Notes: New Oxford Modern English-5 (NOME) (CH-1-20) SOLVED EXERCISES

Name       Class:5TH SUB: NEW OXFORD MODERN ENGLISH     Sem:2015


U# 1 So you think you can divide! P#9

U# 2 Stopping by woods on a snowy evening P#16

U# 3 Sharks P#21

U# 4 The fly P#27

U# 5 Robinson Crusoe P#33

U# 6 Sour grapes P#38

U# 7 Collecting things P#42

U# 8 The skylark P#47

U# 9 The Minotaur P#54

U# 10 A misspelled tale P#59

U# 11 Bahlol P#64

U# 12 Uncle Shams P#69

U# 13 Everyone sang P#73

U# 14 A flash of light P#77

U# 15 The road not taken P#82

U# 16 Karate parrot P# 87

U# 17 ‘My parents kept me from children who were rough’ P#95

U# 18 The Great Houdini P#99

U# 19 Don’t count your chickens P#104

U# 20 Abou Ben Adhem P#109

U:1 So you think you can divide! P:5»7

Q No.1-aHow did the father ask his sons to divide the camels?
ANS:The father wished for:

1-    Hameed to have half(1/2) the camels,

2-    Naeem to have a third(1/3) of the camels and

3-    Rafiq to have a ninth(1/9).

Q No.1-bWhy was Hameed given the largest share?
ANS:The largest share was for Hameed because he was the eldest son.
Q No.1-cWhy did brothers quarrel?
Ans:The brothers quarrelled because

1-    the shares were not equal and

2-    Hameed suggested that he took an extra camel because he could not have half a camel.    

Q No.1-dHow did the brothers try to solve the problems?
Ans:To settle the quarrel, Rafiq suggested selling one camel or killing one and feeding the village in memory of their father. The others disagreed, so they continued to argue.
Q No.1-eWho offered to help the brothers?
Ans:i.                     A holy man offered to help the brothers by giving them his camel.


  1. Here are some words from the story. Use a dictionary to find out what they mean, and what part of speech each is.
  2. a. bequeath: to dispose of property by will, to hand down, to pass on (verb)
  3. quarrel: angry disagreement, argument. (noun, verb)
  4. gloomy: dejected, depressed (adjective)
  5. exactly: accurately, precisely. (adverb)
  6. inheritance: what is passed down from one generation to the next (noun)
  7. Use the following in sentences of your own.
a. according to:According to the weather forecast, this should be a beautiful day.

b. interrupted : Rain interrupted our baseball game.                 

c. struck with amazement: The thief was struck with amazement when he was caught red handed.

d. requested : He requested that the bus driver stop at the next corner.       

e. if God wills : A leaf drops on the Earth if God wills.               

f. a friendly manner :

Everybody likes him because of his a friendly manner.


  1. Write the short form (contractions) for the following.
a. haven’t         b. they’ve           c. shan’t             d. it’se. they’re         f. won’t                 g. I’d                   h. she’ll



  1. Remind yourself about the first seven parts of speech. Try to give an example of each.


nouns: bed, train, sandwich, tree

pronouns: you, me, him, they

adjectives: big, attractive, tiny, stiff, fluffy

verbs: think, sleep, went, showed, plays

adverbs: quietly, loudly, sweetly, shakily

prepositions: to, in, on, behind, in front of

conjunctions: and, but, though, or, because

interjections: What! Hey! Wow! Yummy!

  1. Make lists of nouns, pronouns and adjectives in the following passage.


day, Merlin, Wizard, valleys, Wales, stone way, London, man, way, London, bishops, meeting, Abbey Church, Church, Church, stone, stone, anvil, anvil, sword


he, one (person), him, he, he, they, everyone


one, deep, green, famous, great, great, shining

  1. Underline the interjections in the following.
  2. Whew! b. Alas! c. Ugh! d. Hurrah!


  1. Make a list of any interjections that you can think of.
  • The title: So you think you can divide!
  • (And we are not worried, in this story, by what the camels were called!),
  • ‘What!’ shouted Hameed, ‘Waste a good camel by feeding the whole village? You must be crazy!’


U: 2 Stopping by woods on a snowy evening P: 9»10                                                   

Q No.1-aTo whom did woods belong?


ANS:The woods belong to a man who lives in the village.
Q No.1-bWhy do you think the rider stopped by woods?
ANS:The rider stopped by the woods to watch them fill up with snow.
Q No.1-cWhy was the horse puzzled?
ANS:The horse was puzzled because they had stopped in the woods without a farmhouse near, on the darkest evening of the year.
Q No.1-dHow did the horse signal that he wanted to move on?
ANS:The horse signalled that he wanted to move on by shaking his harness.
Q No.1-eWhy do you think the last line is repeated?
ANS:ii.                 The repetition of the line gives the impression that there really is a long way to go before the narrator sleeps.



  1. Add the suffix -y to these words, and then use the new words you have made in sentences of your own. Be careful with the spelling!
words suffix -y sentences
a. fluff b. fun

c. leaf

d. sugar


e. bend

a. fluffy b. funny

c. leafy

d. sugary


e. bendy

a. Always use fluffy towels of cotton.b. She is very funny.

c. Leafy vegetables are best for health.

d. Every time you eat anything sugary, your teeth will spoil.

e. The car was swinging on smooth and bendy road.


  1. Where possible the suffix -y to the following. Not all the words can take the suffix -y, so check in a dictionary. And be careful about some spelling changes.
words suffix -y
a. red b. run

c. shade

d. close

e. shout

f. thorn

g. weight

h. cold

i. snow

j. sun

a. red (ruddy) b. runny

c. shady

d. close (x)

e. shout (x)

f. thorny

g. weighty

h. cold (x)

i. snowy

j. sunny


U: 3 Sharks                                   P: 14»16

Q No.1-aWhich part of a shark do people usually see first?
ANS:People usually see the dark triangle of the fin of a shark first.
Q No.1-bWhat work does the man in the tower do?
ANS:The man in the tower is a lifeguard. His job is to look after the people swimming in the sea and to rescue them if they get into danger.
Q No.1-cWhat kind of shark the Mako shark?
ANS:The Mako shark is one of the most dangerous kinds.
Q No.1-dHow menu different kinds of shark are there?
ANS:There are nearly 300 kinds of shark.
Q No.1-eWhat is the best of the shark’s senses? Which is the weakest?
ANS:iii.                Sharks can smell a drop of blood in the water from half a kilometre away.

iv.           Their sight is not so good.



  1. Copy and complete the following. You will find the words in the passage.
a.     The shark’s———————body helps it to swim easily through the water.b.The fins on the stomach of a shark are called——————-fins.

c.     Sometimes a shark will eat its own insides———————-out of its body.

d.Only a few kinds of shark————————————–attack people.

ANSWERS: a. streamlined b. ventral   c. trailing d. normally


  1. Which of the following words are incorrect? Correct the mistakes.
a. cartillage b. streamlined

c. balance

d. normaly

e. trianguler

f. variaty

g. skelington  

h. substanse

a. cartilage b. streamlined

c. balance

d. normally

e. triangular

f. variety

g. skeleton

h. substance


  1. Here are some common collective nouns. Can you match them correctly, and write them in your notebook?








a heap of stones           a herd of cows           a pack of hounds   a colony of ants           a range of hills


keys puppies








Answers:a bunch of keys                   a litter of puppies     a pack of cards     a school of fish               a pack of wolves


U: 4 The fly                 P: 18»20                                                    


This poem is about how normal, everyday objects must look very different to a tiny creature like a fly. The speaker invites us to reconsider the beauty and enormity of both natural and man-made objects, and we’re reminded that the size of things is only a matter of perspective. (That is, what’s small to us is huge to the fly, and so by extension, what’s normally huge to us may actually be small from a different point of view.)

