curse him, spoke next, `By Allah! I have an idea that no one else has suggested yet, and I see no better opinion for you. Choose a strong, socially elevated young man from each tribe, and give each one of them a sharp sword. Then they would all strike Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم at the same time with their swords and kill him. Hence, his blood would be shed by all tribes. This way, his tribe, Banu Hashim, would realize that they cannot wage war against all of the Quraysh tribes and would be forced to agree to accept the blood money; we would have brought comfort to ourselves and stopped him from bothering us.’

The old man from Najd commented, `By Allah! This man has expressed the best opinion, and I do not support any other opinion.’

They quickly ended their meeting and started preparing for the implementation of this plan.

Jibril came to the Prophet and commanded him not to sleep in his bed that night and conveyed to him the news of their plot. The Messenger of Allah did not sleep in his house that night, and Allah gave him permission to migrate. After the Messenger migrated to Al-Madinah, Allah revealed to him Surah Al-Anfal reminding him of His favors and the bounties He gave him,

  1. Why did Allah not punish the infidels though they had asked Allah to accord punishment

to them?

ANS:

THE PRESENCE of THE PROPHET, & THE IDOLATORS’ ASKING for FORGIVENESS

Allah said,

“And Allah would not punish them while you are among them, nor will He punish them while they seek (Allah’s) forgiveness.” (Anfaal:33)

     Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn Abbas said,

“Pagans used to go around the House in Tawaf and proclaim, `We rush to Your obedience, O Allah, there is no partner with You,’ and the Prophet would tell them,

“Enough, enough.”

But they would go on, `We rush to Your obedience, O Allah, there is no partner with You except a partner who is with You, You own Him but he does not own!

They also used to say, `O Allah, Your forgiveness, Your forgiveness.’

Allah revealed this verse; وَمَا كَانَ اللّهُ لِيُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَأَنتَ فِيهِمْ  (And Allah would not punish them while you are among them…).”’

Ibn Abbas commented,

“They had two safety shelters:

  • the Prophet, and
  • their seeking forgiveness (from Allah).

The Prophet went away, and only seeking forgiveness remained.”

At-Tirmidhi recorded that Abu Musa said that the Messenger of Allah said,

“Allah sent down to me two safe shelters for the benefit of my Ummah.”

“When I die, I will leave the seeking of forgiveness with them, until the Day of Resurrection.”

What testifies to this Hadith, is the Hadith that Ahmad recorded in his Musnad and Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, that Abu Sa`id narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,

             Shaytan said, `By Your might, O Lord! I will go on luring Your servants as long as their souls are still in their bodies.’

The Lord said, `By My might and majesty! I will keep forgiving them, as long as they keep invoking Me for forgiveness.’

  1. What type of worship did the infidels offer around Ka’bah?

ANS:

“Their Salah (prayer) at the House was nothing but Muka’ and Tasdiyah.” (Anfaal:35)

Abdullah bin Umar, Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Raja’ Al-Utardi, Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi, Hujr bin Anbas, Nubayt bin Sharit, Qatadah and Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that;

“this part of the Ayah refers to whistling.”

Mujahid added that the pagans used to place their fingers in their mouth (while whistling).

“Sa`id bin Jubayr said that Ibn `Abbas commented on Allah’s statement,(Their Salat at the House was nothing but Muka’ and Tasdiyah),

“The Quraysh used to perform Tawaf (encircling the Ka`bah) while naked, whistling and clapping their hands, for Muka’ means `whistling’, while, Tasdiyah means `clapping the hands.”

This meaning was also reported from Ibn Abbas, by Ali bin Abi Talhah and Al-Awfi.

Similar was recorded from Ibn Umar, Mujahid, Muhammad bin Ka`b, Abu Salamah bin Abdur-Rahman, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Atiyyah Al-Awfi, Hujr bin Anbas and Ibn Abza.

Ibn Jarir recorded that Ibn Umar explained the Ayah,

Muka’ means `whistling’, while, `Tasdiyah’ means `clapping the hands.”

Sa`id bin Jubayr and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd said that, وَتَصْدِيَةً  (and Tasdiyah),

means, they hindered from the path of Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored.

Allah said,

Therefore taste the punishment because you used to disbelieve. (Anfaal:35)

According to Ad-Dahhak, Ibn Jurayj and Muhammad bin Ishaq,this refers to the death and capture that they suffered during the battle of Badr.

  1. How will Allah separate the impure from the pure?

ANS:

Allah said,

In order that Allah may distinguish the wicked from the good, (Anfaal:36)

meaning recognize the difference between the people of happiness and the people of misery,

Allah distinguishes between those believers who obey Him and fight His disbelieving enemies and those who disobey Him.

Allah said in other Ayat,

“Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which you are now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will Allah disclose to you the secrets of the Ghayb (Unseen).” (3:179) and,

“Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah (tests) those of you who fought (in His cause) and (also) tests those who are the patient.” (3:142)

Therefore, the Ayah (8:37) means,

`We tried you with combatant disbelievers whom We made able to spend money in fighting you,’

“in order that Allah may distinguish the wicked from the good, and put the wicked one over another, heap them together, put in a pile on top of each other, (Anfaal:37)

“and cast them into Hell. Those! It is they who are the losers.

in this life and the Hereafter.” (Anfaal:37)

 

  1. Explain the meaning of the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. But they plan, and Allah plans. And Allah is the best of planners.
  2. But Allah would not punish them while you, [O Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم], are among them, and Allah would not punish them while they seek forgiveness.
  3. But why should Allah not punish them while they obstruct [people] from al-Masjid al- Haram
  4. Indeed, those who disbelieve spend their wealth to avert [people] from the way of Allah . So they will spend it; then it will be for them a [source of] regret; then they will be overcome. And those who have disbelieved – unto Hell they will be gathered.

LESSON:6 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 38-44) P:33

A: Answers these questions.

  1. What will Allah do if the disbelievers do not desist from wrongs or after desisting from wrongs again resort to sinful life?

ANS:

ENCOURAGING the DISBELIEVERS to SEEK ALLAH’S FORGIVENESS, WARNING them against DISBELIEF

Allah commands His Prophet Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم,

“Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease… the disbelief, defiance and stubbornness they indulge in, and embrace Islam, obedience and repentance,their past will be forgiven along with their sins and errors.” (Anfaal:38)

  • It is recorded in the Sahih Al-Bukhari that Abu Wa’il said that Ibn Mas’ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

“He who becomes good in his Islam, will not be punished for what he has committed during Jahiliyyah (before Islam). He who becomes bad in his Islam, will face a punishment for his previous and latter deeds. “

  • It is also recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,

“Islam erases what occurred before it, and repentance erases what occurs before it.”

Allah said,

“But if they return, and remain on their ways, then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded. (Anfaal:38)

meaning, Our way with the nations of old is that when they disbelieve and rebel, We send down to them immediate torment and punishment.

 

  1. What are the instructions of Allah regarding the distribution of the spoils of war?

ANS:

       RULING ON THE SPOILS OF WAR (GHANIMAH AND FAI )

Allah explains the spoils of war in detail, as He has specifically allowed it for this honorable Ummah over all others.

We should mention that the `Ghanimah‘ refers to war spoils captured from the disbelievers, using armies and instruments of war.

As for `Fai‘, it refers to the property of the disbelievers that they forfeit in return for peace, what they leave behind when they die and have no one to inherit from them, and the Jizyah (tribute tax) and Khiraj (property tax).

Allah said,

“And know that whatever of war booty that you may gain, verily, one-fifth of it is assigned to Allah, (Anfaal:41)

indicating that the one-fifth should be reserved and paid in full (to Muslim leaders) whether it was little or substantial, even a yarn and needle.

Hadrat A’ishah ( رضی اللہ عنہا)narrated that;

“Safiyyah( رضی اللہ عنہا) was among the captured women, and the Prophet chose (and married) her (upon his own choice and before distribution of war booty), as Abu Dawud narrated in the Sunan.

and to the near relatives (of the Messenger), (Anfaal:41)

As for the share of the Prophet’s relatives, it is paid to Bani Hashim and Bani Al-Muttalib, because the children of Al-Muttalib supported Bani Hashim in Jahiliyyah after Islam. They also went to the mountain pass of Abu Talib in support of the Messenger of Allah and to protect him (when the Quraysh boycotted Muslims for three years).

Those who were Muslims (from Bani Al-Muttalib) did all this in obedience to Allah and His Messenger, while the disbelievers among them did so in support of their tribe and in obedience to Abu Talib, the Messenger’s uncle.

Allah said next,

“the orphans, “

in reference to Muslim orphans,

“the poor, and the wayfarer,”

the traveler and those who intend to travel for a distance during which shortening the prayer is legislated, but do not have resources to spend from.

  1. What favours did Allah bestow on Muslims for their victroy in the Battle of Badr.

ANS:

  1. 70 prisoners were taken by the Muslims.
  2. The rich prisoners paid ransom and were set free.
  3. Others were asked to teach 10 children each to read and write while the rest were released by the Holy Prophet (), and allowed to return to Makkah.
  4. The victory at Badr strengthened the faith of the Muslims and warned the unbelievers of Makkah that Islam was now a force to be reckoned with.
  5. During the same year Allah sent down the command making fasting compulsory on Muslims.

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. And fight them until there is no fitnah and [until] the religion, all of it, is for Allah .
  2. that those who perished [through disbelief] would perish upon evidence and those who lived [in faith] would live upon evidence;
  3. [Remember, O Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم], when Allah showed them to you in your dream as few;
  4. And to Allah are [all] matters returned.

LESSON:7 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 45-48) P:37

A: Answers these questions.

1.What should the believers do and what should they not do if they are confronted by the infidels?

ANS:

MANNERS OF WAR

Allah says;

“O you who believe! When you meet (an enemy) force, take a firm stand against them and remember Allah much, so that you may be successful. (Anfaal:45)

Allah instructs His faithful servants in the manners of fighting and methods of courage when meeting the enemy in battle,

In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that;

Abdullah bin Abi Awfa said that during one battle, Allah’s Messenger waited until the sun declined, then stood among the people and said,

“O people! Do not wish to face the enemy (in a battle) and ask Allah to save you (from calamities). But if you should face the enemy, then be patient and let it be known to you that Paradise is under the shadows of the swords.”

He then stood and said,

“O Allah! Revealer of the (Holy) Book, Mover of the clouds, and Defeater of the Confederates, defeat them and grant us victory over them. “

THE COMMAND FOR ENDURANCE WHEN THE ENEMY ENGAGING

Allah commands endurance upon meeting the enemy in battle and ordains patience while fighting them. Muslims are not allowed to run or shy away, or show cowardice in battle.

They are commanded to remember Allah while in that condition and never neglect His remembrance. They should rather invoke Him for support, trust in Him and seek victory over their enemies from Him. They are required to obey Allah and His Messenger in such circumstances adhering to what He commanded them, and abstaining from what He forbade them.

“And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength departs, (Anfaal:46)

They are required to avoid disputing with each other, for this might lead to their defeat and failure, وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ. (lest your strength departs), so that your strength, endurance and courage do not depart from you,

“and be patient. Surely, Allah is with the patients.” (Anfaal:46)

In their courage, and obedience to Allah and His Messenger, the Companions reached a level never seen before by any nation or generation before them, or any nation that will ever come.

Through the blessing of the Messenger and their obedience to what he commanded, the Companions were able to open the hearts, as well as, the various eastern and western parts of the world in a rather short time.

The Islamic state spread over the eastern and western parts of the world in less than thirty years. May Allah grant them His pleasure, as well as, be pleased with them all, and may He gather us among them, for He is the Most Generous, and Giving.

