|NOTES: NEW OXFORD SOCIAL STUDIES 4 (REVISED EDITION) FOR PAKISTAN NICHOLAS HORSBURGH|
LESSON: 01 THE EARTH in SPACE Page: 3
|Q. No. 1 Describe the shape of the Earth? What is this shape called?|
|ANS: The Earth has a round shape like a ball. It is called a sphere.|
|Q. No.2 Explain the difference between rotation and revolution.|
|ANS: Rotation is the spinning of the Earth on its axis. The Earth’s movement around the Sun is called revolution.|
|Q. No.3 How are the seasons caused?|
|ANS: Seasons are caused by the Earth’s revolution round the Sun and the tilt (the direction in which it leans; inclination) of its axis.|
|Q. No.4 Where on the Earth’s surface is the Sun hottest throughout the year?|
|ANS: Places that are close to the equator are hot throughout the year.|
|Q. No.5 Explain what is meant by the terms solstice and equinox.|
|ANS: Solstice: Each of the two times in the year at midsummer and midwinter, when the Sun reaches the highest and lowest points in the sky, marked by the longest and shortest days on 21 June and 21 December. Equinox: The two times in the year when day and night are of equal length, on 21 March and 22 September.|
Work Page A
Match the following words with their meanings.
Match the following words with their meanings.
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
when day and night are of equal length
the path of a planet
half of a sphere i.e. the Earth
an imaginary line through the centre of the Earth
moving or circling around another object
an imaginary line round the middle of the Earth
1 astronaut: a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
2 revolution: moving or circling around another object
3 orbit: the path of a planet
4 axis: an imaginary line through the centre of the Earth
5 equator: an imaginary line round the middle of the Earth
6 hemisphere: half of a sphere i.e. the Earth
7 equinox: when day and night are of equal length
B: WRITE THESE WORDS IN THE CORRECT SPACES ON THE DIAGRAM:
L: 02 CLIMATE P:7
|Q. No.1 What is the importance of climate for a region?|
|ANS: Climate is an important factor. It has a great effect on: -people’s lives, -plants, -crops, and -on the land in an area.|
|Q. No.2 Look at the climate map of Pakistan: which part of the country is warmer?|
|ANS: The south of the country is warmer.|
|Q. No.3 Explain how the height of a place affects its climate.|
|ANS: The higher a place is, the colder the atmosphere (air) becomes.|
|Q. No.4 What can happen to the climate in places where forests have been cut down?|
|ANS: The climate of such places becomes dry because rainfall decreases.|
|Q. No.5 Why, do you think, is rainfall such an important factor for climate?|
|ANS:Rainfall is an important factor as it encourages plant growth and, secondly, it cools and balances the temperature.|
|Q. No. 6 What effect does closeness to the sea have on the climate of a place?|
|ANS: Places close to the sea have the advantage of cool sea breezes blowing over the land and cooling it, thus dropping the temperature considerably.|
Put a tick against TRUE statements and a cross against the FALSE ones.
High areas are usually hot.
Cool breezes blow from the sea towards the Land.
Deserts are very dry pieces.
Forests do not receive much rainfall.
Paces close to the sea are always very hot.
Pakistan has a very wet climate.
1 Cross 2 Tick 3 Tick 4 Cross 5 Cross 6 Cross
1 All three types at different times of the year.
L: 03 OUR COUNTRY P:10-11
|Q. No.1 Name the countries that share a border with Pakistan.|
|ANS: Iran in the west, Afghanistan in the north-west, China in the north-east, and India to the east.|
|Q. No.2 Which sea lies to the south of Pakistan?|
|ANS: The Arabian Sea.|
|Q. No.3 Find out the names of the main deserts in Pakistan.|
|ANS: Main deserts of Pakistan: Cholistan Desert, Kharan Desert (in Balochistan), Thal Desert, and Thar Desert.|
|Q. No.4 Where do the tributaries of the River Indus join it?|
|ANS:River Indus, which starts in the Himalayas, is joined by the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej rivers at Panjnad in southern Punjab.|
|Q. No.5 Where does the River Indus enter the sea?|
|ANS: South of Karachi.|
COMPLETE YOUR FACT FILE ON PAKISTAN BY ADDING THE NAMES OF THE PROVINCES AND PROVINCIAL CAPITALS.