In the first stanza, the speaker introduces his main idea with an exclamation point, saying that everything must look so huge to a little fly (“How large unto the tiny fly/Must little things appear!—”). A flower is the size of furniture to the fly, and a little thorn on a flower is like an enormous weapon (“A rosebud like a feather bed,/Its prickle like a spear;”). These images invite us to consider how a change of perspective can cause beautiful things to be amplified, like the flower that becomes a luxurious bed, as well as frightening things to become even more menacing, like the thorn that becomes a spear.

The second stanza lists three more objects and describes what they must look like to the fly. A drop of dew is like a full-sized mirror to look into (“A dewdrop like a looking-glass,”). A piece of hair is like a shining strand of wire (“A hair like golden wire;”). And a tiny mustard seed seems to have the size and strength of a chunk of burning coal (“The smallest grain of mustard-seed/As fierce as coals of fire;”). These three images take the tiny, relatively insignificant objects around us and bring our view so close to them that they become beautiful and powerful.

Finally, the third stanza lists three more comparisons. Food can look like a huge landscape to a fly (“A loaf of bread, a lofty hill;”). Another insect can be a terrible predator (“A wasp, a cruel leopard;”). Lastly, little grains of salt can seem as dear as baby lambs (“And specks of salt as bright to see/As lambkins to a shepherd.”). These final images show us how valuable our food is, how lucky we are to have the advantage of size over a fierce creature like a wasp, and again, how something as common as a grain of salt can be beautiful, bright, and sweet, if we’re willing to change our perspective.


Q No.1-aWhat do the following things look like to a fly:
i. the thorn on a rose bushii. a tiny drop of wateriii. a small seed

iv. a wasp

v. a speck of salt

ANS:i. spear

ii. looking glass

iii. coals of fire

iv. leopard

v. lambkin

Q No.1-bWhich thing, in your opinion, would look the most frightening to a fly?
ANS:in MY opinion, A WASP would look the most frightening to a fly .
Q No.1-cWhich two words are used in the poem to compare one thing with another?
ANS:as… as



When we compare things in English we use the words: as … as, or Like.

e.g. as dry as a bone; like a dry bone.

Here are some well-known similes.

  1. as bold as a lion
  2. as cold as ice
  3. as changeable as the weather
  4. as dead as a door nail
  5. as cool as a cucumber
  6. as firm as rock
  7. Match the similes above with the descriptions below.
a. person who is sure about what he thinks.b. person who keeps calm.

c. person who acts without fear.

d. something which is not alive.

e. person who shows no feelings or emotions.

f. person who changes moods easily.

SOL:a. as firm as rock               b. as cool as a cucumber

c. as bold as a lion           d. as dead as a doornail

e. as cold as ice                 f. as changeable as the weather



More about parts of speech

  1. Make lists of conjunctions, prepositions and interjections in the passage above.











  1. Copy the passage into your notebook, adding articles where necessary.


Sir Ector, the father of Kaye and Arthur, asked Kaye where he got the sword and Kaye told him. ‘Where did you get the sword?’ Sir Ector asked Arthur. Arthur said, ‘I got it from the stone.’ ‘Then put it back into the anvil’, said Sir Ector, ‘and take it out again.’

When Arthur put the sword back into the anvil no one could take it out again. Arthur drew the sword out easily. Sir Ector knelt before his son and said, ‘Now I know that you are the King of the whole of England.



U: 5 Robinson Crusoe            P: 24»26                                      

Q No.1-aWhat do you know about Daniel Defoe? Find out.
ANS:Daniel Defoe was born in 1660, his father was a butcher. He worked at a number of trades before starting to write at the age of forty.
Q No.1-bHow did Robinson Crusoe get to the island?
ANS:He clambered into a boat (with three others) and rowed towards the shore. A gigantic wave sank the boat, and he was the only one who managed to swim ashore.
Q No.1-cWhy did Robinson Crusoe sleep in a tree?
ANS:He slept in a tree because he did not know what animals there might be on the island.
Q No.1-dWhy did Robinson Crusoe return to his ship?
ANS:Robinson Crusoe swam back to the ship to get some things (bread, rice, cheese, clothes, powder and shot).
Q No.1-eWhy did Robinson Crusoe not want the gold coins?
ANS:v.                   Robinson Crusoe did not want the gold coins because he had no use for them on the island.
Q No.1-f What are some of the tasks Robinson Crusoe did on the island?
ANS:Some of the tasks Robinson Crusoe did on the island were building a house with a strong stockade round it, exploring, making a boat, learning to make pots, growing corn, rice and wheat, and making bread.
Q No.1-g What are some of the things he found on the island? In your view which would have proved most useful?
ANS:Some of the things he found on the island were wild grapes and limes, wild animals and goats, water and clay.



  1. Complete the following in your own words; each sentence should not be about Robinson Crusoe on the island, but about something quite different.
  2. Every day I bought items to take on my journey.
  3. One day I set out to explore the streets of the old city.
  4. I picked up the strong walking stick that my father had once used.
  5. I grew a number of crops because the ground was so fertile and there was a good supply of water.
  6. Suddenly I saw the ship turn on its side and sink.


  1. Use your dictionary to find out the difference in meaning of the following pairs of words.
  2. hurricane—a storm with a violent wind of 75 miles an hour or more.                                                                                                            tornado—a violent storm in a small area with a circular motion which often has a funnel shaped cloud .
  3. stockade—an enclosure or barrier of stakes and timbers.                      fort—a fortified enclosure building or position able to be defended against an enemy.
  4. mast—a vertical spar for supporting sails, rigging, flags above the deck of a vessel.                                                                                                        pole—long slender usually round piece of wood, metal or other material
  5. pistol—a short, barrelled handgun.                                                   rifle—a fire arm having a long barrel with a spirally grooved interior, which imparts to the bullet spinning motion and thus greater accuracy over a longer range
  6. island—a mass of land that is surrounded by water and is smaller than a continent . islet—a small island
  7. resolved—determined firmly                                                                            solved—found the explanation or solution to a problem


  1. In the first paragraph of the story you will find many words for movement of one kind or another. Some tell us of simple actions, others tell us that there is movement along with sound. Make a list of all these ‘action’ words. Note how they are used.


Discuss the way in which Defoe has employed a number of different ways of saying that things ‘moved’. The use of many different words to describe an action (instead of the same word all the time), makes the writing more



The following words and phrases from the first paragraph describe some kind of motion, or hint at motion:

1.    started off ,2.    a violent tornado came

3.    rose high

4.    the wind howled through the sails,

5.    were washed overboard,

6.    began to leak

7.    changed our course,

8.    drove out

9.    hurricane

10. terrible storm attacked

11. the sea was very rough

12. the rain dashed down

13. approach

14. clamber

15. row

16. sank

17. jumped

18. rowed with all our might

19. the waves were like mountains

20. struggled on

21. a gigantic wave hurled



  1. See if you can complete the following.

POSITIVE                   COMPARATIVE                 SUPERLATIVE

  1. quickly                    more quickly              most quickly
  2. fortunately         more fortunately            most fortunately
  3. hastily                  more hastily                        most hastily
  4. pleasantly              more pleasantly               most pleasantly
  5. Some adverbs are called irregular. They do not follow the rules above. Look at the adverbs below.
well                 better                            bestbadly       worse                                worst

late          later                                   latest/last

little            less                                   least

much            more                              most

far                 farther                            farthest (use with distances)

  1. Complete the sentences using adverbs.
a. He drove —————————b. He speaks English——————————–.

c. They —————————- come to see us at the weekend.

d. We ————————– see them during the week.

e. The actors performed the play most ———————–.

f. Aslam operated the machine ——————————.

a. hastilyb. fluently

c. regularly

d. rarely

e. beautifully

f. carefully



U: 6   Sour grapes                 P: 28»29


Q No.1-aDid the fox really want the gropes?
ANS:Yes, the fox really did want the grapes. He was eager, and he tried to snatch them.
Q No.1-bWhat was so attractive about the grapes?
ANS:The grapes were rich, ripe and purple-red.
Q No.1-cWhy did the fox curl his nose?
ANS:The fox curled his nose because he could not reach the grapes and he now wanted to show that he no longer cared for them.
Q No.1-dWhich words ore used to describe the gropes in the first verse? Which words ore used in the third verse?
ANS:     In the first verse:

lovely, rich, ripe, and purple-red grapes.

