NOTES/SOLVED EXERCISES : KNOW YOUR WORLD SOCIAL STUDIES FOR PAKISTAN 3
FARHAT MANSOOB OXFORD 2018-19
UNIT 1 Me and My World PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW : P : 2
Question 1: what is a continent?
ANSWER: A continent is a large land mass surrounded almost completely by sea.
QUESTION: 2. What is on ocean?
ANSWER: The large body of salty water on Earth that surrounds a continent is called an ocean.
Question: 3 How many continents are there? Name them
ANSWER: There are seven continents on the Earth. They are: North America South America Europe Asia Africa Oceania Antarctica
Question: 4 In which continent is your country?
ANSWER: Pakistan is in Asia.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 4) Answers
Question: Why is Faisalabad called an industrial city?
QUESTION: 1. ANSWER: There are hundreds of factories in the city of Faisalabad, therefore it is called the industrial city of Pakistan.
Question: Which citg is the capital of Pakistan?
QUESTION: 2. ANSWER: Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan.
Question: Which is the largest citg of Pakistan?
QUESTION: 3. ANSWER: Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan.
Question: Which city is located by the Arabian Sea?
QUESTION: 4. ANSWER: Karachi is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea.
QUESTION: 5. ANSWER: Local governments take care of each city, town, and village.
Question: Who takes care of the cities and towns in Pakistan?
How are the different towns and cities linked?
QUESTION: 6. The different cities, towns, and villages of Pakistan are linked by air, rail, and road routes.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 6)
Question: What is a tributary?
QUESTION: 1. ANSWER: A tributary is a small river or stream that joins a main river.
Question: Name the main river of Pakistan and its tributaries
QUESTION: 2. ANSWER: The main river of Pakistan is the River Indus. Its four tributaries are: River Sutlej River Jhelum River Ravi River Chenab
Question: What is the mouth of a river?
QUESTION: 3. ANSWER: The place where a river reaches the sea is called the mouth of the river.
Question: Where does the Indus form a delta?
QUESTION: 4. ANSWER: The River Indus forms a delta as it is about to enter the Arabian Sea to the east of Karachi.
Question: Arrange the following sentences in the correct
It makes its wag to the Arabian Sea.
it enters the flat plains of Punjab and Sindh.
It passes through the mountains.
it rises in the Himalayan mountains in Tibet.
QUESTION: 5. ANSWER: The correct order of the sentences is: It rises in the Himalaya Mountains in Tibet. It passes through the mountains. It enters the flat plains of Punjab and Sindh. It makes its way to the Arabian Sea.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 10)
Question: What was wrong with the areas where the tigers and leopards were kept?
QUESTION: 1. ANSWER: The areas where the tigers and leopards were kept were too small. In their natural habitat these animals live in open spaces.
Question: What was wrong with the wag the giraffes were kept?
QUESTION: 2. ANSWER: Giraffes were kept by themselves and no fresh leaves from tree tops were available to them. In their natural habitat they live with other animals and eat leaves from tall trees, being tall themselves.
QUESTION: 3. What was the first step taken by the children to solve the problem?
ANSWER: The first step taken by the children was to identify the problem.
QUESTION: 4. What did the zookeeper ask the children to do?
ANSWER: The zookeeper asked the children to tell everybody they knew that it was wrong to hurt animals.
UNIT 2 The Earth and the Environment PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW : P : 13
This diagram of the water cycle needs to be labelled. Choose from the labels given below and place them in their right spots in the diagram.
- Water heated by the sun turns to
- Vapour rises.
- Vapour cools to form droplets.
- Droplets form clouds.
- Rain falls from clouds.
- Water returns to the rivers.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 16)
QUESTION: 1. 1. Fill in the blanks:
- If we divide the Eorth’s surfdoe into four ports, ———–ports ore wdter and——— , port is land.
- If we divide the land area into two ports, ————if the land is inhabited by people.
- Fertile soil is soil that——————————————————————————
- soil that is too rooky, too————–,—————–, or steep is not good for ogrioulture.
- To keep soil fertile, it is best to use———————–
such os —————————–
ANSWER: a. three; one b. half c. is fit for cultivation d. wet; too cold e. natural fertilizer; manure
QUESTION: 2. 2. Why do we need fertile soil?
ANSWER: We need fertile soil to grow good, healthy crops.
QUESTION: 3. How did farmer Rafiq save his fertile soil? ANSWER: Farmer Rafiq saved his soil by using manure along with chemical fertilizers.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 20)
QUESTION: 1. Draw a bar diagram to show how much of the Earth’s
water is fresh and how much is salty.
ANSWER: Show students how to draw the bar graph. Using a cm ruler, make a 10 cm long bar graph. Mark off 9.7 cm to show salty water; colour it green. The remaining 0.3 cm shows fresh water; colour it blue. Salty water Fresh water
QUESTION: 2. Where is most of the Earth’s fresh water stored?
ANSWER: Most of Earth’s fresh water is stored in the glaciers and snow-capped mountain peaks. QUESTION: 3. What is desalination?
