ARTICLE /RESEARCH IN ENGLISH: VOICE (ACTIVE & PASSIVE) FLOW CHART FOR ALL CLASSES/GRADES/ LEVELS

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ARTICLE: VOICE (ACTIVE & PASSIVE) FLOW CHART

TENSE ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE VERB: first form of the verb

EXAMPLES

They speak English here.

He speaks English.

VERB: is / am / are + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

English is spoken here.

English is spoken by him.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE VERB: is/am/are + -ing form of the verb

EXAMPLES

She is writing a letter.

I am learning my lessons.

You are making a cake.

VERB: is/am/are + being + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

A letter is being written by her.

My lessons are being learnt by me.

A cake is being made by you.

RESENT PERFECT TENSE VERB: has/have + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

I have written a novel.

She has finished the job.

You have written letters.

VERB: has/have + been + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

A novel has been written by me.

The job has been finished by her.

Letters have been written by you.

SIMPLE PAST VERB: past tense form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

I wrote a letter.

Ram broke a glass.

You missed the chance.

VERB: was/were + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

A letter was written by me.

A glass was broken by Ram.

The chance was missed by you.

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE VERB: was/were + -ing form of the verb

EXAMPLES

I was learning my lessons.

She was writing a report.

They were making toys.

VERB: was/were + being + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

My lessons were being learnt by me.

A report was being written by her.

Toys were being made by them.

PAST PERFECT TENSE VERB: had + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

I had finished the project.

She had learned her lessons.

VERB: had + been + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

The project had been finished by me.

Her lessons had been learned by her.

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE VERB: will/shall + first form of the verb

EXAMPLES

I will finish the job.

She will solve the problem.

VERB: will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES:

The job will be finished by me.

The problem will be solved by her.

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE VERB: will/shall + have + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

I will have finished the job.

She will have solved the problem.

VERB: will/shall + have + been + past participle form of the verb

EXAMPLES

The job will have been finished by me.

The problem will have been solved by her.

SHORT FORM OF VOICE (ACTIVE/ PASSIVE)

PRESENT TENSE

PST= OBJECT+ HV(IS/ARE/AM)+VERB(III) BY SUBJECT

PCT=O+ HV(IS/ARE/AM)+BEING+V(III) BY S

PPT=O+ HV(HAS/HAVE) BEEN+V(III) BY S

PAST TENSE

PST=O+ HV(WAS/WERE)+V(III) BY S

PCT=O+ HV(WAS/WERE) BEING+V(III) BY S

PPT=O+ HV(HAD)BEEN+V(III) BY S

FUTURE TENSE

FST=O+ HV(WILL/SHALL)BE+V(III) BY S

FPT=O+ HV(WILL/ SHALL) HAVE BEEN+V(III) BY S

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