In the third verse:

mean and common fruit, sour.

Q No.1-eWhat is the moral (lesson) that the poem teaches us?
ANS:vi.                  The moral lesson:

vii.                     People who cannot get what they have been trying for quite often say they didn’t really want it anyway.



Discuss the words in the poem which have an apostrophe in them. They are contractions. The apostrophe stands in place of a letter that has been left out.


  1. Can you write the following in full?
a-he’ll b-hasn’t c-that’ll d-you’ll e-doesn’t f-I’d g-they’re h-mightn’t i-they’ve j-who’d
a. he will b. has not c. that will d. you will e. does not f. I would/ I had g. they are h. might not i. they have j. who would/who had


  1. Discuss the meaning of these proverbs. Then try to write your own explanations.


Allow the pupils to try this on their own first. Discuss what they have written, and correct any wrong impressions.

a. A bad workman always blames his tools.
Someone who does a job badly will blame anything rather than himself.
b. Barking dogs seldom bite.
Those who make a lot of noise and fuss will seldom do you real harm.
c. Cross the stream where it is shallowest.
Choose the easiest way to do something rather than the hard way.
d. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.
Spread things around so that if something happens to one part the others are safe.



If the pupils cannot remember anything about subject, object and predicate, give them some examples on the board.


  1. Underline the SUBJECTS in the following sentences.


  1. The boy climbed the mountain.
  2. The (beautiful) girl sang for half an hour.
  3. The man (in the car) wore a fine cap.
  4. A bird (in a tree nearby) was building a nest.
  5. It was a very cold morning in January. (It refers to the morning.)


  1. Pick out the OBJECTS in the following sentences.


  1. The boy kicked the football.
  2. The man saw a ghost.
  3. Fourteen girls sang the national anthem.
  4. Unfortunately, we never saw him in the dark.


  1. Pick out the PREDICATES in the following sentences.


  1. The bird sang sweetly in the trees.
  2. He listened to the singing of the birds with great joy.
  3. He slowly closed his eyes.
  4. He fell asleep with his head on a stone.



U: 7 Collecting things           P: 33»35                                                      

Q No.1-aDo you have a collection?
Q No.1-bWhat kind of things do people collect?
ANS:People collect anything and everything. Stamps, shells, butterflies, hats, feathers, leaves, stones, matchbox covers, antiques, plates, costumes, cars, and a thousand and one other things are collected by people in every corner of the world.
Q No.1-cWhy was stamp collecting so popular?
ANS:Stamp collecting was (and still is) so popular because stamps are easily obtained; most people have some friends in distant places who write letters to them.
Q No.1-dWhat are some of the things l will need in order to start a collection of flowers?
ANS:In order to start a collection of flowers you will need, a notebook, an album or scrapbook, two pieces of hardboard, newspaper and a magnifying glass.
Q No.1-eWhy do you think one should not pick more flowers than one needs?
ANS:viii.             One should not pick more flowers than one needs because some flowers are rare. Flowers make the environment beautiful, and they provide insects and birds with food.
Q No.1-f Why do you think one should not pick more flowers than one needs?
ANS: A magnifying glass is useful if we want to study the leaves carefully. For most purposes our eyes are good enough.
Q No.1-g Why is a magnifying glass useful but not essential?
ANS: In our record book we could write the name of the flower, where and when it was found, its size, colour and shape and its scent.
Q No.1-h Why do you think news paper is used in the flower passes?
ANS: Newspaper is used in the flower press because it can soak up the plant juices (to dry the flowers). It is more absorbent than most other paper.



  1. Use these words in sentences of your own:
a. particularb. pastime

c. influenced

d. Available

e. obtained
f . depends

a. What is your particular dish in eating?b. What is your hobby for pastime?

c. Every body is influenced by someone.

d. This book is not available now.

e. She obtained 90 marks out of 100.

f. The answer largely depends on what you think.


  1. Here is a short list of flowers. How many have you heard of? How many have you seen or smelt?  


















3 Copy the List above into your notebook. First put the names in alphabetical order. Learn to spell the words.

bluebell, buttercup,



















  1. Here is a crossword puzzle. All the words can be found in the second paragraph of the lesson.

1- L E A V E S

2- S H E L L S

3- P L A T E S

4- S T A M P S

5- F E A T H E R S

6- H A T S

7 -A N T I Q U E S

8- S T O N E S


  1. Put ADVERBS in the sentences below, either after the VERB or after the OBJECT.



  1. He slept soundly/fitfully. (NOT: He happily slept.)
  2. He went back immediately/eventually. (He finally went back.)
  3. She made a new dress instantly/easily. (She hurriedly made a new dress.)


  1. Change the following into INDIRECT SPEECH; using asked.


  1. My mother asked me if I was going to school today (that day).
  2. She asked me where my books were.
  3. She asked me if I had had (had eaten) my breakfast.
  4. She asked me if I had tidied my room.


  1. Change the following into DIRECT SPEECH. Don’t forget the inverted commas.


  1. ‘Where are you going?’ she asked (me).
  2. ‘Are you going to the market?’ she asked (me).
  3. ‘No, I am not,’ I replied. (I told her.)
  4. Then she asked, ‘Are you going to the park?’


Review transitive and intransitive verbs using the text and examples of your own.

  • Transitive verbs have an object.
  • Intransitive verbs do not have an object.
  • Many verbs can be both transitive and intransitive


  1. Make a list of the TRANSITIVE VERBS in the following.


Ask the question ‘What?’ with the verb, e.g. They saw what? They saw a boy. Object = boy. The verb is, therefore, transitive.


Once there was (vt) a boy. He lived (vi) in a huge forest. His house was (vi) very small and his mother and father lived (vi) there too. One day he walked (vi) down the path. Suddenly he saw (vt) a tiny snail. He picked (vt) up the snail and took (vt) it home. When he reached (vt) home he showed (vt) the snail to his mother.


U: 8 The skylark                 P: 37»38


Q No.1-aHow was the skylark behaving?
ANS:The skylark was hanging between the earth and the sky, and soaring, and singing.
Q No.1-bCould the poet see the skylark’s nest?
ANS:No. The nest was hidden (unseen) in the corn field.
Q No.1-cWhich words and phrases in the poem tell us what time of year it is? Make a list.
ANS:It is early summertime or spring. Tender green corn, butterflies danced, the earth was green, the sky was blue, one sunny morn, swift the sunny moments.
Q No.1-dWhat do you think the poet is saying about the skylark’s mate?
ANS:Like the poet, the skylark’s mate too was somewhere nearby, marvelling at the song and flight of this bird.



The expression ‘on the wing’ means ‘flying’.

  1. Match the phrasal verbs in A with the meanings in column B.

1.on the ball             a. to be recovering after an illness

  1. on the mend         b. to be available for duty
  2. on hold                 c. to be doing a job of work
  3. on call                 d. to be alert, well-informed
  4. on edge               e. to be punctual
  5. on the dot             f. to be waiting
  6. on the job             g . to be nervous


  1. d 2. a 3. f 4. b 5. g 6. e 7. c


  1. Use the phrasal verbs above in sentences of your own. e.g. Riaz is on the ball; he always knows exactly what is happening at the office.
1.on the ball2.on the mend

on hold

3.on call

4.on edge

5.on the dot

7.on the job

1.Mr Shah on ball; he always knows well in time.2. She is on the mend; because her face is shining today.