ANSWER: Desalination is when salt is removed from sea water to make it usable.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 22)
QUESTION: 1. What is a natural resource? Give an example at one
ANSWER: A natural resource is something that we use which comes from nature, for example, water, wood, gas. Question:
QUESTION: 2. What are the Three Rs?
ANSWER: The 3 R’s are Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
QUESTION: 3. Make a list of the wags that you can save paper in your home.
ANSWER: Students will discuss, think, and then make their lists
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 25)
Answers QUESTION: 1. What do you understand by solid waste? Make a list
of ten things you may find in solid waste.
ANSWER: Unwanted or discarded items for which we have no further use are referred to as solid waste. For example: paper cans glass/plastic bottles fruit peel vegetable peel polythene bags pieces of wood old shoes or clothes old toys left over food any other appropriate item that qualifies as waste
QUESTION: 2. Who provides solid waste disposal services and how
are these paid for?
ANSWER: Local governments provide solid-waste disposal service in cities, towns, and villages. These are paid for by money collected from citizens as taxes.
QUESTION: 3. How is the solid waste finally disposed of?
ANSWER: The local government workers collect the solid waste and transport it to the transfer stations. From there the garbage is taken to the landfill sites where it is weighed before it is emptied from the trailers. It is compressed and put in the ground. A six-inch layer of soil is spread over it.
UNIT 3 Citizenship PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW : P : 27
QUESTION: 1. How do the children choose partners in class?
ANSWER: To choose partners, the children write their names on slips of paper, fold them, and put them in a bowl or bag. Students take turns to pick out a slip. The student whose name is on the slip becomes their partner.
QUESTION: 2. How do the children share their toys at home?
ANSWER: The children share their toys at home by taking turns and giving everybody a chance.
QUESTION: 3. How did the children solve their disagreements?
ANSWER: When a disagreement arose among them, the children went to their teacher for help. She/he gave each of them a chance to speak. Everybody listened patiently and so came to know the other person’s point of view. In this way, an agreement was reached.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 29)
QUESTION: 1. Give three reasons for having rules for children
ANSWER: Children must have rules in order to remain healthy and safe, and to learn to get along with each other.
QUESTION: 2. Why are there rules in the adult workplace?
ANSWER: There are rules in the adult workplace to prevent accidents, to keep the workplace healthy, and to maintain order.
QUESTION: 3. How do signs help us? ANSWER: Signs remind us to follow rules.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 31)
Question 1. Look at the list of responsible behaviour given in the lesson and tick the ones that apply to you. If you left some unticked, discuss with your friend how you can improve yourself.
Question 2. Look at the ten rights listed above. Say which three you think are the most important.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 33)
QUESTION: 1. Whot was the students’ problem?
ANSWER: The students’ problem was that many of them did not have notebooks to write in as their parents could not afford to buy them.
QUESTION: 2. Whom did they tell about the problem?
ANSWER: They discussed it together and told their principal about it.
QUESTION: 3. What wos the best way to solve the problem?
ANSWER: The best way to solve the problem was to collect money, either from their pocket money or by asking their parents, and buy the notebooks for the children.
QUESTION: 4. How did the children feel otter their problem was solved?
ANSWER: The children who had new notebooks were very happy as their problem had been solved.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 36)
QUESTION: 1. Who is the Nozim? Find out the name of the Nuzim of your city or town.
ANSWER: A nazim or mayor is an elected leader of a town or a city who works with the local government officers to run the administration of a city, carry out repair work, and to improve public facilities is the nazim of our city/town.
QUESTION: 2. List any four services provided by your local government.
ANSWER: Providing health and education services, supply of clean water, reacreational facilities, and building and repairing roads and bridges.
QUESTION: 3. What pledge did the children make after the trip?
ANSWER: The children made a pledge to look after the facilities provided by their local government, not to destroy, damage, or waste things which are built for the common use of the public.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 38)
QUESTION: 1. How did Abdul Sattar Edhi first learn about caring for the poor and sick?
ANSWER: Abdul Sattar Edhi learnt about caring for others at a very early age. His mother used to give him two paisas daily, one for himself and one for the poor, so helping the needy became a habit.
QUESTION: 2. What is special about his ambulance service?
ANSWER: His ambulance service has the largest fleet and includes air ambulances as well.
QUESTION: 3. Why is Abdul Sattar Edhi mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records?
ANSWER: Abdul Sattar Edhi is mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records because his organization has the biggest fleet of ambulances and also because he has worked continuously for the greatest number of hours.
UNIT 4 Our Past and Our Present PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW : P : 41
QUESTION: 1. Which is the oldest clock?
ANSWER: The oldest clock is the sundial.
QUESTION: 2. Which clock tells the most accurate time?
ANSWER: The atomic clock tells the most accurate time.
QUESTION: 3. ls 6 p.m. in the morning or the evening?
