NOTES: WORD PERFECT SPELLING (Ronald Ridout Ginn) WPS-5

NOTES: WORD PERFECT SPELLING (Ronald Ridout Ginn) WPS-5

P:3

 

1.                  Instead of                    col  in        colour, write:  lab, harb, hum, hon, flav.

Labour, harbour, humour, honour, flavour

 

2.                  Instead of                    st    in        stern  write:     f, mod, gov, lant, patt.

Fern, modern, govern, lantern, pattern

 

3.                  Instead of                    d     in        due, write:      val, arg, aven, contin, resc.

Value, argue, avenue, continue, rescue.

 

4.                  Instead of                    op   in          gallop, write: ant, ey, ows, on, ery.

gallant, galley, gallows, gallon, gallery.

 

5.                  Instead of                    pl    in plough, write:        b, c, d, thr, en, t, hor.

bough, cough, dough, through, enough, tough, thorough

 

6.                  After de-write:  feat, sire, fy, ny, clare, fence, velop.

defeat, desire, defy, deny, declare, defence, develop

 

7.                  After re- write:  mark, turn, peat, vise, venge, port, verse.

 

remark, return, repeat, revise, revenge, report, reverse

8.                  After be- write:  have, ware, fore, long, tween, yond.

 

behave, beware, before, belong, between, beyond

9.                  After con- write: trol,‘fine, fuse, test, cern, duct, sider.

control, confine, confuse, contest, concern, conduct, consider

 

10.              After in- write:    quired, spired, spect, deed, fant, habit.

inquired, inspired, inspect, indeed, infant, inhabit

 

11.              Before -ice write: pol, not, off, tw, si, pract, adv.

police, notice, office, twice, slice, practice, advice

 

12.              Before -al write: ment, med, pet, loc, gener, norm, music.

 

mental, medal, petal, local, general, normal, musical.

13.              Before -ease write: pl, t, incr, decr, dis, c, gr, cr.

 

please, tease, increase, decrease, disease, cease, grease, crease

14.              Before -age write: gar, cabb, eng, man, pack, band.

garage, cabbage, engage, manage, package, bandage

 

15.              Before -ic write: traff, publ, mus, picn, com, top, atom.

traffic, public, music, picnic, comic, topic, atomic

 

 

WRITE THE WORD FROM THE BOX THAT RHYMES WITH:

  1. hasty 17. fuel 18. stumble19. Sorrow 20. health 21. repeat 22. Retired 23. Cow
  2. tasty 17. cruel 18. grumble19. borrow 20. wealth 21. defeat 22. inquired 23. plough

P:2

kitchen

chimney

window

porch

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Saturday

daughter

nephew

cousin

parents

Plough

Tractor

Hedge

Meadow

turkey

berries

holly

Pudding

Glasgow

Birmingham

London

Manchester

dozen

tables halves

quarters

Potatoes

Tomatoes

Carrots

Apples

bridge

sailor

captain

cargoes

Typist

manager

people

labels

Stephen

Margaret

Michael

Mary

Meddle

Weigh

Listen

discuss

 

WRITE OUT THE GROUP OF FOUR MOST LIKELY TO BE MET.

1, IN A FAMILY 2. AT CHRISTMAS 3. ON A MAP 4 IN A HOUSE

 

daughter

nephew

cousin

parents

turkey

berries

holly

Pudding

Glasgow

Birmingham

London

Manchester

kitchen

chimney

window

porch

5. ON A FARM

 

6. ON A CALENDAR 7.IN A LIST OF VERBS

 

8.ON A SHIP

 

Plough

Tractor

Hedge

Meadow

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Saturday

Meddle

Weigh

Listen

discuss

bridge

sailor

captain

cargoes

9.IN AN OFFICE 10.IN A LIST OF CHILDREN’S NAMES 11. IN A GREENGROCER’S SHOP 12. IN AN ARITHMETIC BOOK
Typist

manager

people

labels

Stephen

Margaret

Michael

Mary

Potatoes

Tomatoes

Carrots

Apples

dozen

tables halves

quarters

 

 

MAKE YOUR OWN LIST OF ANY FOUR THINGS YOU MIGHT FIND:

13. AT AN AIRPORT   14. IN A GARDEN   15. AT THE HAIRDRESSERS 16. IN A HARBOUR
Pilot

Air hostess

Aeroplane

passengers

Flowers

Plants

Gardener

spade

Blade

Scissors

Mirror

Chair

Ship

Water

Loader

Anchor

 

 

P:5 DRAW EACH HEAD AND WRITE THE CORRECT NAME UNDER IT.

3-rabbit

12-buffalo

10-squirrel

8-giraffe

11-gorilla

13-camel

7-donkey

15-Pony

18-lamb

14-tiger

20-Kangroo

1-greyhound

6-hedgedog

2-elephant

4-reindeer

19-Penguin

5-leopard

16-chaffinch

17-pheasant

9-pigeon

 

P:7

Servant   chance     allowance certain merchant balance   importance request important distance ignorance discover ignorant advance assistance   guidance vacant entrance appearance apparent

 

MAKE NOUNS ENDING IN -ANCE FROM THESE ADJECTIVES:

1. important 2. ignorant 3. distant 4. assistant
1. importance 2. ignorance 3. distance 4. assistance

 

FROM WHAT VERBS DO THESE NOUNS COME ?