3. Dull students always on hold for bell.

4. When you will ask for help; we shall be on call always.

5. Why are you on the edge today? Everything is ok?

6. My all teacher are dutiful; they always on the dot.

7. She is on the job of teaching now-a-days in school.



  1. Say whether the sentences below are about the past, present, or future tense.
a.      She went to the circus last week.b.     She usually goes to the circus when it comes here.

c.      What is she doing now?

d.     She’s doing her washing.

e.Will she come to the cinema with us?
f. She’ll come if you ask her nicely.

g. I’ll ask her tomorrow.

h. I’m doing my homework now.

  1. PAST (simple)   b. PRESENT (simple) c. PRESENT (continuous) d. PRESENT (continuous)  e. FUTURE (simple)  f. FUTURE (simple)/ PRESENT (simple)  g. FUTURE (simple) h. PRESENT (continuous)


  1. Write sentences of your own, using the words below and the tense shown in brackets.
a.go ……………… school (s. p.)b.go ……………. school (p.c.)

c.give …………….. mother ……… present … birthday (s. p.)

d.write ……………. letter ……… uncle (p.c.) …………….. lot of rice … Sundays (s.p.)

f . wear …………… a new pair of trousers …. (p.c.)


  1. I go to school every day.
  2. I am going to school now.
  3. I usually give my mother a present on her birthday.
  4. I am writing a letter to my uncle.
  5. I eat a lot of rice on Sundays.
  6. I am wearing a new pair of trousers today.



U: 9 MINOTAUR P: 43»45

  1. Answer the following questions.
Q No.1-a. Why were the people of Athens wailing? Choose the best answer:i. King Minos was cruel and harsh.

ii. Athens was beaten in war by Crete,

iii. Some maidens and men were leaving for Crete.

ANS:The people of Athens were wailing because iii. some maidens and men were leaving for Crete.
Q No.1-bWhy did Theseus want to go to Crete?
ANS:Theseus wanted to go to Crete with the young men to kill the Minotaur.
Q No.1-cWhy did Aegeus not want Theseus to go to Crete? Give at least two reasons.
ANS:Aegeus did not want Theseus to go to Crete because his son had already been away from him for a long time.

The Minotaur would certainly kill his son. One day Theseus would become king, and Aegeus did not want him to die.

Q No.1-dWhat huge figure did the men and maidens see in the sea, and what was the figure’s job?
ANS:They saw Talus, the man of brass, who walked three times round the island every day and challenged all the vessels.
Q No.1-eWhat did the King Aegeus ask Theseus to do with the sails?
ANS:The king told Theseus to take down the black sails and put up white sails in their place if he had been able to kill the Minotaur.
Q No.1-fWhy did Ariadne help Theseus? Give at least two reasons.
ANS:Ariadne helped Theseus because she admired him for looking calm and brave and he said he wanted to kill the Minotaur.

–She had compassion (her eyes filled with tears at the thought of the men and women of Crete going to their deaths), and

–knew that if she saved Theseus, he would kill the Minotaur and prevent others from being killed.

Q No.1-gHow did Theseus find his wag out of the maze?
ANS:Theseus got out of the maze with Ariadne’s help. She told him to hold a thread because it would unwind as he went into the maze and he would then be able to find his way back to her again.
Q No.1-hWhy did Ariadne refuse to marry Theseus?
ANS:Ariadne refused to marry Theseus because her father would be alone and lonely without her; she was his only

ix.           daughter.

Q No.1-iWhy did King Aegeus throw himself over the cliff?
ANS:King Aegeus threw himself over the cliff because Theseus had not changed the sails from black to white, and the king thought Theseus was dead.



1-Find words in the passage which have the same meaning.

a. A way into something.b. Good-looking.

c, So tightly that they could not escape.

d. A dark and dismal prison cell.

e-A high, steep bank.

a. entrance, door, passage b. handsome

c. securely bound

d. dungeon

e. cliff


  1. Make questions to get the following answers; use the words in brackets.
a. There are twenty young people. (How many ,… )b. They have come to be eaten by the Minotaur. (Why . . …..)

c. You cannot possibly kill the Minotaur. (How …, )

d. The sky is dark with heavy clouds. (What ,.,. like.)

Solution:a. How many young people are there?

b. Why have these people come here?

c. How can you possibly kill the Minotaur?

d. What is the sky like?




1-See if you can say which of the following verbs are ACTIVE and which


a. The fish was thrown into the water.b. My shoes were taken by my sister.

c. My sister took away my shoes.

d. Our beautiful house was knocked down by the gale.

e. My grandfather built another house but that” was knocked down by a gale too.

SOLUTION:a. was thrown (passive)

b. were taken (passive)

c. took (active)

d. was knocked (passive)

e. built (active), was knocked (passive)




a. The boy kicked the football. (The football was …)b. The man drove the taxi.

c. The boy flew the kite.

d. The postman brought the parcels.

e. Jameel won the prize.

f , Shazia sewed the dress.

SOLUTION:a. The football was kicked by the boy.

b. The taxi was driven by the man.

c. The kite was flown by the boy.

d. The parcels were brought by the postman.

e. The prize was won by Jameel.

f. The dress was sewn by Shazia.



  1. Answer the following questions.
Q No.2-a

a. What reasons did the bog give for wanting to go out?

ANS:The boy said that the sun was bright, the air was clear, and that is why he wished to go out.
Q No.2-bWhat warning was the bog given?
ANS:He was warned not to lose his way.
Q No.2-cWhat mood was the bog in when he went out’?
ANS:He was keen to go outside and play. He must have been happy when he was given permission to do so.
Q No.2-dHow was the weather in the morning and in what way did it change?
ANS:In the morning the sun was bright; then the weather changed. It started snowing.
Q No.2-eWhat factors made the boy feel that things were not right?
ANS:He was on his sleigh, going through snowdrifts and watery pools but normally he would have walked.

Now he was lost and looking at a ‘treacherous hole’ in the road; his progress had been too slow and he wanted to meet ‘some kindly soul’ because he had lost his way.




  1. Think of HOMOPHONES (words with the same pronunciation but with a different spelling) for the following words.


  1. feet/feat   b. pain/pane            c. site/sight/cite
  2. sent/scent e. sees/cease/seize f. saw/sore


  1. Can you say what noises are made by the following?


(donkeys bray) (owls hoot) ( jackals howl) ( nightingales sing ) (frogs croak) (flies buzz ) (bulls bellow) (pigeons coo) (bears growl) ( snakes hiss)



Try to join the pairs of sentences below; use the word and, but, so or because.

1. He could not swim. He had a bad cold.2. She was not at home. We were not able to meet her.

3. Mr Shah went to the market. He bought some eggs.

4. He is very tall. His sister is quite short.

5. Atif did not have a pen. He could not sign the cheque.

6. Alia could not read the book. She had lost her glasses.

Solution:1. He could not swim because he had a bad cold.

2. She was not at home so we were not able to meet her.

3. Mr Shah went to the market and he bought some eggs.

4. He is very tall but his sister is quite short.

5. Atif did not have a pen so he could not sign the cheque.

6. Alia could not read the book because she had lost her glasses.




U: 11 BAHLOL   P:53-55


Q No.1-aWhat kind of person was Bahlol?
ANS:1-    Bahlol was always calm.

2-    he seldom smiled or showed his feelings

3-    he was a wonderful cook.