|1- PROVINCE Sindh, CAPITAL Karachi|
|2- PROVINCE Punjab, CAPITAL Lahore|
|3- PROVINCE Balochistan, CAPITAL Quetta|
|4- PROVINCE Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, CAPITAL Peshawar|
|5- PROVINCE Gilgit–Baltistan, CAPITAL Gilgit|
B: LOOK AT A LARGE MAP OF THE WORLD. WRITE DOWN THE NAMES OF:
FIVE COUNTRIES LARGER THAN PAKISTAN
|5 Saudi Arabia (India / Iran)|
FIVE COUNTRIES SMALLER THAN PAKISTAN
|5 Sri Lanka /Nepal|
L: 04 THE WESTREN HIGHLANDS P;14-15
|Q. No.1 In which provinces will you find the Western Highlands?|
|ANS: In all the four provinces of Pakistan—Sindh, Balochistan, the Punjab, and the NWFP, and in the Gilgit- Baltistan territory.|
|Q. No.2 Which is the highest peak in Pakistan? How high is it and where is it Located?|
|ANS: K2 or Mount Godwin Austen, at 8611 metres above sea level, is the highest mountain in Pakistan. It is the second highest peak in the world.|
|Q. No.3 Where is Islamabad situated?|
|ANS: The Potohar Plateau.|
|Q. No.4 Why are the mountain passes important?|
|ANS:These are important because to cross the mountain ranges and reach another place, people have to go through these passes. These passes, especially the Khyber Pass, also have historic value.|
|Q. No.5 Name the main passes found in Pakistan?|
|ANS: Karakoram Pass, Khunjerab Pass, Lawarai Pass, Khyber Pass, Khojak Pass, Bolan Pass.|
A:WRITE THE FOLLOWING NAMES IN THE CORRECT PLACES ON THE MAP.USE AN ATLAS TO HELP YOU.
Work page B
Look up these words in dictionary and write down their meaning:
1 A glacier is a mass of ice and snow that slowly moves down mountain slopes. It can be called a frozen river.
2 A pass is a natural route through mountains to transport people and goods.
3 A low area between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.
4 An area of fairly level high ground.
L: 05 RIVER INDUS & ITS PLAINS P:17-18
|Q. No.1 Where does the River Indus start?|
|ANS: High up in the Himalaya Mountains, from a lake called Mansorawar.|
|Q. No.2 How are some areas of the country supplied with water?|
|ANS: Canals carry the river water to many places.|
|Q. No.3 Describe the course of the River Indus from its source as far as Kalabagh.|
|ANS: The River Indus starts high up in the Himalaya Mountains near a lake called Mansorawar. From here it flows west through a deep valley between the Himalayas and the Karakoram range, until it reaches Pakistan. It is joined by many streams and rivers such as the Gilgit and the Hunza. It begins its long journey south through Pakistan and then turns south at a point about 200 kilometres north of Islamabad. It winds downhill, twisting and turning, till it reaches the Potohar Plateau. From here it continues into the Punjab plain to a place called Kalabagh.|
|Q. No.4 How does the River Indus change when it reaches the plains?|
|ANS:By the time it reaches the plains, the river spreads out into a much broader channel, about 16 kilometres wide. Its course becomes much straighter as it flows through the plains.|
|Q. No.5 In which parts of Pakistan do you find deserts? Why?|
|ANS:The deserts are on eastern and south-eastern border of Pakistan, where the plains are not drained by any river.|
A: LOOK AT AN ATLAS AND FIND OUT THE NAMES OF RIVERS THAT FLOW IN PAKISTAN . LABELTHE RIVERS ON THE MAP.
B Find out what these words mean:
B1: 1 A delta is a triangular alluvial tract of land at the mouth of a river.