2.What was the role of Satan at the time:

i-When the disbelievers came forth from their homes to fight the believers and

ii- When the two forces came face to face with each other?

ANS:

Allah said,

“And (remember) when Shaytan made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, “No one of mankind can overcome you today and verily, I am your neighbor.” (Anfaal:48)

         Shaytan, may Allah curse him, made the idolators’ purpose for marching seem fair to them. He made them think that no other people could defeat them that day. He also ruled out the possibility that their enemies, the tribe of Bani Bakr, would attack Makkah, saying, “I am your neighbor.”

         Shaytan appeared to them in the shape of Suraqah bin Malik bin Ju`shum, the chief of Bani Mudlij, so that, as Allah described them,

“He (Shaytan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytan’s promises are nothing but deceptions.” (4:120)

“But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said: “Verily, I have nothing to do with you. (Anfaal:48)

       Ibn Jurayj said that Ibn Abbas commented on this Ayah,

“On the day of Badr, Shaytan, as well as, his flag holder and soldiers, accompanied the idolators. He whispered to the hearts of the idolators, `None can defeat you today! I am your neighbor.’ When they met the Muslims and Shaytan witnessed the angels coming to their aid,  نَكَصَ عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ (he ran away), he went away in flight while proclaiming, إِنِّي أَرَى مَا لاَ تَرَوْنَ (Verily, I see what you see not).”

Ibn Abbas said about this Ayah,

“Shaytan, as well as, his devil army and flag holders, came on the day of Badr in the shape of a Suraqah bin Malik bin Ju`shum, man from Bani Mudlij, Shaytan said to idolators,

`None will defeat you this day, and I will help you.’

When the two armies stood face to face, the Messenger of Allah took a handful of sand and threw it at the faces of the idolators, causing them to retreat.

Jibril, peace be upon him, came towards Shaytan, but when Shaytan, while holding the hand of a Mushrik man, saw him, he withdrew his hand and ran away with his soldiers. That man asked him, `O Suraqah! You claimed that you are our neighbor!’ He said,

Verily, I see what you see not. Verily, I fear Allah for Allah is severe in punishment.

Shaytan said this when he saw the angels.” (Anfaal:48)

3.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. when you encounter a company [from the enemy forces], stand firm and remember Allah much that you may be successful.
  2. and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart;
  3. And [remember] when Satan made their deeds pleasing to them and said, “No one can overcome you today from among the people, and indeed, I am your protector.”
  4. But when the two armies sighted each other, he turned on his heels and said, “Indeed, I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I see what you do not see;

LESSON:8 Surah Anfaal(Aayaat 49-58) P:41

A: Answers these questions.

1.What were the remarks of the hypocrites when they saw the believers were preparing for war?

ANS:

THE POSITION OF THE HYPOCRITES IN BADR

Allah said next,

When the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease (of disbelief) said: “These people (Muslims) are deceived by their religion.” (Anfaal:45)

           Ibn Abbas commented,

“When the two armies drew closer to each other, Allah made the Muslims look few in the eyes of the idolators and the idolators look few in the eyes of the Muslims. The idolators said, غَرَّ هَـؤُلاء دِينُهُمْ  (These people (Muslims) are deceived by their religion), because they thought that Muslims were so few. They believed, without doubt, that they would defeat the Muslims. Allah said, وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللّهِ فَإِنَّ اللّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ

Qatadah commented,

“They saw a group of believers who came in defense of Allah’s religion. We were informed that when he saw Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم and his Companions, Abu Jahl said, `By Allah! After this day, they will never worship Allah!’ He said this in viciousness and transgression.”

Amir Ash-Sha`bi said,

“Some people from Makkah were considering embracing Islam, but when they went with the idolators to Badr and saw how few the Muslims were, they said, غَرَّ هَـؤُلاء دِينُهُمْ (These people (Muslims) are deceived by their religion).”

Allah said next,

“But whoever puts his trust in Allah, and relies on His grace, then surely, Allah is All-Mighty, and verily, those who take His side (in the dispute) are never overwhelmed, for His side is mighty, powerful and His authority is All-Great, All-Wise. in all His actions, for He places everything in its rightful place, giving victory to those who deserve it and defeat to those who deserve it.” (Anfaal:49)

  1. What instructions did Allah give to the Holy Prophet () in case the disbelievers broke their treaty?

ANS:

   Allah says to His Prophet,

“If you fear from any people, with whom you have a treaty of peace, treachery, and betrayal of peace treaties and agreements that you have conducted with them, then throw back (their covenant) to them” (Anfaal:58)

meaning their treaty of peace. on equal terms, informing them that you are severing the treaty. This way, you will be on equal terms, in that, you and they will be aware that a state of war exists between you and that the bilateral peace treaty is null and void, Certainly Allah likes not the treacherous.

THIS EVEN INCLUDES TREACHERY AGAINST THE DISBELIEVERS.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Salim bin `Amir said,

“Mu`awiyah was leading an army in Roman lands, at a time the bilateral peace treaty was valid. He wanted to go closer to their forces so that when the treaty of peace ended, he could invade them. An old man riding on his animal said, `Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Great), Allahu Akbar! Be honest and stay away from betrayal.’ The Messenger of Allah said,

“   Whoever has a treaty of peace with a people, then he should not untie any part of it or tie it harder until the treaty reaches its appointed term. Or, he should declare the treaty null and void so that they are both on equal terms. “

When Mu`awiyah was informed of the Prophet’s statement, he retreated.

They found that man to be Amr bin Anbasah, may Allah be pleased with him.”

  • Describe the factors that led Pharaoh and his people to destruction?

ANS:

Allah says,

 

“Similar to the behavior of the people of Fir`awn, and of those before them — they rejected the Ayat of Allah, (Anfaal:52)

       Allah says `The behavior of these rebellious disbelievers against what I sent you with, O Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم, is similar to the behavior of earlier disbelieving nations. So We behaved with them according to Our Da’b, that is, Our behavior (or custom) and way, as We did with them with what We often do and decide concerning their likes, the denying people of Fir`awn and the earlier nations who rejected the Messengers and disbelieved in Our Ayat,’

“so Allah punished them for their sins. Because of their sins, Allah destroyed them”(Anfaal:52)

“Verily, Allah is All-Strong, severe in punishment. none can resist Him or escape His grasp. (Anfaal:53)

That is so because Allah will never change a grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in themselves. And verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.

Allah affirms His perfect justice and fairness in His decisions, for He decided that He will not change a bounty that He has granted someone, except on account of an evil that they committed.

Allah said in another Ayah,

“Verily, Allah will not change the (good) condition of a people as long as they do not change their state (of goodness) themselves. But when Allah wills a people’s punishment, there can be no turning it back, and they will find besides Him no protector. (13:11)

Allah said next,

“Similar to the behavior of the people of Fir`awn, and those before them. They belied the Ayat of their Lord, so We destroyed them for their sins, and We drowned the people of Fir`awn for they were all wrongdoers. (Anfaal:54)

meaning, He punished Fir`awn and his kind, those who denied His Ayat. Allah destroyed them because of their sins, and took away the favors that He granted them, such as gardens, springs, plants, treasures and pleasant dwellings, as well as all of the delights that they enjoyed. Allah did not wrong them, but it is they who wronged themselves.

4.Explain the following Aayaat in-your words.

ANS:

  1. [Theirs is] like the custom of the people of Pharaoh and of those before them. They disbelieved

in the signs of Allah , so Allah seized them for their sins. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and severe

in penalty.

  1. That is because Allah would not change a favor which He had bestowed upon a people until they

change what is within themselves. And indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

  1. [Theirs is] like the custom of the people of Pharaoh and of those before them. They denied the

signs of their Lord, so We destroyed them for their sins, and We drowned the people of Pharaoh.

And all [of them] were wrongdoers.

LESSON:9 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 59-64) P:45

A: Answers these questions.

1.What are the instructions of God to the Muslims with regard to the

preparations of war?

ANS:

PREPARATIONS for WAR to STRIKE FEAR in THE HEARTS of THE ENEMIES

of ALLAH

Allah says to His Prophet,

“And let not those who disbelieve think that they can outstrip (escape from the punishment). Verily, they will never be able to save themselves (from Allah’s punishment).” (Anfaal:59)

And let not those who disbelieve think that they can outstrip, Do not think that such disbelievers have escaped Us or that We are unable to grasp them. Rather, they are under the power of Our ability and in the grasp of Our will; they will never escape Us.’

Allah also said,

“Or think those who do evil deeds that they can outstrip Us (escape Our punishment) Evil is that which they judge!” (29:4)

Allah commands Muslims to prepare for war against disbelievers, as much as possible, according to affordability and availability.

Allah said,

“And make ready against them all you can, whatever you can muster, of power, including steeds of war. (Anfaal:60)

         Imam Ahmad recorded that Uqbah bin Amir said that; he heard the Messenger of Allah saying, while standing on the Minbar;( وَأَعِدُّواْ لَهُم مَّا اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن قُوَّةٍ)

“Verily, Power is shooting! Power is shooting.”

Imam Malik recorded that Abu Hurayrah said, The Messenger of Allah said,

“Horses are kept for one of three purposes;

  • for some people they are a source of reward,
  • for some others they are a means of shelter, and
  • for some others they are a source of sin. “
  1. How did Allah help the Muslims against the disbelievers?

ANS:

ALLAH’S FAVOR OF UNITING THEM

Allah mentioned His favor on the Prophet, in that He aided him with believers, the

Muhajirin and the Ansar,

“He it is Who has supported you with His help and with the believers. And He has united their hearts.” (Anfaal:62,63)

The Ayah says, `it is Allah who gathered the believers’ hearts, believing, obeying, aiding and supporting you — O Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم,’

“If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, because of

the enmity and hatred that existed between them.

Before Islam, there were many wars between the Ansar tribes of Aws and Khazraj, and there were many causes to stir unrest between them. However, Allah ended all that evil with the light of faith,

“And remember Allah’s favor on you, for you were enemies one to another, but He united your hearts, so that, by His grace, you became brethren, and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat clear to you, that you may be guided.” (3:103)

In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that when the Messenger of Allah gave a speech to

the Ansar about the division of war booty collected in the battle of Hunayn, he said to them,

“O Ansar! Did I not find you misguided and Allah guided you by me, poor and Allah enriched you by me, and divided and Allah united you by me. “

Every question the Prophet asked them, they said,

“Truly, the favor is from Allah and His Messenger.”

Allah said,

“But Allah has united them. Certainly He is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Anfaal:63)

He is the Most Formidable, and the hopes of those who have trust in Him, never end unanswered; Allah is All-Wise in all of His decisions and actions.

3.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. And prepare against them whatever you are able of power and of steeds of war by which you may terrify the enemy of Allah and your enemy and others besides them whom you do not know [but] whom Allah knows. And whatever you spend in the cause of Allah will be fully repaid to you, and you will not be wronged.
  2. And if they incline to peace, then incline to it [also] and rely upon Allah . Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Knowing.
  3. But if they intend to deceive you – then sufficient for you is Allah . It is He who supported you with His help and with the believers
  4. And brought together their hearts. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have brought their hearts together; but Allah brought them together. Indeed, He is Exalted in Might and Wise.

LESSON:10 Surah Anfaal (Aayaaf 65-69) P:48

A: Answers these questions.