5. allowance 6. attendance 7. Assistance 8.performance9. appearance 10. ignorance 11 guidance12.entrance
5. allow 6 attend 7. Assist 8.perform 9. appear 10. ignore 11 guide12.entre

 

MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -ANT FROM THESE NOUNS:

13. importance   14. ignorance   15. distance   16. Abundance

ARRANGE EACH OF THESE GROUPS IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER:

17. guidance, grievance, vacancy, advance, appearance

18. consonant, chance, certain, instance, inhabitant

19. apparent, feather, appear, assist, fancy, advance

Sol: 17. advance , appearance , grievance ,guidance, vacancy,  

18. certain , chance ,consonant, inhabitant, instance,

19. advance ,apparent, appear, assist , fancy ,feather,

P:6

Regard   depart   invade departure reserve devote invite invasion   retreat defeat invent regretful   respect design increase devotion   regret develop inhabit development

 

THE WORD REGARD HAS TWO SYLLABLES (RE»GARD). SHOW THAT THE FOLLOWING

HAVE TWO SYLLABLES EACH :

1. defend 2. insane 3. return4. Relate 5. detain 6. desire 7. inspect8. inspire
1. de-fend 2. In-sane 3. Re-turn4. Re-late 5. De-tain 6. De-sire 7. In-spect8. In-spire

 

THE WORD INVASION HAS THREE SYLLABLES (IN-VA-SION). SHOW THAT EACH OF

THE FOLLOWING HAS THREE SYLLABLES :

9. confusion 11. departing 13. refusal 15. introduce10. invention 12. inclusion 14. inventive 16. respectful
9. con-fu-sion 11. De- part-ing 13. Re-fus-al 15. In-tro-duce10. In-ven-tion 12. In-clu-sion 14. In-vent-ive 16. Res-pect-ful

DEVELOPMENT IS A WORD OF FOUR SYLLABLES (DE»VEL-OP-MENT). SHOW THAT EACH

OF THESE HAS FOUR SYLLABLES :

  1. developing 19. regretfully 21. Reappearance 18. inhabitant 20. inventiveness 22.devotedness
  2. de-ve-lop-ing 19. Re-gret-ful-ly 21. Re-ap-pear-ance 18. In-ha-bit-ant 20. In-vent-ive-ness 22.de-vote-d-ness

 

MAKE A NEW WORD FROM EACH OF THE FOLLOWING BY ADDING TO IT ONE OF THESE

PREFIXES : RE-, DE-, IN-.

43- Spire 44- deed 45. verse 46- light 47- Cord 48. fence 49. tense 5o. store 52. Vision 53. liberate54- Payment
43- inspire 44- indeed 45. reverse 46- delight 47- record 48. defense 49. intense 5o. restore 52. revision 53. deliberate54- repayment

P:9

Bananas factories echoes   handcuffs bicycles centuries potatoes beliefs   aranges   memories   pianos women addresses difficulties knives geese crutches   valleys   shelves salmon

 

  1. MOST NOUNS FORM THEIR PLURAL BY ADDING S TO THE SINGULAR FORM.
  2. BUT NOUNS ENDING IN A HISSING SOUND LIKE S, SH, CH, Z, X
  3. banana-bananas;     orange -oranges;        carrot-carrots

2.Church- churches ;   success-successes;      buzz-buzzes;   splash-splashes;        box-boxes

  1. family-families;        cherry-cherries;          copy- copies
  2. chimney-chimneys; buoy-buoys;                  journey-journeys

5, echo-echoes;            tomato-tomatoes;      cargo- cargoes

  1. piano-pianos;        solo-solos;                    bamboo-bamboos
  2. leaf-leaves;              calf-calves;                    thief-thieves
  3. chief-chiefs;              cliff-cliffs;                     grief-grieves
  4. tooth-teeth;             woman-women;         child-children
  5. sheep-sheep;         deer-deer;                     salmon-salmon

P;10

English arithmetic   geography history grammar     problems countries   people exercises   fraction valley events languages divide   mountain invention composition   division weather government

 

FIND OUT OF WHICH WORDS IN THE BOX THESE ARE THE DEFINITIONS. WRITE SENTENCES LIKE THIS:

  1. persons ruling a country –

The persons ruling a country are called the government.

  1. study of the earth’s surface, climate, products and peoples=

study of the earth’s surface, climate, products and peoples is called geography

  1. low land between hills or mountains=

low land between hills or mountains is called valley

  1. piece of continuous writing=

piece of continuous writing is called composition

  1. study of past events=

study of past events is called history

  1. act of making something for the First time=

act of making something for the First time is called invention

  1. rules about the use of language=

rules about the use of language are called grammar

  1. condition of the surrounding air=

condition of the surrounding air is called weather

  1. one or more equal parts of a whole number=

one or more equal parts of a whole number are called fraction

  1. things to be solved or worked out=

things to be solved or worked out are called problems

 

PLACE THE FOUR MOST SUITABLE OF THE FOLLOWING WORDS UNDER EACH OF THESE

HEADINGS:

  1. COMPOSITION = Sentence , comma   , spelling   , grammar
  2. SPORT= athletics   , cricket   , football   , rounder

13.NUMBERS= fifth   , dozen   , eight , couple

  1. MUSIC= melody   , Singing, violin   , carol

Sentence  fifth  spelling  athletics   cricket comma  dozen  melody   eight football  rounders grammar   Singing  carol violin  couple

 

 

P:11

Argue   fourth   creature statue   rescue fifth feature   vowel pursue sixth picture different issue seventh feature   difference avenue eight scripture furniture

WRITE THE FOLLOWING WITH A or AN

1. squeaky voice 2. avenue of elms 3. old picture   4. future leader   5. excellent beginning

6. easy rescue  7. ancient statue 8.English lesson 9. elephant of great size10. enormous buffalo

11. wet February 12. arithmetic book 13. different government 14. other day

1.a squeaky voice 2. An avenue of elms   3. An old picture   4.a future leader   5. An excellent beginning

6. an easy rescue   7.an ancient statue 8.an English lesson 9. An elephant of great size10. An enormous buffalo 11. a wet February 12. An arithmetic book 13. A different government 14. An other day

 

P:12

Guard

Guest

Guilty

Tongue

guitar

Hymn

Solemn

Column

Autumn

condemn

Palm

Salmon

Should

Almond

yolk

Honour

Honesty

Honourable

Heir

wharf

 

  1. WHAT IS THE SILENT OR GHOST LETTER COMMON TO ALL THE WORDS IN EACH LIST ABOVE?
L,N

 

  1. ARRANGE THE FOLLOWING WORDS IN FOUR* SIMILAR LISTS ACCORDING TO THE SILENT LETTER.
hour could heiress biscuits guessing guardian building   rhyme column honest solemnly condemned   calm autumn becalmed alms
Hour, heiress , rhyme , honest

Could, calm , becalmed   , alms

Biscuits, guessing, guardian , building   , autumn

Column, solemnly , autumn ,

 

PICK OUT THE SILENT LETTER COMMON TO THE WORDS IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING GROUPS

  1. knowledge, knuckle, knotted, knight, knew
  2. whole, wholly, wholesome, sword, wrinkled, wrist
  3. tomb, doubtful, plumber, debt, undoubting
  4. guesses, built, tongue, biscuit, buying, guard

 

7.ARRANGE THESE IN EQUAL GROUPS ACCORDING TO THE SILENT LETTER:

Calmly  wrapper written   plumber  dumbly crumbs   salmon   wrecked  winger could doubtless yolks

Calmly ,could, yolks

wrapper ,written, wrecked

plumber, dumbly ,crumbs, doubtless

salmon   winger

 

P:13

Failure paddle   disobey island secure   puzzle disgust century   torture struggle dispute   fortunate treasure cripple   displease pursuit measure scribble displeasure security

 

ARRANGE EACH LIST IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER:

  1. figure, failure, future, furniture, feature

Failure, feature, figure, furniture, future

2, puddle, puzzle, paddle, pursuit, pasture, picture

Paddle, pasture, picture, puddle, pursuit, puzzle

  1. struggle, scripture, secure, statue, stutter

Scripture, secure, statue, struggle, stutter

  1. displeasure, disobey, disgust, disturb, district

Disgust, disobey, displeasure, district, disturb

  1. departure, different, disturbing, dispute, disagree

Departure, different, disagree, dispute, disturbing

 

P:14

fame sense amaze Fierce

famous sensible amazing fierceness

move ridicule stone excite

movable ridiculous stony excitement

pebble surprise believe sensibly

pebbly surprising believer disgraceful

 

RULE

You usually drop the Final e of a Word when you add to it a suffix beginning with a vowel,

Example: excite-excitable; but excitement. (Note that y here counts as a vowel.)

MAKE ADJECTIVES BY ADDING ABLE TO THESE VERBS:

1 move 2 excite 3 admire 4 measure S believe

1 movable 2 excitable 3 admirable 4 measurable      5 believable

 

MAKE NOUNS BY ADDING NESS OR -MENT TO THESE WORDS:

6 excite 7 fierce 8 amaze 9 hoarse 10 improve

6 excitement 7 fierce 8 amazement 9 hoarseness 10 improvement

 

MAKE ADJECTIVES BY ADDING -y TO THESE WORDS:

11 stone 12 pebble 13 ice 14 lame 15 breeze
11 stony 12 pebbly 13 icy 14 lazy 15 breezy

 

MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -OUS FROM THESE WORDS:

6 fame 17 nerve 18 grieve 19 desire 20 ridicule
6 famous 17 nervous 18 grievous 19 desirous 20 ridiculous

 

MAKE NOUNS ENDING IN -ER FROM CHESE VERBS:

21 believe 22 plunge 2.3 manage 214 grumble 25 divide
21 believer 22 plunger 2.3 manager 214 grumbler 25 divider

 

MAKE WORDS ENDING IN -ING FROM THESE VERBS<

26 Surprise 27 judge 28 excite 29 believe 30 require
26 Surprising 27 judging 28 exciting 29 believing 30 requiring

 

MAKE NOUNS ENDING IN -MENT FROM THESE VERBS:

31 state 32 amuse 33 settle 34 develop 35 engage
31 statement 32 amusement 33 settlement 34 development 35 engagement

MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -ful FROM THESE NOUNS:

36 disgrace 37 thought 58 peace 59 shame 40 distaste
36 disgraceful 37 thoughtful 58 peaceful 59 shameful 40 distasteful

P:15

courage notice manage precious

courageous noticeable manageable delicious

advantage replace exchange suspicious

advantages us replaceable exchangeable ferocious

outrageous serviceable damageable gracious

EXCEPTIONS

The rule about dropping the final e before adding a suffix

beginning with a vowel is broken by words ending in ge and ce

‘When the suffix begins with a or 0.