2 A basin is a bowl-shaped tract of land drained by a river and its tributaries.
3 A tributary is a branch of a large river, which joins in from a different direction.
4 A gorge is a steep, narrow valley or ravine.
B 2: In Pakistan, these physical features can be found as follows: Delta: Sindh Basin: Punjab Tributary: Punjab, the KPK (River Kabul) Gorge: the Indus gorge (Northern Areas)
L: 06 THE SOIL &AGRICULTURE P:22-23
|Q. No.1 In which parts of Pakistan is it difficult to grow crops? Why is that so?|
|ANS:In Balochistan, in some parts of Sindh and the NWFP, and in the deserts, because there is very little water.|
|Q. No.2 What is alluvial soil and where is it found?|
|ANS: The most fertile soil is called alluvial soil. It is found in the plains, around the great rivers. When rivers flood and overflow their banks, they deposit good soil on the land. This is alluvial soil.|
|Q. No.3 Pakistan is an agricultural country. What are the requirements for successful agriculture?|
|ANS: For successful agriculture, rich and fertile soil and lots of water is needed.|
|Q. No.4 Why is livestock farming important for Pakistan?|
|ANS: Livestock farming provides us with meat and milk. Animals are also used to pull ploughs and carts, turn waterwheels and for other farm work. Poultry farms provide us with fresh eggs and chicken for meat.|
|Q. No.5 Explain how forests affect agriculture.|
|ANS: Trees have long roots that hold the particles of soil together, and slow down the process of erosion. Thus control of erosion leads to better soil being available for farmers to plant crops.|
Work page: C:
FILL IN THE BLANKS:
1.———————–are used by farmers to make their crops grow well.
2. The most fertile soil is called—————————–
3.Animals that work on farms include————————,————————– and ———————–
C 1 Fertilizers 2 alluvial 3 cows, buffaloes, oxen, and even camels and donkeys
L: 07 FORESTS P: 26-27
|Q. No.1 What kinds of forests are found in the mountain areas?|
|ANS: Silver fir, juniper, and birch.|
|Q. No.2 Explain why trees do not grow very tall higher up in the mountains.|
|ANS: Due to the very cold climate above a height of 4000 metres, trees do not grow very tall.|
|Q. No.3 Describe the ways in which the neem tree is useful.|
|ANS: It gives out a lot of oxygen and is also used to make medicines.|
|Q. No.4 In which areas of Pakistan are thorn or rakh and mangrove forests found?|
|ANS: In the western part of Balochistan and over most of Punjab and Sindh, there are thorny hardwood trees such as acacia and tamarisk.|
|Q. No.5 List the reasons why forests are important.|
|ANS:Forests are important because trees give us wood and bark, shade, attract rain, give us flowers, fruits and nuts; they are home to birds and small animals like squirrels; their roots protect the soil.|
A:COMPLETE THESE FACT SHEETS ABOUT THE FORESTS OF PAKISTAN.
B:FILL IN THE BLANKS.
1 Wood from the ————————tree is used to make ploughs.
2 Forests planted by man are called ————————————-
3 Wood from the babul is used to make——— ___ and ———-
B 1 Babul 2 Plantations 3 Wheels and oil presses and ploughs
L: 08 WATER &ITS USES P:30
|Q. No.1 Write about five different uses of fresh water.|
|ANS: Five uses of fresh water: drinking, cooking, bathing, washing clothes and utensils, gardening, growing crops.|
|Q. No.2 What are the sources of fresh water in Pakistan?|
|ANS: Rain, snow, glaciers, rivers, lakes.|
|Q. No.3 Why are certain projects called multi-purpose projects?|
|ANS: They are able to have several uses at the same time, such as dams.|
|Q. No.4 Explain the difference between a well and a tube well.|
|ANS: Wells are really large holes dug in the ground to store water. A tube well is made by digging very deep wells in the ground. A tube or casing is put into the hole. Water from many hundreds of metres below the surface is pumped up by electric or diesel pumps.|
|Q. No.5 Name some of the ways in which water is stored.|
|ANS: Water is stored in dams, reservoirs and tanks.|
Work page A
Look in a dictionary or encyclopedia and find out more about these things:
1 A place where water is stored, especially an artificial lake.
2 A slowly moving mass of ice formed when snow piles up and is compacted on mountains or near the poles.
3 A dam is a wall built to hold water back
4 An artificial barrier across a river, a dam
5 Something that can be used, an asset
6 An artificial waterway allowing the passage of boats inland or carrying water for irrigation
B:LABEL THE DIAGRAM:
L:9 POWER, MINERALS&INDUSTRIES P:36-37
|Q. No.1 How would you describe an industrial country?|
|ANS: A country that uses its own power and natural resources to manufacture various products is industrialized.|
|Q. No.2 From where does Pakistan obtain raw materials for its industries?|
|ANS:From the land, seas, and oceans. Pakistan also imports from other countries those raw materials for its industries which are not available locally.|
|Q. No.3 Name the essential requirements for industry.|
|ANS:The essential requirements for developing industries are funds, power, water, raw materials, machines, and workers.|
|Q. No.4 Why is water important for industry?|
|ANS:Water is important for setting up industries as it is used during some part of the production process.|
|Q. No.5 What kinds of power or energy are used in Pakistan?|
|ANS:Electrical power, nuclear or atomic power, solar power, gas, and sometimes, mainly biogas.|
LOOK UP AND WRITE THE DEFINITION OF THESE THINGS:
HYDROELECTRICITY: electricity produced by water power
TURBINE: a machine or motor driven by a flow of water, stream, or gas
GENERATOR: a machine for converting mechanical energy into electricity
L: 10 TRANSPORT P:41
|Q. No.1Why do you think roads are the most important part of the communications network in Pakistan?|
|ANS: a) They link all our villages, towns, and cities. b) They connect all the markets. Producers and consumers reach the collection and distribution centres.|
|Q. No.2 Why do more people travel by road within the country than by air or train?|
|ANS: More people travel by road because it is cheaper than flying, faster than railways, and roads reach almost all remote corners of the country.|
|Q. No.3 Who were the first men to fly an aeroplane?|
|ANS: They were the two brothers, Wilbur and Orville Wright in 1903.|
|Q. No.4 Make a list of the international airports in Pakistan.|
|ANS: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan|
|Q. No.5 Which are the major ports in Pakistan?|
|ANS: Keamari and Port Mohammed Bin Qasim in Karachi, and a third port being built at Gwadar, Balochistan.|
B: FILL IN THE BLANKS:
1 Roads are an important part of our transport
2 The first trains were pulled by ————————————- ———–engines.
3 The first aeroplane was flown in the year ———————————————–
4 Pakistan has ——————————————————kilometres of roads.
5 The Makran Coastal Highway links ——————————to————————
|Ans: B-1 network 2 steam 3 1903 4 248,000 5 Karachi, Gwadar|
L: 11 COMMUNICATION P:45
|Q. No.1 Explain what communication means?|
|ANS: COMMUNICATION: It means keeping in touch with someone through speech or writing.|
|Q. No.2 What are the main means of communication in our country?|
|ANS: MEANS OF COMMUNICATION: -letter – radio – telephone -the television – the newspaper – fax -email|
|Q. No.3 How can we send money through the post office?|
|ANS: We can send money through the post office by sending a money order.|
|Q. No.4 Why do some people prefer television and radio to newspapers?|
|ANS: If a person cannot read a newspaper he prefers television and radio. For watching news a person prefer television and radio.|
A: Guess the correct means of communication:
You can hear the voice.
You can see the picture.
It is used for entertainment, education, and news programmes.
You can hear the voice.
You can see the picture.
It is used for entertainment, education, and news programmes.
You can send money.
You can send parcels.
You can send Letters.
You can hear the voice.