  1. How did Allah arouse the believers to fight against the disbelievers?

ANS:

ENCOURAGING BELIEVERS TO FIGHT IN JIHAD; THE GOOD NEWS THAT A FEW MUSLIMS CAN OVERCOME A SUPERIOR ENEMY FORCE

Allah says;

O Prophet! Urge the believers to fight, encouraged and called them to fight. (ANFAAL:65)

The Messenger of Allah used to encourage the Companions to fight when they faced the enemy. On the day of Badr when the idolators came with their forces and supplies, he said to his Companions,

“Get ready and march forth towards a Paradise as wide as the heavens and earth.”

Umayr bin Al-Humam said, “As wide as the heavens and earth!”

The Messenger said, (Yes).

Umayr said, “Excellent! Excellent!”

The Messenger asked him, What makes you say, `Excellent! Excellent!’

He said, “The hope that I might be one of its dwellers.”

The Prophet said, You are one of its people.

Umayr went ahead, broke the scabbard of his sword, took some dates and started eating from them. He then threw the dates from his hand, saying, “Verily, if I lived until I finished eating these dates, then it is indeed a long life.”

He went ahead, fought and was killed,( may Allah be pleased with him).

Al-Bukhari recorded a similar narration from Ibn Al-Mubarak. Muhammad bin Ishaq recorded that Ibn Abbas said,

“When this Ayah was revealed, it was difficult for the Muslims, for they thought it was burdensome since twenty should fight two hundred, and a hundred against a thousand. Allah made this ruling easy for them and abrogated this Ayah with another Ayah,

Now Allah has lightened your (task), for He knows that there is weakness in you…

Thereafter, if Muslims were half as many as their enemy, they were not allowed to run away from them. If the Muslims were fewer than that, they were not obligated to fight the disbelievers and thus allowed to avoid hostilities.”

and if there are a thousand of you, they shall overcome two thousand by the leave of Allah.

And Allah is with the patient.

  1. Did Allah allow the Muslims to enjoy the spoils of war?

ANS:

So enjoy what you have gotten of booty in war, lawful and good.

The Muslims then took the ransom for their captives and have Taqwa of Allah. Certainly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Anfaal:59)

In his Sunan, Imam Abu Dawud recorded that Ibn Abbas said that;

“the Messenger of Allah fixed four hundred (Dirhams) in ransom from the people of Jahiliyyah in the aftermath of Badr. “

The majority of the scholars say that;

the matter of prisoners of war is up to the Imam. If he decides, he can have them killed, such as in the case of Bani Qurayzah.

If he decides, he can accept a ransom for them, as in the case of the prisoners of Badr, or exchange them for Muslim prisoners. The Messenger exchanged a woman and her daughter who were captured by Salamah bin Al-Akwa, for exchange of some Muslims who were captured by the idolators, or if he decides he can take the prisoner as a captives.

  1. Explain the following-passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. Now, Allah has lightened [the hardship] for you, and He knows that among you is weakness. So if there are from you one hundred [who are] steadfast, they will overcome two hundred. And if there are among you a thousand, they will overcome two thousand by permission of Allah . And Allah is with the steadfast.
  2. It is not for a prophet to have captives [of war] until he inflicts a massacre [upon Allah ‘s enemies] in the land. Some Muslims desire the commodities of this world, but Allah desires [for you] the Hereafter. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
  3. If not for a decree from Allah that preceded, you would have been touched for what you took by a great punishment.

LESSON:11 Surah Anfaal (Aayaat 70-75) P:52

A: Answers these questions.

1.What has Allah remarked about the prisoners of war?

ANS:

“O Prophet! Say to the captives that are in your hands: “If Allah knows any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than what has been taken from you, and He will forgive you, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (8:70)

     Al-Abbas commented, `After I became Muslim, Allah gave me twenty servants in place of the twenty Uwqiyah I lost. And I hope for Allah’s forgiveness.”

         Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi recorded, that Anas bin Malik said,

“The Prophet was brought some wealth from Bahrain and said; “Distribute it in my Masjid,”

and it was the biggest amount of goods Allah’s Messenger had ever received. He left for prayer and did not even look at the goods.

After finishing the prayer, he sat by those goods and gave some of it to everybody he saw.

Al-Abbas came to him and said, `O Allah’s Messenger! give me (something) too, because I gave ransom for myself and Aqil.’

         Allah’s Messenger told him to take. So he stuffed his garment with it and tried to carry it away but he failed to do so.

He said, `Order someone to help me in lifting it.’

The Prophet refused.

He then said to the Prophet, `Will you please help me to lift it!’

Allah’s Messenger refused.

Then Al-Abbas dropped some of it and lifted it on his shoulders and went away.

Allah’s Messenger kept on watching him till he disappeared from his sight and was astonished at his greediness. Allah’s Messenger did not get up until the last coin was distributed.”

2.What are the sayings of Allah about the believers who migrated and the believers who did not migrate?

ANS:

Allah says;

“Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and fought with their property and their lives in the cause of Allah as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, — these are (all) allies to one another”. 8:72

Here Allah mentions the types of believers, dividing them into the Muhajirin, who left their homes and estates, emigrating to give support to Allah and His Messenger to establish His religion. They gave up their wealth and themselves in this cause.

There are also the Ansar, the Muslims of Al-Madinah, who gave asylum to their Muhajirin brethren in their own homes and comforted them with their wealth.

They also gave aid to Allah and His Messenger by fighting alongside the Muhajirun. Certainly they are, بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضٍ (allies to one another), for each one of them has more right to the other than anyone else.

This is why Allah’s Messenger forged ties of brotherhood between the Muhajirin and Ansar, as Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn Abbas.

They used to inherit from each other, having more right to inheritance than the deceased man’s relatives, until Allah abrogated that practice with the fixed share for near relatives.

           Imam Ahmad recorded that Jarir bin Abdullah Al-Bajali said that the Messenger of Allah said, “The Muhajirun and Al-Ansar are the supporters of each other, while the Tulaqa of Quraysh (whom the Prophet set free after conquering Makkah) and Utaqa from Thaqif (whom the Prophet set free from captivity after the battle of Hunayn) are supporters of each other until the Day of Resurrection.”

Allah praised the Muhajirin and the Ansar as;

“ (And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor Muhajirin, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking bounties from Allah and (His) good pleasure, and helping Allah and His Messenger. Such are indeed the truthful. And those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and adopted the faith, love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their breasts for that which they have been given, and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves even though they were in need of that. “(59:8-9)

  1. What is the importance of blood relations with regard to the distribution of wealth?

ANS:

     Allah said,

“But kindred by blood are nearer to one another (regarding inheritance) in the decree ordained by Allah,( in Allah’s decision)” (ANFAAL:75)

This Ayah encompasses all relatives, not only the degrees of relative who do not have a fixed, designated share in the inheritance, as some people claim and use this Ayah to argue.

According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and several others, this Ayah abrogated inheriting from those with whom one had ties of treaties or brotherhood, as was the case in the beginning of Islam. So it applies to all relatives, and as for those who do not inherit, then this is supported by the Hadith,

“Indeed Allah had allotted every right to the one who deserves it, so there may be no will for an heir.”

Therefore, this Ayah also includes those who have a fixed share of inheritance. Allah knows best.

“Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything.” (ANFAAL:75)

  1. Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. And those who disbelieved are allies of one another. If you do not do so, there will be fitnah on

earth and great corruption.

  1. But those who have believed and emigrated and fought in the cause of Allah and those who gave

shelter and aided – it is they who are the believers, truly. For them is forgiveness and noble

provision.

LESSON:12 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans)-An Introduction P:56

A: Answers these questions.

1.Where and when was Surah Ahzaab revealed?

ANS:

SURAH AHZAAB

     The Surah Ahzaab was revealed in Madinah. It is, therefore, believed that it was revealed

after the Battle of Ahzaab 5 A.H.

Some verses of this Surah were probably revealed in 7 A.H. after the Battle of Khyber.

  1. When was the Battle of Badr fought? What was the result a this battle?

ANS:

BATTLE OF BADR

The Battle ofBadr was fought on 17th ofRamadhan, 2 A.H.

       RESULT:

In this battle the Muslims gained a victory. Most of the chiefs of infidels were

killed and
as many as seventy were taken prisoners. In this battle the Muslims were exalted and the

Quraish of Makkah were defamed.

As a result the tribes living around Madinah made peace treaties with the Muslims.

The victory of the Muslims strengthened their faith in Islam and this religion began to spread

rapidly around Madinah.

3.When was the Battle of Uhud fought and what were its results?

ANS:

BATTLE OF UHUD

       The Battle ofUhud was fought on Shawal7, 3.A.H., a year after the Battle of Badr,

The infidels of Makkah had raised a strong army of 3000 wel1- equipped men, 3000 camels

and 200 horses.

The Muslim army consisted of 1000 men which also included 300 men of the chief

hypocrite.

       RESULT:

              In the battle of Uhud though the Muslims had to suffer heavy losses, Madinah was saved

and the infidels had to return to Makkah in frustration.

4.When was the Battle of Ahzaab fought. Why was this battle named so? What is the other

name of th is battle?

ANS:

BATTLE OF AHZAAB

After the Battle of Uhud the next battle between the Muslims and the infidels was

fought in Shawal, the 5th year of Hijrah. In this battle the different groups of Makkah and Madinah

took part as confederates (members of a large union).

In Arabic language the word Ahzaab (plural of ‘Hizb’) is used for ‘groups’ or ‘confederates’. Hence the Battle is known as ‘Ghazwah-e-Ahzaab’ or the ‘Battle of Confederates’.

In this battle, on the advice of Hazrat Salman Farsi(رضی اللہ عنہ), the Muslims had

dug a trench for the defence of Madinah. In Arabic language the word ‘Khandaq’ is used for

trench. So this battle is also known as ‘Gazwah-e- Khandaq’ or the Battle of Trench’

5.Give a short account of the confederacy formed against the Muslims ofMadinah?

ANS:

When the soldiers of the confederates reached Madinah, they were greatly embarrassed

to see an impassable. trench in front of them. The Arabs had never heard of a trench. They

pitched their tents at some distance from the trench and besieged the city.

The Muslim archers were constantly shooting arrows to stop them from any advancement.

In the meantime، Hayy Bin Akhtab instigated the Jews ofMadinah to break the Madinah

Treaty and attack the Muslims from within the city.

This was really a hard time for the Muslims. Those whose faith was weak could not withstand these circumstances and they became fed up with the religion. Majority of the Muslims, however, showed their steadfastness and they fought the enemy successfully on all fronts and proved that they
deserved the help of God.

The siege continued for more than two weeks. Eventually the help from Almighty Allah came

in form of a violent storm. The infidels who had already, lost heart were overawed by the storm and

took it as a sign of bad luck for them and they decided to go back home.

6.Describe the condition of the Muslims during the Battle of Ahzaab. How did the war come to

an end and who came out victorious?

ANS:

CONDITION OF THE MUSLIMS DURING THE BATTLE OF AHZAAB

The siege lasted 27 days. It caused the Muslims much suffering, from hunger, cold,

an unceasing shower of arrows and stones, and attempts and concentrated assaults to cross the

trench, and betrayals and intrigues within the city.

The Qur’an describes thissituation as follows:

When they come against you from above you and from below you, and when your eyes

swerved and your hearts reached your throats, while you thought thoughts about God;

there it was that the believers were tried, and shaken most mightily. And when the hypocrites,

and those in whose hearts is sickness, said, ‘God and His Messenger promised us only delusion.