ANSWER: 6 p.m. is in the evening.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 43)
QUESTION: 1. Say if the following statements are true or false:
- in the Hijri calendar, all months are the same Length.
- The lunar calendar is based on the movement at Earth around the Sun.
- In this calendar, each month begins with sighting of the new moon
- Muharrarn is the last month of the lunar calendar.
ANSWER: a. false b. false c. true d. false
QUESTION: 2. When did the Islamic lunar calendar begin?
ANSWER: The Islamic lunar calendar began when Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) made his journey, called Hijra, from Makkah to Medina.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 45)
QUESTION: 1 List five ways in which you have changed since you were u baby.
Answers: Became taller; gained weight; hands grew bigger; legs grew longer; learnt to walk.
UNIT 5 Lifestyles PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW : P : 47
QUESTION: 1. What are goods? Give three examples.
ANSWER: Goods are things that can be bought or sold and can be touched, for example, cars, books, toys, food, etc.
QUESTION: 2. What are services? Give three examples.
ANSWER: Services can also be bought or sold but they cannot be touched. Services are the work done for you, for example, getting a haircut, having our clothes stitched, having our food cooked.
QUESTION: 3. Name any two services you can bug without leaving your home.
ANSWER: Newspaper subscription, electricity, water, and gas supply.
QUESTION: 4. What is a consumer? ANSWER: Consumers are people who buy goods and services.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 49)
QUESTION: 1. What is a market?
ANSWER: A market is a place where all kinds of goods are sold.
QUESTION: 2. Where do the goods sold in the market come from‘?
ANSWER: Goods sold in the market are brought from the farms where they are grown. Goods are also brought from the factories where they are produced. Goods that are made at home may be sold in the market too.
QUESTION: 3. Where are the goods sold in a handicraft shop made?
ANSWER: Goods sold in the handicraft shop are made at home or in small factories where they are made by hands.
QUESTION: 4. ANSWER: Products are goods that people make or grow in order to be sold.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 52)
Answers QUESTION: 1. What is a producer?
ANSWER: A producer is a person who makes or grows something.
QUESTION: 2. What happens to the crates of apples?
ANSWER: The crates of apples are loaded onto trucks and taken to the wholesale fruit markets where fruit sellers buy them to sell in their shops.
QUESTION: 3. Why do the farmers spray the land in spring?
ANSWER: The farmers spray the land in spring to keep the trees safe from harmful insects.
QUESTION: 4. Say what happens on the apple orchard during the different seasons of the gear.
ANSWER: Different activities take place on apple farms during the four seasons of the year. In summer, the orchards are irrigated.
In winter, the apple trees are pruned. In autumn, the apples are picked. In spring, the land around the trees is weeded and sprayed.
QUESTION: 5. List all the different services involved in growing apples and getting them to your home.
ANSWER: List of the services involved in growing apples: Service of apple producers Service of paid farm workers Service of truck drivers Service of wholesale market dealer Service of the fruit sellers Service of your parents who buy them and bring them home for you.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 55)
Answers QUESTION: 1. Which group of people works without 0 salary?
ANSWER: Volunteers work without a salary.
QUESTION: 2. What is 0 public servant?
ANSWER: A public servant is a person who works for the government doing work which supports the community.
QUESTION: 3. What is the difference between 0 skilled and an unskilled worker?
ANSWER: A skilled worker is a person who has a special skill which has been acquired through training. He/ she uses special tools to do the work for example, a plumber, a tailor. An unskilled worker has no special training and performs simple, mostly manual, work.
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 59)
QUESTION: 1. Name the two fishing harbours of Pakistan.
ANSWER: Karachi and Gwadar are the two main fishing harbours in Pakistan.
QUESTION: 2. List some of the people who earn a living through fishing related business.
ANSWER: List of some people who earn a living through fishing-related business: • boat builders and repairers • porters, workers in cleaning and packing in the factories • truck drivers.
- net makers • ice makers • factory workers who prepare canned fish, fertilizers, fish food, and fish oil • people who work in restaurants to cook and serve fish
QUESTION: 3. Whg is fishing not allowed for a certain period?
ANSWER: Fishing is not allowed for a certain period because time has to be given to the fish for breeding.
UNIT 6 MAP-READING SKILLS PAGE:
CONTENT REVIEW (PAGE 62)
QUESTION: 1. Look at the map of Alina’s neighbourhood and soy whether these statements ore true or false.
The mosque is due north of the school.————————————
The market is to the south of the school. ————————————-
The bus stop is to the east of the school. ————————————–
Alina’s home is due south of the ———————————–
The hospital is to the west of the SCHOOL ————————————
ANSWER: a. true b. false c. false d. true e. false
QUESTION: 2. ln which direction did Ahson go first from his house?
ANSWER: The answer to this question will depend on how a student is directed but logically he should go first to the toy shop. So he would go first to the north and then turn eastward.
QUESTION: 3. Which direction did Ahson follow to go from the bookshop to the shoe shop?
QUESTION: 4. In which direction is Ahson’s house from the milk shop?