Example: notice—- noticing —noticed; but noticeable. The reason for this is that c and g are hard sounds before a and o. ln order to keep them soft We have therefore to retain the e.

Notice that words like gracious (from grace), instead of keeping

the e, change it to an i.

(Other exceptions: shoeing, eyeing, ringeing)

 

FROM WHAT WORD ENDING IN -e WAS EACH of THESE FORMED

1 courageous 3 famous 5 imaginable 7 virtuous
1 courage 3 fame 5 imagine 7 virtue
2 changeable 4 curable 6 advisable 8 spacious
2 change 4 cure 6 advise 8 space

 

MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -OUS FROM THESE WORDS:

9 outrage 11 nerve 13 virtue 15 advantage
9 outrageous 11 nervous 13 virtuous 15 advantageous
10 danger 12 space 14 grace 16 poison
10 dangerous 12 spacious 14 gracious 16 poisonous

 

Write these as two groups (17 and 18) according to whether they break the rule about dropping the final e,

singeing changeable poisonous courageous                                         nervous manageable surprising eyeing

17 Singeing, changeable, courageous, manageable, eyeing
18 Nervous, surprising

 

 

P:16

A thousand years ago two famous men were

sitting together in comfort, enjoying each

other’s company, when their candle suddenly

went out.

“There is another candle on the little table

to your right,” said the host. “Perhaps you

would be good enough to pass it to me.”

“Don’t be silly” replied the guest. “How do you imagine I can see my right hand in the dark?”

thousand ,candle: vegetable syllable

understand circle miserable understandable

demand miracle obtainable suddenly

errand bundle comfortable company

command example admirable companion

READ AGAIN THE RULE ON P:12 ABOUT ADDING SUFFIXES TO WORDS ENDING IN e. THEN MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -able FROM THESE VERBsS:

1 obtain 3 wash 5 admire 7 excuse 9 excite
1 obtainable 3 washable 5 admirable 7 excusable 9 excitable
2 reason 4 depend 6 desire 8 consider 10 value
2 reasonable 4 dependable 6 desirable 8 considerable 10 valuable

 

ARRANGE EACH OF THESE GROUPS IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER:

 

11 curable, cable, capable, changeable, circle

Cable, capable, changeable, circle, curable

12 fable, favorable, fashionable, fumble, errand

Fable, fashionable, favorable, fumble, errand

13 syllable, suddenly, sample, simple, shuffle

Sample, shuffle, simple, suddenly, syllable

14 comfort, complete, companion, compass, compartment

Comfort, companion, compartment, compass, complete

P:17

 

council

councilor

clerk

plumber

bishop

chairman

hairdresser

colonel

umpire

editor

Drama

Dramatist

tobacco

tobacconist

jeweller

ironmonger

stationer

stationery

library

librarian

 

BY USING THE MATERIAL BELOW, WRITE DEFINITIONS OF 16 OF THE WORDS IN THE BOX. BEGIN LIKE THIS:

  1. A stationer is a person who sells writing paper, envelopes, pens, ink, etc,

1 person who sells writing paper, envelopes, pens, ink, etc,

1 A stationer is person who sells writing paper, envelopes, pens, ink, etc,

2 person who prepares a newspaper or magazine for publication

2 A editor is person who prepares a newspaper or magazine for publication

3 person who sells smokers’ requirements

3 A tobacconist is person who sells smokers’ requirements

4 person whose work is keeping records or accounts.

4 A clerk is person whose work is keeping records or accounts

5 high-ranking clergyman in charge of a church district

5 A bishop is high-ranking clergyman in charge of a church district

6 person whose work is fitting and repairing water pipes

6 A plumber is person whose work is fitting and repairing water pipes

7 person chosen to decide disputes in cricket and other games

7 A umpire is person chosen to decide disputes in cricket and other games.

8 person who cuts and looks after people’s hair

8 A hairdresser is person who cuts and looks after people’s hair.

9 person who is in charge of a meeting

9 A chairman is person who is in charge of a meeting.

10 person who is in charge of a collection of books

10 A librarian is person who is in charge of a collection of books.

11 dealer in ironware and hardware

11 A ironmonger is dealer in ironware and hardware.

12 person who makes, sells or repairs jewels, watches, etc.