’ And when a party of them said, ‘O people of Yathrib, there is no abiding here for you,

therefore return!’ And a party of them were asking leave of the Prophet, saying, ‘Our

houses are exposed’; yet they were not exposed; they desired only to flee. (al-Ahzab, 33. 10-13)

             WAR OVERCOME

After a close investment of four weeks, during which the enemy were disheartened

by their ill success and the believers proved their steadfastness and loyalty, there was a piercing

blast of the cold east wind. The enemy’s tents were torn up, their fires were extinguished, the

sand and rain beat in their faces, and they were terrified by the portents against them. They had

already well nigh fallen out among themselves.

Hudayfa al-Yamani, who was sent by God’s Messenger to spy on the movements of the enemy, heard Abu Sufyan’s shouting: “Come on, we are returning!’ The Muslims were victorious by God’s help; there were hidden forces – the Angels – that helped them:”

“O believers, remember God’s blessing upon you when hosts came against you, and we loosed against them a wind, and hosts you saw not; and God sees the things you do. (AL-AHZAB, 33.9)

 

7.Give a brief summary of Surah Ahzaab?

ANS:

SUMMARY OFSURAH-E-AHZAAB

  • The Surah Ahzaab condemns the custom of the infidels in regard to human relationship.
  • Allah loves truth in all things. False relationship based on rustoms and superstitions may harm mankind, hence they must be abandoned.
  • The ladies of the Prophet’s (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) household are mothers to the Muslim Ummah. They must be given due respect. It is the duty of the Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) to reveal the truth to mankind. (Aayaat: 1-8)
  • Allah sent storm to fail the plans of the infidels. Thus Allah helped the Muslims when they were in miserable condition.
  • The hypocrites wanted to run away from the battlefield, but it was not possible for them to avoid the punishment.
  • The believers must follow the truth and noble examples. Allah has a great reward for the wives of the Prophet if they are loyal to Allah and His Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم ) (Aayaat: 9-27)
  • The wives of the Holy Prophet hold high positions. The Prophet should treat them kindly and they temselves should maintain their dignity.
  • Unhappy marriages (like Hazrat Zainab’s with Zaid) should not be continued. (Aayaat: 28-52)
  • The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم ) and his family deserve due respect.
  • Muslims should not make false statements to damage the reputation of others.
  • If the hypocrites do not desist from spreading sensational-rumours they will surely be punished.
  • The believers guard their words and responsibilities. (Aayaat: 52-73)

 

 

 

 

 

 

LESSON:13 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 1-8) P:61

A: Answers these questions.

1.What instructions has Allah given to the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم) in the beginning of this lesson?

ANS:

THE COMMAND TO DEFY THE DISBELIEVERS AND HYPOCRITES BY FOLLOWING

THE REVELATION OF ALLAH AND PUTTING ONE’S TRUST IN HIM

Allah says,

“O Prophet! Have Taqwa of Allah,”(ALAHZAAB:1)

Here Allah points out something lower by referring to something higher. When He commands His servant and Messenger to do this, He is also commanding those who are lower than him, and the command is addressed to them more so.

Talq bin Habib said:

Taqwa means obeying Allah in the light of the guidance of Allah and in hope of earning the reward of Allah, and refraining from disobeying Allah in the light of the guidance of Allah and fearing the punishment of Allah.” and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. means, do not listen to what they say and do not consult them. “Verily, Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.” (ALAHZAAB:1)

means, He is more deserving of your following His commandments and obeying Him, for He knows the consequences of all things and is Wise in all that He says and does.

Allah says: And follow that which is revealed to you from your Lord. meaning, of the Qur’an

and Sunnah.

“Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. And put your trust in

Allah,” (ALAHZAAB:3)

means, nothing at all is hidden from Him, and put your trust in Allah, i.e., in all your affairs and situations.

“and sufficient is Allah as a Wakil. (ALAHZAAB:3)

means, sufficient is He as a Trustee for the one who puts his trust in Him and turns to Him.

  

2.What are the instructions of Allah with regard to the adopted Sons?

ANS:

AN ADOPTED CHILD SHOULD BE NAMED AFTER HIS REAL FATHER

Allah commands;

“Call them (adopted sons) by their fathers, that is more just with Allah.”(ALAHZAAB:5)

This is a command which abrogates the state of affairs that existed at the beginning of Islam, when it was permitted to call adopted sons after the man who adopted them. Then Allah commanded that they should be given back the names of their real fathers, and states that this was more fair and just.

Al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) narrated that Abdullah bin Umar said:

“Zayd bin Harithah, may Allah be pleased with him, the freed servant of the Messenger of Allah, was always called Zayd bin Muhammad, until (the words of the) Qur’an were revealed”

They used to deal with them as sons in every respect, including being alone with them

as Mahrams and so on. Hence Sahlah bint Suhayl, the wife of Abu Hudhayfah, may Allah

be pleased with them both, said: “O Messenger of Allah! We used to call Salim our son, but

Allah has revealed what He has revealed. He used to enter upon me, but I feel that

Abu Hudhayfah does not like that.

The Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said:

”       Breastfeed him and he will become your Mahram.”

Hence when this ruling was abrogated, Allah made it permissible for a man to marry the ex-wife of his adopted son, and the Messenger of Allah married Zaynab bint Jahsh, the divorced wife of Zayd bin Harithah, may Allah be pleased with him,

Allah said:

“So that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them.” (33:37)

And Allah says in Ayat At-Tahrim:

“The wives of your sons from your own loins(backs).” (4:23)

The wife of an adopted son is not included because he was not born from the man’s loins.

Here Allah commands that adopted sons should be given back their fathers’ names, if they are known; if they are not known, then they should be called brothers in faith or freed servants, to compensate for not knowing what their real lineage is.

3.What is the status of the Holy Prophet () and that of his wives in the sight of the true believers?

ANS:

LOYALTY TO THE PROPHET;AND HIS WIVES ARE MOTHERS OF THE BELIEVERS

  • Allah tells us how His Messenger is merciful and sincere towards his Ummah, and

how he is closer to them than they are to themselves. His judgement or ruling takes

precedence over their own choices for themselves, as Allah says:

“But no, by your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept with full submission.” (4:65)

  • In the Sahih it says:

“By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, none of you truly believes until I am dearer to him than his own self, his wealth, his children and all the people.”

  • Allah says in this Ayah:

The Prophet is closer to the believers than themselves,

Concerning this Ayah, Al-Bukhari narrated from Abu Hurayrah(may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet(صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) said:

“There is no believer except I am the closest of all people to him in this world and in the Hereafter. Recite, if you wish:”

“If any believer leaves behind any wealth, let his own relatives inherit it, but if he leaves behind any debt or orphans, bring them to me and I will take care of them.”

Al-Bukhari recorded it in the Book of Loans.

“and his wives are their mothers.” means, they are unlawful for marriage. (ALAHZAAB:6)

In terms of honor, respect and veneration, it is not permissible for them to be alone with them, and the prohibition of marriage to them does not extend to their daughters and sisters, according to scholarly consensus.

4.What Covenant (promise) has Allah taken from His Prophets?

ANS:

THE COVENANT OF THE PROPHETS

Allah tells us about the five Mighty Messengers with strong resolve and the other

Prophets, how He took a covenant from them to establish the religion of Allah and convey

His Message, and to cooperate and support one another, as Allah says:

“And when Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, saying:

“Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah, and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him.”

Allah said: “Do you agree, and will you take up My covenant!” They said: “We agree.”

He said: “Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses.” (3:81)

This covenant was taken from them after their missions started.

ALAHZAAB:7 begins with the last Prophet, as a token of respect, may the blessings of Allah be upon him, then the names of the other Prophets are given in order, may the blessings of Allah be upon them.

“We took from them a strong covenant.”

     Ibn Abbas said: “The strong covenant is Al-`Ahd (the covenant).

“That He may ask the truthful about their truth.”

   Mujahid said:

“This refers to, those who convey the Message from the Messengers.” And He has prepared for the disbelievers. i.e., among their nations, a painful torment. i.e., agonizing.

We bear witness that the Messengers did indeed convey the Message of their Lord and advised their nations, and that they clearly showed them the truth in which there is no confusion, doubt or ambiguity, even though they were rejected by the ignorant, stubborn and rebellious wrongdoers. What the Messengers brought is the truth, and whoever opposes them is misguided.

5.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. Allah has not made for a man two hearts in his interior. And He has not made your wives whom

you declare unlawful your mothers.

  1. And he has not made your adopted sons your [true] sons. That is [merely] your saying by your

mouths, but Allah says the truth, and He guides to the [right] way.

  1. The Prophet is more worthy of the believers than themselves, and his wives are [in the position of]

their mothers.

  1. And those of [blood] relationship are more entitled [to inheritance] in the decree of Allah than the

[other] believers and the emigrants, except that you may do to your close associates a kindness

[through bequest].

LESSON:14 Surah Ahzaab (The Clans) (Aayat 9-20) P:67

A: Answers these questions.

1.How did Allah help the believers and made them victorious in the Battle of Confedrates?

ANS:

“and cast terror into their hearts;” (ALAHZAAB:26)

means fear, because they had supported the idolators in their war against the Messenger of Allah and the one who knows is not like the one who does not know.

They had terrified the Muslims and intended to kill them so as to gain earthly power, but their plans backfired; the idolators ran away and the believers were victorious while the disbelievers were losers; where they had aimed for glory, they were humiliated. They wanted to eradicate the Muslims but they were themselves eradicated.

In addition to all this, they are doomed in the Hereafter, so by all accounts they are counted as losers.

Allah says:

“a group you killed, and a group you made captives.” (ALAHZAAB:26)

Those who were killed were their warriors, and the prisoners were their children and women.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Atiyah Al-Qurazi said,

“I was shown to the Prophet on the day of Qurayzah, because they were not sure about me. The Prophet told them to look at me to see whether I had grown any body hair yet. They looked and saw that I had not grown any body hair, so they let me go and I was put with the other prisoners.”

Allah says:“And He caused you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their riches,” (ALAHZAAB:1)

means, `He gave these things to you after you killed them.’ and a land which you had not trodden.

It was said that this was Khyber, or that it was the lands of the Persians and Romans.

Ibn Jarir said, “It could be that all of these are referred to

2.What was the conduct of the true believers and that of the hypocrites in the Battle of Confederates?

ANS:

THE ATTITUDE OF THE BELIEVERS TOWARDS THE CONFEDERATES

Then Allah tells us about His believing servants who believed Allah’s promise to them

and how He will make the consequences good for them in this world and in the Hereafter.

     He says:

“And when the believers saw the Confederates, they said: “This is what Allah and

His Messenger had promised us; and Allah and His Messenger had spoken the truth.”

           Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and Qatadah said:

“They mean what Allah said in Surah Al-Baqarah:

“Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you! They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, “When (will come) the help of Allah!” Yes! Certainly, the help of Allah is near! (2:214)

meaning, `this is the trial and test that Allah and His Messenger promised us would be followed by the help and victory of Allah that is near.’

“And it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness.” (ALAHZAAB:22)

This indicates that faith can increase and strengthen in accordance with people’s circumstances, as the majority of scholars stated: faith can increase and decrease.

  1. What does Allah say about those who cause hindrances in the course of fight?

ANS:

Allah tells us:

“And when a party of them said: “O people of Yathrib…” (ALAHZAAB:13)

meaning Al-Madinah, as it was reported in the Sahih:

“I was shown in a dream the place to which you will migrate, a land between two lava fields. At first I thought it was Hajar, but it turned out to be Yathrib.”

According to another narration: الْمَدِينَة  (Al-Madinah).

It was said that the origin of its name Yathrib was that a man settled there from (the people of) Al-Amaliq whose name was Yathrib bin Ubayd bin Mahlayil bin `Aws bin Amlaq bin Lawudh bin Iram bin Sam bin Nuh.