Q No.1-bWhy was there no food in the house that dou?
ANS:There was no food in the house that day because the next day was market day.
Q No.1-cWhy was Bahlol asked to feed the chickens?
ANS:Bahlol was asked to feed the chickens because if they ate the food and did not fall ill, then the food would be safe for the guests .
Q No.1-dDid the councillor and his wife expect to stcu for supper?
ANS:No, the area councillor and his wife did not expect to stay for supper.
Q No.1-eWhat did the lady think when she heard the news that the chickens were dead?
ANS:When she heard the news that the chickens were dead, the lady thought the food in the tin was bad and had poisoned them.
Q No.1-f How did the chickens die?
ANS: The chickens were killed and carried off by a fox.
Q No.1-g What can you say about the storyteller? Write a short paragraph about her.
ANS:1.    The storyteller was a lady who had lived on a plantation for many years.

2.    She has a calm temperament (only once did she feel like killing the cook.);

3.    she must be a fairly good employer because the cook has been with the family for years;

4.    she is considerate towards her guests and offers them supper, although there is none in the house;

5.    she is polite;

6.    she is concerned about Bahlol and also the chickens;

7.    she is caring; she is in control of her emotions.




a. graduallyb. looked blankly

c. hover

d. summoned

e. shambles

f. with some alarm

g. glancing nervously

a-I made progress gradually.
b-Day time ,some markets look blankly.
c-Helicopter is hovering on the city.
d-He has not been summoned to attend the meeting.
e- He shambled off down the corridor.
f-His fever is with some alarming signs.
g- During test she was glancing nervously.



  1. See if you can match these.

e.g. =exempli gratia — for example

etc. =and the rest (et cetera)/ and other things

sec.= second

VIP= very important person

Ltd= limited

Co. company


  1. Here are three well-known proverbs. Try to write in your own words what each one means.
a- Waste not, want not.b-One good turn deserves another.

c- Two heads are better than one.

Solution:a. If we don’t waste things, we will not be in need later.

b. If we help someone, one day that person may help us.

c. If we have a problem, sharing and getting ideas from others will help us solve the problem more easily.



4.Here are some common idioms. See if you can match them with their meanings.

i . to hit below the belt                                                                                    .

ii . to kill two birds with one stone

iii. to catch someone red handed

  1. to blow one’s own trumpet
  2. to take the bull by the horns


  1. to praise one’s own good deeds.
  2. to discover a person in the act of committing a crime.
  3. to fight or argue unfoiru,
  4. to undertake to solve a problem without hesitating
  5. to succeed in doing two things with onlu one effort.

Ans:i. c. ii. e. iii. b. iv. a. v. d.



Review present participles with further examples.


Pick out the gerunds and verbs in the present continuous tense in the following. Write them in your notebooks.


  1. Swimming is very pleasant. (G)
  2. I also like riding. (G)
  3. Sleeping in class is boring. (G) (V)
  4. Nida was wondering if she liked swimming. (V) (G)
  5. Drinking is important when you are climbing mountains. (G) (V)
  6. Listening to the teacher is very important. (G)


U: 12 UNCLE SHAMS  P:63-65



Q No.1-a

a. What is the workman doing?


The workman is hanging a picture on the wall (to make the place look beautiful because the Maliks’ daughter is getting married the following month).

Q No.1-b

Which words used bg Mr and Mrs Malik does the Workman

misihterpret? How does he react?


The workman misinterprets ‘degrees’. He says he does not have a degree. He then misinterprets ‘fine’ and is

worried he will be fined.

Q No.1-c

In what WGQ is Uncle Shams a ‘walking disaster zone”? What does this mean?


Uncle Shams causes havoc by trying to help. The wall cracks, the ladder crashes to the floor, the hammer falls and breaks a tile, he breaks a chair, and when he is on his way out of the room, he knocks over a coffee

table and breaks a vase. In no time at all he has caused a great deal of damage; when he is around, the place

becomes a disaster zone.

Q No.1-d

What reasons do Mr and Mrs Malik give for wanting to get rid of Uncle Shams?


The Maliks think that Uncle Shams has eccentric ways; he has come far too early for the wedding; he eats like a horse, and their cost of keeping him will rise; he will undoubtedly break other things and they will have to pay for the damage. It was for these reasons that they wanted to get rid of Uncle Shams quickly.

Q No.1-e

in what way is Mrs Malik sarcastic?


When Mr Malik calls Uncle Shams for lunch, Mrs Malik sarcastically calls Uncle Shams Mr Voracious and asks him to come and eat all the lunch, and break a few plates, cups and saucers at the same time.

Q No.1-f Which word best describes Uncle Shams’s mood when he leaves the house? (Choose more than one, ii necessarg.)
ANS:i. aggrieved v. hurt
Q No.1-g Would gou sag that Mr and Mrs Malik are completely honest with Samina?
ANS: No, Mr and Mrs Malik are not completely frank and honest with Samina. Mrs Malik hides his letter behind her back, and pretends not to know about Uncle Shams. Mr Malik asks her why she brought up his name. At first, they tell Samina the bare minimum about Uncle Shams.
Q No.1-h
ANS: Mr and Mrs Malik must have felt upset that they had not treated Uncle Shams with more tolerance because he had been so generous.



  1. In the play, find examples of the following:



Mrs Malik: Well, I think he became quite upset with something we said. He is a nuisance to have around, you know. Mr Malik: And we could not keep our comments to ourselves. He must have overheard us.


The Workman: (The workman, who is now up the step-ladder, drops the hammer and gives Uncle Shams a nervous look.) Uncle Shams: (A large crack appears, then the ladder wobbles and he comes crashing down.)


Uncle Shams: I’ve come to grace Samina’s wedding with my presence. Mr Malik: You don’t have to bring your suitcase to the dining table, Uncle.


Mr Malik: We shall have to devise a plan to get rid of him.


                     Mr Malik: No, no. It’s fi… it’s all right. Mr Malik: And the worst thing is… he was going to leave you a small gift.


                   Postman: Sorry, sir. Sorting office problem, sir. Motorbike problem, sir. Late starting problem, sir.


                                       Workman: Degrees, madam? I have no degree, madam. And fine? I will get a fine?


                         Mrs Malik: And for goodness sake, don’t ask your Uncle Shams to fix it. I know he means well.

Mr Malik: Shhhh! He might hear you. Mrs Malik: (Aside) Unless you want to pack some for a snack later?

Uncle Shams: I won’t be staying for lunch, I’m afraid. I suddenly remembered I have an appointment to keep back at home.

Mrs Malik: (Hiding the letter behind her back.) Uncle Shams? What about Uncle Shams? Mr Malik: Well, quite a largish gift.


  1. Find the opposites of these words in the play.
a. crooked

b. vertical

c. absence

d. careless

e. enter

f. best

g- unwelcome


i- arrived

a. straight

b. horizontal

c. presence

d. careful

e. exit

f. worst

g. welcome

h. strange

i. departed



Rewrite this passage putting in the correct punctuation.

Make sure you know the name of each mark. The asterisks (*) show where the punctuation should be.

*   Oh dear ** said Alice ** I do not want to talk to the White Rabbit *‘ She ran down the passage * stopped * started again * and stopped again*

*Here*s his coat button ** she cried ** and his purse *too * It contains four pennies * two halfpennies and a key.


‘Oh dear!’ said Alice, ‘I do want to talk to the White Rabbit.’ She ran down the passage, stopped, started again,

and stopped again.

‘Here’s his coat button!’ she cried, ‘and his purse, too! It contains four pennies, two halfpennies and a key.’




Do you know the nouns formed from the following verbs?