12 A jeweler is person who makes, sells or repairs jewels, watches, etc.

13 Writer of plays

13 A Dramatist is Writer of plays.

14 army officer who usually commands a regiment

14 A colonel is army officer who usually commands a regiment

15 group of people elected to govern a town or county

15 A council is group of people elected to govern a town or county

16 story written to be acted on the stags

16 A drama is story written to be acted on the stags.

P:18

compose

comfort

complete

compare

combine

exact

extract

exercise

example

examine

Proverb

Provide

pronounce progress produce

composition

provision

comparison

pronounceable

examination

 

MAKE NEW WORDS BY ADDING THE PREFIX pro- TO THESE:

1 noun 2 found 3 pose 4 test 5 gramme
1 pronoun 2 profound 3 propose 4 protest 5 programme

 

MAKE NEW WORDS BY ADDING THC PREIX com- TO THESE;

6 fort 7 plain 8 pare 9 pose 10 position
6 comfort 7 complain 8 compare 9 compose 10 composition

MAKE NEW WORDS BY ADDING THE PREFIX ex- TO THESE:

11 change 12 claim 13 press 14 pose 15 pensive
11 exchange 12 exclaim 13 express 14 expose 15 expensive

 

MAKE A NEW WORD OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING BY USING ONE OF THESE

prefixes: com-,pro-, ex-.

16 tend 18 pass 20 port 22 portion
16 extend 18 compass 20 export 22 proportion
17 plaint 19 change 21 motion 23 vision
17 complaint 19 exchange 21 promotion 23 provision

 

ADD EACH OF THESE SUFFIXES TO EACH WORD BELOW? -ing, -ed, -ance

24 admit 26 annoy 28 accept 30 endure
24 admitting 26 annoying 28 accepting 30 enduring
24 admitted 26 annoyed 28 accepted 30 endured
24 admittance 26 annoyance 28 acceptance 30 endurance

 

25 guide 27 appear 29 allow 31 ignore
25 guiding 27 appearing 29 allowing 31 ignoring
25 guided 27 appeared 29 allowed 31 ignored
25 guidance 27 appearance 29 allowance 31 ignorance

 

To each of the following add these suffixes: -able, -er, -ing

32 comfort 34 control 36 pronounce 38 compare
32 comfortable 34 controllable 36 pronounceable 38 comparable
32 comforter 34 controller 36 pronouncer 38 comparer
32 comforting 34 controlling 36 pronouncing 38 comparing
33 alter 35 excite 37 exercise 39 believe
33 alterable 35 excitable 37 exercisable 39 believable
33 alterer 35 exciter 37 exerciser 39 believer
33 altering 35 exciting 37 exercising 39 believing

P:19

 

(A)ON THE LEFT IS A WORD-SQUARE. IT LENDS THE SAME ACROSS AND DOWN .WITH THE HELP OF THE LITTLE DICTIONARY, WRITE OUT THE CLUES FOR.

(B)ON THE RIGHT IS A WORD TRIANGLE. MAKE ONE LIKE IT OF YOUR OWN BEGINNING WITH A. INTRODUCE ONLY ONE NEW LETTER INTO EACH NEW WORD.

(C)& (D) SOLVE THE WORD SQUARES BELOW:

(c)

1 Long pole to support sails of a ship=MAST

2 Amount of surface= AREA

3 A sea animal with flippers=SEAL

4 The opposite of short=TALL

 

(d)

1 Can mean the same as the World= EARTH / GLOBE

2 To love very much= ADORE

3 Person who wanders about=ROVER

4 To set the foot down=ORDER/ GRANT

5 Collections of animals such as cows=DROVE/ DRIFT/ FLINK

P:20

The number in brackets refers ro the page on which the word was listed. Check your answers with The Little Dictionary.

 

  1. person chosen to decide disputes in cricket= UMPIRE
  2. piece of continuous writing =COMPOSITION
  3. platform built on shore for loading ships= HARBOUR
  4. full of pebbles =PEBBLY
  5. land surrounded by water=ISLAND
  6. the next after the fourth=FIFTH
  7. person who prepares a newspaper for publication= EDITOR
  8. rules about the use of language=GRAMMAR
  9. very shocking or insulting =OUTRAGEOUS
  10. able to be moved =MOVEABLE
  11. the opposite of same =DIFFERENT
  12. person in charge of a collection of books =LIBRARIAN
  13. to move fast as a horse =GALLOP
  14. the plural of tomato = TOMATOES
  15. the study of past events = HISTORY
  16. deserving to be laughed at =RIDICULOUS
  17. hundred years =CENTURY
  18. the opposite of the end= START
  19. lacking in knowledge =IBNORANCE
  20. a road lined with trees =AVENUE
  21. able to be replaced =REPLACEABLE
  22. the act of following in order to catch= PERSUIT
  23. having done wrong =GUILTY
  24. the opposite of exit =ENTRANCE
  25. person who goes along with another =COMPANION
  26. part of a word pronounced as a unit =SYLLABLE
  27. Full of courage =COURAGEOUS
  28. the opposite of arrival = DEPARTURE
  29. persons ruling a country= GOVERNMENT
  30. the opposite of success =FAILURE

P:21

P:22

compel compelled spoil spoiled

marvel marvellous haul haulage

control controller reveal revealing

quarrel quarrelling conceal concealed

fulfill fulfilled appeal appealing

RULE

When a word ends in L and is preceded by a single vowel, you must double the L before adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.