As-Suhayli said:

“And it was narrated from some of them that he said, `It is given eleven names in the Tawrah: Al-Madinah, Tabah, Tayyibah, Al-Miskinah, Al-Jabirah, Al-Muhibbah, Al-Mahbubah, Al-Qasimah, Al-Majburah, Al-`Adhra’ and Al-Marhumah.”’

… لَا مُقَامَ لَكُمْ …

“There is no position for you. Therefore go back. And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet, “(ALAHZAAB:13)

       Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him said,

“These were Banu Harithah, who said, `We fear for our homes, that they may be robbed.”’

They were using as an excuse to go back to their houses the claim that they were lying open and had nothing to protect them from the enemy, so they were afraid for their homes. But Allah said:

“And they lay not open.They but wished to flee. (they wanted to run away from the battlefield.)

Allah tells us about those who said:

“And if the enemy had entered from all sides, and they had been exhorted to Al-Fitnah, they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but little. And indeed they had already made a covenant with Allah not to turn their backs. (ALAHZAAB:14)

This is how it was interpreted by Qatadah, Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd and Ibn Jarir.

This is a condemnation of them in the clearest terms. Then Allah reminds them of the promise they had made to Him before this fear struck them, that they would not turn their backs or flee from the battlefield.

Then Allah tells them that fleeing from battle will not delay their appointed demise or make their lives any longer; on the contrary, it may be the cause of their being taken sooner, and in a sudden manner. `after you run away and flee from battle.’

Then Allah says:

Say: “Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you!” And they will not find, besides Allah, for themselves any protector or any helper.” (ALAHZAAB:17)

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. [Remember] when they came at you from above you and from below you, and when eyes shifted

[in fear], and hearts reached the throats and you assumed about Allah [various] assumptions.

  1. There the believers were tested and shaken with a severe shaking.
  2. And [remember] when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is disease said, ” Allah and His

Messenger did not promise us except delusion,”

LESSON:15 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 21-27)  P:71

A: Answers these questions.

1.What did the believers say when they saw the Confederate forces? What was the effect

of these forces on the believers?

ANS:

     THE ATTITUDE OF THE BELIEVERS TOWARDS THE CONFEDERATES

Then Allah tells us about His believing servants who believed Allah’s promise to

them and how He will make the consequences good for them in this world and in the Hereafter.

He says:

“And when the believers saw the Confederates, they said: “This is what Allah and

His Messenger had promised us; and Allah and His Messenger had spoken

the truth.”(ALAHZAAB:22)

         Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and Qatadah said:

“They mean what Allah said in Surah Al-Baqarah:

“Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you! They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, “When (will come) the help of Allah!” Yes! Certainly, the help of Allah is near! (2:214)

“And it only added to their faith and to their submissiveness.” (ALAHZAAB:22)

This indicates that faith can increase and strengthen in accordance with people’s circumstances, as the majority of scholars stated: faith can increase and decrease.

       Al-Bukhari, praise be to Allah says;

وَمَا زَادَهُمْ  (And it only added) means, at that time of stress and difficulty. إِلَّا إِيمَانً (to their faith) in Allah,

وَتَسْلِيمًا (and to their submissiveness). means their submission to His commands and their obedience to His Messenger.

  1. What was the fate of the people of Scripture who supported the attackers?

“And those who backed them, Allah brought them down”,(those who helped and supported them in their war against the Messenger of Allah.) “of the People of the Scripture,”(Banu Qurayzah, who were Jews from one of the tribes of Israel. Their forefathers had settled in the Hijaz long ago, seeking to follow the Unlettered Prophet of whom they read in the Tawrah and Injil.) from their forts,( strongholds).

This was the view of Mujahid, Ikrimah, Ata’, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others of the Salaf.

“and cast terror into their hearts;” (ALAHZAAB:22)

Because they had supported the idolators in their war against the Messenger of Allah and the one who knows is not like the one who does not know. They had terrified the Muslims and intended to kill them so as to gain earthly power, but their plans backfired; the idolators ran away and the believers were victorious while the disbelievers were losers; where they had aimed for glory, they were humiliated.

They wanted to eradicate the Muslims but they were themselves eradicated. In addition to all this, they are doomed in the Hereafter, so by all accounts they are counted as losers.

Allah says: “a group you killed, and a group you made captives.”

Those who were killed were their warriors, and the prisoners were their children and women.

           Imam Ahmad recorded that Atiyah Al-Qurazi said,

“I was shown to the Prophet on the day of Qurayzah, because they were not sure about me. The Prophet told them to look at me to see whether I had grown any body hair yet. They looked and saw that I had not grown any body hair, so they let me go and I was put with the other prisoners.”

And Allah says: “And He caused you to inherit their lands, and their houses, and their riches,

and a land (Khyber)which you had not trodden.

“And Allah is able to do all things.” (ALAHZAAB:22)

3.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone

whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.

  1. And when the believers saw the companies, they said, “This is what Allah and His

Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger spoke the truth.” And it increased

them only in faith and acceptance.

  1. Among the believers are men true to what they promised Allah . Among them is he who

has fulfilled his vow [to the death], and among them is he who awaits [his chance]. And

they did not alter [the terms of their commitment] by any alteration –

  1. And Allah repelled those who disbelieved, in their rage, not having obtained any good.

And sufficient was Allah for the believers in battle, and ever is Allah Powerful and

Exalted in Might.

LESSON:16 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 28-34) P:75

A: Answers these questions.

1.What two options did Allah give to the wives of the Holy Prophet?

ANS:

GIVING THE WIVES OF THE PROPHET صلى الله عليه وسلم THE CHOICE

Here Allah commands His Messenger to give his wives the choice of separating

from him so that they may go to someone else with whom they can find what they want of the

life of this world and its attractions, or of patiently bearing the straitened circumstances

with the Prophet for which they will have a great reward with Allah.

Al-Bukhari narrated from A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, the wife of the

Prophet that the Messenger of Allah came to her when Allah commanded him to give his

wives the choice. She said,

“The Messenger of Allah started with me, and said,

“I am going to tell you about something and you do not have to hasten to respond until

you consult your parents.”

Then he recited ALAHZAAB:29

I said to him, “Concerning what do I need to consult my parents I choose Allah and

His Messenger and the Home of the Hereafter.” “She said, then all the wives of the Prophet

did the same as I.”

     Ikrimah said: “At that time he was married to nine women, five of them were from Quraysh —

  • A’ishah,
  • Umm Habibah,
  • Sawdah and
  • Umm Salamah, (may Allah be pleased with them).

And he was also married to

  • Safiyyah bint Huyay An-Nadariyyah,
  • Maymunah bint Al-Harith Al-Hilaliyyah,
  • Zaynab bint Jahsh Al-Asadiyyah and
  • Juwayriyyah bint Al-Harith Al-Mustalaqiyyah, (may Allah be pleased with all of them).

 

2.What instructions did Allah give to the wives of the Holy Prophet

ANS:

ENJOINING CERTAIN MANNERS SO THAT THE MOTHERS OF THE

BELIEVERSMAY BE AN EXAMPLE; AND THE PROHIBITION OF TABARRUJ

These are the good manners which Allah enjoined upon the wives of the Prophet so that they

would be an example for the women of the Ummah to follow.

  • Allah enjoined upon the wives of the Prophet(صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم);

“O wives of the Prophet( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم) You are not like any other women. If you

keep you have Taqwa,”

  • Allah said, addressing the wives of the Prophet that they should fear Allah as He commanded them, and that no other woman is like them or can be their equal in virtue and status.
  • Then Allah says: “then be not soft in speech, (gentle in speech when addressing men) lest he in whose heart is a disease(unclean) should be moved with desire,but speak in an honorable manner. (ALAHZAAB:32)
  • “And stay in your houses,” means, stay in your houses and do not come out except for a purpose.
  • and do not Tabarruj“(Women used to go out walking in front of men) yourselves like the Tabarruj of the times of ignorance,
  • and perform the Salah, and give Zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger.
  1. Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

 

1.But if you should desire Allah and His Messenger and the home of the Hereafter – then indeed,

Allah has prepared for the doers of good among you a great reward.”

  1. O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women. If you fear Allah , then do not be

soft in speech [to men], lest he in whose heart is disease should covet, but speak with appropriate

speech.

  1. And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance.
  2. And remember what is recited in your houses of the verses of Allah and wisdom. Indeed,

Allah is ever Subtle and Acquainted [with all things].

LESSON:17 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 35-40) P:80

A: Answers these questions.

1.What qualities of good men and women has Allah described and what reward has

Allah promised for them?

ANS:

  • “Verily, the Muslims: men and women, the believers: men and women… (ALAHZAAB:35)
  • the Qanit: men and the women, Al-Qunut means obedience during quite time.
  • the men and women who are truthful, Truthfulness is a sign of faith, just as lying is a sign of hypocrisy. Whoever is truthful will be saved:
  • the men and the women who are patient, This is the attribute of those who are steadfast, which is patience in the face of adversity and knowing that what is decreed will inevitably come to pass. So, they face it with patience and steadfastness. Patience is the most difficult when disaster first strikes, then after that it becomes easier, and this is true steadfastness.
  • the Khashi`: men and the women, Khushu` means serenity and tranquility, deliberation and dignity and humility. What motivates a person to be like this is the fear of Allah and the awareness that He is constantly watching, as mentioned in the Hadith: Worship Allah as if you can see Him, for if you cannot see Him, He can see you.the men and the women who give Sadaqat, As-Sadaqah (charity) means doing good to people who are in need or who are weak and have no means of earning a living and none to financially support them. They give them from the excess of their wealth in obedience to Allah and as a good deed to His creation. the men and the women who fast, it purifies it and cleanses it of things that are bad in both physical and Shar`i
  • Sa`id bin Jubayr said: “Whoever fasts Ramadan and three days of each month, is included in the Ayah, وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ (the men and the women who fast),”
  • the men and the women who guard their chastity, i.e., they protect their private parts from forbidden and sinful things, except for that which is permitted.
  • and the men and the women who remember Allah much, Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said: “If a man wakes his wife at night and they pray two Rak`ahs, they will recorded that night as being among the men and the women who remember Allah much.”

“Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward.” (ALAHZAAB:35)

Here Allah tells us that for all of those mentioned in this Ayah, He has prepared for them forgiveness of their sins and a great reward, meaning, Paradise.

  1. How do the believers respond to the decisions of Allah and His Prophet

ANS:

 

3.Explain the matters related to Hazrat Zaid (رضی اللہ عنہ) discussed in the lesson؟

ANS:

ALLAH’S REBUKE TO HIS MESSENGER AND THE STORY OF ZAYD AND ZAYNAB

Allah tells;

“And (remember) when you said to him on whom Allah has bestowed grace,

Allah tells what His Prophet said to his freed slave Zayd bin Harithah, may Allah be pleased with him, who was the one on whom Allah had bestowed grace, i.e., through Islam and following the Messenger . and you have done a favor (to him),(by freeing him from slavery).” (ALAHZAAB:37)

And he was a great leader, held in high esteem and beloved by the Prophet. He was known as the beloved, and his son Usamah was known as the beloved son of the beloved.

A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

“The Messenger of Allah never sent him on a campaign but he appointed him as its commander, and if he had lived after him he would have appointed him as his Khalifah.”

The Messenger of Allah had given him in marriage to the daughter of his paternal aunt, Zaynab bint Jahsh Al-Asadiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, whose mother was Umaymah bint Abd Al-Muttalib. For her dowry he gave her ten Dinars, sixty Dirhams, a veil, a cloak and a shirt, fifty Mudds of food and ten Mudds of dates.