See if you can find out by looking in a dictionary.



b- choose

c. imagine

d- arrive


f. reject

a. destruction

b. choice

c. imagination

d. arrival

e. avoidance

f. rejection



U: 13 EVERYONE SANG   P:67-68


Q No.1-a

Where do you think the people in the poem are?


The people in the poem are in a war zone, probably in a trench.

Q No.1-b

What comparison does the poet make in the first stanza?


In the first stanza, the poet says his feeling of delight in the singing is just the same as imprisoned birds must feel, suddenly being able to fly in the open air.

Q No.1-c

How did beauty come?


Beauty came, like the setting sun.

Q No.1-d

What did the poet feel when he heard the singing?


When he heard the singing, the poet felt that his heart ‘was shaken with tears’.

Q No.1-e

What feeling left the poet when he heard the singing?


i.                     The feeling of the horror of the war left the poet when he heard the singing.

  1. Can you find a rhyming pattern in the poem?

a b c b b


1-Find words in the poem that are anagrams of the following.





Review present and past participles.


  1. See if you can complete the following table. Base form simple past past participle

smell smelled smelt

break broke broken

read read read

blow blew blown

send sent sent


  1. Make a similar table in your notebook for the following.
  2. throw threw thrown
  3. show showed shown
  4. buy bought bought
  5. fight fought fought
  6. see saw seen



Read the following words aloud and pick out the ODD WORD in each set.

The odd ones are:


  1. bone 2. quay 3. geese 4. clear

U:   14 A FLASH OF LIGHT P:72-75


Q No.1-a

How did Volentine come to meet the beggar?


Valentine met the beggar when he stepped on to the pavement and heard a rustling sound behind him.

Q No.1-b

Why did the beggar call Volentine bock again?


The beggar called Valentine back again because he thought Valentine had made a mistake by giving him a franc instead of a   coin .

Q No.1-c

How did the blind beggar know what the coin was?


The blind beggar knew what the coin was by passing his finger over its raised surface.

Q No.1-d

How was Volentine able to start a school for the blind?


Valentine was able to start a school for the blind with the help of money donated by the public.

Q No.1-e

What is Braille?


ii.                   Braille is a system of reading and writing especially for the blind.

Q No.1-f Which one some of the common words that have a Braille symbol each?

         Some of the common words that have a Braille symbol each are, ‘and’, ‘it’, ‘if ’, ‘for’, ‘the’.



  1. Say whether the following statements about the passage are TRUE or FALSE.



  1. False. Valentine thought a lot about the problems of the blind people.
  2. False. Blind people can distinguish any sign that is raised.
  3. False. It was a cold day.
  4. False. Valentine let the blind beggar keep the franc.
  5. False. A franc is worth more than a sou.
  6. True.



2 -Put the words in the following lists into alphabetical order.

a. consists, contact, content, condemn, contest

b. dread, dress, dreadful, dream, dreamer

c. parent, pardon, parson, pair, pear

a. condemn, consists, contact, content, contest

b. dread, dreadful, dream, dreamer, dress,

c. pair, pardon, parent, parson, pear


3 -Choose words or phrases of your own and use them in place of the

italicized words in the sentences below.

a. It was getting dark and he was in a neighbourhood he was not

very familiar with.

b. The blind beggar mumbled his thanks (1), and Valentine walked

away (2).

c. ‘Surely sir,’ said the beggar who was an honest man . . .

d, Valentine was astonished.

e. If the blind can distinguish at the least touch o piece at money,

why should they not distinguish a mark, a letter or a figure.

f . With the help of money donated by the public, Valentine Hauy

was able to start a school for the blind.

a. It was getting dark and he was in an unfamiliar/strange/alien neighbourhood.

b. The blind beggar muttered an acknowledgement of gratitude (1), and Valentine departed/strolled off (2).

c. ‘Surely, sir,’ said the honest/truthful beggar.

d. Valentine was amazed/astounded/taken aback.

e. If the blind can differentiate/discriminate/make out/ with a mere feel a piece of money, why should they not

distinguish a mark, a letter or a figure.

f. With the help of public contributions, Valentine Hauy was

able to start a school for the blind.



1 -Direct and indirect speech

Change the following into indirect speech.

a. ‘You fool,” he said.

b. He said, ‘Good afternoon!

c. ‘Happy birthday,’ he cried.

d. ‘Congratulations on passing your exam] he said.

e. ‘Have a good trip,’ he said.


a. He called me a fool.

b. He wished me a good afternoon.

c. He wished me a happy birthday.

d. He congratulated me on passing my exam.

e. He wished me a good trip.


2 -Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunctions from the list below.

If or  after  until   whether   where   unless   although


  1. Please wait———————— the bus arrives.
  2. Would you like some tea ————————would you prefer coffee?
  3. We won’t be late———————— you take us in your car.
  4. We went to the zoo————————– we saw many animals.
  5. Raheel is paid little money————————— he works very hard.

f . They will leave after lunch ——————— their friend comes or not

  1. You cannot be heard———————– you shout.
  2. The children crossed the road ————– the traffic lights changed to green.

Solution: a. until b. or c. if d. where e. although f. whether g. unless h. after


3- Join the sentences below using the conjunctions as, fan since, or


a. The sun was very hot. it was still summer.

b, She can find the way. She is so clever.

c. He began to get frightened. it was getting dark.

d. The baby slept. Mona read a book.


a. The sun was very hot for it was still summer.

b. She can find the way since she is so clever.

c. He began to get frightened as it was getting dark.

d. While the baby slept, Mona read a book.



Here are two lists of words. The first list consists of verbs and the

second consists of nouns.

4– Can you find out what the missing nouns are? How will you find out?

Verbs – Nouns-   Verbs –   Nouns

act –     action   –    inquire -inquiry

accuse –accusation- injure———

satisfy————–, inherit- inheritance

advise –advice- complain———–






5 -Use any five words above in sentences of your own.


Listen carefully to the message and then answer the questions..


1-Why does Naima phone Thomas?

  1. To tell him she would be buying a present.
  2. To tell him she would be late.
  3. To tell him it was her grandparents’ wedding anniversary.

2-Why will Naima be late?

  1. She has to buy a present and visit her grandparents.
  2. She has to buy a present.
  3. She has to finish her homework

3-Where does Naima have to go when she leaves the house?

  1. To school to finish her homework.
  2. To the Plaza and her grandparents’ house.
  3. To her grandparents house,

4- Why does Naima have to stop at the Plaza?

  1. To buy a small present for Thomas.
  2. To buy herself a present.
  3. To buy her grandparents a present.

5- -Which of these statements is false?

  1. Naima will definitely visit her grandparents.
  2. Naima may go to the Plaza first.
  3. Naima will buy an expensive present.

6-When is Naima likely to get to Thomas’s house?

a- At 4 p.m.

  1. At about 5 p.m.
  2. At 4.30 p.m.



1. b 2. c 3. c 4. a 5. c 6. b



U: 15   THE ROAD NOT TAKEN P:77-80                                        

Q No.1-a

Was the poet curious about the path he did not take? How do we know he was curious?


Yes, the poet was curious about the path he did not take.

We know he was curious because;

1-    he stood for a long time deciding which path to take.

2-    he still wonders what would have happened if he had taken the other path.

Q No.1-b

What reason does the poet give for taking one path and not the other?


The path taken by the poet had ‘the better claim’. It was grassy and wanted wear.

Q No.1-c

Which phrase or sentence tells us that the poet would still like to take the other path?


Oh, I kept the first for another day!

Q No.1-d

What did the poet doubt he would ever walk on the other path?


The poet doubted he would ever walk on the other path since the path he did take led him elsewhere. He would probably never come back to that point again.

Q No.1-e

What deeper meaning about the poet’s life does the poem contain?


The poet probably means that;

1-    once a decision has been taken in life,

2-    one has to continue on the chosen course.