You can speak to the
You can talk to someone miles away.
|ANS: A 1 Television 2 The post office 3 The telephone|
L: 12 THE GOVERNMENT P:49
|Q. No.1 What does the word democracy mean?|
|ANS: DEMOCRACY: It is a Greek word. It means “People’s rule”.|
|Q. No.2 How do we elect people to run the country?|
|ANS: After every five years, we elect people through elections. These people run the country.|
|Q. No.3 Who are the people in charge of the provincial governments?|
|ANS:Chief minister and ministers are the people in charge of the provincial governments.|
|Q. No.4 What are some of the things a government has to decide?|
|ANS: How much tax to put on peopleTo make lawsTo build new roads, hospital, schools etc.To make future plans for county|
|Q. No.5 Can you name some of Pakistan’s political parties and their leaders?|
|ANS: PML-Nawaz Sharif PPP-Asif Ali PTI-Imran Khan|
B: FILL IN THE BLANKS.
1 The ————————————-ensures that the provincial government follows the constitution.
2 The seat of the federal government is in————————————————
3 The —————————represents the country abroad as the head of state.
4 laws are debated in the———————————
5 Everyone over the age of ————————————————can vote.
|ANS: B 1 governor 2 Islamabad 3 president 4 National Assembly 5 18|
L: 13 THE LAW P:52
|Q. No.1 Explain why it is important to have laws in a country.|
|ANS: If there were no laws, there would be no order in society; things would not run smoothly; there would be no justice.|
|Q. No.2 How does the police help in upholding the law?|
|ANS: The police help by arresting/penalizing the law breakers, and by providing a deterrent to people.|
|Q. No.3 What happens to people who are caught breaking the law?|
|ANS: They are arrested by the police and charged with a crime, and taken to a court of law where the judge or magistrate sees that justice is done and the guilty person is punished.|
|Q. No.4 Name the different courts we have in Pakistan. Which is the highest court in the land?|
|ANS: The Sessions Court, the High Court and the Supreme Court which is the highest court in Pakistan.|
|Q. No.5 Describe the process by which a judge decides a case.|
|Ans: When someone is charged with a crime, he is taken to court. A lawyer will tell the judge about the crime. Another lawyer (a defence lawyer) will defend. Witnesses to the crime may also be called. Then he gives his decision.|
B: WRITE WHAT EACH OF THESE WORDS MEANS:
|ANS: B 1 To officially accuse a person of a crime. 2 A person, who belongs to the legal profession, and who handles people’s cases, when they are prosecuted for a criminal offence. 3 A magistrate is the one who decides cases in the lower courts. 4 A jury is a group of people who decide if a person is innocent or guilty. 5 Statements made or objects produced in a law court to prove something. 6 A person who has seen a crime being committed.|
L: 14 PEOPLE AND WORK P:56
|Q. No.1 How does the government find out about the people living in Pakistan?|
|ANS: By conducting a census of the population.|
|Q. No.2 Why do we need to know the details about the country’s population?|
|ANS: We need to know the details of a country’s population so that the government can plan and decide many things.|
|Q. No.3 What is the importance of education and training for the people?|
|ANS: Education and training help people get jobs that pay well.|
|Q. No.4 Why is it wrong to judge people by the type of work they do?|
|ANS: Every job has its value.|
|Q. No.5 How does the government help the people?|
|ANS: It provides public services to its people like schools, colleges, hospitals, clinics, banks, etc. It also builds buildings, canals, roads, and bridges.|
A: PUT A TICK ? AGAINST THE CORRECT STATEMENTS AND A CROSS X AGAINST THE FALSE ONES.
1 There are about 110 million people in Pakistan.
2 Information about
people is collected during a census.
3 Most of the people in Pakistan live in cities.
4 Some people in the
country have no work to do.
5 Every job has a value.
|ANS: A 1 Cross 2 Tick 3 Cross 4 Tick 5 Tick|
B: COMPLETE THIS WORD PUZZLE. ALL THE WORDS ARE NAMES OF PROFESSIONS.
|1-Makes things from wood———————————-|
|2- Paints pictures ———————————————-|
|3-Helps the sick to get better——————————|
|4-Cooks in a restaurant ————————————–|
|5-looks after people’s teeth———————————|
|6-Delivers letters ———————————————-|
|7-Deals with cash in a bank———————————|
|8-Flies planes ————————————————-|
|10-Paints houses (or pictures!)—————————-|
|11-Works in a hospital—————————————-|
|ANS: B -1 Carpenter 2 Artist 3 Doctor 4 Chef 5 Dentist 6 Postman 7 Cashier 8 Pilot 9 Actor 10 Painter 11 Nurse|
L: 15 OUR PAST P:60
|Q. No.1 In what ways have we learnt about the early civilizations in the subcontinent?|
|ANS: We have learnt about the past through archaeology;by digging up the sites where these civilizations were thought to have flourished;by finding pieces of pottery, ornaments, jewels, clay figures, and seals, some of which had inscriptions and symbols on them.|
|Q. No.2 What does Mohenjo Daro mean? Where is it located?|
|ANS: Mohenjo Daro means ‘mound of the dead’ in the Sindhi language. It is located in Sindh, near Larkana.|
|Q. No.3 How do we know that the Indus Valley Civilization was advanced for its time?|
|ANS: The Indus Valley Civilization was advanced for its time because they used wheels, made pots and other vessels, made things out of metals such as copper. They also made cloth which they traded with Mesopotamia.|
|Q. No.4 Who were the Aryans? How did they affect the subcontinent?|
|ANS: The Aryans were a large tribe from Central Asia who settled in the subcontinent around 1500 BC. They brought a new language, Sanskrit, and new culture with them. They also brought a religion, Hinduism.|
|Q. No.5 Describe how learning progressed in ancient India. Give some examples.|
|ANS: Taxila had a big university where many Buddhist scholars came to study besides other people. The Mauryas and Guptas promoted learning. Harsha, the ruler of the Nanda dynasty, set up the Nalanda University,Famous mathematician Aryabhata invented the concept of zero.|
B: SAY WHETHER THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES ARE TRUE (T) OR FALSE (F).
1 The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in about 26008C.
2 The people of Mohenjo Daro traded goods with England.
3 The Aryans were a tribe from Africa.
4 The culture of
Gandhara and Taxila was influenced by the Greeks.
5 Asoka became a Buddhist after the battle of Kalinga.
6 Nalanda University was set up by the Kushans.
|ANS: B 1 True 2 False 3 False 4 True 5 True 6 False|
C: WRITE A SENTENCE EXPLAINING WHAT EACH OF THE FOLLOWING WORDS MEANS:
|ANS: C 1 Archaeology is the study of the remains of ancient civilizations. 2 Inscriptions are the words written or carved on a monument, coin, stone, etc. 3 A dynasty is the succession of rulers from the same family.|
L: 16 MUSLIM RULE IN SUBCONTINENT P:65
|Q. No.1 Why was Mohammad bin Qasim sent to Sindh?|
|ANS: He was sent to Sindh to deal with Raja Dahir, who had been unable to control the pirates who had captured ships carrying goods for the rulers of Iraq, and Muslim pilgrims to Makka.|
|Q. No.2 What did the Arabs learn from the Indians?|
|ANS: They learned how to write digital numerals and the concept of zero.|
|Q. No.3 Describe how the Delhi Sultanate came into being?|
|ANS: The Afghan ruler of Ghor, Mohammad Ghori conquered all of north India up to Bengal in 1192. He made Delhi the capital of his kingdom. Ghori was followed by a long line of Muslim rulers. The first of these was his general, Qutbuddin Aibak, who formed the Delhi Sultanate in 1206.|
|Q. No.4 Why is Balban considered to have been an effective ruler?|
|ANS:Balban was an effective ruler because he was a capable general who saved the subcontinent from the attacks of the Mongols. He built strong forts along the routes and stationed his troops there to stop the Mongols from advancing.|
|Q. No.5 Who do you think was the most successful Mughal ruler? Why?|
|ANS: Akbar was probably the greatest of all the Mughal kings. He ruled capably from 1556 to 1605. He expanded the empire and was known to be a brilliant general who never lost a battle.|
|Q. No.6 What did the Mughals do for the subcontinent?|
|ANS: The Mughal kings united many states into a large empire. They set up a proper system of government and administration. They introduced a marvelous culture to the region. Many great buildings were constructed and literature, poetry, art, and music flourished.|
L: 17 RELIGION & LANGUAGES P:69
|Q. No.1 Explain in your own words, what is meant by ‘culture.’|
|ANS: Culture: It is the way that people – live -dress -speak|
|Q. No.2 What are some of the things which make up the ‘culture’ of a country?|
|ANS: -RELIGION – LANGUAGE – THE ART (literature, music, dance, painting, sculpture, poetry) -SCIENCES -TRADITIONS -CUSTOMS|
|Q. No.3 In which book would you find the teachings of Jesus Christ?|
|ANS: We find the teachings of Jesus Christ in BIBLE.|
|Q. No.4 What is a gurdwara?|
|ANS: GURDWARA is a place of worship in SIKH religion.|
A: COMPLETE THE WORD PUZZLE.