This was stated by Muqatil bin Hayyan.

She stayed with him for a year, more or less, then problems arose between them. Zayd complained about her to the Messenger of Allah, who told him, “Keep your wife to yourself, and have Taqwa of Allah.”(ALAHZAAB:37)

Allah says: “But you did hide in yourself that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him.

“So, when Zayd had completed his aim with her, We gave her to you in marriage, (`when her marriage to Zayd was over and he had separated from her, We married her to you,’ ) and the One Who was her Wali (guardian) in this marriage was Allah Himself, in the sense that He revealed to the Prophet that he should go in unto her without any Wali, contractual agreement, dowry or witnesses among mankind.

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have

decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair

  1. There is not to be upon the Prophet any discomfort concerning that which Allah has

imposed upon him. [This is] the established way of Allah with those [prophets] who

have passed on before. And ever is the command of Allah a destiny decreed.

  1. [ Allah praises] those who convey the messages of Allah and fear Him and do not fear

anyone but Allah . And sufficient is Allah as Accountant.

  1. Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of

Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing.

LESSON:18 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 41-52) P:86

A: Answers these questions.

1.What status of His Messenger has Allah described?

ANS:

THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH

  • Allah says: “O Prophet! Verily, We have sent you,” (ALAHZAAB:45)

         Imam Ahmad recorded that Ata’ bin Yasar said that he met Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As, may Allah be pleased with him, and said to him:

“Tell me about the description of the Messenger of Allah in the Tawrah.”

He said, “Yes, by Allah, he was described in the Tawrah with some of the qualities with which he was described in the Qur’an:

  • O Prophet! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner, a saviour to the illiterate.” (ALAHZAAB:445,46)

You are My servant and My Messenger and I have called you Al-Mutawakkil (reliant). You are not harsh or severe, or noisy in the marketplaces. You do not repay evil with evil, but you overlook and forgive. Allah will not take your soul until you make straight those who have deviated and they say La ilaha illallah, words with which blind eyes, deaf ears and sealed hearts will be opened’.” It was also recorded by Al-Bukhari in the Books of Business and At-Tafsir.

  • “This is My bounty which I bestow upon whomsoever I will, and I am the Possessor of great bounty.”’ as witness( to Allah’s Oneness, for there is no God except He, and a witness against mankind for their deeds on the Day of Resurrection.) and We bring you as a witness against these people. (4:41)
  • This is like the Ayah:
  • that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger be a witness over you. (2:143)
  • and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner. means, a bearer of glad tidings to the believers of a great reward, and a warner to the disbelievers of a great punishment.
  • And as one who invites to Allah by His leave, means, `you call mankind to worship their Lord because He has commanded you to do so.’
  • and as a lamp spreading light. means, `the Message that you bring is as clear as the sun shining brightly, and no one can deny it except those who are stubborn.’

 

  1. What is the special commandment of Allah about divorcing a wife whose husband

has not touched her?

ANS:

 A GIFT AND NO (IDDAH) FOR WOMEN WHO ARE DIVORCED BEFORE CONSUMMATION OF THE MARRIAGE

Allah says:

“O you who believe! When you marry believing women, and then divorce them before you have sexual intercourse with them, (ALAHZAAB:445,46)

This Ayah contains many rulings, including the use of the word Nikah for the marriage contract alone. There is no other Ayah in the Qur’an that is clearer than this on this point. It also indicates that it is permissible to divorce a woman before consummating the marriage with her.

الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ  (believing women), this refers to what is usually the case, although there is no difference between a believing (Muslim) woman and a woman of the People of the Book in this regard, according to scholarly consensus.

               Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Ali bin Al-Hussein Zayn-ul-Abidin and a group of the Salaf took this Ayah as evidence that divorce cannot occur unless it has been preceded by marriage, because Allah says, إِذَا نَكَحْتُمُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ثُمَّ طَلَّقْتُمُوهُنَّ  (When you marry believing women, and then divorce them),

The marriage contract here is followed by divorce, which indicates that the divorce cannot be valid if it comes first.

“So, give them a present, and set them free in a handsome manner. (ALAHZAAB:49)

The present here refers to something more general than half of the named dowry or a special gift that has not been named.

Allah says:

“And if you divorce them before you have touched (had a sexual relation with) them, and you have fixed unto them their due (dowry) then pay half of that. (2:237)

In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it was recorded that Sahl bin Sa`d and Abu Usayd, may Allah be pleased with them both, said,

“The Messenger of Allah married Umaymah bint Sharahil, and when she entered upon him he reached out his hand towards her, and it was as if she did not like that, so he told Abu Usayd to give her two garments.”

3.What special privileges regarding marriage has Allah allowed the Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم)?

ANS:

THE WOMEN WHO ARE LAWFUL FOR THE PROPHET

Allah says, “O Prophet! Verily, We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom

you have paid their due (dowry),” (ALAHZAAB:)

Allah says, addressing His Prophet that He has made lawful for him of women his wives to whom he has given the dowry, which is what is meant by “their due”, which is used here, as was stated by Mujahid and others.

The dowry which he gave to his wives was twelve and half Uqiyah (measures of gold) so they all received five hundred Dirhams except for Umm Habibah bint Abi Sufyan, to whom An-Najashi, may Allah have mercy on him, gave four hundred Dinars (on behalf of the Prophet)

Safiyyah bint Huyay, whom he chose from among the prisoners of Khyber, then he set her free, making her release her dowry.

“those (slaves) whom your right hand possesses whom Allah has given to you, (ALAHZAAB:) means, `the slave-girls whom you took from the war booty are also permitted to you.’

“and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts, (ALAHZAAB: )

 

who migrated with you, and a believing woman if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her — a privilege for you only, (ALAHZAAB:) means, `also lawful for you, O

Prophet,(صل اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) is a believing woman if she offers herself to you, to marry her without a dowry, if you wish to do so.’

     CONDITIONS

  • Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn Abbas said:

“The Messenger of Allah did not have any wife who offered herself to him.”

The matter was left to his own choice, as Allah says: إِنْ أَرَادَ النَّبِيُّ أَن يَسْتَنكِحَهَا (and (if) the Prophet wishes to marry her), meaning, if he chooses to do so.

“a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) the believers.”

With regard to the Prophet himself, he is not obliged to give a dowry to a woman who offers herself to him, even if he consummated the marriage, because he has the right to marry without a dowry, Wali (representative) or witnesses, as we have seen in the story of Zaynab bint Jahsh, may Allah be pleased with her.

  • Ubayy bin Ka`b, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and Ibn Jarir said, concerning the Ayah: قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا فَرَضْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ فِي أَزْوَاجِهِمْ (Indeed We know what We have enjoined upon them about their wives), means, `concerning the limiting of their number to four free women, and whatever they wish of slave-girls, and the conditions of a representative, dowry and witnesses to the marriage. This is with regard to the Ummah (the people), but We have granted an exemption in your case and have not imposed any of these obligations upon you.’ in order that there should be no difficulty on you. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (ALAHZAAB:50)

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words?

ANS:

  1. It is He who confers blessing upon you, and His angels [ask Him to do so] that He may

bring you out from darknesses into the light. And ever is He, to the believers, Merciful.

  1. O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a

warner. And one who invites to Allah , by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.

LESSON:19   Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 53-58) P:90

A: Answers these questions.

1.What etiquette about paying visit to the Prophet’s house did Allah teach to the believers?

ANS:

THE ETIQUETTE OF ENTERING THE HOUSES OF THE PROPHET(صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)

Allah says: “O you who believe! (ALAHZAAB:53)

This is the Ayah of Hijab, which includes several legislative rulings and points of etiquette.

       Al-Bukhari recorded that:

“The Prophet married Zaynab bint Jahsh with (a wedding feast of) meat and bread.

He said, ارْفَعُوا طَعَامَكُم  (Take away the food).

There were three people left who were talking in the house. The Prophet went out until he came to the apartment of A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, and he said, السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُه

The Prophet was extremely shy, so he went out and headed towards A’ishah’s apartment. —-and the Ayah of Hijab was revealed.”

“Enter not the Prophet’s houses,”   the believers were prohibited from entering the houses of the Messenger of Allah without permission, as they used to do during the Jahiliyyah and at the beginning of Islam, until Allah showed His jealousy over this Ummah and commanded them to seek permission. This is a sign of His honoring this Ummah.

… إِلَّا أَن يُؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلَى طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نَاظِرِينَ إِنَاهُ …

“unless permission is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. Mujahid, Qatadah and others said: “This means, without waiting for the food to be prepared.”

Then Allah says: “But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse,

“And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen,”

meaning, `just as it is forbidden for you to enter upon them, it is forbidden for you to look at them at all. If anyone of you has any need to take anything from them, he should not look at them, but he should ask for whatever he needs from behind a screen.’

… ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ …

that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts.

2.What etiquette did Allah teach the believers invited by the Holy Prophet to come to his home for dinner?

ANS: Same Q:1

3.What is the importance of sending blessings on the Holy Prophet(صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم)? What instructions has Allah given to the believers?

ANS:

THE COMMAND TO SAY SALAH UPON THE PROPHET

Allah says:

“Allah sends His Salah on the Prophet, and also His angels (do so). O you who believe! Send your Salah on him, and greet him with Taslim. (ALAHZAAB:56)

Al-Bukhari said that Abu Al-Aliyah said:

“Allah’s Salah is His praising him before the angels, and the Salah of the angels is their supplication.”

Ibn Abbas said: “They send blessings.”

Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi said: “This was narrated from Sufyan Ath-Thawri and other scholars, who said:

`The Salah of the Lord is mercy, and the Salah of the angels is their seeking forgiveness.’

There are Mutawatir Hadiths narrated from the Messenger of Allah commanding us to send blessings on him and how we should say Salah upon him. We will mention some of them;

In his Tafsir of this Ayah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Ka`b bin `Ujrah said,

“It was said, `O Messenger of Allah, with regard to sending Salam upon you, we know about this, but how about Salah!’

He said:

قُولُوا:اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ،

       اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيد

Say: “O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم and upon the family of Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم, as You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are the Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.

O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم and upon the family of Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وآلہ وسلم, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.””

SAYING SALAH UPON THE PROPHET BEFORE THE SUPPLICATION

Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi reported the following Hadith and graded it Sahih;

An-Nasa’i, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban recorded in their Sahihs that Fadalah bin Ubayd,

may Allah be pleased with him, said: “The Messenger of Allah heard a man making supplication

in his prayer when he had not praised Allah or said Salah upon the Prophet.

The Messenger of Allah said:

This man is rushing. Then he called him over and said, to him or to someone else,

When any one of you supplicates, let him start by praising and glorifying Allah, may He be exalted, then let him send Salah upon the Prophet, and after that let him make supplication as he wishes.”

THE VIRTUE OF SAYING SALAH UPON THE PROPHET

Another Hadith AtTirmidhi recorded that Ubayy bin Ka`b said:

“When two thirds of the night had passed, the Messenger of Allah would get up and say,

“O people, remember Allah, remember Allah, the first blast of the Trumpet has come and will be followed by the second blast, death has come with all its horrors, death has come with all its horrors.”

Ubayy said, “I said, `O Messenger of Allah, I send a lot of Salah upon you, how much of

my prayer should be Salah upon you!’

He said, مَا شِئْت (Whatever you want).

I said, `A quarter.’

He said, “Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.”

I said, `Half.’

He said, “Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.

I said, `Two thirds.’

He said, “Whatever you want, but if you increase it, it will be better for you.