3-    In his case, he made a decision and has had to abide by it.

4-    The course of one’s life is determined by choice.


  1. Look at the rhyming scheme of the poem.
  2. (a b a a c)
  3. There are nine syllables in each line, however, the second and third lines contain eight and ten syllables respectively.



  1. Match the following synonyms:

Point out that synonyms are not exactly the same in meaning; one word may suit a particular context and a synonym might suit another context.

Ans:(mad — insane)(assist — help)(reply — answer)                                            ( leave — abandon)(top — summit)( lucky — fortunate)


  1. Can you think of a synonym for each of the words in the list below?
a. inquire

b. cease

c. moist

d. intelligent

e. strong

f. enormous

g. slim

h. generous












  1. Write suitable SUBJECTS before each of these PREDICATES.


  1. THE VILLAGERS caught the thief red-handed.
  2. THE DETERMINED MAN was willing to take the bull by the horns.
  3. CINDERELLA cleaned the dirty floor.
  4. THE BUILDER had to find another job.


  1. Write out the INFINITIVES in the following sentences.
a. Shoaib and Nadir decided to go on a picnic.

b. They asked their mother to give them some food.

c. They told her they wanted to swim in the river.

d, ‘I don’t want you to catch cold,” she said.

e. ‘We only wont to catch some fish,‘ replied Shooib.



  1. to go
  2. to give
  3. to swim
  4. to catch
  5. to catch


  1. Rewrite these sentences. Use an INFINITIVE instead of the underlined words.
a. She wants a sleep in the afternoons.

b. The dog was overjoyed at the sight of his master.

c, Maya asked if she could borrow some sugar.

d. The children laughed when they saw the tricks ofthe monkey

e. Sheila was told that she must come home early.


  1. She wants to sleep in the afternoons.
  2. The dog was overjoyed to see his master.
  3. Naima asked to borrow some sugar.
  4. The children laughed to see the tricks




Q No.1-a

How do we know that the three friends often met at the cafe?


We know that the three friends often met at the café through:

1-    Adil and Babar were sitting in their usual seats by the window.

2-    Sameer says, ‘especially when I am in here, most of the time, with you two’.

Q No.1-b

Why did Sarah want a pet?


Sarah wanted a pet to keep her company because her children had all grown up and left home. She was lonely.

Q No.1-c

What was Sameer’s view about keeping pets?



1-    This shows he was not too keen on keeping a pet.

2-    He thought a flat was too small for a pet

3-    it would be unfair to keep one there.

Q No.1-d

Where did she go to purchase a pet?


Sarah went to the pet shop on the corner of GT Road and Flowers Street beside the Milk depot to purchase a pet.

Q No.1-e

How did the assistant demonstrate the parrot’s skill?


The assistant demonstrated the parrot’s skill by;

1-    placing an old chair in the middle of the shop,

2-    letting the parrot out of its cage

3-    saying in a loud voice ‘Parrot! Karate chair!’

Q No.1-f How did Sarah test the parrot’s ability?

Sarah tested the parrot’s ability by allowing the parrot to practise its skills on her old boxes, crockery and other useless items.

Q No.1-g Why did Babar and Adil remain silent through the story?

Babar and Adil remained silent throughout the story because they found it all too incredible.

Q No.1-h Why did the parrot attack Sameer?

When Sameer returned home he asked his wife about the parrot. When he heard it was a ‘karate parrot’ he expressed his disbelief by saying: ‘Parrot! Karate? My foot!’ The parrot immediately attacked his foot.


  1. Explain the following in your own words.


  1. I was amazed (filled with disbelief)
  2. boasted
  3. a parrot that can do karate
  4. most amazing (far-fetched and unbelievable)
  5. unable to speak from surprise; speechless



  1. Can you complete the following proverbs?


  1. Don’t cross your bridges before you come to them.
  2. Half a loaf is better than no bread.
  3. Barking dogs seldom bite.
  4. The early bird catches the worm.
  5. A stitch in time saves nine.
  6. Once bitten, twice shy.


  1. Write the OPPOSITES of these words.
  2. often opp. seldom                                            b.noisy opp.quiet
  3. enemy opp. friend                                               d. Remember opp.forget
  4. float opp.sink                                                  f.loose opp.Tight
  5. busy opp. idle                                                  h.tough opp.weak


  1. Here are some adjectives. Find out what they mean and use them in sentences of your own. Don’t forget that you should think of a suitable noun which each adjective describes.

Pupils will use the adjectives to describe nouns of their choice in their sentences.

  1. GORGEOUS: strikingly beautiful or magnificent

She is gorgeous lady.

  1. ACCURATE: faithfully representing or describing the truth

He always comes in accurate time.

  1. COLOSSAL: huge, gigantic

He has to carry a colossal responsibility on his shoulders.

  1. FRAGRANT :pleasant or sweet smelling

This flower has a fragrant.

  1. DEVOTED: strong attachment / loyal

She is devoted to her studies.

  1. DEAFENING :very noisy/very loud

Why are you making a deafening sounds?

  1. MARVELLOUS: causing great wonder or surprise/extraordinary

This is his marvelous success.

  1. CUSTOMARY: in accordance with custom /usual practice

Now a days, it is customary to tell a lie as a joke.

  1. AFFECTIONATE: having or displaying tender feelings, loving

I am your affectionate son Nadeem.


  1. See if you can match the columns to make proverbs.


     All that glitters      be choosers.

A bird in the hand      to him who waits.

Beggars cannot       make light work.

Many hands      but it pours.

It never rains       is not gold.

Everuthlnq comes

be choosers.

to him who waits.

make light work.

but it pours.

is not gold.

is worth two in the bush.


All that glitters is not gold.

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

Beggars cannot be choosers.

Many hands make light work.

It never rains but it pours.

   Everything comes to him who waits.


U:17 ‘MY PARENTS KEPT ME FROM CHILDREN WHO WERE ROUGH’ P:90                                

Q No.1-a

Were the poet’s parents successful in keeping him owou from rough children?


Yes, the poet’s parents were successful in keeping him away from rough children. He did not play with them,but he did watch them and he could not avoid them completely.

Q No.1-b

In what ways did the rough children harm the poet?


The rough children walked behind him, copied his lisp, pointed and jeered at him and threw mud at him.

Q No.1-c

What are the things the poet feared the most?


The poet was most afraid of their muscles and their jerking hands and knees when they held him.

Q No.1-d

Why do you think the poet says he pretended to smile?


The poet pretended to smile to show he was not hurt by them or their words.

Q No.1-e How does the poet describe the following words:

i. words                 ii. muscles                  iii. hands iv. pointing


iii.           Stones

iv.           iron

v.            Jerking

vi.           salt coarse



Add a word to each of the following to make a new word

(Car +pet= carpet)

a.            Sun……………..

b.            ……………… tist

c.            Fel………………….

d.            D…………….. gain

e.            E………………. ter

f.             F……………..der

g.            Cour………………..

h.            ………………… ger



a. Sunday

b. dentist

c. fellow/felled

d. bargain

e. butter/matter/sitter/letter, etc.

f. tender/wonder/redder, etc.

g. courage

h. ranger/singer/manger, etc.



Use suitable INFINITIVES in the spaces below.


  1. The man helped to save my friend.
  2. They wanted to put their books on the shelf.
  3. The policemen helped the boy to cross the road.
  4. The child asked to go home.
  5. The dog tried to eat the bone.




Q No.1-a

Why was the challenge that Houdini received so dangerous?


The challenge that Houdini received was to stand in front of a loaded government 8-cwt. A fuse would be inserted which would burn for twenty minutes. If he failed to release himself he would be blown to Kingdom Come.

Q No.1-b

What was Houdini doing in England in 1910?


Houdini was touring England in 1910.

Q No.1-c

What are the things that Houdini did in his youth?


In his youth Houdini sold newspapers, and polished shoes.

Q No.1-d

Why was Houdini called ‘the Prince of the Air’?


Houdini was called the ‘Prince of the Air’ because he performed tricks on a trapeze high above the ground.

Q No.1-e

Why did Houdini receive menu challenges?


Houdini received many challenges because people were always trying to think of ways to defeat him.

Q No.1-f

How was Houdini secured to the gun?


1.    Houdini was tied to the muzzle of the cannon, rifle.

2.    A barrel was thrust under his arms behind his back.

3.    His hands were brought forward and his wrists were tied across his chest.

4.    His feet were roped and knotted to a large iron ring.

Q No.1-g

Mention two tricks performed by Houdini?


1.    Houdini made an elephant disappear.

2.    He walked through a brick wall.






  1. Write the meaning of the following; you may look in a dictionary, encyclopedia or the Internet.


  1. cwt.

hundredweight—112 lbs

  1. USA

the United States of America

  1. escape

get free

  1. Hungary

a country in Eastern Europe

  1. disappear


  1. fuse

tube, casing or cord filled or saturated with a special substance for making a bomb

  1. trapeze

cross-bars suspended by cords used as a swing for gymnasts

  1. challenge

invite to contest

  1. skyscraper

a very tall building


2:Use the following words and phrases in sentences of your own.


a. gave him the chance The teacher gave him a chance to learn the lesson again.
b. much less exciting The son was not much less exciting on his birthday.
c. thrust under A rifle barrel was thrust under his arms behind his back.
d. maniacs
e. reunited The commander reunited his army.
f. meet any challenge Are you ready to meet any challenge?



  1. Write down the present participles in the following sentences. They are all being used as adjectives.


  1. amusing        b. crying        c. walking        d. flying     e. barking


  1. Write down the names of actions in the following.


  1. Shouting in the class is not allowed.

(What is not allowed? Shouting in the class is not allowed.)

  1. Painting is a good way to relax.

(What is a good way to relax? Painting is a good way to relax.)

  1. I don’t remember seeing you before.

(What do I not remember? Seeing you before.)

  1. The room needs cleaning.

(What does the room need? The room needs cleaning.)

  1. We like to watch good dancing.

(What do we like to watch? We like to watch good dancing.)



  1. Answer the following questions.
Q No.1-a

Why was the Captain worried when he entered the harbour?

Mention at least three things that might have worried him.


it was still dark; he did not know how deep the water was (and he feared the ship might run aground or hit a rock). Also, the vessel was old, and had begun to creak more than usual.

Q No.1-b

What kind of hotel did the Captain go to?


The Captain went to a hotel that was small and shabby, but which claimed to have comfortable rooms and the

best food.

Q No.1-c

Were the owners of the hotel good people? Give some examples to support your answer.


The woman was abrupt and rude. She did not want to go through the trouble of serving the Captain a meal. The man was a little more considerate, but he probably only wanted the Captain to have a meal so that he could get his money. The man growls at his wife, but is proud of the fluffy omelette he serves the Captain. When the Captain returns some years later, they are quarrelling. They give the Captain an impolite look. The man and his wife have a wicked plan to cheat him out of his money. They are not grateful, shout at the Captain, and take him to court. They smile wickedly at the thought of seeing the Captain suffer, and their getting a lot of money from him.

Q No.1-d

Why was the Captain thrown into a cell? Describe how this



The Captain returned to pay the man and his wife the money he owed them for his omelette. Instead of taking the money and being grateful, they shouted at him and called him names. A crowd collected. The Captain was then dragged off to the police station and thrown into a cell.

Q No.1-e

in what way was the young lawyer very clever?


The young lawyer deliberately came to the court late. This was done in order for him to be able to tell the story of why he was late. He then told his story, and claimed that he was planting cooked beans. He knew that

the couple or the judge (or both) would think that idea very silly. He could then point out that the couple’s idea about the cost of the eggs was equally silly.

Q No.1-f

Do you think the judge was wise and fair?


In the end, the judge was fair. But perhaps he should have seen through the devious plan long before the lawyer presented his argument!




  1. Change the following by adding the correct suffix: or OR er.


a, sail

b. discover

c. invent

d. invest

e. protect

f . detect

g. commentate

h. inherit

i .inspect

j. object

k. act

l . contract

a. sailor

b. discoverer

c. inventor

d. investor

e. protector

f. detector

g. commentator

h. inheritor

i. inspector

j. objector

k. actor

l. contractor


  1. Use the first five words you have made above in sentences of your own.
a, sail This yacht has three sails.
b. discover Who discovered kerosene oil?
c. invent Who invented radio?
d. invest Foreigners are interested to invest in our country.
e. protect Always protect our rights.




Note that the clauses are clauses because they each have a finite verb.


  1. Complete these sentences using the CLAUSES above.


  1. I would buy this house if I had the money.
  2. The rat could go through the hole if the hole was a little bigger.
  3. We could play in the garden if the weather was better.
  4. I would hear you better if the others stopped making such a noise.
  5. We could move into the house if the builders worked faster.


  1. Join these sentences using suitable CONJUNCTIONS or RELATIVE PRONOUNS.


  1. We wanted to see the film but we had no money.
  2. The dog ran into the road where it was run over by a lorry.
  3. The girl was crying because she had hurt her leg.
  4. Nasir had a broken toe and was unable to play in the match, so he stayed at home and read a book.
  5. The cat is drinking the milk (which) I put in the saucer.
  6. Eating the grapes off the branch was a fox whose tail was very bushy.


  1. Copy the letters in the grid above into the table below to reveal the secret message!


2 8 6


11 3 7


12 1 5 9 4 10



U:20 ABU BEN ADHEM                 P:107

Q No.1-a

Who is Abou addressing in the first stanza?


Abou is addressing an angel that appeared one night. He was able to see the angel because the moonlight had brightened his room.

Q No.1-b

What was the angel doing?


The angel was writing names in a golden book.

Q No.1-c

What does Abou wish for in the third stanza?


Abou wished the angel could write his name in the golden book. He wishes so because Abou loved his fellow men.

Q No.1-d

Is the poem a happy one or a sad one?


The poem is a happy one because when the angel came the next night, it showed Abou that his name was written above all the other names.

Q No.1-e

Find out more about Abou ben Adhem.










1: In your notebook, write a meaning for each word in the following pairs.


a.      WRITE

to draw or mark symbols, usually letters, on a surface, usually paper


correct (the opposite of left)

b.      STEAL

take something without permission


any of various alloys based on iron, containing carbon and small quantities of other elements

c.      WAIT

to stay in one place, inactive in expectation of something or someone


a measure of the heaviness of an object; what something weighs

d.      HOLE

an area hollowed out in a solid; an opening in or through something



e.      PEACE

harmony; absence of war


a small part of a whole

f.       FEET

plural of foot


daring action, remarkable skill


2: Write two MEANINGS for each word in the following pairs.


a.      BREAK

to damage something so it cannot be used; to bring to an end

b.      UTTER

to speak; as an adjective an intensifier, an utter fool a complete fool

c.      PLAY

entertainment with actors on a stage; occupied in sport or diversion

d.      BAY

a deep howl; wide semicircular indentation of a shoreline

e.      TENDER

easily broken or crushed, damaged; kind or sympathetic



Some revision about finite and non-finite verbs may be required. Go through the text with the pupils.


Which of the following are phrases and which are clauses?


  1. a few bananas—phrase
  2. as they came into the room—clause
  3. jumping from the tree—phrase
  4. waiting to see—phrase
  5. the egg which was stolen—clause
  6. as he stopped talking—clause
  7. a rainy day—phrase
  8. when she saw her father—clause

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