1 The official language of Pakistan
2 A language taught in
big towns and cities
3 The religion of 96 percent Pakistanis
4 Hindus worship here
5 Muslims pray here
6 Christians’ place of
7 The holy book of the Parsees
|ANS: A 1 URDU 2 ENGLISH 3 Parsees 4 Balochi 5 dialect 6 CHURCH 7 AVESTA|
B: FILL IN THE BLANKS.
1 The sacred book of the Muslims is called the —————————————-
2 Sikhism was preached by——————————————————————
3——————————————————–follow the teachings of Zoroaster.
4 The main language of Baluchistan is—————————————————–
5 Thari is a ———————————————–spoken by the people of eastern Sindh.
6 The————————————–contains the teachings of Jesus Christ.
|ANS: B-1 Quran Shareef 2 Guru Nanak 3 ISLAM 4 TEMPLE 5 MOSQUE 6 Bible|
L: 18 THE ARTS P:74
|Q. No.1 When and where are dances performed?|
|ANS: Dances are performed to express joy on a special occasion such as harvest time, a festival or a wedding.|
|Q. No.2 Can you name some types of dances performed in Pakistan?|
|ANS: The LUDDI and the BHANGRA.|
|Q. No.3 Which art form is typical of Pakistan? Where can it be seen?|
|ANS: Truck art is typical of Pakistan. It can be seen on most trucks and buses.|
|Q. No.4 Music programmes are popular on television. Who is your favourite singer? Why?|
A: Match the NAMES with their PROFESSIONS.
|Nusrat Fateh Ali||writer|
|Sheema Kirmani||qawwali singer|
|ANS: A Nusrat Fateh Ali: qawwali singer Ahmed Faraz: poet Gulgee-artist Sadequain-artist Ashfaque Ahmed-writer Sheema Kirmani- dancer|
L: 19 FOOD, FESTIVALS & GAMES P:78
|Q. No.1 How many spices can you name?|
|Q. No.2 What are the staple foods of Pakistan?|
|ANS: Chapatis, naan, and rice; daal, beans, vegetables, andmeat, poultry, and fish dishes.|
|Q. No.3 What is your favourite food? Where does it come from?|
|Q. No.4 Write a few lines about some of the festivals celebrated in Pakistan?|
|Q. No.5 What is your favourite sport? Name some well-known players.|
L: 20 ANIMAL RIGHTS P:82
|Q. No.1 Why should people be kind to animals?|
|ANS: People should be kind to animals as they cannot speak and complain when they are tired, hungry, or sad.|
|Q. No.2 What are the rights of animals?|
|ANS: They have a right to food, shelter, and love.|
|Q. No.3 How can you help animals?|
|ANS: By being kind to them.|
|Q. No.4 Do you have a pet? Write a few lines about it. Draw a picture of your pet.|