I said, `Should I make my whole prayer for you!’

He said, “This would be sufficient to relieve your distress and earn you forgiveness of your sins.”

Then he said: “This is a Hasan Hadith.”

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. Indeed, that [behavior] was troubling the Prophet, and he is shy of [dismissing] you.

But Allah is not shy of the truth.

  1. Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so].

O you who have believed, ask [ Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask

[ Allah to grant him] peace.

  1. And those who harm believing men and believing women for [something]

other than what they have earned have certainly born upon themselves a slander

and manifest sin.

LESSON:20 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 59-68) P:94

A: Answers these questions.

  1. What instructions about veil has Allah given to the Muslim women? What is the wisdom

behind these instructions?

ANS:

THE COMMAND OF HIJAB

Allah says: “O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to

draw their Jalabib over their bodies. (ALAHZAAB:59)

Allah tells His Messenger to command the believing women — especially his wives and daughters, because of their position of honor — to draw their Jilbabs over their bodies, so that they will be distinct in their appearance from the women of the Jahiliyyah and from slave women.

The Jilbab is a Rida‘, worn over the Khimar.

This was the view of Ibn Mas`ud, Ubaydah, Qatadah, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ata’ Al-Khurasani and others.

It is like the Izar used today.

Al-Jawhari said: “The Jilbab is the outer wrapper.”

Ibn Abbas said that; “Allah commanded the believing women, when they went out of their houses for some need, to cover their faces from above their heads with the Jilbab, leaving only one eye showing.

Muhammad bin Sirin said, “I asked Ubaydah As-Salmani about the Ayah(ALAHZAAB:59). He covered his face and head, with just his left eye showing.”

“That will be better that they should be known so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful” means, if they do that, it will be known that they are free, and that they are not servants or whores. with regard to what happened previously during the days of Jahiliyyah, when they did not have any knowledge about this.

2.What warning did Allah give to the hypocrites of Madinah? What consequences would

they have to meet if they ignored God’s instructions?

ANS:

         A STERN WARNING TO THE EVIL HYPOCRITES

Allah says:”If the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease, and those who spread

false news among the people in Al-Madinah stop not, We shall certainly let you overpower them,

then they will not be able to stay in it as your neighbors but a little while.” (ALAHZAAB:60)

Allah issues a warning to the hypocrites, those who make an outward display of faith while concealing their disbelief,

Ikrimah and others said that this refers to adulterers in this instance and those who spread false news among the people in Al-Madinah, means, those who say that the enemy has come and war has started, which is a lie and a fabrication. Unless they give up these actions and return to the truth,

  • We shall certainly let you overpower them,

Ibn Abbas said, “We will give you power over them.”

Qatadah said: “We will incite you against them.”

  • then they will not be able to stay in it(Al-Madinah),
  • but a little while. Accursed…`this describes their state while they are in Al-Madinah for this short time before they are expelled and sent far away.’
  • they shall be seized wherever found,It means, `they will be attacked, because they are so weak and so few,’
  • and killed with a (terrible) slaughter.

3.What has Allah said about the Hour of Resurrection?

ANS:

NO ONE KNOWS WHEN THE DAY OF RESURRECTION WILL COME EXCEPT

ALLAH

Allah tells His Messenger that he cannot know when the Hour will come, and if

people ask him about that, He instructs him to refer the matter to Allah, may He be exalted,

as Allah says in Surah Al-A`raf, even though that was revealed in Makkah and this

Surah was revealed in Al-Madinah. Allah continues to tell him to refer this matter to the

One Who knows about it, but He tells him that it is at hand, as He says: What do you know

It may be that the Hour is near!

”People ask you concerning the Hour, say: “The knowledge of it is with Allah

only.” (ALAHZAAB:63)

 

Same topic is discussed as;

”The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder. (54:1)

And “Draws near for mankind their reckoning, while they turn away in heedlessness. (21:1)

And ‘The Event (the Hour) ordained by Allah will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it. (16:1)

 

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your own words.

ANS:

  1. O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring

down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will

be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

  1. People ask you concerning the Hour. Say,” Knowledge of it is only with Allah .

And what may make you perceive? Perhaps the Hour is near.”

  1. Indeed, Allah has cursed the disbelievers and prepared for them a Blaze.

LESSON:21 Surah Ahzaab(The Clans) (Aayaat 69-73) P:97

A: Answers these questions.

1.What did Allah make the believers understand by quoting the example of Hazrat Musa

ANS:

THE FABRICATIONS OF THE JEWS AGAINST MUSA

Al-Bukhari recorded in the Book of Hadiths about the Prophets, that Abu Hurayrah said

that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Musa, peace be upon him, was a shy and modest man who would never show anything of his skin because of his shyness. Some of the Children of Israel annoyed him by saying:

“He only keeps himself covered because of some defect in his skin, either leprosy or scrotal hernia or some other defect.”

Allah, may He be glorified, wanted to clear Musa, peace be upon him, of what they were saying. One day Musa was alone, so he took off his garment and put it on a rock, then he took a bath. When he had finished, he turned back to pick up his garment, but the rock moved away, taking his garment with it.

Musa picked up his stick and chased the rock, saying, “My garment, O rock! My garment, O rock!” Until he reached a group of the Children of Israel, who saw him naked and found that he was the best of those whom Allah had created. Thus he was cleared of what they had said about him. Then the rock stood still, so he took his garment and put it on. He started hitting the rock with his stick, and by Allah, the marks of that beating were left on the rock, three or four or five.

This is what is referred to in the Ayah:

“O you who believe! Be not like those who annoyed Musa, but Allah cleared him of that which they alleged, and he was honorable before Allah.(ALAHZAB:69)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah (bin Mas`ud) said:

“One day, the Messenger of Allah distributed some booty and a man among the Ansar said, `This division was not done for the sake of Allah.’ I said, `O enemy of Allah! I am going to tell the Messenger of Allah what you have said.’ So, I told the Prophet about it. His face reddened and he said,

“May Allah have mercy on Musa. He was annoyed with worse than this, yet he remained patient.”

And Quran says“and he was honorable before Allah.” (ALAHZAB:69) he had a position of status and honor before his Lord, may He be exalted and glorified.

         Al-Hasan Al-Basri said: “His supplications would be answered by Allah.”

2.What lesson does Allah give to the believers about speaking words?

ANS:

THE COMMAND TO THE BELIEVERS TO HAVE TAQWA AND SPEAK THE TRUTH

1st – Allah commands His servants to have Taqwa of Him, worshipping Him as if they can see Him, and to قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا (speak (always) the truth).

meaning, to speak in a straightforward manner, with no crookedness or distortion.

”O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah and speak (always) the truth. (ALAHZAB:70)

2nd – He promises them that if they do that, He will reward them by making their deeds righteous, i.e., enabling them to do righteous deeds, and He will forgive them their past sins. With regard to whatever sins they may commit in the future, He will inspire them to repent from them.

“He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.” (ALAHZAB:70)

 

3rd – he will be saved from the fire of Hell and will enjoy everlasting delights (in Paradise).

“And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed achieved a great victory.”

(ALAHZAB:71)

3.What was the trust that Allah offered to the heavens, earth and mountains? Did they

bear the trust? Who bore it?

ANS:

THE AMANAH

Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas said, “Al-Amanah means obedience.

Ibn Abbas said, “Al-Amanah means Al-Fara’id (the obligatory duties).

Qatadah said: “Al-Amanah means religion, obligatory duties and prescribed punishments.”

Malik narrated that Zayd bin Aslam said: “Al-Amanah means three things:

  • prayer,
  • fasting and
  • performing Ghusl to cleanse oneself from sexual impurity.”

There is no contradiction between all of these views; they are all in agreement

and all refer to responsibility.

Allah says: “Truly, We did offer the Amanah to the heavens and the earth, and the

mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it. But man bore it. Verily, he was

unjust and ignorant.” (ALAHZAB:72)

THE HEAVENS, EARTH AND MOUNTAINS DO NOT BEAR IT

This was offered to them before it was offered to Adam, and they could not bear it. Then Allah said to Adam:

`I have offered the Amanah to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they could not bear it. Will you take it on!’

He said, `O Lord, what does it involve!’

ADAM TOOK THE AMANAH

He said, `If you do good, you will be rewarded, and if you do evil, you will be punished.’

So, Adam took the Amanah and bore it, and this is what is referred to in the Ayah: وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا (But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust and ignorant.”

Ibn Abbas said,

“Allah offered them to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, (on the grounds that) if they fulfilled them, He would reward them; and if they failed, He would punish them. But they did not want to do that, and they were afraid of it, not because their intention was sinful, but because of their respect for the religion of Allah, in case they could not fulfill the obligations involved. Then Allah offered it to Adam, and he accepted it with all that it entailed. This is what is referred to in the Ayah: وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا (But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust and ignorant).

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.
  2. Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they

declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.

LESSON:22 Surah Mumtahanah-An Introduction P:100

A: Answers these questions.

1.When and where was the Surah Mumtahanah revealed? Why is it named so?

ANS:

BACKGROUND

‘Mumtahanah’, the title of the Surah, means ‘the woman to be examined’.

The Surah was named so because in it Allah asked the Muslims to examine the women coming from Makkah

in large number. These women claimed that they had accepted Islam and therefore could not

live with their pagan husbands. The examination of these women was to be carried out firstly

to make sure whether they were true in their claim and secondly to settle their affairs with their

former husbands and make them the members of the Muslim society in Madinah.

The Surah is the fourth of the ten Madinah Surahs. Each of these Surahs deals with a

special aspect of the life of the believers. This Surah was revealed after the Hudaibiyah Treaty

had been broken by the disbelievers, and a letter sent by a Muslim ofMadinah to the

disbelievers ofMakkah had come to light. In this letter the correspondent had informed the

Makkans that theHoly Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) was making preparations to attack

Makkah. He had leaked this information in order to enable his disbelieving relatives to
take safety measures during the war.

2.What important matter has been discussed in the Surah Mumtahanah?

ANS:

The important matter discussed in these verses are:

  • that what type of social relations should believers maintain with the disbelievers.
  • The verses also deal with the problem arising from the migration ofMakkan women

after they had accepted Islam.

  • According to the terms of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, if a Muslim man migrated from

Makah to Madinah, he would be given back to the disbelievers ofMakkah.

4- Thus there was a need to make new laws for dealing with these women.

3.What type of social relations should Muslims have with the disbelievers.

ANS:

The first part consists of vv. 1-9 of Surah Mumtahana, and the concluding verse 13 also relates

to SOCIAL RELATIONS OF MUSLIMS WITH THE DISBELIEVERS.

In this strong exception has been taken to the act of Hadrat Hatib bin Abi Balta’a

in that he had tried to inform the enemy of a very important war secret of the Holy Prophet

(upon whom be Allah’s peace) only for the sake of safe guarding his family. This would have

caused great bloodshed at the conquest of Makkah had it not been made ineffective in time.

It would have cost the Muslims many precious lives; many of the Quraish would have been

killed, who were to render great services to Islam afterward; the gains which were to accrue

from conquering Makkah peacefully would have been lost, and all these serious losses would

have resulted only because one of the Muslims had wanted to safeguard his family from the

dangers of war.

Administering a severe warning at this blunder Allah has taught the believers the lesson

that no believer should, under any circumstances and for any motive, have relations of love and

friendship with the disbelievers, who are actively hostile to Islam, and a believer should refrain

from everything which might be helpful to them in the conflict between Islam and disbelief.