Example: travel-traveller; but toil-toiler

 

MAKE NEW WORDS BY ADDING -ING TO THESE:

1 wheel 3 trail 5 toil 7 travel 9 blackmail
1 wheeling 3 trailing 5 toiling 7 traveling 9 blackmailing
2 level 4 kneel 6 pencil 8 fulfill 10 quarrel
2 leveling 4 kneeling 6 penciling 8 fulfilling 10 quarreling

 

ADD -ED TO THESE WORDS:

11 fail I3 travel 15 shovel 17 expel 19 overhaul
11 failed I3 traveled 15 shoveled 17 expelled 19 overhauled
12 marvel I4 boil 16 foul 18- appeal 20 tunnel
12 marveled I4 boiled 16 fouled 18- appealed 20 tunneled

 

ADD -ER TO THESE WORDS;

21 deal 23 jewel 25 Wheel 27 propel 29 quarrel
21 dealer 23 jeweler 25 Wheeler 27 propeller 29 quarreler
22 control 24 kneel 26 travel 28 boil 30 jail
22 controller 24 kneeler 26 traveler 28 boiler 30 jailer

 

From each group below write our the two words that are synonyms or have nearly the same meaning.

 

31 defeat, compel, haul, force, fulfill, invite

Compel= force

32 quarrel, marvel, inhabit, travel, display reveal

Display= reveal

33 spoiling, travelling, inventing, grumbling, damaging

Spoiling= damaging

34 concealed, dangerous, marvelous, wonderful, graceful

Wonderful=graceful

35 squabbled, quarreled, regretted, compelled, expelled

Compelled= expelled

36 controller, revealer, quarreler, manager, jeweler

Controller= manager

37 active, attractive, appealing, concealing, surprising

Attractive= appealing

P:23

bleating popping tinkle trumpeting

pealing patter rustling whirring

squeak chartering rumbling braying

sighing hissing jangling screeching

neighing rattling bellow murmur

 

USE ONE OF THE WORDS IN THE BOX TO COMPLETE EACH OF THESE:

1 the —————— of steam   =   HISSING

2 the —————— of propellers =

3 the —————— of brakes  = SCREECHING

4 the —————— of church bells =TINKLE

5 the —————— of a horse=NEIGHING

6 the —————— of sheep=BLEATING

7 the —————— of little feet =

8 the —————— of corks       =

9 the —————— of a mouse = SQUEAK

10 the —————— of the wind =MURMUR

11 the —————— of a donkey=BRAYING

12 the —————— of 2 bull=BELLOW

13 the —————— of dishes=RATTLING

14 the —————— of monkeys=CHATTERING

15 the —————— of thunder=RUMBLING

16 the —————— of chains=JANGLING

17 the —————— of leaves=RUSTLING

18 the —————— of elephants= TRUMPETING

19 the —————— of broken glass=POPPING

20 the —————— of a stream=

21 Instead of p in patter write: I, é, m, ch, sc,

Latter, Eater, Matter, Chatter, Scatter, Flatter

22 Instead of b in below write f, m, y

Fellow, mellow, yellow

23 Instead of r in rumble write: b, f, h, m, cr, st, gr

Bumble, fumble, humble, mumble, crumble, stumble, grumble

24 Instead of j in jangle write: b, d, m, t, w, tri, rect

Bangle, dangle, mangle, tangle, wangle, triangle, rectangle

MAKE NEW WORDS BY ADDING -ING TO THESE:

25 rattle 29 tinkle 33 rumble 37 scramble
25 rattling 29 tinkling 33 rumbling 37 scrambling
26 battle 30 wrinkle 34 tumble 38 paddle
26 battling 30 wrinkling 34 tumbling 38 paddling
27 reveal 31 travel 35 murmur 39 quarrel
27 revealing 31 traveling 35 murmuring 39 quarreling
28 tremble 32 trample 36 pedal 40 control
28 trembling 32 trampling 36 pedaling 40 controlling

P:24

permit equip limit fidget

permitted equipped limited fidgety

commit   equipment alter benefit

committee worship alteration benefited

planning worshipper different excellent

 

When words have more than one syllable, the accent often falls definitely on one syllable. “This may be indicated thus: for get’, but al’ter; e’qual, but lim’it; for gett’ing, but lim’it ing.

NOW DIVIDE THESE WORDS INTO SYLLABLES AND MARK, THE ACCENT.

1 begin 4 admit 7 garden 10 Forgotten
1 be’gin 4 ad’mit 7 gar’den 10 For’got’ten
2 travel 5 admitting 8 gardener 11 limited
2 tra’vel 5 ad’mit’ting 8 gar’den’er 11 limit’ed
3admitting 6 differ 9 develop 12 committee
3ad’mit’ting 6 dif’fer 9 de’velop 12 com’mit’tee

WE CAN NOW GIVE THE RULES FOR DOUBLING THE FINAL CONSONANT:

(a) Words containing one vowel and ending with a single consonant double that consonant when adding a suffix beginning with a vowel.

Example: thin—thinner; stir-stirring; beg-beggar.

But those containing a double vowel or ending with a double consonant do not.

Example: maid-maiden; fair-fairest; watch–watching.

 

(b) Two syllable words, ending with one consonant preceded by one vowel, double the consonant only if the second syllable is accented.

Example; Begin–beginner; but limit–limitinig.

 

(c) But for words ending in 1, see page 20.

P:25

allot

allotted

allotment

marvel

marvelous

quarrel

quarreler quarrelsome

rebel

rebellious

occur

occurred

occurrence

corner

cornered

Control

Controllable

Admit

Admittance

appearance

 

Read the rules on page 22 and then stare why#

1 quarrelsome has a single 1;

2 gossiped has a single p;

3 cornered has a single r.

DIVIDE THESE INTO SYLLABLES AND MARK THE ACCENT:

4 regret 6 occur 8 refer 10 propeller
4 reg’ret 6 oc’cur 8 re’fer 10 pro’pel’ler
5 equal 7 differ 9referred excellence
5 equ’al 7 dif’fer 9re’fer’red Ex’cel’lence

 

STUDY THESE GROUPS;

marvel

worship

appeal

equip

perform

begin

combat

marvelling worshipping appealing equipping performing beginning combating marvelled

worshipped

appealed

equipped

performed

begun

combated

marvelous

worshipper

appealer

equipment

performance

beginner

combatant

 

NOW MAKE SIMILAR GROUPS FOR THE IN :HE LAS: COLUMN YOU MAY PLACE GROUP

12 ADMIT 12 admitting 12 admitted 12 admittance
13 ALLOT 13 allotting 13 allotted 13 allowance
14 PROPEL 14 propelling 14 propelled 14 propellant
15 REBEL 15 rebelling 15 rebelled 15 rebellious
16 QUARREL 16 quarreling 16 quarreled 16 quarrelsome
17 DIFFER 17 differing 17 differed 17 difference
I8 ACCEPT i8 accepting i8 accepted i8 acceptance
19 REGRET 19 regretting 19 regretted 19 regretfulness
20 CONCEAL 20 concealing 20 concealed 20 concealment
21 INFORM 21 informing 21 informed 21 information
22 OCCUR 22 occurring 22 occurred 22 occurrence
23 FORGET 23 forgetting 23 forgot 23 forgetful

P:26

plural       adjective     rhyme     picture

singular   punctuation rhythm illustrate

sentence publication novelist illustration

phrase     dictionary   journal   atlases

paragraph literature magazine diaries

CHOOSE THE RIGHT WORD FROM THE BOX TO COMPLETE EACH OF THESE:

l ————– are books containing maps of the world.

2 The opposite of plural is————–

3 Artists often—————- books.

4 A ———– is an alphabetical list of words and their meaning.

5 An————–is a word describing the thing named by a noun.

6 A ————-is the person who writes novels.

7 Words that sound alike in their last part are said to————-

8 The ———–of music is the regular repetition of the beat.

9 A ————- is any newspaper or magazine that is issued regularly.

10 ————- does for writing what pauses and changes of voice do for speech.

Answers: (1- atlases)(2- singular)(3- illustrate)(4- dictionary)(5- adjective)(6- novelist)(7- rhyme)(8- rhythm)(9- magazine)(10- punctuation)

 

RE-READ THE RULE ON PAGE 12 ABOUT DROPPING THE SILENT E. THEN MAKE NOUNS BY ADDING -ION TO EACH OF THESE VERBS:

11 punctuate 13 dictate 15 promote 17 estimate
11 punctuation 13 dictation 15 promotion 17 estimation
12 illustrate 14 populate 16 imitate 18 rotate
12 illustration 14 population 16 imitation 18 rotation

 

WRITE DOWN THE PLURAL OF EACH OF THESE NOUNS:

I9 atlas 21 memory 23phrase 25 ability 27 essay
I9 atlases 21 memories 23phrases 25 abilities 27 essays
20 diary 22 factory 24 rhyme 26 lullaby 28 chimney
20 diaries 22 factories 24 rhymes 26 lullabies 28 chimneys

 

P:27

toffee         Keith       succeed     proceed

coffee       Philip       success       process

degree     Margaret successful   Martin

referee     Elizabeth successfully Kremlin

employee Stephen   exceed         penicillin

GIVE EACH QUESTION ITS RIGHT ANSWER

1 “What does the referee do?” asked Margaret.
Answer: “He sees that there is fair play,” answered John.
2 “Do people die from coughs?” asked Martin.
Answer: “No, its not the cough that carries you off ; it`s the coffin they carry you coffin,” replied Keith.
3 “How do you define an employee?” asked Elizabeth.
Answer: “It is anyone who works for an employer,” said Philip.
4 “What sort of thing is penicillin?” asked Philip.
Answer: “It is a drug that hastens the healing of wounds.”
5 “Where and what is the Kremlin?” said Stephen.
Answer: “It is a vast citadel in the centre of Moscow,” said Keith.

FOR DICTATION

Young Keith was boastful. “I have a brother with three feet,” he told the referee after the match.

“What do you mean?” asked the referee.

“Well, my mother has received a letter from my elder”

brother, and in it he says she would not know him because he has grown another foot.”

P:28

busy        business rely            bury

beauty  beautiful reliable     burial

marry    marriage  vary          angrily

melody melodious variable    ordinary

mercy  merciful    apologies ordinarily

 

RULE

Words ending in y preceded by a consonant change the -y- into   -i-   before adding all suffixes except those beginning with -i.

Example: bury — burial— burying.

But those ending in -y- preceded by a vowel remain unchanged in adding any suffix.

Example: employ-employing-employer.

Remember also that in forming the plural you change the -y- into -i- and add -es.

Example: apology-apologies; but volley-volleys.

MAKE ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -MU FROM THESE WORDS:

1 victory 2 fury 5 glory 4 envy 5 study
1 victories 2 furies 5 glories 4 envies 5 studies

 

FROM WHAT VERBS ENDING IN Y DO THESE WORDS COME?

6 various 8 carrier 10 marrying 12 supplied
6 vary 8 carry 10 marry 12 supply
7 carriage 9 burial 11 hurried 13 Trier
7 carry 9 burry 11 hurry 13 try

ADD -NESS TO MAKE NOUNS OF THESE:

14 happy 15 weary 16 sticky 17 hasty 18 naughty
14 happiness 15 weariness 16 stickiness 17 hastiness 18 naughtiness

 

FROM WHAT WORDS ENDING IN Y HAVE THESE BEEN FORMED:

19 carried 22 applied 25 varied 28 busiest
19 carry 22 apply 25 vary 28 busy
20 activities 23 penniless 26 lazily 29 plentiful
20 activity 23 penny 26 lazy 29 plenty
21 denial 24 mysteries 27 saucily 30 noisily
21 deny 24 mystery 27 saucy 30 noisy

GIVE THE PAST REUSE IN -ed OF THESE VERBS:

31 marry 33 supply 35 reply 37 destroy
31 married 33 supplied 35 replied 37 destroyed
32 hurry 34 apply 36 delay 38 accompany
32 hurried 34 applied 36 delayed 38 accompanied

P:29

bustle

jostle

castle

apostle

wrestle

vague

rogue

fatigue

disguise

buoy

ghost

aghast

rhubarb

rhinoceros

rhyme

Design

Resign

Reign

foreign

gnome

 

1-4 STATE WHICH LETTER IS SILENT IN EACH COLUMN IN THE BOX.

5-8 ARRANGE THE FOLLOWING WORDS IN FOUR SIMILAR COLUMNS ACCORDING TO THE SILENT LETTER.

rhyming

Christmas

foreigner

build

sign

guard

ghastly

gnat

Whistle

honesty

designer

rustle

Thomas

buyer

vaguely

Thistle

biscuit

campaign

honourable

Wrestling

 

Foreigner

Sign

gnat

designer

campaign

Christmas

Whistle

Rustle

Thistle

Wrestling

Build

Vaguely

Biscuit

honourable

rhyming

 

 

PICK OUT THE SILENT LETTER COMMON

GROUPS:

9 plumber, doubter, thumb, debt

10 salmon, almond, could, calm, should, psalm

11 psalm, cupboard, receipt

12 isle, island, Viscount, aisle

13 scissors, scene, scythe, ascent, descend

b

l

p

s

c

Arrange these in three equal groups according to the silent letter. Number the groups 14-16.

tongue wreath whistler nestling                           wretched guarding sword wholesale                   listening fastened fatigued guilty

 

14 Wreath, wretched, wholesale,
15 Tongue, fatigued, guilty, guarding
16 Nestling, listening, whistler

 

P:30

gigantic

energetic

heroic

public

elastic

cowardly

friendly

squally

daily

stingy

generous

humorous

perilous

serious

anonymous

powerful

respectful

beautiful

successful

doubtful

 

CHOOSE FROM THE BOX THE ADJECTIVE MEANING THE OPPOSITE OF:

1 impolite 6 lazy 11 ugly 16 brave
polite active beautiful Coward
2 feeble 7 serious 12 private I7 cowardly
strong Humorous Public Bravely
3 tiny 8 named 13 rigid 18 ineffective
Gigantic Unnamed elastic powerful
4 mean 9 certain 14 generous 19 safe
generous anonymous stingy perilous
5 hostile 10 humorous 15 calm 20 unusual
friendly Serious Squally Daily

NOW CHOOSE A SYNONYM FROM THE BOX FOR EACH OF THESE:

 

21 grave 23 funny 25 uncertain 27 gusty
Serious Humorous doubtful  
22 huge 24 nameless 26 miserly 28 forceful
Gigantic anonymous Heroic Powerful

 

COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES WITH ADJECTIVES CHOSEN FROM THE BOX, THE LITTLE DICTIONARY WILL HELP.

 

29 A ———– story is apt to make you laugh.

30 A ———— journey is one that is full of danger.

31 A——— day is disturbed by sudden gusts of wind.

32 A ————– contribution is small and mean.

33 An ———-author is one whose name is unknown.

34 A ———– occurrence is something that takes place every day and is therefore familiar.

Answers: (29- Humorous )(30- perilous

)(31- Squally)(32- stingy)(33- Unnamed)(34-daily /public)

 

WRITE SIMILAR SENTENCES OF YOUR OWN TO SHOW THE MEANING OF:

35 serious Why are you so serious now?
36 elastic This rope has no elastic.
37 powerful His father is very powerful man.
38 respectful Our students are very respectful to their teachers.

 

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