However, there is no harm in dealing kindly and justly with those disbelievers, who may

not be practically engaged in hostile activities against Islam and persecution of the Muslims.

4.What problem was created by the migration of the believing women from Makkah

to Madinah?

ANS:

The second part consists of vv. 10-11 of Surah Mumtahana, a social problem has been

settled, which was agitating the minds at that time.

There were many Muslim women in Makkah, whose husbands were pagans, but they

were emigrating and reaching Madinah somehow. Likewise, there were many Muslim men

in Madinah, whose wives were pagans and had been left behind in Makkah.

The question arose whether the marriage bond between them continued to be valid

or not. Allah settled this problem for ever, saying that the pagan husband is not lawful for

the Muslim women, nor the pagan wife lawful for the Muslim husband. This decision

leads to very important legal consequences, which we shall explain in our notes below.

5.What commandments did Allah give to the believers to deal with the migrant women?

ANS:

  • As for the migrant women Allah says: “Make sure that these women believe in Islam.

You should not hand over the believing women to the disbelievers.”( : )

  • No marriage tie is lawful between the believing women and disbelieving husbands.
  • Muslims can marry such women by paying their dowers.
  • As for the migrant women Allah says: Make sure that these women believe in Islam.

You should not hand over the believing women to the disbelievers.

No marriage tie is lawful between the believing women and the disbelieving men.

  • Ask the believing women to pay to there dowers.
  • You must keep the Muslim society pure and free of all evils.
  • FILL IN THE BLANKS.
  • Surah Mumtahanah is the ———————————————–of the ten Madinah Surahs.
  1. The verses of Mumtahanah were revealed after the disbelievers

had broken the——————————————–

  1. Some verses of the Surah Mumtahanah also deal with the problem arising from the —————————————————-of believing women from Makkah.
  2. The Muslims should not hand over the ——————————-women to the —————————————-men.
  3. No marriage tie is lawful between the ——————————————women and the———————————————men.

Muslims must keep their society pure and———————————————— of all evils.

ANSWERS: (1- ten )(2- Hudaibiyah Treaty ) (3- the migration ) (4- believing+ disbelievers ) (5- believing+ disbelieving )(6- free)

LESSON:23 Surah Mumtahanah (Aayaat 1-6) P:105

A: Answers these questions.

1.How should the believers behave towards the disbelievers who are the enemy of Islam

and the believers?

ANS:

 TheCommand to have Enmity towards the Disbelievers and to abandon supporting Them

In the 1st Ayah of Surah Mumtahanah,Allah says, “O you who believe! Take not My

enemies and your enemies as protecting friends showing affection towards them, while

they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth, refers to the idolators and the

disbelievers who are combatants against Allah, His Messenger and the believers.

It is they whom Allah has decided should be our enemies and should be fought.

Allah has forbidden the believers to take them as friends, supporters or companions.”

Following Ayaat of the Holy Quran explain the above mentioned Ayah:

Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah,

  • “O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as protecting friends; they are but protecting friends of each other. And if any among you takes them (as such), then surely, he is one of them.” (5:51)
  • This Ayah contains a stern warning and a sure threat. Allah the Exalted said,

“O you who believe! Take not as protecting friends those who take your religion as a mockery and fun from among those who received the Scripture before you, nor from among the disbelievers; and have Taqwa of Allah if you indeed are true believers. (5:57)

  • “O you who believe! Take not for protecting friends disbelievers instead of believers. Do you wish to offer Allah a manifest proof against yourselves? (4:144)
  • Let not the believers take the disbelievers as protecting friends instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (His punishment). (3:28)

This is why Allah’s Messenger accepted Hatib’s excuse when he said that he only wanted to have a favor on the Quraysh, because of the property and family members he left behind in Makkah.

2.State the reasons for which Allah has forbidden the Muslims from being friendly with

the enemies of Allah and His Prophet.

ANS:

  1. THEY REJECT THE TRUTH: (MUMTAHANAH:1)

Allah says; “O you who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends. You offer them your love whereas they reject the Truth that has come to you.” (MUMTAHANAH:1) so that’s why they are your enemy and do not give them your secrets at all.

  1. THEY HAVE DRIVEN OUT THE HOLY PROPHET(صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)

Allah’s statement,”and have driven out the Messenger and yourselves (from your homeland), follows His encouragement to fight against them and to avoid being their supporters. This is because they expelled the Messenger and his Companions on account of their hatred for Tawhid and worshipping Allah alone in sincerity.”(MUMTAHANAH:1)

same topic is discussed as:

“Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said: “Our Lord is Allah.” (22:40)

C)THEIR HANDS &TOUNGUES

“And whosoever of you does that, then indeed he has gone astray from the straight path.

Should they gain the upper hand over you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you with evil,” (MUMTAHANAH:2) it mean, `if they gain the upper hand over you, they would use every type of harm in their disposal to hurt you in words and action,’

“and they desire that you should disbelieve.” (MUMTAHANAH:2) It mean `they are eager that you do not earn any good. Therefore, their enmity to you is outward and inward, so how can you become supporters of this type of people?’ This also encourages the enmity.

3.How do the disbelievers behave towards the believers after gaining supremacy over them?

ANS: Same Q:2

4.Which good example of Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihissalaam) and his followers has Allah asked

the Muslims to follow?

ANS:

The Good Example of Ibrahim and His Followers, when They disowned Their

Disbelieving People

Allah says; “Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim and those with him,( his followers who believed in him,) when they said to their people: Verily we are free from you… `we disown you,’ and whatever you worship besides Allah: we rejected you,( `we disbelieve in your religion and way,’) and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred forever. (Animosity and enmity have appeared between us and you from now and as long as you remain on your disbelief) we will always disown you and hate you,’ until you believe in Allah alone, (you worship Allah alone without partners and disbelieve in the idols and rivals that you worship besides Him.’) (MUMTAHANAH:4)

“except the saying of Ibrahim to his father: ‘Verily, I will ask forgiveness (from Allah) for you…’(you have a good example in Ibrahim and his people;) as for Ibrahim’s prayers to Allah for his father,( it was a promise that he made for his father.’ When Ibrahim became sure that his father was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself innocent of him.)

(MUMTAHANAH:4)

Allah asked the Muslims to follow the following good things regarding Hadrat Ibrahim:

  1. “When they said to their people: Verily we are free from you and whatever you worship

besides Allah”

  1. “We rejected you,”(we disbelieve in your religion and way)
  2. “There has started between us and you, hostility and hatred forever.” (Animosity and enmity

have appeared between us and you from now and as long as you remain on your disbelief)

  1. We will always disown you and hate you,’ until you believe in Allah alone, (you worship

Allah alone without partners and disbelieve in the idols and rivals that you worship

besides Him.’)

  1. Do not pray for disbelievers. (When Ibrahim became sure that his father was an enemy

of Allah, he declared himself innocent of him.)

5.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. If they gain dominance over you, they would be to you as enemies and extend against you their

hands and their tongues with evil, and they wish you would disbelieve.

  1. Never will your relatives or your children benefit you; the Day of Resurrection He will judge

between you. And Allah , of what you do, is Seeing.

  1. Our Lord, upon You we have relied, and to You we have returned, and to You is the destination.
  2. And whoever turns away – then indeed, Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.

 

LESSON:24 SurahMumtahanah( to be examined) (Aayaat 7-13) P:110

A: Answers these questions.

1.Which disbelievers has Allah allowed the believers to do good and justice to?

ANS:

The Permissibility of being Kind to Disbelievers who do not fight against the Religion

And Allah’s statement;

  1. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Zubayr said,

“Qutaylah came visiting her daughter, Asma’ bint Abi Bakr, with some gifts, such as Dibab, cheese and clarified (cooking) butter, and she was an idolatress at that time. Asma’ refused to accept her mother’s gifts and did not let her enter her house. A’ishah asked the Prophet about his verdict and Allah sent down the Ayah,

Allah’s Messenger ordered Asma’ to accept her mother’s gifts and to let her enter her house.”

Allah’s statement, إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ  (Allah loves those who deal with equity),

“Allah does not forbid you with those who fought not against you on account of religion

nor drove you out of your homes,” (MUMTAHANAH:8)

  1. Imam Ahmad recorded that Asma’ bint Abu Bakr said,

“My mother, who was an idolatress at the time, came to me during the Treaty of Peace, the Prophet conducted with the Quraysh. I came to the Prophet and said, `O Allah’s Messenger! My mother came visiting, desiring something from me, should I treat her with good relations’

The Prophet said,”Yes. Keep good relation with your mother.”

In above mentioned Ayah follwing causes are told to believers to do good and justice to them;

  • Who do not fight you because of the religion,
  • Who do not drive out from your home.

2.What has Allah commanded the believers about the believing women who have taken

refuge in Madinah?

ANS:

BACKGROUND

  • In the Sahih, it is recorded that Al-Miswar and Marwan bin Al-Hakam said that

after the Messenger of Allah conducted the treaty with the Quraysh idolators at Al-Hudaybiyyah, some Muslim women emigrated to him and Allah the Exalted sent down this Ayah about them, “O you who believe! When believing women come to you as emigrants) until,—- (MUMTAHANAH:10)

  • Abu Al-`As bin Ar-Rabi` was married to Zaynab, the Prophet’s daughter. She was a Muslim, while Abu Al-`As was still an idolator like his people. When he was captured during the battle of Badr, his wife, Zaynab sent his ransom, a necklace that belonged to the Prophet’s first wife Khadijah. The Prophet became very emotional when he saw the necklace and said to the Companions If you decide to set free the prisoner who belongs to her, then do so.

They did, and Allah’s Messenger set him free. His ransom was that he send his wife to Allah’s Messenger.

Abu Al-`As fulfilled his promise and sent Zaynab to Allah’s Messenger along with

Zayd bin Harithah. Zaynab remained in Al-Madinah after the battle of Badr, which took

place in the second year of Hijrah, until her husband Abu Al-`As bin Ar-Rahi` embraced

Islam in the eighth year after the Hijrah. She returned to their marriage without renewing

the dowry.

  1. YOU SHOULD EXIMINE THEM
  2. DO NOT SEND THEM BACK TO THE DISBELIEVERS
  3. PAY THEM (DISBELIEVERS) BACK WHICH THEY SPENT
  4. MARRY THEM
  • State the points on which Allah has asked the believers to put the migrating women

under the oath of allegiance.

ANS:Imam Ahmad recorded that A’ishah said, “Fatimah bint `Utbah came to give her

pledge to Allah’s Messenger, who took the pledge from her,

Fatimah placed her hand on her head in shyness. The Prophet liked what she did.

A’ishah said, `O woman! Accept the pledge, because by Allah, we all gave the pledge to the same.’ She said, `Yes then,’ and she gave her pledge to the same things mentioned in the Ayah.’ We can sum up the points on which Allah has asked the believers to put the migrating

women under the oath of allegiance as mentioned in Surah Al Mumtahanah

(MUMTAHANAH:12), as following;

  • That they will(migrating women) not associate anything with Allah
  • That they will not steal
  • That they will not commit adultry
  • That they will not kill their children
  • That they will not produce any vicious slander which they devised between their hands and feet.
  • That they will not disobey you(The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) in any matter

4.Explain the following passages of the Holy Quran in your words.

ANS:

  1. Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel

you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them.

  1. O you who have believed, do not make allies of a people with whom Allah has become angry.

They have despaired of [reward in] the Hereafter just as the disbelievers have despaired of

[meeting] the inhabitants of the grave. END


 

It's only fair to share...Share on Facebook0Share on Google+1Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn0Print this pageEmail this to someone
Loading Facebook Comments ...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *